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Christian Theocracy in Belarus

By adamnoeva
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Location  Belarus
The Polish intervention during the Civil War in Russia became one of the largest military failures in its history - neither the Reds nor the Whites were able to provide adequate resistance to the organized armies of Pilsudski, the Polish army, with the help of Lithuanian, Belarusian and Ukrainian coloborators, was able to penetrate deep into Russia and take such cities as Kharkov, Bryansk, Smolensk and even Pskov - and only then the stretched front line and difficulties in supply forced the polish army to stop. The occupied territories were held by the Poles until 1920, when the winner in the Civil War became evident. White forces, in whose leadership were democratic politicians, went to negotiations with the government of Poland - large territories, most of Belarus, Ukraine, the entire Baltic region and even Pskov were transferred to it.

The policy of the Poles on the lands of Belarus was tough - polonization was in full swing, retired military people who did not have sympathy for the local population and were not interested in preserving the local culture were actively settling in the newly acquired territories. In response to Polish "colonialism", partisan and underground movements began to form. On March 8, 1926, during a visit by Józef Pilsudski to Minsk, he was shot dead by the Belarusian nationalist Ivan Budkin in the theater. Pilsudski's successor, Gabriel Narutovich, responded to this by launching Operation "Crime and Punishment", which in fact was a genocide of the Belarusian people. The intelligentsia (untranslatable russian word; means educated patriotic people), military men of Belarusian origin, random townspeople and villagers became victims of this terror - many were shot, many were hanged, many ended up in labor and concentration camps. One of the few who were spared by the Poles were priests, and not only Catholic, but also Orthodox. The latter very often hid in churches and their homes "enemies of Poland" and other people who had lost hope.

Under the leadership of Narutovich, Poland established friendly relations with Germany, Italy and Turan - economic ties between the countries were strengthened, they exchanged military experience. Over time, they also had common enemies: Russia, France, Great Britain. A world war was brewing. After the execution of German ambassadors in a French cinema, the world broke out like a match, but Poland betrayed its allies and did not enter the war. It was torn to pieces - the ethnic cleansing did not pass without leaving a trace - they only temporarily drowned out the resistance, but in 1937-1939 anti-government cells began to emerge throughout Poland. In 1945, Japan surrendered, leaving Poland all alone. International economic isolation and internal conflicts led to a civil war - the country literally fell apart. Belarus was one of the first to declare independence, and local spontaneous authorities began to organize a national army. Orthodox priests were an important link in the Belarusian uprising - they were one of the few remaining educated Belarusians with protest moods.

The war of independence lasted a little over a year, until December 30, 1946, when the remnants of the Polish government headed by Narutovich (who initiated the genocide of Belarusians) signed a peace treaty humiliating for Poland, in which they not only recognized the independence of Belarus, but also recognized the fact of the crime against the Belarusian people and pledged to pay impressive reparations. However, Narutovich was still able to retain a part of the primordially Belarusian territories that were inhabited by Poles during the years of occupation. Returning to Warsaw after peace talks, he was killed by a member of the Polish far-right organization that had previously unconditionally supported his government.

In 1947, the Constituent Congress was held in Belarus, which was called upon to create the Belarusian state and determine its structure. Most of the delegates to the congress were priests, so it is not surprising that the Christian-Revolutionary People's Republic of Belarus became the first real state of Belarusians in history. The Belarusian Orthodox Church declared autocephaly, changed its official name to the Belarusian Christian Church, and began to merge the state and the church.

Modern Belarus is a conservative and deeply religious country. According to official data, up to 95% of Belarusians consider themselves Christians (the Catholic Church has no legal status in the country). The society is divided into two large groups - laity and clergy. Lay people are those who live a secular life, therefore, do not take part in the government in any way and usually do work that is not demanding on education. Priests, on the other hand, work not only in churches and monasteries, but also hold government positions, work as teachers in seminaries, where, in addition to theology and similar sciences, they also teach economics and public administration.
The head of state is officially the archon, but this position is always held by the Patriarch of the Belarusian Christian Church, one of the most influential churches in the world. Almost all Orthodox believers in Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltics, a large number of believers in Russia and Kazakhstan are parishioners of the BCC. This is due to the split in the Russian Orthodox Church: in 1955, the Moscow Patriarch, against the background of the policy of secularization in Russia, resigned all powers, moved to Minsk and called on all Orthodox believers to convert to Belarusian Orthodoxy. The country's economy is tied to technological production - Belarus buys primary raw materials from third world countries and processes it at home, selling a product with high added value to neighboring countries and inside. The overwhelming majority of enterprises are owned by BCC and the state. Belarus is one of the centers of soft power in the region, it has great influence in neighboring Ukraine, Russia, Baltia and even the distant United States of Kazakhstan due to the large number of BCC parishioners in these countries. And yet, over time, Belarus is undergoing slow democratization and liberalization. Patriarch Tikhon took a course towards "narodnost" (untranslatable russian word; a policy when a non-democratic state tries to be with the people) - women get more rights (driving, limited participation in public organizations, education), in 1989, article 199 "About sodomy" was removed from the country's criminal code. According to this persons of non-traditional sexual orientation were prosecuted. The laity is given some freedom to organize small private businesses in order to relieve the burden on the economy and the church. A draft of a secular elected advisory body is being developed.
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© 2021 adamnoeva
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anonymous's avatar
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Metallist-99's avatar

Флаг так и задуман, в ливийском стиле?

adamnoeva's avatar

Да, это отсылка к Ливии

genggiyen-ejen's avatar

Вельлмі цікава. Але чаму наркамоўка, калі Радзьянскі Зьвяз не была?

adamnoeva's avatar

Таму што я не ведаю тарашкевіцы. Лепш так, чым пісаць на незнаёмай арфаграфіі.