A concept sketch for the Incan/Inca Woman Warrior as part of the Historically Wrong Sketch Series: Medieval Revisited
which aims to portray Women Warriors of various cultures in a fictitious historical settings based on AD 800s - AD 1400s era of warfare. The name Inkatinsuyu is a corruption of the name Tawatinsuyu, which is the name for the Inca Empire that she represents in the series.
Inspired by the Music - www.youtube.com/watch?v=tjxgVe…
- Lakota Lambada
This is my fifth attempt at drawing the representation of the New World Faction, and probably the last one I could think of to include as part of the Women Warriors in the Medieval series as of now, besides the Native North American and the Mesoamerican. Still, the topic and history of the New world is something which i'm not really very strong, so their depiction may not be historically accurate.
In this drawing, Princess Ninasisa Qwaha of the Inkatisuyu, is depicted as a tall, strong and powerful warriors equipped with padded clothing, as well as decorated inca helmet worn by the generals of those days. She is also equipped with axe and small square shield, which was commonly used by the warriors, majority by the high ranking ones. This depiction is derrived from the works of Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, especially on his illustration from the book El primer nueva corónica y buen gobierno. I'd imagine in this scene that the princess had just defeated her advisary, or simply captured a high ranking captives, before executing them.
Now, for some history.
The Inca empire is a name coined by the historian for the 4 Federation of "Provinces" or "Suyus" with Inca, as the head of the government. The name the native refer to would be Tawatinsuyu or the "Four United Provinces". The depiction in this Historically wrong sketch series of the Medieval era is probably pretty anachronistic, as the Inca empire was established in early 15th century, specifically on 1438, until their fall at the hands of Spanish Conquistadors in 1533. But who were they to begin with?
What we know of the civilization in Western part of South America during the Pre-Columbian era, was that the area had already been inhabited by several independent and flourishing pre-incan cultures, notably the Tiwanaku and Wari. They had established their rule and empire long before the Inca, and had already build numerous structures with advance irrigation, canals, water networks as well highly skilled in metallurgy more than their northern neighbor. The history of the Birth of Inca however, started with the Kingdom of Cusco, who were predominantly Quechuan speaking people. What started as small city states in early 12th century, it grew in power and started assimilating their neighbors, either through diplomacy, annexation or warfare. These lands whom they conquered were then incorporated into the larger part of alliances, or the Tawatinsuyu in early 15th century, marking the start of the Inca Empire.
The Incas were different than their north american and mesoamerican neighbors to the North in many sense, which are often overlooked. The Inca Empire could be comparable to that of The Roman Empire, Highly bureaucratic, industrious and very disciplined. the society was governed by numerous bureaucrats, each managing their own share of people, with clear hierarchy and properly defined task. Although the upper level of the rule were held by the aristocracy, entrance to the government was based on merit, similar to that of the Chinese. In terms of the idea of "equality for all", the Incas were way ahead of their Europeans counterpart. Everyone, from the lowest rung of the society to the highest of nobility, must contribute to manual labor as a form of public service to the empire. On the other hand, the Empire enjoyed rich and prosperous trade, and they had the right to do so; The Incas took Business and trade very seriously, and it was said that even marriage was strictly a business deal, which brings out the question, where's the romance in that?
In orfer to govern such vast and rich empire, the Inca developed a highly organized and disciplined Military system, where everyman must participate in military training regularly. The organization was so developed that the Empire could even mobilize a massive force of army, ranging from 60,000 to 250,000 men at once. Discipline was also strictly implemented, with insubordination punishable by death. They too, had some of the most impressive architectures and infrastructure to support the economy, agriculture and the military of the empire, some of which which still survived today.
With the coming of the Conquistadors, the Inca fought very hard to defend their land. Although they scored many initial victories, the war had caused internal turmoil in which the Spanish took advantage of. With the defeat of the military force, its last King surrendered and Spain reigned supreme in the region. Unlike the conquest in Mesoamerica, the end of the Inca was less violent. Their last ruler asked the people to convert to Christianity and given the mountainous nature of the land, the Spanish needed them for supply of foods and goods. This save them from wholesale genocide, and we can still see that from the surviving languages and the traditional agrarian lifestyle still used by the Quechuan people in Andes and other region today.
May be related to the other New World Warriors:
The Native North American
As well as their nemesis: The Iberians
A Part of the Historically Wrong Sketch Series: Medieval Revisited - You can find more on the various faction on the map here: