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Hey, I'm doing 12 images about 'futuristic\space Ukraine' so here is a first one)
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Art for the game - Empire: Peripheral Wars © Corris Studio
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Another speedy...2 hours, just trying some new brushes
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A promotional image done for the game Novus Aeterno by Taitale Studios who I have been working with for the past month or so on the game and with its talented team. Its a sci-fi MMORTS and will feature some pretty cool space battle.
The site is still in development but will be active in the next few weeks.

(All graphics and information are copyright of novus aeterno LLC and Taitale Studios)
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Continuing my foray into a new technique developed by the artist Sparth I began to implement what I had learnt into my normal work flow using a mix of all my usual techniques and I had been inspired by a lot of the Halo 4 concept work that has been released lately.
This one in particular is my own take on a concept piece developed for Halo 4 and it shows several huge forerunner structures piercing layers of clouds, the clouds react to their presence by wrapping around them and climbing the structures. I also added in ship of sorts :ahoy:

This one is a lot more refined than the others and took me around 3-4 hours
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Here is the latest illustration for the game Novus Aeterno, it depicts a huge open area where masses of troops are listening to what is probably a very uplifting and motivating speech about universal domination and all that jazz.
In the distance there are several dreadnought class ships but they are too big so most of them are in the clouds. not a great view from up there.

Follow the games progress on Facebook, twitter and its new website.
Facebook: [link]
Twitter: [link]
Website: [link]

(All graphics and information are copyright of novus aeterno LLC and Taitale Studios)
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Speedie......
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Not sure about this one.

It started as a speed painting but I just couldn't get it to go the way I wanted so I messed around with it for ages and well this is the result. I might go back to it or just start again not sure.
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I'm so glad to present to you the result of a lot of work on Vue and photohop in this science-fiction matte painting.
I really thank the talented and friendly Lum mate :icontigaer: for his help on this one. This one is probably the most achieve piece I've ever done so far.

The modelling of the sci-fi city has been entirely designed and modelled in Vue 9 by myself. It took me about 20-30 hours in the process playing with the nodes and filters following some pro tuts and stuff. Spaceships have been modelled and rendered in 3DSmax and all postwork has been done in Photoshop with quite a lot of little details here and there, textures and lights...!

I really hope you'll enjoy this one. The story is a city in the middle of the desert, swallowed through time by the sand. The title is of course in reference to Revenge of The Siths, so time now to find where is hidden the Jedi in the scene, mouhahahaaaa!!

Enjoy and thx for your favs and comments...and support!
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Serving :icontheluminarium: new exhibit: GAIA
Is it man against the wild or nature against man? Maybe not, maybe urbanism should just exist in adequacy with nature and respect one another!
Vue 10, 3DSmax and Photoshop CS3
Spaceship X-Wing Republic fighter inspired by famous concept artist Warren Fu. Entirely modelled and rendered by myself in 3DSmax and postworked in photoshop.
City designed half in Vue, and the rest in 3DSmax with Greeble plug-in and some from scratch.
Hope you'll like it!!

Check out my other entry in Gaia exhibit with Fire Nucleus:
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It's been a while since I did not make a matte sci-fi scene and here is "The Terminal".
This one is fully inspired by a French artist I discovered in the following book in french (sorry...): [link]
It's Paul Chadeisson I should credit him for the composition and the brushes he kindly shared, check out his website: [link]
Have a look at his gallery, it's really good.

Nevertheless, everything has been fully made by myself, no like for like elements. I added many things, details and textures.

Here are the stocks I used, mostly for the left part of the plant:
[link]
[link]
[link]
[link]

Planet texture from the NASA site:
[link]

All the rest has been painted or from my own stock.

Hope you guys we'll like it.
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Here's a finished painting based on a quick speed painting from a few years back. The sucky bit was, I made the original speed painting at a tiny resolution (like 600 pixels wide), so when it came time to do the final painting, I had to upres a lot of layers (which frequently involved repainting them from scratch) before I could modify it and improve on it for the final.
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Quick speed painting, done in a few hours. Depicts a swarm of enemy spacecraft surrounding a larger craft, flying near the center of a gas nebula.
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Matte painting depicting the fleet's return at day's end to the homebase. These were the sorts of images I loved from the original star wars films, very moody, lots of atmospheric, harsh lighting. This is my homage to this sort of imagery.
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Personal piece.. I hope you like it..
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Mosquitos-I hate them
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Gliese 581 c


[link]
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Speedpaint for fun ! hope you will like it
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new speedpaint during lunch time, have finish it a bit at home ^^
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speedpaint demo for the salon of photography in Paris
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Very classic but cool to do,
i used some pictures to be faster.
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Time to do war, speed painting,
it's was fun and fast, hope you like!
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For the Luminarium's 17th Exhibit: Illuminate IV
Check the great exhibit here [link]

I used photoshop and cg texture ,
hope you like.
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Photoshop | wacom | ~4h



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wacom | photoshop | 3h+

more









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wacom | photoshop











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Sukhoi SU-60 Firefox

General characteristics

* Crew: One
Length: 104 ft
* Wingspan: 75 ft
* Height: 14 ft
* Wing area: 80 m²
* Empty weight: 65.167 ibs
* Loaded weight: 95.760
* Max takeoff weight: 100.00
* Powerplant: 2× tunansky RJ15bd-600 afterburning high bypass turbofans, 50,000 ibs

Performance

* Maximum speed: Mach 6
* Range: 3000 mi
* Service ceiling: 120,000 feet (37,000 m).

Armament
* Hardpoints: Two internal bays estimated at 4.6-4.7 metres by 1-1.1 metres.[58] . Other sources suggest two auxiliary internal bays for short range AAMS and 6 external hardpoints

* 2 30 mm cannon
* 6 AA-11 AAM R-23r or R-60 Guided missles
Two internal bays estimated at 4.6-4.7 metres by 1-1.1 metres.[58] . Other sources suggest two auxiliary internal bays for short range AAMS and 6 external hardpoints

AA-6 Acrid air-to-air missiles (modified for thought guidance), 4 Rear Defense Pods,
which fire an explosive charge at a pursuing aircraft or missile.

Air to Air Missiles:

* 10 × R-77 (AA-12) active radar homing medium range AAM, 100 km
* 10 × Astra missile active radar homing medium range AAM, 120 km
* 6 × R-27P (AA-10C) semi-active radar guided, long range AAM 130 km
* 6 × R-27P (AA-10D) Infrared homing extended range version, long range AAM 120 km
* 2 × R-27R/AA-10A semi-active radar guided, medium range AAM,80 km
* 2 × R-27T (AA-10B) infrared homing seeker, medium range AAM, 70 km
* 6 × R-73 (AA-11) short range AAM, 30 km
* 3 × Novator KS-172 AAM-L 400 km/Russian air-to-air missile designed as an "AWACS killer"

Air to Surface Missiles:

* 3 × Kh-59ME TV guided standoff Missile, 115 km
* 3 × Kh-59MK active radar homing anti-ship missile, 285 km
* 4 × Kh-35 Anti-Ship Missile, 130 km
* 1 × PJ-10 Brahmos Supersonic Cruise Missile,300 km
* 6 × Kh-31P/A anti-radar missile, 70 km
* 6 × Kh-29T/L laser guided missile, 30 km
* 4 × S-8 rocket pods (80 unguided rockets)
* 4 × S-13 rocket pods (20 unguided rockets)

Bombs:

* 8 × KAB-500L laser guided bombs
* 3 × KAB-1500L laser guided bombs
* 8 × FAB-500T dumb bombs
* 28 × OFAB-250-270 dumb bombs
* 32 × OFAB-100-120 dumb bombs
* 8 × RBK-500 cluster bombs

Avionics

* Phazotron N019, N010 radars
mind fire weapons control


modern version of Firefox from movie REIMAGIND
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Specifications: Cirris Allied States Armaments Group ASF-X Pit Viper

General characteristics

Crew: 1; pilot
Length: 62 ft, 0 in
Wingspan: 36 ft 6 in
Height: 8 ft 0 in
Wing area: 342 ft²
Empty weight: 24,370 lb (11064 kg)
Loaded weight: 42,495 lb (19293 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 65,995 lb (29962 kg)
Powerplant: 2 × Cirris Spaceworks Corporation CSCE-70X thermonuclear fusion engines
Dry thrust: 28,000 lbf (124.6 kN)
Thrust with afterburner: 32,000 lbf for -70X (142.4 kN for -70X)
Fuel capacity: 12,445 lb (5,650 kg) internal

Performance

Maximum speed (atmosphere): Mach 3.1
Maximum speed (Space): 5,400 kps (kilometers per second) acceleration
High altitude: Mach 2.9+
Low altitude: Mach 2.6
Combat radius: 9,280 nmi (planetary)
Combat radius: 20,000 smi (spatial)
Ferry range: 5,025 mi (planetary)
Service ceiling: 40,000 ft
Rate of climb: >50,000 ft/min
Thrust/weight62 (-70X)

Armament

Guns: 2 X New Promise Advanced Armaments Type-7 electromagnetic projectile gun
Missiles: 1 Large Internal Bay, 1 Medium Internal Bay
Possible Load-outs:
Large Internal Bay:
-Frontier Arms FASM-12 "Seeker" Short Range Missiles (16 munitions)
or
-Juno Minor Consortium Missile Works JMMRM-4 "Hunter" Medium Range Missiles (8 munitions)
or
-Juno Minor Consortium Missile Works JMLRM-6 "Impaler" Long Range Missiles (4 munitions)
Medium Internal Bay:
-Frontier Arms FASM-12 "Seeker" Short Range Missiles (6 munitions)
or
-Juno Minor Consortium Missile Works JMMRM-4 "Hunter" Medium Range Missiles (3 munitions)
or
-Juno Minor Consortium Missile Works JMLRM-6 "Impaler" Long Range Missiles (1 munitions)

Avionics

Radar:
RWR (Radar warning receiver): 6,250 smi (10063 km) or more]
Radar: Cirris Detection/Navigation Corp EPR-2X Experimental Enhanced Spatial Radar 4,800–5,000 miles (7728–8050 km) against 1 m2 (6 sq ft) targets (estimated range)
Feyinn Countermeasures Inc. Class 11 flares for protection against IR missiles.

Countermeasures:
Cirris Detection/Navigation Corp. Mark 10 Identify Friend/Foe (IFF) interrogator
Sorwind Liberated Electronics Type 9 Spatial Electronic Warfare Warning Set (SEWWS) - part of Advanced Tactical Electronic Defense Systems (ATEDS)
Sorwind Liberated Electronics Type 12 Pulse Radar warning receivers (PRWR) - part of ATEDS
Sorwind Liberated Electronics Type 10 Internal Countermeasures System (ICS) - part of ATEDS
Feyinn Countermeasures Inc FN/FNR-14 Chaff/Flares dispenser system - part of ATEDS

Commission for Shoguneagle
:iconshoguneagle:
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The Lockheed A-12 was a reconnaissance aircraft built for the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior United States policymakers...

by Lockheed
Lockheed Corporation
The Lockheed Corporation was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995.-Origins:...

's famed Skunk Works
Skunk works
Skunk Works is an official alias for Lockheed Martin’s Advanced Development Programs , formerly called Lockheed Advanced Development Projects. Skunk Works is responsible for a number of famous aircraft designs, including the U-2, the SR-71, the F-117, and the F-22...

, based on the designs of Clarence "Kelly" Johnson
Clarence Johnson
Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson was an aircraft engineer and aeronautical innovator. As a member and first team leader of the Lockheed Skunk Works, Johnson worked for more than four decades and is said to have been an "organizing genius." He played a leading role in the design of over forty...

. The A-12 was produced from 1962 through 1964, and was in operation from 1963 until 1968. The single-seat design, which first flew in April 1962, was the precursor to both the U.S. Air Force
United States Air Force
The United States Air Force is the aerial warfare, space warfare, and cyberwarfare service branch of the United States armed forces and one of the American uniformed services. Initially part of the United States Army, the USAF was formed as a separate branch of the military on September 18, 1947...

YF-12
Lockheed YF-12
The Lockheed YF-12 was an American prototype interceptor aircraft, which the United States Air Force evaluated as a development of the highly-secret Lockheed A-12 that also spawned the now famous SR-71 Blackbird.-Design and development:...

interceptor
Interceptor aircraft
An interceptor aircraft is a type of fighter aircraft designed specifically to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft, particularly bombers, usually relying on great speed...

and the famous SR-71 Blackbird
SR-71 Blackbird
The Lockheed SR-71 is an advanced, long range, Mach 3+ strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed A-12 and YF-12 aircraft by the Lockheed Skunk Works as a Black project. The SR-71 was unofficially named the Blackbird, and called the Habu by its crews, referring to an Okinawan...

reconnaissance aircraft. The final A-12 mission was flown in May 1968, and the program and aircraft retired in June of that year.
Design and development

With the failure of the CIA's Project RAINBOW
Project Rainbow
Project Rainbow was the name given by the CIA to a research project aimed at reducing the radar cross section of the Lockheed U-2 to reduce the chance that it would be detected and tracked by Soviet radars during its overflights of the USSR.-Early Flights:...

to reduce the radar cross section
Radar cross section
Radar cross section is a measure of how detectable an object is with a radar. A larger RCS indicates that an object is more easily detected.When radar waves are beamed at a target, only a certain amount are reflected back...

of the U-2
Lockheed U-2
The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed "Dragon Lady", is a single-engine, very high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and previously flown by the Central Intelligence Agency. It provides day and night, very high-altitude , all-weather surveillance...

, preliminary work began inside Lockheed in late 1957 to develop a follow-on aircraft to overfly the Soviet Union. The designs were nicknamed "Archangel", after the U-2 program, which had been known as "Angel". As the aircraft designs evolved and configuration changes occurred, the internal Lockheed designation changed from Archangel-1 to Archangel-2, and so on. These nicknames for the evolving designs soon simply became known as "A-1", "A-2", etc. The A-12 was Lockheed's 12th design in this development of the U-2 successor. Many internal documents and references to individual aircraft used Johnson's preferred designation, using the prefix, "the Article" for the specific examples. Thus on the A-12's first flight, the subject aircraft was identified as "Article 121".
In 1959 the CIA selected Lockheed's A-12 over a Convair
Convair
Convair was an American aircraft manufacturing company which later expanded into rockets and spacecraft. Convair existed as a company for the design, development, and manufacturing of high-technology aerospace products, and/or sub-units of them, or else was a subsidiary of a larger corporation...

proposal called KINGFISH
Convair KINGFISH
The Kingfish reconnaissance aircraft design was the ultimate result of a series of proposals designed at Convair as a replacement for the Lockheed U-2...

. On 26 January 1960, the CIA ordered 12 A-12 aircraft. After selection by the CIA, further design and production of the A-12 took place under the code-name OXCART.
After development and production at the Skunk Works, in Burbank
Burbank, California
Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California. The estimated population in 2007 was 107,921.Burbank is located in two distinct areas, with its downtown, civic center and key neighborhoods nestled on the slopes and foothills that rise to the Verdugo Mountains, and other areas located in...

, California
California
California is the most populous state in the United States, and the third largest by land area, after Alaska and Texas; it is also the second most populous sub-national entity in the Americas, behind only São Paulo, Brazil...

, the first A-12 was transferred to Groom Lake
Groom Lake
Groom Lake is a salt flat in Nevada in the United States, located about south of Rachel. It has become well known because of the presence of Area 51. Area 51 itself is located just south of the salt flat, but the dry lake bed is also used by the Air Force, with several runways having been...

test facility, where on 26 April 1962, Lockheed test pilot Lou Schalk took the A-12 on its shakedown flight
Shakedown (testing)
A shakedown is a period of testing or a trial journey undergone by a ship, aircraft or other craft and its crew before being declared operational. Statistically, a proportion of the components will fail after a relatively short period of use, and those that survive this period can be expected to...

. The first official flight occurred on 30 April. On its first supersonic flight, in early May 1962, the A-12 reached speeds of Mach 1.1.

The first five A-12s, in 1962, were initially flown with Pratt & Whitney J75
Pratt & Whitney JT4A
The Pratt & Whitney J75 was an axial-flow turbojet engine first flown in 1955. A two-spool design in the 17,000 lbf thrust class, the J75 was essentially the bigger brother of the Pratt & Whitney J57...

engines capable of thrust
Thrust
Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton's second and third laws. When a system expels or accelerates mass in one direction the accelerated mass will cause a proportional but opposite force on that system.-Examples:...

each, enabling the J75-equipped A-12s to obtain speeds of approximately Mach
Mach number
Mach number is the speed of an object moving through air, or any other fluid substance, divided by the speed of sound as it is in that substance for its particular physical conditions, including those of temperature and pressure...

2.0. On 5 October 1962, with the newly developed J58
Pratt & Whitney J58
The Pratt & Whitney J58 was a variable cycle turbojet aircraft engine used on the Lockheed A-12, and subsequently on the YF-12 and SR-71 Blackbird aircraft. It was essentially a hybrid turbojet/ramjet engine....

engines, the A-12 flew with one J75 engine, and one J58 engine. By early 1963, the A-12 was flying with J58 engines, and during 1963 these J58-equipped A-12s obtained speeds of Mach 3.2. Also, in 1963, the program experienced its first loss when, on 24 May, "Article 123" piloted by Kenneth S. Collins crashed near Wendover
Wendover, Utah
Wendover is a city in Tooele County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,537 at the 2000 census, with a 2006 estimated population of 1,632....

, Utah
Utah
Utah is a western state of the United States. It was the 45th state admitted to the Union, on January 4, 1896. Approximately 80% of Utah's 2,736,424 people live along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City. This leaves vast expanses of the state nearly uninhabited, making the population...

.

The reaction to the crash illustrated the secrecy over, and importance of, the project. The CIA called the aircraft an F-105 as a cover story; local law enforcement
Sheriffs in the United States
In the United States, a sheriff is always the highest law enforcement officer of a county and commander of militia in that county. A distinct part of law enforcement in the United States, sheriffs are usually elected. The political election of a person to serve as a police leader is an almost...

and a passing family were warned with "dire consequences" to keep quiet about the crash. Each was also paid $25,000 in cash to do so; the project often used such cash payments to avoid outside enquiries into its operations. The project received ample funding; contracted security guards were paid $1,000 monthly (about $7,200 in 2010 dollars) with free housing on base, and chefs from Las Vegas
Las Vegas, Nevada
Las Vegas ; is the most populous city in Nevada, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping and fine dining. Las Vegas, which bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, is famous for the number of casino resorts and associated...

In June 1964, the last A-12 was delivered to Groom Lake, from where the fleet made a total of 2,850 test flights. A total of 18 aircraft were built through the program's production run. Of these, 13 were A-12s, three were prototype YF-12A
Lockheed YF-12
The Lockheed YF-12 was an American prototype interceptor aircraft, which the United States Air Force evaluated as a development of the highly-secret Lockheed A-12 that also spawned the now famous SR-71 Blackbird.-Design and development:...

interceptors for the Air Force (not funded under the OXCART program), and two were M-21
Lockheed D-21/M-21
The Lockheed D-21 was a Mach 3+ reconnaissance drone. The drone was originally designed to be launched off the back of its A-12-based M-21 aircraft. Development began in October 1962. Originally known by the Lockheed designation Q-12, it was intended for reconnaissance missions deep into enemy...

reconnaissance drone carriers. One of the 13 A-12s was a dedicated trainer aircraft
Trainer (aircraft)
A trainer is an aircraft used to develop piloting, navigational or war-fighting skills in flight crew.Civilian pilots are normally trained in a light aircraft, with 2 or more seats to allow for student and instructor...

with a second seat, located behind the pilot and raised to permit the Instructor Pilot to see forward. The A-12 trainer "Titanium Goose", retained the J75 powerplants for its entire service life.
Operational history


Although originally designed to succeed the U-2 in overflights over the Soviet Union and Cuba, the A-12 was never used for either role. After a U-2 was shot down in May 1960, the Soviet Union was considered too dangerous except in an emergency (and overflights were no longer necessary due to satellites) and, although crews trained for the role, U-2s remained adequate for Cuba.

After lengthy debate, the CIA decided to deploy the A-12s to Asia. The first A-12 arrived at Kadena Air Base
Kadena Air Base
, is a United States Air Force base located in the towns of Kadena and Chatan and the city of Okinawa, in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Kadena Air Base is the hub of U.S. airpower in the Pacific, and home to the USAF's 18th Wing and a variety of associate units.-Units:The 18th Wing is the host unit...

, Okinawa, Japan, on 22 May 1967. With the arrival of two more aircraft (24 May, and 27 May) the unit was declared operational on 30 May, and began Operation BLACK SHIELD on 31 May. Mel Vojvodich flew the first BLACK SHIELD operation, over North Vietnam
North Vietnam
North Vietnam, also called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam , was a communist state that ruled the northern half of Vietnam from 1954 until 1976....

, photographing Surface-to-Air Missile
Surface-to-air missile
A Surface to Air Missile or ground-to-air missile is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. Development of surface-to-air missiles began in Nazi Germany during late World War II with missiles like the Wasserfall. It is one part of the anti-aircraft system...

(SAM) sites, flying at , and at Mach 3.1. From Kadena, during 1967, the A-12s conducted 22 operations in support of the Vietnam War
Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, 1955 , to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell...

. During 1968, BLACK SHIELD conducted operations in Vietnam and also supported the Pueblo Crisis
USS Pueblo (AGER-2)
USS Pueblo is an ELINT and SIGINT Banner-class technical research ship which was boarded and captured by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on January 23, 1968, in what is known as the Pueblo incident or alternatively as the Pueblo crisis or Pueblo affair...

with North Korea
North Korea
North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea , is a country in East Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang. The Korean Demilitarized Zone serves as the buffer zone between North Korea and South Korea...

. The operational use of the A-12 was nearly a decade after the original conception of the OXCART program.

During its deployment on Okinawa, the A-12s (and later the SR-71) and by extension their pilots, were nicknamed Habu
Trimeresurus flavoviridis
Trimeresurus flavoviridis is a venomous pitviper species found in Japan in the Ryukyu Islands. No subspecies are currently recognized.-Description:...

after a cobra-like Okinawan pit viper
Crotalinae
The Crotalinae, or crotalines, are a subfamily of venomous vipers found in Asia and the Americas. They are distinguished by the presence of a heat-sensing pit organ located between the eye and the nostril on either side of the head...

which the locals thought the plane resembled.
Retirement

The A-12 program was officially canceled on 28 December 1966—even before BLACK SHIELD began in 1967—due to budget concerns and because of the forthcoming SR-71, which arrived in Kadena in March 1968.

Ronald L. Layton flew the 29th and final A-12 mission on 8 May 1968, over North Korea. On 4 June 1968, just 2½ weeks before the retirement of the entire A-12 fleet, an A-12 out of Kadena, piloted by Jack Weeks, was lost over the Pacific Ocean near the Philippines while conducting a functional check flight after the replacement of one of its engines. Francis J. Murray took the final A-12 flight on 21 June 1968, to Palmdale
Palmdale, California
Palmdale is a city located in the north-central reaches of Los Angeles County, California, United States.The first community within the Antelope Valley to incorporate as a city , Palmdale is separated from Los Angeles by the San Gabriel Mountain range...

, California
California
California is the most populous state in the United States, and the third largest by land area, after Alaska and Texas; it is also the second most populous sub-national entity in the Americas, behind only São Paulo, Brazil...

.

On 26 June 1968, Vice Admiral Rufus L. Taylor, the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, presented the CIA Intelligence Star
Intelligence Star
The Intelligence Star is an award given by the Central Intelligence Agency for a "voluntary act or acts of courage performed under hazardous conditions or for outstanding achievements or services rendered with distinction under conditions of grave risk." The award citation is from the Director...

for valor to Weeks' widow and pilots Collins, Layton, Murray, Vojvodich, and Dennis B. Sullivan for participation in BLACK SHIELD.

The deployed A-12s and the eight non-deployed aircraft were placed in storage at Palmdale. All surviving aircraft remained there for nearly 20 years before being sent to museums around the United States. On 20 January 2007, despite protest by Minnesota's legislature and volunteers who had maintained it in display condition, the A-12 preserved in Minneapolis, Minnesota, was dismantled to ship to CIA Headquarters to be displayed there.
Timeline

The following timeline describes the overlap of the development and operation of the A-12, and the evolution of its successor, the SR-71.

* 16 August 1956: Following Soviet protest of U-2 overflights, Richard M. Bissell, Jr.
Richard M. Bissell, Jr.
Richard Mervin Bissell, Jr. was an American CIA officer responsible for major projects such as the U-2 'spy plane' and the Bay of Pigs Invasion.-Early years:...

conducts the first meeting on reducing the radar cross section of the U-2. This evolves into Project RAINBOW
Project Rainbow
Project Rainbow was the name given by the CIA to a research project aimed at reducing the radar cross section of the Lockheed U-2 to reduce the chance that it would be detected and tracked by Soviet radars during its overflights of the USSR.-Early Flights:...

.
* December 1957: Lockheed begins designing subsonic stealthy aircraft under what will become Project GUSTO.
* 24 December 1957: First J-58 engine run.
* 21 April 1958: Kelly Johnson makes first notes on a Mach 3 aircraft, initially called the U-3, but eventually evolving into Archangel I.
* November 1958: The Land panel provisionally selects Convair FISH (B-58-launched parasite) over Lockheed's A-3.
* June 1959: The Land panel provisionally selects Lockheed A-11 over Convair FISH. Both companies instructed to re-design their aircraft.
* 14 September 1959: CIA awards antiradar study, aerodynamic structural tests, and engineering designs, selecting Lockheed's A-12 over rival Convair's KINGFISH
Convair KINGFISH
The Kingfish reconnaissance aircraft design was the ultimate result of a series of proposals designed at Convair as a replacement for the Lockheed U-2...

. Project OXCART established.
* 26 January 1960: CIA orders 12 A-12 aircraft
* 1 May 1960: Francis Gary Powers is shot down in a U-2 over the Soviet Union.
* 26 April 1962: First flight of A-12 with Lockheed test pilot Louis Schalk at Groom Lake.
* 13 June 1962: SR-71 mock-up reviewed by USAF.
* 30 July 1962: J58 engine completes pre-flight testing.
* October 1962: A-12s first flown with J58 engines
* 28 December 1962: Lockheed signs contract to build six SR-71 aircraft.
* January 1963: A-12 fleet operating with J58 engines
* 24 May 1963: Loss of first A-12 (#60-6926)
* 7 August 1963: First flight of the YF-12A with Lockheed test pilot James Eastham at Groom Lake.
* June 1964: Last production A-12 delivered to Groom Lake.
* 25 July 1964: President Johnson makes public announcement of SR-71.
* 29 October 1964: SR-71 prototype (#61-7950) delivered to Palmdale.
* 22 December 1964: First flight of the SR-71 with Lockheed test pilot Bob Gilliland at AF Plant #42. First mated flight of the MD-21 with Lockheed test pilot Bill Park at Groom Lake.
* 28 December 1966: Decision to terminate A-12 program by June 1968.
* 31 May 1967: A-12s conduct Black Shield operations out of Kadena
* 3 November 1967: A-12 and SR-71 conduct a reconnaissance fly-off. Results were questionable.
* 23 January 1968: Seizure of USS Pueblo
USS Pueblo (AGER-2)
USS Pueblo is an ELINT and SIGINT Banner-class technical research ship which was boarded and captured by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on January 23, 1968, in what is known as the Pueblo incident or alternatively as the Pueblo crisis or Pueblo affair...

* 5 February 1968: Lockheed ordered to destroy A-12, YF-12 and SR-71 tooling.
* 8 March 1968: First SR-71A (#61-7978) arrives at Kadena AB (OL 8) to replace A-12s.
* 21 March 1968: First SR-71 (#61-7976) operational mission flown from Kadena AB over Vietnam.
* 8 May 1968: Jack Layton flies last operational A-12 sortie, over North Korea.
* 5 June 1968: Loss of last A-12 (#60-6932)
* 21 June 1968: Final A-12 flight to Palmdale, California.



For the continuation of the OXCART timeline, covering the duration of operational life for the SR-71, see SR-71 timeline.
YF-12A

The YF-12 program was a limited production variant of the A-12. Lockheed convinced the U.S. Air Force that an aircraft based on the A-12 would provide a less costly alternative to the recently canceled North American Aviation XF-108
XF-108 Rapier
The North American XF-108 Rapier was a proposed American design for a long-range, high-speed interceptor aircraft to defend the United States and Canada from supersonic Soviet bombers.-Development history:...

, since much of the design and development work on the YF-12 had already been done and paid for. Thus, in 1960 the Air Force agreed to take the seventh through ninth slots on the A-12 production line and have them completed in the YF-12A interceptor configuration.

The main changes involved modifying the aircraft's nose to accommodate the Hughes AN/ASG-18
Hughes AN/ASG-18
The Hughes AN/ASG-18 was a prototype fire control system and radar, originally intended for the XF-108 Rapier interceptor aircraft, for the United States Air Force....

fire-control radar originally developed for the XF-108, and the addition of a second cockpit for a crew member to operate the fire control radar. The nose modifications changed the aircraft's aerodynamics enough to require ventral fins to be mounted under the fuselage and engine nacelles to maintain stability. Finally, bays previously used to house the A-12's reconnaissance equipment were converted to carry missiles.
M-21 and D-21


One notable variant of the basic A-12 design was the M-21, used to carry and launch the D-21 drone
Lockheed D-21/M-21
The Lockheed D-21 was a Mach 3+ reconnaissance drone. The drone was originally designed to be launched off the back of its A-12-based M-21 aircraft. Development began in October 1962. Originally known by the Lockheed designation Q-12, it was intended for reconnaissance missions deep into enemy...

, an unmanned, faster and higher-flying reconnaissance craft. The M-21 was an A-12 platform modified by replacing the single-seat aircraft's Q bay (which carried its main camera) with a second cockpit for a Launch Control Operator/Officer (LCO). When mated to the drone for operations, this variant was known as the M/D-21. The D-21 drone was completely autonomous; having been launched it would overfly the target, travel to a predetermined rendezvous point and eject its data package. The package would be recovered in midair by a C-130 Hercules and the drone would self-destruct.

The program to develop this system was canceled in 1966 after a drone collided with the mother ship at launch, destroying the M-21. The crew survived the midair collision but the LCO drowned when he landed in the ocean and his flight suit filled with water. The D-21 drone performed operational missions over China in 1970 and 1971. The modified D-21B drone was carried on wings of the B-52
B-52 Stratofortress
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is a long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber designed and built by Boeing and operated by the United States Air Force since 1955....

bomber.
A-12 aircraft production and disposition
List of A-12 OXCARTs
Serial number Model Location or fate
60-6924 A-12 Air Force Flight Test Center Museum Annex, Blackbird Airpark, at Plant 42
Plant 42
Air Force Plant 42 is a federally owned military aerospace facility under the control of the Air Force Material Command in Palmdale, California...

, Palmdale, California
Palmdale, California
Palmdale is a city located in the north-central reaches of Los Angeles County, California, United States.The first community within the Antelope Valley to incorporate as a city , Palmdale is separated from Los Angeles by the San Gabriel Mountain range...

. 606924 was the first A-12 to fly.
60-6925 A-12 Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum
Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum
The Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum is a military and maritime history museum with a collection of museum ships in New York City. It is located at Pier 86 at 46th Street on the West Side of Manhattan. The museum showcases the World War II aircraft carrier , the submarine , a Concorde SST and a...

, parked on the deck
Flight deck
The flight deck of an aircraft carrier is the surface from which its aircraft take off and land, essentially a miniature airfield at sea. On smaller naval ships which do not have aviation as a primary mission, the landing area for helicopters and other VTOL aircraft is also referred to as the...

of the aircraft carrier
Aircraft carrier
An aircraft carrier is a warship designed with a primary mission of deploying and recovering aircraft, acting as a seagoing airbase. Aircraft carriers thus allow a naval force to project air power worldwide without having to depend on local bases for staging aircraft operations...

, New York City
60-6926 A-12 Lost, 24 May 1963
60-6927 A-12 California Science Center
California Science Center
The California Science Center is a state agency and museum located in Exposition Park, Los Angeles...

in Los Angeles, CA (Two-canopied trainer model, "Titanium Goose")
60-6928 A-12 Lost, 5 January 1967
60-6929 A-12 Lost, 28 December 1967
60-6930 A-12 U.S. Space and Rocket Center, Huntsville
Huntsville, Alabama
Huntsville is a city centrally located in the northernmost part of the U.S. state of Alabama. It is located in Madison County and extends west into neighboring Limestone county. Huntsville is the county seat of Madison County. The 2000 census estimated Huntsville's population at 158,216, while...

, Alabama
Alabama
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its...

60-6931 A-12 CIA Headquarters, Langley, Virginia
Langley, Virginia
Langley is an unincorporated community in the census-designated place of McLean in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.The community was essentially absorbed into McLean many years ago, although there is still a Langley High School...

60-6932 A-12 Lost, 4 June 1968
60-6933 A-12 San Diego Aerospace Museum
San Diego Aerospace Museum
San Diego Air & Space Museum is an aviation and space exploration museum in San Diego, California, USA...

, Balboa Park, San Diego
San Diego, California
San Diego , named after Saint Didacus , is the eighth largest city in the United States, second-largest city in California and 46th largest city in the Americas. Located along the Pacific Ocean on the west coast of the United States, San Diego has a population of 1,359,132...

, California
California
California is the most populous state in the United States, and the third largest by land area, after Alaska and Texas; it is also the second most populous sub-national entity in the Americas, behind only São Paulo, Brazil...

60-6937 A-12 Southern Museum of Flight
Southern Museum of Flight
The Southern Museum of Flight is an aviation museum located on the property of the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport in Birmingham, Alabama. It features a valuable collection of aviation artifacts spanning the 20th century in the various areas of aviation. It explores eight decades of...

, Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama
Birmingham is the largest city in Alabama. The city is the county seat of Jefferson County. According to an estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2007, Birmingham had a population of about 229,800. The Birmingham Metropolitan Area, in estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2009, had a population of...

, Alabama
Alabama
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its...

60-6938 A-12 Battleship Memorial Park
Battleship Memorial Park
Battleship Memorial Park is a military history park and museum located on the western shore of Mobile Bay in Mobile, Alabama. It has a collection of notable aircraft and museum ships including the South Dakota-class battleship USS Alabama and Gato-class submarine USS Drum...

(USS Alabama), Mobile
Mobile, Alabama
Mobile is the third most populous city in the Southern U.S. state of Alabama and is the county seat of Mobile County. It is located on the Mobile River and the central Gulf Coast of the United States. The population within the city limits was 198,915 during the 2000 census. It is the largest...

, Alabama
Alabama
Alabama is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its...

60-6939 A-12 Lost, 9 July 1964
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