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Deviant for 2 Years
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[AGGT] Greater German Empire, 1872 by altmaps [AGGT] Greater German Empire, 1872 :iconaltmaps:altmaps 57 13 Districts of the Greater Netherlands (version 3) by altmaps Districts of the Greater Netherlands (version 3) :iconaltmaps:altmaps 12 1 An alternate Kingdom of Prussia by altmaps An alternate Kingdom of Prussia :iconaltmaps:altmaps 61 18 Yet another map of the Greater Netherlands by altmaps Yet another map of the Greater Netherlands :iconaltmaps:altmaps 35 4 Passenger railways of the greater Netherlands by altmaps Passenger railways of the greater Netherlands :iconaltmaps:altmaps 9 11 A Greater Denmark by altmaps A Greater Denmark :iconaltmaps:altmaps 62 6 A new map of the alt-historical Netherlands by altmaps A new map of the alt-historical Netherlands :iconaltmaps:altmaps 44 13 The German Bundesland of Schwaben by altmaps The German Bundesland of Schwaben :iconaltmaps:altmaps 36 2 Languages of the alt-historical Netherlands by altmaps Languages of the alt-historical Netherlands :iconaltmaps:altmaps 21 4 The German Bundesland of Oberrhein by altmaps The German Bundesland of Oberrhein :iconaltmaps:altmaps 36 8 The German Bundesland of Mittelrhein by altmaps The German Bundesland of Mittelrhein :iconaltmaps:altmaps 30 8 A Greater (and reorganized) Switzerland by altmaps A Greater (and reorganized) Switzerland :iconaltmaps:altmaps 57 29 A Greater Finland by altmaps A Greater Finland :iconaltmaps:altmaps 70 11 A Greater Austria by altmaps A Greater Austria :iconaltmaps:altmaps 81 13 Republic of Pontus by altmaps Republic of Pontus :iconaltmaps:altmaps 53 6 Districts of the alt-historical Netherlands (v2) by altmaps Districts of the alt-historical Netherlands (v2) :iconaltmaps:altmaps 20 1

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United Belgian Duchies federal elections, 2017 by bryanIII United Belgian Duchies federal elections, 2017 :iconbryaniii:bryanIII 3 0 A Federal Empire and an Imperial Federation by Mobiyuz A Federal Empire and an Imperial Federation :iconmobiyuz:Mobiyuz 59 15 Administrative map of the German Empire in 1900 by dsfisher Administrative map of the German Empire in 1900 :icondsfisher:dsfisher 48 8 The Paris-Berlin Axis - Alternate History by ZalringDA The Paris-Berlin Axis - Alternate History :iconzalringda:ZalringDA 94 13 [WdV] The Japanese Empire and its colonies by Vladesu [WdV] The Japanese Empire and its colonies :iconvladesu:Vladesu 30 0 King of the Greeks and Emperor of the Romans by Lehnaru King of the Greeks and Emperor of the Romans :iconlehnaru:Lehnaru 160 81 TWR Russian Reunification Part 2 by AP246 TWR Russian Reunification Part 2 :iconap246:AP246 43 2 Europe 1000 C.E. [Commission] by zalezsky Europe 1000 C.E. [Commission] :iconzalezsky:zalezsky 123 21 Greater China - 1620: The Uighur Triumph by ShahAbbas1571 Greater China - 1620: The Uighur Triumph :iconshahabbas1571:ShahAbbas1571 139 32 ATL: Denmark and the Duchies, 1522 by Milites-Atterdag ATL: Denmark and the Duchies, 1522 :iconmilites-atterdag:Milites-Atterdag 84 8 Against All Odds - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by TerraMagnus Against All Odds - Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth :iconterramagnus:TerraMagnus 53 4 HAoE: Holy Roman Empire and the Peasants' War by zalezsky HAoE: Holy Roman Empire and the Peasants' War :iconzalezsky:zalezsky 206 65 French Mandate of Albania by Dom-Bul French Mandate of Albania :icondom-bul:Dom-Bul 56 3 REDONE - Romanian Kiribati by Dom-Bul REDONE - Romanian Kiribati :icondom-bul:Dom-Bul 38 9 The Frisians by Arminius1871 The Frisians :iconarminius1871:Arminius1871 66 87 TWR Russian Reunification Part 1 by AP246 TWR Russian Reunification Part 1 :iconap246:AP246 52 1

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altmaps

Artist | Hobbyist | Digital Art
Netherlands
I make alternate history maps and scenarios. Not here to offend national sensibilities. Some wank included.

Unfortunately, I don't really have time for commissions.

Profile picture: Joan Blaeu (1598/9-1673), noted Dutch cartographer.
Interests
Ever since posting part 7 of the Greater Germany timeline I kept adding and changing stuff. So if you checked it out before, you might want to revisit the post.

A quick one, before I temporarily delve into more general subjects instead of chronicling more events. Expect a map reflecting the administrative changes in the near future.




8. The 1900 administrative reorganisation

The 1896 annexation of Switzerland and its rapid fast-track towards a full, self-governing Imperial Circle - a Swiss condition for accession to the Empire - reinvigorated calls for increased autonomy and/or representation in several territories across the Empire.

For a quarter of a century, Hungary had been an Imperial Circle in its own right, but only in name - they were still represented on the Imperial Council by the Austrian monarch. Representatives of the Hungarian government were allowed participation in the deliberations, but the country remained a non-voting member, despite its large population and being part of the Empire since its inception. Meanwhile, the non-Magyars of Transylvania, Banat/Vojvodina, Croatia and Upper Hungary were subjected to Magyarisation policies, despite the 1883 enactment of a Nationalities Law, which enshrined minority rights. Hungary's ethnic minorities looked towards Austria as a more reliable protector of their cultural and linguistic rights. But even there, local minorities (Czechs, Slovenes, Italians) had their own set of grievances and were pushing increasingly hard for more autonomy within Austria.

The nationalities question became urgent enough for the states of the German Empire to negotiate a set of reforms. After long, protracted discussions, Germany's constituent states concluded the 1900 Munich Accords, promulgating the following administrative reforms:
  • The Hungarian Circle would henceforth carry a sovereign vote on the Imperial Council, independent of Austria. As head of government, the Prime Minister of Hungary would be the official representative, while the office of head of state remained (albeit ceremonially) with the Austrian monarch.
  • Transylvania (Siebenbürgen) would be reinstated as a Principality under the Austrian crown, except for the Magyar-inhabited Seklerland, which would become an independent province within the Hungarian Circle.
  • Upper Hungary [1] would remain part of Hungary, but form an autonomous region with its own parliament.
  • The Vojvodina and Banat regions would be divided between Hungary and Austria. Majority-Magyar areas would be merged into Hungary proper, while the remaining territory [2] would join Austria as the autonomous Banat Province. Hungary would retain influence in Transylvania and the Banat by having the right to appoint a vice-governor. A quarter of the seats in the Transylvanian regional assembly would be reserved to represent Hungarian interests.
  • Hungarian-ruled Croatia-Slavonia and the Austrian crown land of Dalmatia would be merged into the unitary and unencircled Kingdom of Croatia (which previously existed between 1848-1871). It received privileges just short of full independence. The title of King would remain with the House of Habsburg, and the Imperial constitution remained binding (except for specific exemptions to accomodate their form of autonomy), but otherwise Croatia would be almost completely self-governing.
  • In Austria, Bohemia and Moravia would receive a joint Czech parliament, albeit with limited powers.
  • Istria and the County of Görz/Gorizia were merged into the Duchy of Carniola (Krain), which was elevated to a Grand Duchy and granted its own parliamant. Trieste remained a Free City and a separate entity within the Austrian Circle.
  • The electoral system was reformed to better account for regional interests. The Imperial Circles would lose their purpose as electoral constituencies for the Bundestag (Imperial Diet). Instead, this function was shifted towards the Circles' first-level subdivisions. Each constituency would be represented proportionally according to their population, with the number of representatives determined every ten years according to the official imperial census. The Dutch [3] and Hungarian [4] Circles (mostly) retained their provinces and counties as their principal subdivisions for internal government, but introduced higher-level territorial entities without further administrative powers.
  • The Imperial Council would keep the final say on foreign affairs, defence and other "grave matters of state", but vote weighing was adjusted as follows (former weight in brackets):
      Prussia: 3 (2)
      Austria: 3 (2)
      Netherlands: 1 (1)
      Denmark: 1 (1)
      Bavaria: 1 (1)
      Saxony: 1 (1)
      Hungary: 1 (-)
      Switzerland: 1 (-) (from 1907)

    This ensured that the great powers Prussia and Austria would keep half of the votes within the Imperial Council, however at the cost of Dutch, Danish, Bavarian and Saxon influence. In the face of the urgent nationalities question, the smaller powers agreed with this temporary distribution, subject to renegotiation after five years. But the Imperial Council started being fundamentally questioned as an institution as well. It increasingly became viewed as an anachronistic, aristocratic institution, or impractical now that no less than eight Circles were represented. The continuing hegemony of Prussia and Austria also drew more and more protestations.


Footnotes:

[1] Although it never was a very well-defined area, here it comprises most of what is OTL's Slovakia and the Ukrainian Zakarpattia Oblast. The southern border follows the Hungarian counties of Nyitra (Neutra), Komarom (Komarn), Esztergom (Gran), Hont and Nógrád (Neuburg) north of the Danube; Gömör-Kishont (Gemer-Kleinhont), Abaúj-Torna (Abau-Tornau), Zémplen (Semplin), Ung, Bereg (Berg); Ugocsa (Ugotsch) north of the Tisza/Theiß river; and Máramaros (Maramuresch).
[2] Mostly inhabited by Romanians, Germans, Serbs and Croatians.
[3] The provinces of the Netherlands and other territories encircled by it were merged to form the following "gewesten":
 - Holland: North Holland, South Holland, Utrecht, Zealand;
 - Brabant: North Brabant, South Brabant, Antwerpen;
 - Gelderland-Overijssel (Gelderland-Oberissel): Gelderland, Overijssel, Bentheim-Lingen;
 - Groningen: Groningen, Drenthe, East Frisia;
 - Flanders (Flandern): East Flanders, West Flanders, Artois/Artesien;
 - Wallonia (Wallonien): Liège/Lüttich, Namur/Namen, Hainaut/Hennegau;
 - The status of Limburg, Frisia, and the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg remained unchanged.
[4] Hungary proper was divided into East and West provinces, roughly along the Donau river. On the West side, the border follows the counties of Komarom (Komarn; south of the Danube), Fejér (Weißenburg), Tolna (Tolnau) and Baranya (Branau). The all-Hungarian capital Budapest fell entirely within East Hungary. The remaining entities within the Hungarian Circle were Upper Hungary, Seklerland and the Free City of Fiume/Pflaum.

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:iconjdailey1991:
Jdailey1991 Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2018
Happy Birthday
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:iconaltmaps:
altmaps Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you!
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:iconzaphod1212:
Zaphod1212 Featured By Owner Oct 10, 2018
Thanks for the watch and fav!
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:iconaltmaps:
altmaps Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Keep it up!
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:iconthuringus:
Thuringus Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks for the watch!
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:iconaltmaps:
altmaps Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Looking forward to your future work!
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:iconthuringus:
Thuringus Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks for the fav!
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:iconaltmaps:
altmaps Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
No problem, keep it up :)
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:iconarminius1871:
Arminius1871 Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2017
Happy birthday!
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:iconaltmaps:
altmaps Featured By Owner Nov 24, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks man!
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