Vocab Three: Food and DrinkVocab Three: Food and Drink in Other More Like This
Text: Past Tense Desu FormText: Past Tense Desu Form in Other More Like This
So we can say something 'is' something and something 'is not' something, now let's learn something 'was' something.
To make 'desu' into past tense, we say 'deshita'. Let's use it.
Kore wa ringo deshita.
This was an apple.
(Ringo = apple)
Sore wa watashi no jitensha deshita.
That was my bicycle.
Just like "ja arimasen", the only thing that changes is "desu". Everything else stays the same.
Sore mo watashi no tomodachi no kasa deshita.
That was also my friend's umbrella.
Sore mo = that also
watashi no = my
tomodachi no = friend's
kasa = umbrella
deshita = was
Vocab Five: PlacesVocab Five: Places in Other More Like This
(My) home; house
Text: Learning to CountText: Learning to Count in Other More Like This
ゼロ / れい
zero / rei
一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十
いち に さん よん ご ろく なな はち きゆう じゅう
Ichi ni san yon go roku nana hachi kyuu juu
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
It's crucial to know these ten numbers as they are your way to making it to 99.
So, how do we get 11? Let's find out. (The rest of this will be in romaji, fyi. I do emphasize practicing both kanji and the hiragana.)
Think of it as going in order. Start at the beginning of the number 11, we have ten, right? What's next? One. So, that's 11.
Text: Basic Sentence StructureText: Basic Sentence Structure in Other More Like This
x は y です .
x wa y desu.
This is the (most) basic sentence structure you will probably see. The "x" in that sentence is the subject of the sentence. "は/wa" is a particle which marks the subject of the sentence. Notice how the hiragana "ha" is used instead of the hiragana "wa". This won't be the only time a particle does something similar (I'll go more into particles at a later time). But please remember to write "ha" but pronounce "wa". The "y" in that sentence is most often the object of the sentence. "Desu" is the verb of the sentence that means "is/am/are" depending on the sentence.
Now, you might be wondering "why is the verb at the end of the sentence?" Well, the simplest answer is that the Japanese have a different sentence structure than we use in English. Verbs will always go at the end of the sentence (of course there are exceptions, but that's more advance, for now, just focus on this.) The good news is that the verbs will always stay the same no ma
Text: Verbs: Dictionary FormText: Verbs: Dictionary Form in Other More Like This
Hopefully by now you've had time to look over all the verbs that I posted previously. If not, I highly suggest doing that first before reading on!
Please note that this is not a tutorial on how to use verbs. This is only explaining them, their base form and their dictionary form. How to use them will come at a later time!
To be blunt and honest, verbs are, in my opinion, the most difficult thing to master of the Japanese language. Don't be scared though, I'll be taking you one step at a time and (hopefully) make things easy to understand and learn. So let's get to it!
Looking at all the verbs I've posted, I'm sure some of you have noticed a trend. (If not, that's fine.) All of the verbs end in an 'u'. You might have noticed that all the 'ru' verbs end in 'ru'. Well, that's where the name came from c: The 'u' verbs are verbs that can end in things other, but not excluding, 'ru'. This could be 'ku', 'mu', 'bu', 'u' (just itself), etc. An 'u' or 'ru' is added on to the verb base ('ik' as
Text: Invitation (masenka)Text: Invitation (masenka) in Other More Like This
In this tutorial, I will be going over inviting someone to join you in something. To make an invitation, you take the present negative form of the verb and add the particle 'ka' at the end. You cannot use the affirmative form to extend an invitation. It would only make a question, not an invitation.
Let's try some:
Bangohan wo tabemasen ka.
Would you like to have dinner (with me)? (Or something to that effect.)
Sakkaa wo shimasen ka.
Would you like to play soccer (with me)?
To give a reply to an invitation, you would use replies like the ones below:
Ii desu ne.
Sounds good. / It's good. / etc.
This would obviously be used as a positive response in which the person accepts your invitation. To turn someone down, you would use a reply such as the one