Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: NumbersMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Numbers in Other More Like This
The numbers are quite basic, formed in a similar way to Chinese. This is due to the fact there are two counting systems. One is Japanese and the other is derived from Chinese.
The Chinese set can be used to count forever, although when used for counting objects, they are combined with the correct counter. (Counters are used to count objects - there are many!) The Japanese set only reaches ten and can be used to count objects which do not have a specific counter designated to them.
The -つ numbers
1. ひとつ - hitotsu
2. ふたつ - futatsu
3. みっつ - mittsu
4. よっつ - yottsu
5. いつつ - itsutsu
6. むっつ - muttsu
7. ななつ - nanatsu
8. やっつ - yattsu
9. ここのつ - kokonotsu
10. とう - tou
After 10, the tens are counted by adding 二
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: ExpressionsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Expressions in Other More Like This
Here are some useful expressions
おはよう （ございます） - ohayou (gozaimasu)
こんにちは - konnichiwa
さようなら - sayounara
じゃ (また) ね - ja (mata) ne
See you (again)
こんばんは - konbanwa
おやすみなさい - oyasuminasai
おなまえは （なん ですか）？ - onamae-wa (nan desu ka)?
What is your name?
はじめまして - hajimemashite
How do you do?
どうぞ よろしく - douzo yoroshiku
Pleased to meet you
おげんき ですか。 - o-genki desu ka?
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorials: ColoursMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorials: Colours in Other More Like This
Colours in Japanese can be divided into two categories: い-adjectives (あかい akai) or nouns (みどり midori). This is similar to English. We can use colour words as both adjectives and nouns.
e.g. The red pen.
The pen is red.
All colours have a noun form (which is just the colour word minus the い. However, not all Japanese colours have an adjective form. Therefore, the adjective あかい (akai) for red also has a noun form あか (aka). みどり for green is a noun and has no adjective form. The い sound at the end of みどり does not count as an adjective ending.
Some colours have two forms, both of which are acceptable. The second form is for some noun colours and is created by adding いろ (iro), which means colour, to the end. So みどり can also be みどり-いろ.
When describing the colour
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2 in Other More Like This
て form of verbs
Verbs can take on many different forms. The て form of a verb does not mean anything by itself, but it can be used for a variety of structures, such as sentence joining, so it is important to learn how to change a verb into its て form.
In Japanese, there are 3 types of verbs: いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん(godan) verbs and irregular verbs.
There are only 2 irregular verbs which do not follow any rules when taking on different forms so they need to be rote learned. Generally, there are more ごだん verbs than there are いちだん verbs.
For information on how to tell verbs apart, please read the grammar guide "Distinguishing Verbs".
Formation for いちだん verbs
Take the verb stem - that is, the part of the verb that comes before ます(masu) - and add て to it. Simple!
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: List of verbsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: List of verbs in Other More Like This
List of common verbs
Verbs in Japanese come in many different forms as they do in English. Just as there are transitive, intransitive, weak, strong and irregular verbs in English, they also appear in Japanese. Japanese divide their verbs into three distinct groups: いちだん (ichi-dan), ごだん (go-dan), and irregular verbs.
I will go into detail in a later lesson what this means and how to tell verbs apart. For the time being, here are 3 lists of verbs already divided into the appropriate groups. This is so that those who already understand the different verb types can find them easily. I have listed the verbs in their plain (dictionary) form. This is because if you were to look them up in the dictionary, this is the form you will find them in. Again, it will be in a later lesson in which I will explain how to convert between the different verb forms.
たべる - taber
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: i-adjectivesMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: i-adjectives in Other More Like This
Japanese has two types of adjectives: い-adjectives and な-adjectives. Here is a list of い-adjectives which are more commonly used. For notes about distinguishing between the two types of adjectives and how they are used, please see the tutorial named "Adjectives".
おおきい - ookii
ちいさい - chiisai
おもしろい - omoshiroi
つまらない - tsumaranai
うるさい - urusai
あたらしい - atarashii
ふるい - furui
old (for things only)
たのしい - tanoshii
おかしい - okashii
やさしい - yasashii
むずかしい - muzukashii
まずい - mazui