Text: Negative Desu FormText: Negative Desu Form in Other More Like This
Now you should by now know how to say that something /is/ something (x wa y desu). But how about something is /not/ something?
To negate an affirmative "desu" statement, you change "desu" to "ja arimasen". Let's see it in action:
Watashi wa daigakusei desu.
I am a college student.
Now change "desu" to "ja arimasen".
Watashi wa daigakusei ja arimasen.
I am not a college student.
Aside from "desu" changing, everything else remains the same and stays in the same place.
Another way to negate "desu" sentences is using the noncontracted form (and also the more formal form) of 'ja' which is 'dewa'.
Kore wa enpitsu dewa arimasen.
Vocab Three: Food and DrinkVocab Three: Food and Drink in Other More Like This
Text: Particle No: BasicsText: Particle No: Basics in Other More Like This
'No' is a particle, just as 'ka' is. However it serves a different purpose. 'No' is the particle that connects two nouns. You can think of it as the 'possessive' particle or as the apostrophe 's'. (It has other meanings as well, but that will come at a later time.)
Let's see some examples.
Takeshi san no denwa bangou
Takeshi's phone number
Daigaku no gakusei
A college student (literally: the college's student)
The first noun is always the noun that owns the second. Takeshi owns the phone number, the college owns the student. Let's try with some complete sentences now.
Watashi no senmon wa eigo desu.
My major is English.
Notice the change in the subject. 'Watashi' is no longer the