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Paris, cimetière de Montmartre, années 80.
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Cimetière de Montparnasse, Paris, 1999.
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Paris, années 90.
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London, Cemetery of Brompton
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London, Cemetery of Brompton
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London
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:police: - MY IMAGES MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT MY WRITTEN PERMISSION - :sherlock:
BE CREATIVE AND RESPECT THE PICTURES OF OTHERS, DO NOT USE OR COPY MY WORK.

A Fortaleza de Juromenha localiza-se na Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Loreto, Concelho de Alandroal, Distrito de Évora, em Portugal.
Entre a Guerra da Restauração e a Guerra Peninsular, sobre o rio Guadiana cuja travessia fechava, foi considerada uma das chaves da fronteira do Alentejo.

No contexto da Restauração da independência portuguesa, a partir de 1640, ante a iminência de uma invasão espanhola, impôs-se a completa reestruturação das fortificações fronteiriças de Portugal, adaptando-se as estruturas ainda medievais às exigências da artilharia da época. Diante da precariedade da defesa constituída pelo Castelo de Juromenha, que remontava à Idade Média, foram apresentados, em 1644, três diferentes planos para modernização desta defesa ao Conselho de Guerra do rei D. João IV (1640-1656):

* o de autoria do engenheiro-militar e arquitecto italiano Pascoeli, descartado por oferecer uma proteção insuficiente;
* o do jesuíta neerlandês Cosmander, que veio a ser eleito na ocasião, mesmo em face dos elevados custos e dificuldades técnicas;
* o do francês Nicolau de Langres, que, em face da paralisação do projecto do seu antecessor, veio a ter este aprovado em 1646, assumindo as obras.

Com os trabalhos ainda em andamento, um incêndio fez saltar o paiol da pólvora (Janeiro de 1659), o que causou a destruição de parte expressiva das estruturas já edificadas e do antigo Paço Municipal. Uma centena de homens da guarnição (estudantes da Universidade de Elvas) e três mestres que os capitaneavam, perderam a vida na ocasião. Passando-se para o serviço da Espanha, Langres comandou, em pessoa, a artilharia inimiga quando do ataque de 1662, capturando esta fortificação que ele mesmo construíra. Esta praça permaneceu ocupada por tropas espanholas até ao Tratado de Lisboa (13 de Fevereiro de 1668), quando retornou à posse da Coroa portuguesa.

A fortaleza sofreu severos danos com terramoto de 1755, tendo-lhe sido efetuadas obras de reparo e de ampliação, quando foi adossado um novo baluarte à muralha pelo lado do rio Guadiana, para defesa do ancoradouro. No início do século XIX, no alvorecer da Guerra Peninsular, foi entregue, sem resistência pelo seu Governador, às tropas espanholas quando da chamada Guerra das Laranjas, para ser recuperada apenas em 1808. Com a perda de sua função defensiva diante da evolução dos meios bélicos, entrou em decadência, até ao seu abandono em 1920.

A partir de 1950 a Direcção-Geral dos Edifícios e Monumentos Nacionais (DGEMN) iniciou-lhe extensas obras de consolidação e reparo, que se estenderam, com intervalos, até 1996. Encontra-se classificada como Imóvel de Interesse Público através do Decreto nº 41.191, de 18 de Julho de 1957.

Em precário estado de conservação, encontram-se concluídos os trabalhos de prospecção arqueológica, encontrando-se pendente de aprovação um projeto de requalificação de suas dependências como instalação hoteleira, inscrito num programa mais vasto de turismo para a região, desde 2005. Actualmente podem ser observados trechos de muralhas e de edificações representativos dos seus diversos períodos construtivos, onde às estruturas medievais se misturam os elementos arquitectónicos típicos das fortalezas abaluartadas.
Características

Fortificação do tipo misto, apresenta planta poligonal, composta por duas cinturas de muralhas, uma interna, onde se inscreve a antiga Torre de Menagem, e outra, externa, do tipo abaluartado no sistema de Vauban, onde se observa a presença dos diversos elementos deste tipo de fortificação: cortinas, revelins, fossos-secos, canhoneiras e outros.

Ao abrigo dos muros foram edificadas a Igreja Matriz e a Igreja da Misericórdia, bem como reedificado o antigo Paço do Concelho e cadeia. Uma cisterna de planta rectangular, abastecia a guarnição e os habitantes. [link]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Excuse the bad English, I used the google translator

The Fortress of Juromenha located in the Parish of Our Lady of Loreto, Alandroal County, District of Évora, Portugal.
Between the War of Restoration and the Peninsular War, on the Guadiana river whose crossing closed, was considered one of the keys to the Alentejo border.

In the context of the Restoration of Portuguese independence, from 1640, before the imminence of a Spanish invasion, it became a complete restructuring of border fortifications of Portugal, adapting structures to the demands of even medieval artillery of the time. Given the precariousness of defense consisting of Juromenha the Castle, dating back to the Middle Ages, were presented in 1644, three different plans for modernization of the defense to the War Council of King John IV (1640-1656):

* Authored by the military engineer and architect Italian Pascoela, dropped by to offer inadequate protection;
* The Jesuit Cosmander Netherlands, which came to be elected at the time, even in the face of high costs and technical difficulties;
* The Frenchman Nicholas of Langres, who, due to the stoppage of the project of his predecessor, came to have it approved in 1646, assuming the works.

With work still in progress, a fire blew the powder keg of gunpowder (January 1659), which caused the destruction of a significant proportion of the structures already built and the old City Hall. One hundred men of the garrison (Elvas University students) and three teachers who captaincy, lost their lives on occasion. Turning to the service of Spain, Langres commanded in person, when the enemy artillery attack in 1662, capturing this fortress he had built. This square occupied by Spanish troops remained until the Treaty of Lisbon (13 February 1668) when he returned to the possession of the Portuguese Crown.

The fortress suffered severe damage from the earthquake of 1755, having been made to him works of repair and expansion, when it was addorsed a new stronghold on the wall on the side of the river Guadiana, to defend the harbor. In the early nineteenth century, at the dawn of the Peninsular War, was handed over without resistance by its Governor, the Spanish troops when the so-called War of the Oranges, to be recovered only in 1808. With the loss of its defensive function on the evolution of the war it fell into decay, until its abandonment in 1920.

Since 1950 the Directorate-General for National Buildings and Monuments (DGEMN) began her extensive consolidation and repair works that have continued at intervals until 1996. It is classified as a cultural heritage building by Decree No. 41191 of July 18, 1957.

In poor condition, are completed works of archaeological exploration, and is pending approval of a redevelopment project of its hotel facilities such as installation, enrolled in a larger program of tourism to the region since 2005. Today can be seen portions of walls and buildings representing different periods of its construction, where the medieval structures blend architectural elements typical of the strongholds abaluartadas.
Features

Fortification of mixed type, has a polygonal plan, consisting of two belts of walls, an inner part where the old castle keep, and another, foreign, abaluartado type in the system of Vauban, where we observe the presence of the various elements of this type of fortification: curtains, ravelins, ditches, dry, and other gunboats.

Under the walls were built the Mother Church and the Church of Mercy, and rebuilt the old palace and the County jail. A rectangular tank, supplied the garrison and inhabitants.
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© Filipinha - All rights reserved

:police: - MY IMAGES MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT MY WRITTEN PERMISSION - :sherlock:



Juromenha - Alandroal - Alentejo / Portugal

Juromenha Tipical House [link]
Juromenha Fortress [link]

:police: - MY IMAGES MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT MY WRITTEN PERMISSION - :sherlock:
BE CREATIVE AND RESPECT THE PICTURES OF OTHERS, DO NOT USE OR COPY MY WORK.

A Fortaleza de Juromenha localiza-se na Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Loreto, Concelho de Alandroal, Distrito de Évora, em Portugal.
Entre a Guerra da Restauração e a Guerra Peninsular, sobre o rio Guadiana cuja travessia fechava, foi considerada uma das chaves da fronteira do Alentejo.

No contexto da Restauração da independência portuguesa, a partir de 1640, ante a iminência de uma invasão espanhola, impôs-se a completa reestruturação das fortificações fronteiriças de Portugal, adaptando-se as estruturas ainda medievais às exigências da artilharia da época. Diante da precariedade da defesa constituída pelo Castelo de Juromenha, que remontava à Idade Média, foram apresentados, em 1644, três diferentes planos para modernização desta defesa ao Conselho de Guerra do rei D. João IV (1640-1656):

* o de autoria do engenheiro-militar e arquitecto italiano Pascoeli, descartado por oferecer uma proteção insuficiente;
* o do jesuíta neerlandês Cosmander, que veio a ser eleito na ocasião, mesmo em face dos elevados custos e dificuldades técnicas;
* o do francês Nicolau de Langres, que, em face da paralisação do projecto do seu antecessor, veio a ter este aprovado em 1646, assumindo as obras.

Com os trabalhos ainda em andamento, um incêndio fez saltar o paiol da pólvora (Janeiro de 1659), o que causou a destruição de parte expressiva das estruturas já edificadas e do antigo Paço Municipal. Uma centena de homens da guarnição (estudantes da Universidade de Elvas) e três mestres que os capitaneavam, perderam a vida na ocasião. Passando-se para o serviço da Espanha, Langres comandou, em pessoa, a artilharia inimiga quando do ataque de 1662, capturando esta fortificação que ele mesmo construíra. Esta praça permaneceu ocupada por tropas espanholas até ao Tratado de Lisboa (13 de Fevereiro de 1668), quando retornou à posse da Coroa portuguesa.

A fortaleza sofreu severos danos com terramoto de 1755, tendo-lhe sido efetuadas obras de reparo e de ampliação, quando foi adossado um novo baluarte à muralha pelo lado do rio Guadiana, para defesa do ancoradouro. No início do século XIX, no alvorecer da Guerra Peninsular, foi entregue, sem resistência pelo seu Governador, às tropas espanholas quando da chamada Guerra das Laranjas, para ser recuperada apenas em 1808. Com a perda de sua função defensiva diante da evolução dos meios bélicos, entrou em decadência, até ao seu abandono em 1920.

A partir de 1950 a Direcção-Geral dos Edifícios e Monumentos Nacionais (DGEMN) iniciou-lhe extensas obras de consolidação e reparo, que se estenderam, com intervalos, até 1996. Encontra-se classificada como Imóvel de Interesse Público através do Decreto nº 41.191, de 18 de Julho de 1957.

Em precário estado de conservação, encontram-se concluídos os trabalhos de prospecção arqueológica, encontrando-se pendente de aprovação um projeto de requalificação de suas dependências como instalação hoteleira, inscrito num programa mais vasto de turismo para a região, desde 2005. Actualmente podem ser observados trechos de muralhas e de edificações representativos dos seus diversos períodos construtivos, onde às estruturas medievais se misturam os elementos arquitectónicos típicos das fortalezas abaluartadas.
Características

Fortificação do tipo misto, apresenta planta poligonal, composta por duas cinturas de muralhas, uma interna, onde se inscreve a antiga Torre de Menagem, e outra, externa, do tipo abaluartado no sistema de Vauban, onde se observa a presença dos diversos elementos deste tipo de fortificação: cortinas, revelins, fossos-secos, canhoneiras e outros.

Ao abrigo dos muros foram edificadas a Igreja Matriz e a Igreja da Misericórdia, bem como reedificado o antigo Paço do Concelho e cadeia. Uma cisterna de planta rectangular, abastecia a guarnição e os habitantes. [link]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Excuse the bad English, I used the google translator

The Fortress of Juromenha located in the Parish of Our Lady of Loreto, Alandroal County, District of Évora, Portugal.
Between the War of Restoration and the Peninsular War, on the Guadiana river whose crossing closed, was considered one of the keys to the Alentejo border.

In the context of the Restoration of Portuguese independence, from 1640, before the imminence of a Spanish invasion, it became a complete restructuring of border fortifications of Portugal, adapting structures to the demands of even medieval artillery of the time. Given the precariousness of defense consisting of Juromenha the Castle, dating back to the Middle Ages, were presented in 1644, three different plans for modernization of the defense to the War Council of King John IV (1640-1656):

* Authored by the military engineer and architect Italian Pascoela, dropped by to offer inadequate protection;
* The Jesuit Cosmander Netherlands, which came to be elected at the time, even in the face of high costs and technical difficulties;
* The Frenchman Nicholas of Langres, who, due to the stoppage of the project of his predecessor, came to have it approved in 1646, assuming the works.

With work still in progress, a fire blew the powder keg of gunpowder (January 1659), which caused the destruction of a significant proportion of the structures already built and the old City Hall. One hundred men of the garrison (Elvas University students) and three teachers who captaincy, lost their lives on occasion. Turning to the service of Spain, Langres commanded in person, when the enemy artillery attack in 1662, capturing this fortress he had built. This square occupied by Spanish troops remained until the Treaty of Lisbon (13 February 1668) when he returned to the possession of the Portuguese Crown.

The fortress suffered severe damage from the earthquake of 1755, having been made to him works of repair and expansion, when it was addorsed a new stronghold on the wall on the side of the river Guadiana, to defend the harbor. In the early nineteenth century, at the dawn of the Peninsular War, was handed over without resistance by its Governor, the Spanish troops when the so-called War of the Oranges, to be recovered only in 1808. With the loss of its defensive function on the evolution of the war it fell into decay, until its abandonment in 1920.

Since 1950 the Directorate-General for National Buildings and Monuments (DGEMN) began her extensive consolidation and repair works that have continued at intervals until 1996. It is classified as a cultural heritage building by Decree No. 41191 of July 18, 1957.

In poor condition, are completed works of archaeological exploration, and is pending approval of a redevelopment project of its hotel facilities such as installation, enrolled in a larger program of tourism to the region since 2005. Today can be seen portions of walls and buildings representing different periods of its construction, where the medieval structures blend architectural elements typical of the strongholds abaluartadas.
Features

Fortification of mixed type, has a polygonal plan, consisting of two belts of walls, an inner part where the old castle keep, and another, foreign, abaluartado type in the system of Vauban, where we observe the presence of the various elements of this type of fortification: curtains, ravelins, ditches, dry, and other gunboats.

Under the walls were built the Mother Church and the Church of Mercy, and rebuilt the old palace and the County jail. A rectangular tank, supplied the garrison and inhabitants.
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Castelo de Vide - Dist. Portalegre - Alto Alentejo / Portugal

Taken from the castle


:police: - MY IMAGES MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT MY WRITTEN PERMISSION - :sherlock:






:police: - MY IMAGES MAY NOT BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT MY WRITTEN PERMISSION - :sherlock:

O carácter romântico da vila de Castelo de Vide, associado aos seus jardins, clima ameno e proximidade da serra de São Mamede, tornou-a conhecida por "Sintra do Alentejo".


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Castelo de Vide - History
The Romans first settled here in 44 BC being an important point in the road from Merida in Spain across to the west coast. The Vandals conquered and destroyed the town in the 4th Century. It was later rebuilt by the Moors in the 7th Century until 1148 when it was taken by forces led by Gonçalo Mousinho who then became its governor. The town's first Royal Charter was issued in 1180 and unlike other places it was required to organize its own defences and in return the young men of the town were not by law automatically obliged to be soldiers. It is unknown when Vide as it was originally known was first fortified. On the orders of Dom Dinis the castle was rebuilt in 1310 and its name was prefixed by the word Castelo. When Afonso IV ascended to the throne he gave the town to his younger brother. This same brother later laid claim to the throne and an imminent battle for the castle was only avoided by the clever intervention of the ambassadors sent by the future to be Queen of Portugal, Dona Isabel de Aragon. Its protection and close border location was to attract many Jews from Spain during 1492 that escaped from the severe persecution handed out by the Catholic Church. In 1704 the Spanish attempted unsuccessfully to capture the castle but later fell to the attack of the Duke of Berwick who threatened to put all in the town to the sword. The defending Portuguese then placed all their gunpowder for protection in a well but a year later an explosion of this powder destroyed a great part of its fortifications. When they proceeded to rebuilt and extend the walls they included the houses that had grown up around the castle in the outer walls.

Castelo de Vide - Description
It is a most attractive small Spa Town with lots of fascinating architectural character. Sitting on the northern edge of the Serra de São Mamede it is a popular place for passing tourists due to its natural welcoming charm and the claimed healing powers of its Spa waters. Within the castle walls there stands the 17th Century Capela de Nossa Senhora da Alegria that also contains attractive tiles of the same period. The old part of Castelo de Vide has lots of character with small typical houses of the region lining the steep very narrow cobbled streets. This is the Judiaria Quarter and on the corner of one of these streets there still stands a 13th Century synagogue. Many of these modest homes together with the grander houses have door and window surrounds artistically worked in the local granite. The church of Salvador do Mundo is also from the 13th Century but it underwent some interior changes in the 18th Century amongst which is the addition of some attractive tiles.

Castelo de Vide - Nearby Locations
To the northwest is the town of Nisa that acts as a contrast to Castelo de Vide as the streets are in comparison open and un-crowded by the local buildings. The Templars constructed this present version of the town as its original site that was destroyed by invading vandals whom invaded Portugal from the north.

To the south is the town of Marvão, another very attractive fortified location that is perched on a spectacular ridge some 862 mts. above sea level. This strategic factor influenced the Romans to fortify the location in the 1st Century. Its present name probably originates from its ruler, Ibn Maruán in the 10th Century. The castle was originally built round 1299 and crowns the enclosed hamlet that has panoramic views to the south and east across towards Spain. Due to its high position and well built fortifications the castle was only once conquered which was in the Civil War of 1833 when the Liberals achieved access by a secret entrance. In the 15th Century Chapel is a Visigoth statue that was surprisingly discovered after being hidden for 300 years during the town occupation by the Moors. A dramatic yet harsh location that often features in Portuguese poetry and sonnets. Surprisingly, close by in this hidden corner of Portugal there is an enjoyable 18-hole golf course and bordering it is a signs of a Roman ruins from 45AD.

Slightly further to the south is the commercial town of Portalegre that grew to prominence in the 16th and 17th Centuries. To the southwest the small town of Crato belies its historic past. In the 13th Century this town was given to the powerful Order of Hospitaliers who originally assisted in the fight against the Moors in the reign of Dom Sancho II. The town was to become their headquarters when in 1356 Dom Álvaro Gonçalves Pereira ordered the building of the nearby Monastery of Santa Maria da Flor da Rosa. It later was to enjoy the patronage of both Dom Manuel I and Dom João III. The order was located in the Monastery that in the reign of Dom Luís in 1527 was replaced by the Order of Malta. The structure was virtually destroyed in the earthquake of 1755 but was partially rebuilt by the order of the Marquês de Pombal and now it has been converted into an attractive Pousada. The Spanish in 1662 sacked and destroyed the fortifications of Crato and its importance was to diminish thereafter.

To the northeast of Castelo de Videis the Spa Fadagosa. Also, close to the town are a number of Antas (Dolmans) from the Megalithic times and the Menhir de Meada is claimed to be the largest one in the Iberian Peninsular. [link]
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......................................Alone...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
.............................................Edit....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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...............................Without you..
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...............And if I fall from Dreams
All my Prayers are Silenced
To Love is to lose
And to lose is to Die...
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Happiness is not a matter of intensity but of balance, order, rhythm and harmony.
Thomas Merton
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EDWARD COUNSEL, Maxims
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The Dubai Mall parking lot.
Dubai, U.A.E.
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Silhouettes on a bus.
Dubai, U.A.E.
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Bur Dubai - Dubai, U.A.E.
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Oil pastels on paper

*sold*
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I took this photo by :iconglamourousacid-stock: as a reference for this drawing: [link]

Ink, sharpies and pastels on paper

*sold*
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Ink and sharpie on paper, 21x30 cm
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© Suicidal Photos


[link]
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© Suicidal Photos
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© Suicidal Photos

[link]
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...
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Ok, it's me.
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Wer zu Lebzeit gut auf Erden
wird nach dem Tod ein Engel werden
den Blick gen Himmel fragst du dann
warum man sie nicht sehen kann
...

Gott weiss ich will kein Engel sein!
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Cimetiere Monumental - Rouen

**Update** :)
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Photo prise au Cimetiere du Pere Lachaise - Paris
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Cimetiere du Pere Lachaise - Paris
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