Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: PurposeMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Purpose in Other More Like This
In order to do something
ため（に） (tame ni) can be used to express ideas such as "for the purpose of" or "in order to" or "for the sake of". In some examples, it is similar to another (more simpler structure) that is used to express "to go someplace to do something" however, ため has many more uses. So in some cases, there are overlaps.
きっさてんに コーヒーを のみに いきました。
Kissaten ni koohii-o nomi ni ikimashita.
I went to the cafe to drink coffee.
コーヒーを のむ ために、きっさてんに いきました。
Koohii-o nomu tame ni, kissaten ni ikimashita.
I went to the cafe to drink coffee. (Literally, In order to
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Doing stuffMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Doing stuff in Other More Like This
Doing such things as this and that
When you talk about something you did in the weekends, for example, you do not usually list every single thing you do. You usually give a few examples. ～たり ～たり する can be used in these situations to state a couple of things you have done. There is no exact way to translate ～たり ～たり する except to imply that you're only giving information of a few activities out of many that took place.
First off is how to form the たり form of the verb.
Add り to the plain past form of the verb.
For those of you who do not know how to form the plain past form, follow these instructions:
Take the verb stem.
The verb stem can be found by putting the verb in the polite form. That is, the ます ending.
Drop the ます
Next, put the verb stem into the て form. R
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: na-adjectivesMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: na-adjectives in Other More Like This
Japanese has two types of adjectives: い-adjectives and な-adjectives. Here is a list of な-adjectives which are more commonly used. For notes about distinguishing between the two types of adjectives and how they are used, please see the tutorial named "Adjectives".
べんり - benri
ふべん - fuben
にぎやか - nigiyaka
ゆうめい - yuumei
きれい - kirei
しずか - shizuka
しんせつ - shinsetsu
たいへん - taihen
たいせつ - taisetsu
ハンサム - hansamu
げんき - genki
かんたん - kantan
へん - hen
とくい - tokui
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: AnimalsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Animals in Other More Like This
Everyone likes to talk about what pets they have, what animal is their favourite, etc. Here is a list of the animals I know. I may have missed a few though... If you'd like to learn the names for insects, please check the "Insects" vocabulary list.
But before I get to that, I thought the Zodiac was worth mentioning.
In Western Countries, the zodiac we use are based on the constellations i.e. Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces. The Japanese also have a zodiac, but their's have a Chinese origin. For those of you who have read "Fruits Basket" (which is my all-time favourite manga!) you may know of one version of how the zodiac came to be.
To ask someone what their zodiac animal is, you would say:
なに どし ですか。Nani doshi des
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: CalendarMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Calendar in Other More Like This
The calendar in Japanese is not as straightforward as it is in English. The kanji is easy enough to understand - you just put the number in front of the kanji for "day" or for "month" in order to represent what day or month you want to express. It's the reading that is hard.
The date is given using the biggest units first, followed by the smaller units. (Or the more general to the more specific)
i.e. year, month, day.
You may have already come across this earlier with examples such as:
けさ はちじ じゅうごふん - kesa hachi ji jyuu gofun
8.15 this morning.
When you are talking about time, the particle that follows these time words is に (ni), however, there are cases where it can be omitted.
Days of the Week
げつようび - getsuyoubi
かようび - kayoubi