On the use of nuclear weaponsIn 1945, the US Army Air Force dropped nuclear wepons on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki.More Like This
Now, it is beyond question that the use of the nuclear weapons saved lives in the long run: in the Allied plans for the invasion of Japan, it was estimated that at least one million Allied soldiers and seven million Japanese would have died: the Japanese were prepared for national suicide; they had soldiers going to schools on every island in Japan, showing 10-year-old schoolgirls how to kill Americans with bamboo spears. The war would only have ended with the virtual extermination of the Japanese people.
But the question is still asked: was it necessary?
Was it necessary to bomb inhabited cities? Many people have said that if a nuclear bomb was exploded on an uninhabited island, the demonstration of American power would have been sufficient to force a Japanese surrender.
Except it wouldn't have been.
We know this, because we had to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.