Bastet or Bast was a goddess of ancient Egyptian religion, worshiped as early as the Second Dynasty. Bastet was worshiped in Bubastis in Lower Egypt, originally as a lioness goddess, a role shared by other deities such as Sekhmet. Eventually Bastet and Sekhmet were characterized as two aspects of the same goddess, with Sekhmet representing the powerful warrior and protector aspect and Bastet, who increasingly was depicted as a cat representing a gentler aspect.
As protector of Lower Egypt, she was seen as defender of the King, and consequently of the sun god, Ra. Along with other deities such as Hathor, Sekhmet, and Isis, Bastet was associated with the Eye of Ra. She has been depicted as fighting the evil snake named Apep, an enemy of Ra. In addition to her solar connections, sometimes she was called "Eye of The Moon".
Bastet was also a goddess of pregnancy and childbirth, possibly because of the fertility of the domestic cat.