Text: IruText: Iru in Other More Like This
This tutorial will cover the verb ru-verb 'iru'. As you may recall from the previous tutorial, 'aru' is used for inanimate or nonliving things. 'Iru', on the other hand, is used for living things.
'Iru' still follows the same rules as 'aru' in regards to particle use with 'ga' and 'ni'.
Let's see some examples.
Soko ni ryuugakusei ga imasu.
There is an international student there.
Notice the difference between the above and the below:
Bobu-san wa ryuugakusei desu.
Bob is an international student.
The first points out the existence of an international student whereas the latter says Bob /is/ international student.
Koko ni kame ga imasu.
There is a turtle here.
(Kame = t
Text: Verbs: Dictionary FormText: Verbs: Dictionary Form in Other More Like This
Hopefully by now you've had time to look over all the verbs that I posted previously. If not, I highly suggest doing that first before reading on!
Please note that this is not a tutorial on how to use verbs. This is only explaining them, their base form and their dictionary form. How to use them will come at a later time!
To be blunt and honest, verbs are, in my opinion, the most difficult thing to master of the Japanese language. Don't be scared though, I'll be taking you one step at a time and (hopefully) make things easy to understand and learn. So let's get to it!
Looking at all the verbs I've posted, I'm sure some of you have noticed a trend. (If not, that's fine.) All of the verbs end in an 'u'. You might have noticed that all the 'ru' verbs end in 'ru'. Well, that's where the name came from c: The 'u' verbs are verbs that can end in things other, but not excluding, 'ru'. This could be 'ku', 'mu', 'bu', 'u' (just itself), etc. An 'u' or 'ru' is added on to the verb base ('ik' as
Text: Invitation (masenka)Text: Invitation (masenka) in Other More Like This
In this tutorial, I will be going over inviting someone to join you in something. To make an invitation, you take the present negative form of the verb and add the particle 'ka' at the end. You cannot use the affirmative form to extend an invitation. It would only make a question, not an invitation.
Let's try some:
Bangohan wo tabemasen ka.
Would you like to have dinner (with me)? (Or something to that effect.)
Sakkaa wo shimasen ka.
Would you like to play soccer (with me)?
To give a reply to an invitation, you would use replies like the ones below:
Ii desu ne.
Sounds good. / It's good. / etc.
This would obviously be used as a positive response in which the person accepts your invitation. To turn someone down, you would use a reply such as the one
Text: Using Frequency AdverbsText: Using Frequency Adverbs in Other More Like This
For this tutorial, we will be making use of the frequency adverbs that I posted earlier. If you have not looked them over, I suggest you do so now.
Frequency adverbs help you better describe how often you do something, be it every day, not at all, or somewhere in between c:
Watashi wa tokidoki worumaato ni ikimasu.
I sometimes go to Walmart.
Watashi wa yoku shukudai wo shimasu.
I often do homework.
Watashi wa mainichi pan wo tabemasu.
I eat bread every day.
You do not need a particle after a frequency adverb.
To describe how infrequent you do something, you would use 'zenzen