Isabella of Austria (1501–1526). Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Spain and Princess of Burgundy by birth and Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway by her marriage to King Christian II, was the daughter of Philip I and Joanna of Castile and the sister of Emperor Charles V. She was born at Brussels.
On 11 July 1514 Isabella was married by proxy to King Christian II of Denmark with Emperor Maximilian, her grandfather, standing in for the king. A year later, the Archbishop of Norway was sent to escort her to Copenhagen. The marriage was ratified on 12 August 1515. Isabella was crowned Queen of Denmark and given the name Elisabeth, but the relationship between her family and king Christian was quite cool during the first year of the marriage. The King's Dutch mistress, Dyveke Sigbritsdatter, had been with him since 1507, and he was not about to give her up for a teenaged girl.
This angered the Emperor, and caused some diplomatic strife between him and King Christian, but the matter was resolved when Dyveke died in 1517, and Isabella's relationship with her husband improved vastly over the next few years. She bore him three children, Hans, Christina and Dorothea, and when king Christian was deposed in 1523 by disloyal noblemen supporting his aging uncle Duke Frederick, the new king wanted to be on good terms with her family. He wrote her a personal letter in her native German, offering her a dowager queen's pension and permitting her to stay in Denmark under his protection while king Christian fled to the Netherlands. But Isabella wrote back to duke Frederick in Latin, stating that "ubi rex meus, ibi regna mea", that is "where my king is, there is my kingdom". She then left Denmark with her husband and their children. The young queen died at Ghent at just twenty-four years of age. It is said that the daughter of Denmark's Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Mary, Princess Isabella, is named after her.
Elisabeth of Austria (1554-1592) was the fifth child of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain. She had a privileged childhood where she grew up a devout Catholic. She was an intelligent and charming child and also one of the great beauties of the time period with her long blonde hair and white skin. Elisabeth was sister of the Queen Anne of Spain, the Philip II's fourth wife.
Elisabeth married in 1570 with Charles IX of France, King of France. They had one daughter Marie Elisabeth. She may not be one of the most remembered Queens of France, but she did her duty as a wife and queen. Elisabeth was said to be a good, pious and charitable young woman who did not fit in with the licentious French court. Elisabeth instantly fell in love with her husband, but King Charles already had a long-time mistress, Marie Touchet that he was devoted to. Charles was fond of Elisabeth and found her beautiful, but his heart was with his mistress. The couple did have a warm relationship and were kind to one another though.
The Queen, shocked with the licentious ways of the French court, dedicated her time to embroidery work, reading and especially the practice of charitable and pious works. Elisabeth continued to hear Mass twice a day, despite being horrified at how little respect was shown for religion by the supposedly Catholic courtiers. Her one controversial act was to make a point of rejecting the attentions of Protestant courtiers and politicians by refusing the Huguenot leader, Gaspard II de Coligny the permission to kiss her hand when they paid homage to the royal family.
Despite her strong opposition to the Protestantism in France, she was horrified when she received news of the Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre on 24 August 1572, when thousands of French Protestants were slaughtered on the streets of Paris. During the massacre, the Queen was given petitions to speak for the innocent, and she managed to assure a promise to spare the lives of the foreign Protestants. Elisabeth, then heavily pregnant, never publicly rejoiced at so many deaths - like other prominent Catholics did. According to Brantôme, the next morning after the massacre, the shocked Queen asked her husband if he knew about that: when the King told her that he was the initiator, she said she would pray for him and the salvation of his soul. A few months later, the Queen gave birth her first child, a daughter, in the Louvre Palace. She was named Marie Elisabeth after her grandmother, Empress Maria, and Queen Elizabeth I of England, who were her godmothers.
King Charles died shortly after the birth of his daughter leaving Elisabeth a widow with a baby. After Elisabeth completed her 40 day mourning period, she returned to Vienna and refused her father's suggestion of marrying the new King Henry III of France who was her brother-in-law. She received the title of Duchess of Berry. Heartbreakingly Elisabeth had to leave her young daughter in the care of her grandmother, Catherine de Medici when she left France. She never saw her daughter again as Marie Elisabeth died at the only the age of 6.
Elisabeth returned to her childhood home and watched her brother, Rudolf II become Holy Roman Emperor. She refused all marriage proposals and worked with the church and helping the poor. She founded the Convent of Poor Clares Mary, Queen of Angels. Elisabeth of Austria died on January 22, 1592 of pleurisy. She is buried at the church of the Convent of Poor Clares Mary, Queen of Angels.
Made with The Tudor Scene Maker, thanks to www.dolldivine.com and www.azaleasdolls.com.
Mary Stuart (1542 – 1587) was queen regnant of Scotland and queen consort of France. Mary was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland. She was 6 days old when her father died and she was crowned nine months later. In 1558, she married Francis, Dauphin of France. He ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, and Mary became queen consort of France until she was widowed on 5 December 1560. Mary then returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, but their union was unhappy. In February 1567, his residence was destroyed by an explosion, and Darnley was found murdered in the garden.
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was generally believed to have orchestrated Darnley's death, but he was acquitted of the charge in April 1567, and the following month he married Mary. Following an uprising against the couple, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle. On 24 July 1567, she was forced to abdicate in favour of her one-year-old son, James. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, she fled southwards seeking the protection of her first cousin once removed, Queen Elizabeth I of England. Mary had previously claimed Elizabeth's throne as her own and was considered the legitimate sovereign of England by many English Catholics, including participants in a rebellion known as the Rising of the North. Perceiving her as a threat, Elizabeth had her confined in a number of castles and manor houses in the interior of England. After 18 years and 9 months in custody, Mary was tried and executed for her involvement in plots to assassinate Elizabeth.
I'd meant to include the real Princess Margaret, (not that bratty thing from "The Tudors,") I just didn't get around to creating her until now. I actually liked this green brocade gown she's got on, though orange wouldn't have been my first choice as an under-skirt. The hardest part was her headdress. I used a French hood from the game & built on it w/ beads, though the difficulty came in the fact that the Queen's hood is 3 different colors, and is decorated in gold & rubies (at least I think those are rubies). Though after working on the last image of Margaret, this was "easier."
As you can see from the painting (I'm annoyed there weren't any larger versions of it, it's such a pretty image), that Margaret suffered from obesity problems like her brother, Henry VIII. However, being overweight wasn't necessarily seen as a bad thing in the Renaissance. It meant you had a prosperous livelihood & could afford to have food on your table every evening, whereas the hard-working peasants were lucky if they could keep from starving every week.
People also didn't understand the importance of physical activity for their health. Noble & royal women sat a lot for most occasions, save for dancing or walking around palaces & gardens.
Also, Queens in particular during this time period basically became baby-making machines, and their figures were usually ruined from having so many pregnancies in such close succession (especially since they had to keep up with the 70% infant mortality rate by having lots of children & making sure their husbands had a male heir).
Speaking of heirs, it was Queen Margaret's grandson, James VI, who became King of England after Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603.
This is what the REAL Princess Mary Tudor looked like, as opposed to "Princess Margaret" on the show.
I've already told her story in my "Dear Hollywood" series, & this Mary is featured in that photo as well. However, it might do well to tell what real life says about this woman.
Princess Mary Tudor (18 March 1496 - 25 June 1533) was Henry VIII's youngest sister & 1 of the only 4 surviving children of Henry VII & Elizabeth of York. For two months in 1514 she was Queen Consort to King Louis XII of France, as well as being his 3rd wife. Anne Boleyn was actually 1 of her maids of honor. However, it's reported that the king died less than 3 months after the marriage. Mary wasn't happy with the marriage, & Henry knew how she felt, but he needed France as an ally at the time.
Francis I, who succeeded Louis had no plans to marry the young widow, so she was soon on her way back to England. King Henry sent Charles Brandon, Princess Mary's true love, to escort her, & they married in secret on the way back home. The King was furious when he found out, & for months the couple was not allowed to visit at court. Eventually Henry & his sister made up, & the princess had a real-life happily ever after with Charles Brandon, despite marrying below her rank. The two of them had several children, & both were avid supporters of Catherine of Aragon during the King's "great matter."
Princess Mary died in 1533. It was through her union with Charles Brandon that she was the grandmother of Lady Jane Grey, Princess Elizabeth & Princess Mary I's cousin; and the same woman who was for 9 days, Queen of England.
This is the first portrait most people see when they look up Catherine Howard on Google. Some people think this is a portrait of Catherine Parr, but I did some comparisons between the sixth Queen and this woman, and it's pretty clear they're not the same person who was painted.
She was Henry VIII's fifth wife, and their marriage lasted only a year before scandal erupted and she was executed for treason against the crown.
I'm not sure what Henry VIII found so fascinating about this particular girl (she was either 21 or 18 when she married him, tho nobody really has records on her birth date). You'd think he would be attracted to someone pretty, but it's important to remember that they had different standards of beauty in those days, due to lack of plastic surgery. Maybe she was considered lovely in that era, who knows. It was said that Catherine Howard was petite and charming, as well as energetic. (She loved to dance all night long).
The interesting part is, she was Anne Boleyn's cousin. (Funny how the King would go after ANOTHER woman from that family, considering what happened with his second wife). Anne's mother's maiden name was Howard, and the family was famous for being hot-headed & proud, as well as having great influence in the Tudor Court.
Hi all! I have been working in this pic since yesterday's morning. This is about the spanish queens during the Habsburg's reign in Spain. I have used the game developed by Azaleasdolls and Dolldivine but also used the GIMP for making modifications (as Mariana of Austria's full gown). I would talk a bit from each one of them but I think you'd find it so boring. So, They are from left to right:
-Isabella of Portugal (1503-1539) wife of Charles V/ Mother of Philip II
Hi! This is just a little present for my friend IsaDuBourbon as Elisabeth of France, queen of Spain (by her marriage with King Philip the 4th) is her favourite historical character. Furthermore and as an advance, this is such a part of a wallpaper in which I am now working and that will be uploaded when I finish it. It is made using the popular game developed by Azalea's dolls and Dolldivine but also I have used GIMP for making some modifications that are unable in the game. Hope all of you like it, but her especially
Mary was the heiress (and a really rich girl) of the Burgundian Kingdom after the death of her father, Charles the bold. She married by her own choise (she has many suitors) with Maximilian I, archduke of Austria and future Holy Roman Emperor.
Mary was another gothic's queen of France. This "fairy" hat is a medieval henin. She was a great trend setter of her time!
picture of Mary wearing this henin (hat): [link] statue of Mary with this dress: [link] picture of Mary's style: [link]
Eleanor was the eldest child of Philip of Austria and Juana of Castile, and was an Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile from the House of Habsburg, and subsequently became Queen consort of Portugal (1518–1521) and of France (1530–1547).
This portrait was painted by Joos von Cleve when she already was queen of France, in 1530.
I used a sketch of her to made this dress, following the colours and details of the main painting.
I've already made some of her relatives as: Her mother, Juana de Castile: [link] her grandmother, Isabella of Castile: [link] her aunt, Maria of Aragon - [link] her aunt, Isabella de Aragon: [link] her aunt, Catalina de Aragon: as princess of Whales: [link] as queen of England: [link] her cousin, Mary I of England: [link] her cousin, Isabella of Portugal: [link]
Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI and one of more famous queens of history, from the movie with Kirsten Dust as the queen of France.
About the "Let them eat brioches!" question:
According with LadyNorrington [link] : "Archduchess Marie-Antoinette and Infanta Marie-Therese were born about a century apart but both women would come to the same destiny as Queen of France. Both the Infanta and the Archduchess are claimed to have spoken the infamous words: "Let them eat cake."
Marie-Therese was simple, sometimes dull, woman compared to her flashy husband Louis XIV. However unfaithful as he was, Marie was always in love with him and he always cared for her. When Marie died, Louis said "This is the first trouble she has caused me."
Marie-Antoinette was very flashy compared to her simple, sometimes dull, husband Louis XVI. Marie cared a great deal for her husband despite his fascination with locks and boats as opposed to her and in return, Louis wrote tragically about his caring wife while imprisoned."
This is said to be a portrait of Lady Jane Grey. I Looked up as many portraits as I could and this one kept coming up so I decided to do it. I Just finished a book on her life and i feel very sad for her. I only hope I did the portrait justice with the doll
Isabella was born into the royal house of Castile & Leon. Her father died when she was young and was put under the care of her older half-brother Henry IV. Her upbringing was quite rough for a royal princess. At 16 she chose for herself (a very rare occurrence) Ferdinand of Aragon as her future husband. Before her half-brother's death he recognized her as his heir. With a minor blimp, Isabella was made Queen of Castile & Leon and married Ferdinand in 1469. Ferdinand and Isabella had 5 children together, including the future 1st wife of Henry VIII, Catherine. Isabella is credited for expelling the Jews and Moors from Spain and received praise from the Pope for her work in preserving the Catholic faith. She and her husband also funded Christopher Columbus on his quest. She is also known for leading troops into battle and having her own armor to do it with.
In terms of Isabella's looks she was said to be rather short and stout but strong. She was pale and had blue eyes. She also had either reddish-blonde or auburn hair. It's not known exactly the shade what is known is that it was a shade of red. According to her armor is was also at the very least an inch taller then Ferdinand.
Isabella is also 21st great-aunt once removed on my father's mother's side.
Eleanor was born to the Duke of Aquitaine and married the King of France in 1137. With him she had two daughters, Marie & Alix. She followed her husband on his ill fated crusade. In 1152 she met and fell in love with the Henry II, the future King of England. She pushed for an annulment of her marriage to the French king and received it after much controversy. She then married Henry II and became Queen of England. With Henry she had 8 children, including two future Kings of England, Richard I and John. After several years of marriage the love faded and turned to bitterness. Eleanor staged several uprising with her son's against their father which led to her imprisonment, where she stayed until Henry's death in 1189. With her son Richard I king she lived out the rest of her days somewhat peacefully, staying in public life until her death at age 82.
Few records say what Eleanor actually looked like but she was said to be very beautiful. One portrait has her with reddish brown hair, which would match her father and uncle's hair color. I chose the colors of red and gold for her clothing for the colors of the Aquitaine coat of arms.
Eleanor is also my 27th great-grandmother through marriage on my father's mother's side.
My interpretation of a black gown worn by Queen Elizabeth in the film 'Elizabeth'
this one was a little more difficult, to me it looked like the dress was black and a light brown, but it was hard to tell. It was also hard to portray the pattern on the lighter part of the dress. So I just went with what i felt was best
Charles I & V Habsburg, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor and his family.
Left to Right: Joanna, Maria, Queen Isabella, Charles V and Crown Prince Philip.
Isabella was a princess of Portugal and was Charles' cousin as Isabella's mother was Charles' aunt she died along with her newborn son. Charles is the son of Joanna the Mad and Philip the Handsome, He was also ruler of the low countries and duke of Burgundy and was the most powerful ruler in Europe. He was also loyal to his wife and never took a mistress until after she died. He abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor to his brother and abdicated as King of Spain to his son Philip
Philip, Maria and Joan were the only 3 of Charles' 6 children to survive to adult hood.
Charles Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain, King of Naples and Sicily, Duke of Burgundy and ruler of the low countries Born: February 2, 1500 Ghent, Flanders Died: September 21, 1558 (From Malaria) Co-Reigned Castile: January 23 1516 - January 16 1556 (he co-reigned Castile with his mother until she died in 1555) Co-reigned Aragon: January 23 1516 - January 16 1556 (he co-reigned Aragon with his mother until she died in 1555) Reigned as Holy Roman Emperor: June 28 1519 - August 27 1556 He was the son of Joanna of Spain and Philip Habsburg. When his mother's only brother then her older sister died he became heir to both Castile and Aragon, although his father in law tried to prevent him from inheriting Aragon, and Kingdom of Naples and Sicily by remarrying and having a son who died, but from 1509 to 1516 he and his siblings were under the care of his father's sister as his mother was imprisoned in a convent by her father for not giving him control of the government of Castile. He became the most powerful ruler in all of Europe. He was betrothed in 1524 to his cousin Mary Tudor Princess of Wales daughter of his aunt Katherine of Aragon who wished to unite England with forever, but he broke it off and married his cousin Isabella of Portugal on March 11 1526. In 1527 he sacked Rome and held the Pope prisoner and placed pressure on the pope to not annul the marriage of his aunt Katherine to Henry VIII. He spent a large part of his reign at war with France, in 1529 as part of a peace agreement with France he had his sister Eleanor marry King Francis of France and took his sons Francis and Henri prisoner for 2 years. In 1539 while away his wife died after giving birth to a son who also died, he was devestated by her death an dressed in black for the rest of his life and never remarried. In 1544 he seigned the peace treaty of Crepy with King Francis and in it Francis' youngest son Charles could be betrothed to eithter his daughter Maria and part of her dowery would be either the Netherlands or the Low Countries of Franche-Comté or another bride would be his niece Anne of Austria and her dowery would be Milan. Either case would have made Francis' youngest son just as powerful ruler as his older brother the dauphin Henri and possibly have the younger son support him which would have caused problems, but Francis' son died before any decision on which girl would be his bride. He suffered from the Habsburg Jaw or more accuratly called Mandibular Prognathism and suffered from epilepsy and afflicted by gout. When he abdicated he gave all the Habsburg lands to his brother and the Spanish lands including Naples and Sicily, Milan (Lambardy), the territories in the New World, and the Netherlands to his son. He was Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and Charles I King of Spain.
Isabella of Portugal Born: October 24 1503 Lisbon Portugal Died: May 1 1539 Toledo Spain reigned as Queen of Spain: March 11 1526 - May 1 1539 She was the daughter of Maria of Aragon (sister to Joanna of Spain) and Manuel I King of Portugal. Her brother John III married Catherine of Austria (sister to Charles Habsburg) and she on March 11 1526 married Emperor Charles which became a love Match. In 1527, 1529 and 1537 she gave birth to Philip II of Spain, Maria and Joan who all lived to adult hood, In 1528, 1535 and 1539 she had sons who all died young and she died after giving birth to her last child. She ruled as regent of Spain while her husband was away at war between 1529–1532 and 1535–1539. She was noted for her intelligence and beauty. In 1580 through her her son Philip claimed the throne of Portugal when King Henry (former cardinal) died childless (he was the uncle King Sebastion who died childless).
Philip II Habsburg, King of Spain, Ruler of the netherlands, King of Naples and Sicily, Duke of Milan Born: May 21, 1527 Valladolid, Spain Died: September 13, 1598 El Escorial, Spain Reigned Spain: January 16, 1556 - Sept 13, 1598 Reigned Portugal: March 25 1581 - Sept 13, 1598 Reigned as co-king of England and Ireland: July 25, 1554 - Nov 17, 1558 He was the Son of Charles Habsburg King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor and Isabella of Portugal. During the early part of his riegn he sent troop to help against the Ottoman Empire. Throught his reign he had to deal with the Dutch revolt he also placed a reward of 25,000 crowns for anyone to kill William of Nassau Prince Orange (the act was comitted but the perpretrator was immediatly killed.) In 1580 after the death of King Henry he claimed the throne of Portugal by claiming rights as the son the grandson of Manuel I. On November 12 1543 he married his first wife his double cousin Maria Manuela of Portugal who died after giving birth to his son Carlos. Child 1: Carlos Prince of Asturias (July 8 1545 - July 24 1568) His son was delicate and deformed, in 1562 his son fell down a flight of stairs which caused serious injuries to his head he was saved but it changed his sons personality and he became wild and unpredicable (the only one his son did not misbehave towards was his wife Elisabeth of France who he liked and treated with kindness) he was forced in January 1568 to lock up his son who died in july. On July 25 1554 he married his second cousin Queen Mary I (fulfilling Katherine of Aragon's dream of uniting England and Spain) during their reign Calais (the last english stronghold in France) was lost to France. After Mary's death he proposed marriage to her half-sister Queen Elizabeth I who refused. On June 22, 1559 he married his 3rd wife Elisabeth of Valois (Daughter of King Henri II of France and Catherine de' Medici), he was in love with his newbride and stayed at her side when she contracted smallpox. He had two surviving daughters by her. She died in 1568 after miscarring either a son or daughter. He had no mistresses during the marriage. He was overjoyed at the birth of his daughter Isabella who was his favorite child. Child 1 and 2: Twin miscarried daughters (1564) Child 3: Isabella Clara Eugena (August 12 1566 – December 1 1633), married her cousin and had 3 children who all died in infancy Child 4: Catherine Michelle (October 10 1567 – November 6 1597), married Charles Emmanuel I Duke of Savoy, her 2nd cousin Child 5: A miscarried son or daughter (1568) On November 12 1570 he married his 4th wife niece/2nd cousin Anne of Austria (daughter of his sister Maria) the marriage was also a love match and he had 1 surviving son of 5 children. Although the marriage was opposed by many including Pop Pius V. He had no mistresses during the marriage. Child 1: Ferdinand Prince of Asturias (4 December 1571 – 18 October 1578) died of dysentery Child 2: Charles (12 August 1573 – 30 June 1575) Child 3: Diego Prince of Asturias (15 August 1575 – 21 November 1582) died of smallpox Child 4: Philip III King of Spain (3 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) Child 5: Maria (14 February 1580 – 5 August 1583) In 1585 he became angery when Elizabeth I signed the Treaty of Nonsuch which provied troops to the rebels in the Netherlands and in 1588 he attacked England with the Spanish Armada which lost. On on 13 September 1598 he died of cancer although he suffered for 52 days from gout, fever, and dropsy (edema).
Maria Habsburg, Holy Roman Empress Born: June 21 1528 Died: February 26 1603 reigned as Holy Roman Empress: November 28 1562 - October 12 1576 She was the daughter Charles and Isabella. On September 13 1548 she married her 1st cousin the future Maximilian Holy Roman Emperor she had 16 children with 8 surviving to adult hood. In 1582 she returned to Spain and commented that she was happy to live in "a country without heretics" as the Holy Roman empire was turning lutheran.
Joanna Habsburg, Princess of Portugal Born: June 24 1535 Died: September 7 1573 She was the daughter Charles and Isabella. She married in 1552 to her double first cousin Crown Prince João (John) Manuel of Portugal (June 3 1537 - Jan 2 1554), her husband died Jan 2 1554 from either Tuberculosis or as historians believe diabetes, a disease he inherited from his maternal grandfather Philip I, 18 days later she gave birth to their son Sebastian who would become King of Portugal but would die in 1578 in battle without an heir. She never remarried and not long after her sons birth her brother called her back to Spain to run it while he was in England, she never again saw her son in person but did have portraits of him painted and sent to her and she sent him letters. In 1557 she founded the Convent of Our Lady of Consolation.
Link to The Habsburgs: [link] Link to Philip II and Elisabeth of Valois: [link] Link to Philip II and his daughters: [link] Link to Philip II and his wives: [link]
All credit goes to Doll-Divine and Azalea's Dress Up Doll Tudor Maker.
To Joanne's left Eleanor of Austria Queen of France. Charles I King of Spain and V Holy Roman Emperor. To Joanne's right Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor, Isabella Queen or Ex Queen of Denmark (her husband was diposed), Mary Queen of Hungary, and Catherine Queen of Portugal.
Joanna of Castile Trastámara, Queen of Spain Born: Nov 6, 1479 Died: April 12, 1555 Reigned Castile and Leon: Nov 26, 1504 to April 12, 1555 Reigned Aragon: Jan 23, 1562 to April 12, 1555 Note: She became heir to the thrones of Castile and Aragon after the death of both her older brother and sister and the death of her sister’s son April 19, 1500. She married Philip the Handsome Castile Oct 20, 1496 but unlike her older Sisters 1st marriage and her brothers happy marriages hers was unhappy and she became known as Joanna the Mad whether this was due to her husbands cheating and constant attempts to usurp her rights to her parents thrones or because she had inherited a mental illness like her maternal grandmother. She had 6 children 2 were sons and the famous Charles V. She co-reigned Spain with her son Charles until her death. In 1509 She was confined in the Santa Clara convent in Tordesillas, near Valladolid in Castile by her father when she refused to yield the government of Castile to him were she remained in confinment until her father died.
Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal, then Queen of France Born: Nov 15, 1498 Died: Feb 25, 1558 Reigned as Queen of Portugal: July 16 1518 - Dec 13 1521 Reigned as Queen of France: July 4 1530 - March 31 1537 When she was young her family tried to marry her to Henry VIII whom she was betrothed to but when his father died he instead decided to marry Katherine of Aragon. King Christian II of Denmark wanted to marry her but her family refused as they saw her as to valuble. Her family then tried to marry her to first King Louis XII then to Francis I of France, then tried to marry her to King Sigismund I of Poland and then she was proposed as a possible bride to Antoine Duke of Lorraine in 1510, all unsuccessful. She married Manuel I King of Portugal on July 16 1518, the marriage was arranged by her brother to avoid the possibility of Portuguese assistance for any rebellion in Castile. She had one surviving daughter by him. Child 2: Infanta Maria, Lady of Viseu (June 18, 1521 - Oct 10, 1577) - who considered as a possible second wife for Philip II before he married Mary I of England. Her husband Manuel died in 1521 from the Plague. In 1523 she was betrothed to Charles III, Duke of Bourbon but it never took place. She became betrothed to Francis I while he held prisoner in Spain. On July 4 1530 she married King Francis I as part of a peace treaty. Her marriage to Francis was childless, very likely because Francis did not want any of his children to have loyalties to the Habsburgs. Her marriage to Francis was part of the treaty of 1529 called La Paz de las Damas. She had no political power and only performed as Queen at Social Occasions and performed Charity and provided communication with Charles. She also raised Francis' youngest daughters Madeleine and Margaret. After the death of Francis she returned and spent her remaining years in Spain.
Charles Habsburg, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain, King of Naples and Sicily, Duke of Burgundy and ruler of the low countries Born: February 2, 1500 Ghent, Flanders Died: September 21, 1558 (From Malaria) Co-Reigned Castile: January 23 1516 - January 16 1556 (he co-reigned Castile with his mother until she died in 1555) Co-reigned Aragon: January 23 1516 - January 16 1556 (he co-reigned Aragon with his mother until she died in 1555) Reigned as Holy Roman Emperor: June 28 1519 - August 27 1556 He was the son of Joanna of Spain and Philip Habsburg. When his mother's only brother then her older sister died he became heir to both Castile and Aragon, although his father in law tried to prevent him from inheriting Aragon, and Kingdom of Naples and Sicily by remarrying and having a son who died. He became the most powerful ruler in all of Europe. He was betrothed in 1524 to his cousin Mary Tudor Princess of Wales daughter of his aunt Katherine of Aragon who wished to unite England with forever, but he broke it off and married his cousin Isabella of Portugal on March 11 1526. In 1527 he sacked Rome and held the Pope prisoner and placed pressure on the pope to not annul the marriage of his aunt Katherine to Henry VIII. He spent a large part of his reign at war with France, in 1529 as part of a peace agreement with France he had his sister Eleanor marry King Francis of France and took his sons Francis and Henri prisoner for 2 years. In 1539 while away his wife died after giving birth to a son who also died, he was devestated by her death an dressed in black for the rest of his life and never remarried. In 1544 he seigned the peace treaty of Crepy with King Francis and in it Francis' youngest son Charles could be betrothed to eithter his daughter Maria and part of her dowery would be either the Netherlands or the Low Countries of Franche-Comté or another bride would be his niece Anne of Austria and her dowery would be Milan. Either case would have made Francis' youngest son just as powerful ruler as his older brother the dauphin Henri and possibly have the younger son support him which would have caused problems, but Francis' son died before any decision on which girl would be his bride. He suffered from the Habsburg Jaw or more accuratly called Mandibular Prognathism and suffered from epilepsy and afflicted by gout. When he abdicated he gave all the Habsburg lands to his brother and the Spanish lands including Naples and Sicily, Milan (Lambardy), the territories in the New World, and the Netherlands to his son. He was Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and Charles I King of Spain.
Isabella of Austria, Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden Born: July 18, 1501 Died: July 19, 1526 Reigned as Queen of Denmark and Norway: Aug 12 1515 - 1523 Reigned as Queen of Sweden: 1520 - 1521 She spent her childhood in the netherlands under the tutorage of her paternal aunt Margaret. After her family rejected King Christian from marrying her older sister Eleanor, she was instead betrothed and married to him. She was married by proxy to King Christian II of Denmark and Norway on July 11 1514 she arrived in Denmark on Aug 12 1515. The relationship with her new family was cool during her first years of marriage and her husband refused to give up his mistress for her whose mother had more influence then her at court, this made her brother angery and caused diplomatic strife, it wasn't until after Christian's mistress died did their relationship improve and her relationship with his former mistress' mother improved and both of them acted as advisors to Christian. In 1520 she became queen of Sweden and her husband asked the council to give sweden to her should he die when his children were minors. 1523 her husband was diposed and they spent the rest of the years traveling, during that year while in Saxony she became interested in Luthor's teachings and was sympathetic to the protestant cause although she never offically converted, In 1524 when she visited Nürnberg she received communion in the Protestant way, which so enraged her birth family that her husband decided that she needed to hide her Protestant views for political reasons. In 1525 she caught a serious illness which worsened as she traveled and she died in 1526. She recieved both Catholic and Protestant communion although her family declared that she had died a Catholic. She had 6 children with her husband only 2 lived to adulthood Child 1: John (Feb 21 1518 - Aug 11 1532) Child 2 & 3: Twin sons - Philip (July 4 1519 - 1520), Maximilian (July 4 1519 - 1519) Child 4: Dorothea (Nov 10 1520 - May 31 1580) married in 1535 to Frederick II, Elector Palatine but they had no children. Child 5: Christina (Nov 1521 - Dec 10 1590) in 1533 she married Francesco II Sforza, Duke of Milan, then in 1541 she married Francis I Duke of Lorraine and had 2 daughters and a son, all survived to adulthood. In 1538 Henry VIII wanted to Marry her but she rejected him. Child 6: Stillborn Son (Jan 1523)
Ferdinand Habsburg, Archduke Born: March 10, 1503 Died: July 25, 1564 Was the younger brother of Charles V who after his brother abdicated became Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor in 1556 and Charles abdicated the title Archduke of Austria to him in 1521 after he became HRE and he ruled the Austrian Hereditary Lands. He married Anne of Bohemia daughter of the King of Hungary on May 25, 1521 and in 1526 when her brother died he claimed the throne of Hungary. He and his wife had 15 children with only 2 dieing in childhood.
Mary Habsburg, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia Born: Sep 18 1505 Died: Oct 18 1558 Reigned as Queen: July 22 1515 - Aug 29 1526 Her birth was a difficult one and it took her mother a month to recover. On March 17 1506 her grandfather promised her hand to King Vladislaus II of Hungary first born son and both rulers agreed that one of her brothers should marry Vladislaus daughter. In 1514 On July 22 1515 she married King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (July 1 1506 - Aug 29 1526) She didn't get to Hungary until 1521, In 1522 when she and Louis met they fell in love. By 1525 she had political power in Hungary. During her time as Queen she attracted the interests of Martin Luthor who dedicated 4 psalms to her, which did not please Ferdinand her brother, she like her sister Isabella became interested in his teachings but due to pressure from her brother turned away from it. She spent most of her free time with her husband riding and hunting in the open country near the palace. She and Louis ruled a country that was deeply divided and in 1526 the ottoman empire attacted. On Aug 29 1526 while fleeing from a battle gone wrong (Battle of Mohács) Louis was fleeing through a marsh and he slipped from his frightened horse and drowned. They had no Children. She was devestated but also spent the year securing the election of her brother Ferdinand of Hungary. From 1531 to 1555 she was governor of the Netherlands. In 1526 after her sister Isabella's death she was given guardianship of her daughters Christina and Dorothea, in 1532 when her brother Charles granted the Duke of Milan the right to marry the then 11 year old Christina and allow the immediate consumation she was very opposed to it but he would not listen, she managed to postpone the marriage until september and prevented them from leaving until March 1533, after became ill and requested of Charles to resign as governor but he did not allow it. In 1538 Henry VIII wished to marry the widowed Christina and Charles urged her to negotiate the marriage but she did not favor the union and delayed it, the negotiations were ended in 1539 when Henry VIII was excommunicated. She ofthen had clash of wills with Charles, In 1531 he warned her that if his parent, wife, child or sibling became a follower of Luther, he would consider them his greatest enemy, she was forced to supress protestantism in the Netherlands but she enforced her brother's laws on religion as little as possible and was ofthen accused of protecting Protestants on several occasions. In 1555 she had to mediate between her brothers when Charles abdicated and left the government of the Netherlands to his son Philip on objections from Ferdinand, she after learning the info informed Charles that she too would resign and rejected both Charles and son's attempts to change her mind and after retiring she lived in Castile.
Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal Born: Jan 14 1507 Died: Feb 12 1578 Reigned as Queen: July 22 1515 - Aug 29 1526 She was born 4 months after her father died. Unlike her siblings who were placed in the care of her paternal aunt when her grandfather imprisoned her mother in 1509 she managed to keep her with her. On Feb 10 1525 she married King João III Portugal (also called John) her cousin as he was the son of her aunt Maria of Aragon. Only 2 (her daughter Maria Manuela and Crown Prince João) of her 9 children survived infancy, her daughter Maria died after giving birth to a son who died without heirs, her son died in his teens but had one son who left no heir when he died. She has no descendants.
Here are King Henry II Valois of France and Queen Catherine de' Medici's children.
From Left to Right: Francis II, Elizabeth Queen of Spain, Claude Duchess of Lorraine, Charles IX, Margaret Queen of Navarre later France, Henry III, and Hercule Duke of Anjou.
François "Francis" II Valois King of France Born: January 19, 1544 Château de Fontainebleau Died: Decemebr 5, 1560 Reigned: July 10, 1559 - Decemebr 5, 1560 He was born 10 years after his parents married. He was married to Mary I Queen of Scotland who he married on April 24 1558. They had no children. He had fragil health and died from an ear infection. Link to Historical image: [link]
Elizabeth Valois, Queen of Spain Born: April 2, 1545, Château de Fontainebleau Died: October 3, 1568 Reigned: June 22, 1559 - October 3, 1568 She was close friends with Mary who grew up in the french court. She was discribed as being shy and timid. She was originally betrothed to Philip's son Carlos but was instead married to Philip II King of Spain who fell in love with her and she was pleased with him. She was close to her to step son and despite his increasing bizare behavior he was always kind to her and was upset when Philip had to imprison his insane son. She once caught smallpox but survived and Philip stayed at her side. She miscarried twin girls in 1564 and had two healthy daughters in 1567 and 1568. She died after miscarring a son in 1568. Link to Historical images: [link] , [link]
Claude Valois, Duchess of Lorraine Born: November 12, 1547, Château de Fontainebleau Died: February 21, 1575 Reigned: January 19, 1559 - February 21, 1575 She suffered from a hunched back and club foot. She was her mother's favorite and she often visited her mother. She married Charles III Lorraine Duke of Lorraine. She had 9 children with 8 living to adult hood, she died after giving birth to her ninth child. Link to Historical image: [link]
Charles IX Valois King of France Born: June 27, 1550 Château de Fontainebleau Died: May 30, 1574 Reigned: Decemebr 5, 1560 - May 30, 1574 He was his parents 5th child. He reigned during the French Wars of Religion. On November 26 1570 he married Elizabeth Habsburg of Austria and had one daughter by her who died in childhood. He had fragil health which worsend and he died from Tuberculosis. Link to Historical images, 1st at 10 years old then as adult: [link] , [link]
Henry III Valois King of France, former King of Poland Born: September 19, 1551 Château de Fontainebleau Died: August 2, 1589 Reigned: May 30, 1574 - August 2, 1589 Reigned Poland: May 16 1573 - May 12 1574 He was his mother's favorite son and she called him chers yeux "Precious Eyes", his brother Charles detested him for both being his mother's favorite and because he had better health then Charles. Unlike his father and brothers he preferred to indulge his tastes for arts and reading. He been involved in talks about him courting Queen Elizabeth I in 1570, he did not like her and called her a "old creature with a sore leg" as he had heard that she limped. He led the royal army in the French Wars of Religion. In 1573 after the of Polish king Sigismund II Agustus Jagiellon without any heirs the polish nobility elected him King. When he returned he had septic facilities constructed at the Louvre and other palaces which he learned about in Poland. On February 13 1575 he married Louise Lorraine (daughter of Nicholas Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur) their marriage remained childless as a miscarriage rendered Louise infertal. During his reign he encouraged the exploration and development of New World territories. He was killed by a young fanatical Dominican friar, Jacques Clément. Upon his death Henry King of Navarre who was the 8th great grandson of Louis IX became King. Link to Historical images: [link] , [link]
Margaret Valois, Queen of Navarre and later of France Born: May 14, 1553, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye Died: March 27, 1614 Reigned Navarre: August 18 1572 - 1599 Reigned France: August 2, 1589 - 1599 She was famous for her beauty and sense of style and was a gifted poet and writer, notable for both her own scandalous behavior and for revealing that of others. She married Henry III King of Navarre on August 18 1572 and helped him and several prominant Protestants escape the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre 6 days later. Her marriage to Henry remained childless. She took several lovers, and between 1586 to 1604 she was imprisoned and in 1599 her marriage to Henry was annuled. After her release from imprisonment she reconciled with her former husband and his new wife, she often helped plan events at the court and nurtured the children of Henry IV and Marie. She also became a mentor of the arts and benefactress of the poor. Link to Historical images: [link] , [link]
Hercule François Valois Duke of Anjou, Alençon, Château-Thierry, Évreux, Berry and Touraine. Count of Dreux, Perche, Meulan, and Mantes Born: March 18, 1555 Château de Fontainebleau Died: June 19, 1584 He was 8th of his parents 10 children. He was scarred by smallpox at 8 years old and he changed his name to François or Francis. On Sep 15 1575 he joined the Prince of Conde and his protestant forces which was joined by the King of Navarre's forces which convinced his brother Henry III to sign the very pro-Protestant ‘peace of Monsieur’, or Edict of Beaulieu on 6 May 1576. In 1579 he courted Queen Elizabeth and they became close and she dubbed him her Frog because of a of a frog-shaped earring he gave her, the courting ended in nothing in 1581 and he returned to France. On Feb 10 1582 he was welcomed in the Netherlands by William the Silent Prince of Orange and he was instaled as Duke of Brabant and Count of Flanders although because he was catholic he was not welcomed by the Dutch and Flemish, and the county's of Zeeland and Holland refused to recognize him as their sovereign. He personally lead the attack on Antwerp on 18 January 1583 which he lost and which marked the end of his military career. He fell ill with Malaria and his mother brought him back to Paris were reconcilled with his brother Henry who hugged him and called him Little Monkey. His death made Henry III King of Navarre (who was a hugenot and not Catholic) the heir to the French throne which lead to an escalation in the French Wars of Religion. Link to Historical image: [link]
Link to AU Henry II’s kids: [link] Link to AU 2 Henry II’s kids: [link] Link to Philip II and Elisabeth Valois: [link] Link to Philip II and Elisabeth Valois 2: [link] Link to AU Philip II and Elisabeth Valois: [link] Link AU 2 Philip II and Elisabeth Valois: [link]
All credit goes to Doll-Divine and Azalea's Dress Up Doll Tudor Maker.