I assume that, sooner or later, History and I will meet head on. notes
November 1963: President John F. Kennedy was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas.
May 1968: My mother received Kennedy’s autograph and snapped three pictures of him; he is assassinated the next week, on June 5, 1968, in Los Angeles, California. She still has the autograph and photos.
December 1971: The January 21, 1972 edition of Life Magazine
read THE ONE BOY WHO DIED to the left of a portrait of SP4 Jerry N. Duffey. Sergeant Duffey (Posthumous Promotion) was killed by friendly fire on December 12, 1971.
November 1973: I successfully enter the U.S. Navy after first failing the physical due to scoliosis (abnormal sideways curvature of the spine). I petitioned the president and received a waiver. My enlistment ends in May 1981, 7 years, 6 months, and 3 days later.
April 1975: Saigon, the capital of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), fell to the People's Army of Vietnam (the army of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam or North Vietnam) and the National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) on April 30, 1975, marking the end of the Vietnam War. The evacuation that followed, called Operation Frequent Wind, was arguably the largest helicopter evacuation in history. For more information, see [link] [link]
April 1976: Clark Field is established as a U.S. Army fort in 1903, it became an air field in 1919, and was eventually expanded to become the largest U.S. military installation outside of the United States. [link]
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo ([link]
) in June of 1991 caused extensive damage leading to its closure. It was turned over to the Philippine government that November.
Subic Bay, located about 100km northwest of Manila, with its deep water and sheltered anchorages, is a natural choice for a military harbor. Despite its obvious strategic value, the Spanish, which had colonized the Philippines in the 16th century, did not develop it until the late 1800s, shortly before the colony passed to American control following the Spanish-American War (1898) and Philippine-American Wars (1899-1902). The Subic Bay Naval Station was eventually expanded to become the second largest U.S. military installation outside of the United States. [link]
Summer 1979: USS Beaufort (ATS-2) was a salvage and rescue ship active from 1972 until 1996, until sold to South Korea. It was based in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. [link]
The Lockheed P-3 Orion is a four-engine turboprop anti-submarine and maritime surveillance aircraft developed for the United States Navy in the 1960s. The aircraft is easily recognizable by its distinctive tail stinger or "MAD Boom", used for the magnetic detection of submarines. A total of 734 P-3s have been built, and by 2012, it will join the handful of military aircraft such as the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress that have served 50 years of continuous use with its original primary customer, in this case, the United States Navy. [link]
Events resulting from the Vietnam War led many people in Cambodia, Laos, and especially Vietnam to become refugees in the late 1970s and 1980s, after the fall of Saigon. In Vietnam, the new communist government sent many people who supported the old government in the South to "re-education camps", and others to "new economic zones." An estimated 1 million people were imprisoned without formal charges or trials. According to published academic studies in the United States and Europe, 165,000 people died in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam's re-education camps. Thousands were abused, tortured, and executed. These factors, coupled with poverty and the total destruction of the country that happened during the Vietnam war, caused hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese to flee the country.
February 1981: The USS Rathburne (FF-1057) was a Knox class frigate of the US Navy. Despite the different spelling, she was named for Continental Navy officer John Rathburn (1746-1782). The Rathburne was commissioned 1970, decommissioned in 1992, stricken from the Naval Vessel Register in 1995, and sunk as a target during fleet training exercise on 5 July 2002. [link]
The Republic of Vanuatu is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean, is some 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia. Vanuatu was ‘discovered’ by the Spanish in 1605. France and Britain claimed parts of the chain in the 1880s, and in1906 agreed on a framework for jointly managing the archipelago as the New Hebrides. Vanuatu gained its independence in July 1980. [link]
September 1983: Korean Air Lines Flight 007 was a Korean Air Lines civilian airliner that was shot down by Soviet interceptors on 1 September 1983, over the Sea of Japan, near Moneron Island just west of Sakhalin Island. All 269 passengers and crew aboard were killed, including Lawrence McDonald, a sitting member of the United States Congress. The aircraft was en route from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage when it strayed into prohibited Soviet airspace around the time of a planned missile test. The Soviet Union initially denied knowledge of the incident, but later admitted shooting the aircraft down, claiming that it was on a spy mission and a deliberate provocation by the United States, to test the Soviet Union's military preparedness, or even to provoke a war. The United States accused the Soviet Union of obstructing search and rescue operations. The Soviet military suppressed evidence sought by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) investigation, notably the flight data recorders, which were eventually released eight years later after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The incident was one of the tensest moments of the Cold War, and resulted in an escalation of anti-Soviet sentiment, particularly in the United States. [link]
28 January 1986: The Space Shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds into its flight. [link]
April 1995: The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City was bombed by domestic terrorist on April 19, 1995. It was the most destructive act of terrorism on American soil before the September 11, 2001 attacks. [link]
September 2001: [link]
November 2008: On 26Novemeber 2008, Islamic terrorists conducted more than 10 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city. The attacks resulted in 146 deaths, with 308 people injured. [link]
March 2011: A magnitude 9.0 undersea megathrust earthquake struck off the coast of Japan at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday, 11 March 2011, with the epicenter approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 32 km (20 mi). It was the most powerful known earthquake to have hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes in the world overall since modern record-keeping began in 1900. It was so powerful the island of Honshu was moved 8 feet eastward. The earthquake triggered extremely destructive tsunami waves of up to 40.5 metres (133 ft) in Miyako, Iwate, Tōhoku, in some cases traveling up to 10 km (6 mi) inland. In addition to loss of life and destruction of infrastructure, the tsunami caused a number of nuclear accidents, primarily the ongoing level 7 meltdowns at three reactors in the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant complex, and the associated evacuation zones affecting hundreds of thousands of residents.