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Reef Antlerworm
By Abiogenisis   |   Watch
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Published: December 29, 2015
© 2015 - 2019 Abiogenisis
Check out my Patreon for the development of this beasty! The first creature created with the help of my supporters there :)

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“The Reef Antlerworm, a robust and ill-tempered marine predator with a broad distribution in the warmer waters of Chri-irah, has been of interest to birrin natural historians, and fishermen, for some time.

Reaching a maximum length of around 3 feet, this species, one of the larger of this group, is dwarfed by the more rarely encountered giants of the deeper oceans, still manages to dominate its shallow water habitat. Hunted by divers for thousands of years for both its meat and egg masses, scientific interest has been focused on its informative anatomically adaptations, which offer important clues into the early evolution of the quadrilaterians to which the birrin belong.

Relying on surprise when hunting, the reef antlerworm insinuates itself among marine debris on reefs and wrecks, showing only the tips of its sensory tentacles and eyestalks as it waits for prey, predators or rivals. Any small creature that swims too close is rapidly subdued in an explosive tangle of tentacles that erupt from around the mouth. The huge ornamental jaws are opened during prey capture, both to threaten any opportunistic predators, and simply to make room for food to pass. Spines at the jaws’ base help push prey down the expansive gullet, most of which is swallowed whole.

The jaws, actually a slight encumbrance when feeding, come into their own when antlerworms meet one another. Prime hunting spots on a reef can be hard to come by, and prey concentrations can change with tides and seasons. There is a constant battle to secure the best reef hollows and caves, and the worms often leave their haunts to attempt to find somewhere more productive. If they find a more desirable site is already taken, both will rise up from the sea floor, jaws held wide, and face off. If one set of jaws is obviously larger than the other, the smaller worm will usually retreat. Evenly matched opponents, however begin by locking jaws and pushing one another to determine strength. If that is not enough, a furious and usually brief fight begins, each trying to injure the other. The loser, sometimes fatally wounded, retreats. If no longer mobile, it may even be partially eaten.

While not a ‘primitive’ organism, the antlerworms belong to a group that split off from the main quadrilaterian branch hundreds of millions of years ago. While the branch containing the birrin maintained its stalked eyes and sensory tentacles in many cases, they presently play no role in feeding. However, as revealed by fossils such as the BASKETWORM, what become eyestalks in the birrin were originally lophophoroid structures evolved to catch food via filter feeding. Rather than reducing their role in prey capture, the branch that become antlerworms vastly increased the size and strength of these organs, using them as powerful tentacles capable of both sensing and grasping prey. The eye spots, initially at the ends of the tentacles, evolved downwards and away from the vulnerable tips to nearer the body and are thus protected from struggling food.

These adaptations offer scientists a window into the early role of quadrilatarian sensory tentacles, and why, even if not directly involved in feeding among the birrin and their relatives, remain evolutionarily important to the group today.” 

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Comments (203)
Painted-Spinosaurus's avatar
Looks like a bobbit worm but 10x as scaryScared and running 
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DM666123's avatar
scuttlegators!

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Viper2458's avatar
You took inspiration from the bobbit worm, didn’t you?
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Lediblock2's avatar
Will we get to see some of the other members of this group? I'm interested in the abyssal giants.
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
Definitely, in time.
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RageGauge's avatar
Its like the bobbit worm and Satan had a baby and they abandoned it when they realized what they created. All joking aside this a really cool painting.
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Europa35's avatar
Europa35|Hobbyist Digital Artist
like a surprisingly more nightmarish version of the bobbit worm
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Jedi-master-Dragon's avatar
Jedi-master-Dragon|Professional Digital Artist
I guess those things at the base of the 'antlers' are like saw blades to cut the prey in half.
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
Yep, as the jaws retract they tear the prey apart and feed it into the mouth 
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Jedi-master-Dragon's avatar
Jedi-master-Dragon|Professional Digital Artist
Yeesh.
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BusterBuizel's avatar
BusterBuizel|Hobbyist General Artist
Hey, thanks for the inspiration! I used this as reference for a boss NPC my players encountered in my tabletop RPG game XD

Suffice to say: their reactions were priceless
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
LOL excellent XD
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BusterBuizel's avatar
BusterBuizel|Hobbyist General Artist
It was on land too so they never suspected a thing until it popped up in a random encounter.
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GuesssWho9's avatar
GuesssWho9|Hobbyist General Artist
Yikes
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
bitey boy
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Kanto-bro's avatar
A small cluster of bobbit worms have taken up residence on a beach near my house in Australia, I presume they were carried by some tropical storm or bird from Indonesia.

I was going for a little free dive to catch some lunch and noticed a couple, having no knowledge of what they were. Being a fan of your work this image came into my head I got out of there as quick as I could fearing their mother was around somewhere. 

It only clicked that this wasnt a real creature on the way home and I realised I had to do some googleing to find out what I saw.


So yea on that same dive I saw poisonous corals, slugs and fish, two small sharks and a sea snake... but I called it short becuase of a small worm.
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
I can understand that. The Bobbit Worm is a legit fierce hunter. Some are longer than people...
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GrummanF-14's avatar
The jaws remind me of the Bobbit Worm
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Blu-Dimension's avatar
Blu-DimensionEdited |Hobbyist Filmographer
I'm getting Subnautica flashbacks. 
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GuesssWho9's avatar
GuesssWho9|Hobbyist General Artist
I think he's working for them.
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
;)
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UltimateCharge's avatar
Looks like Squidshark concept art... hmmm.
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Abiogenisis's avatar
Abiogenisis|Professional Digital Artist
Little bit of the design DNA for sure
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geanera's avatar
Great work!!!
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