Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verb TensesMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verb Tenses in Other More Like This
Saying what you did / are doing / will do
The tense of a sentence is usually determined by the final verb in the sentence. To tell someone what you did in the past, you use the verb ending ました.
This part of verb indicates something has happened. When you want to say what you did, played, ate etc. you must add を after the item.
Add ました to the verb stem.
Remember that the verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before masu (ます) when the verb is in its polite verb.
たべる To eat （Plain form)
たべます To eat (Polite form)
たべました Ate （Past tense)
The question form, asking what someone did in the past would therefore be:
なにを しましたか。 Nani wo shimashita ka.
What did you do?
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: PurposeMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Purpose in Other More Like This
In order to do something
ため（に） (tame ni) can be used to express ideas such as "for the purpose of" or "in order to" or "for the sake of". In some examples, it is similar to another (more simpler structure) that is used to express "to go someplace to do something" however, ため has many more uses. So in some cases, there are overlaps.
きっさてんに コーヒーを のみに いきました。
Kissaten ni koohii-o nomi ni ikimashita.
I went to the cafe to drink coffee.
コーヒーを のむ ために、きっさてんに いきました。
Koohii-o nomu tame ni, kissaten ni ikimashita.
I went to the cafe to drink coffee. (Literally, In order to
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: CalendarMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Calendar in Other More Like This
The calendar in Japanese is not as straightforward as it is in English. The kanji is easy enough to understand - you just put the number in front of the kanji for "day" or for "month" in order to represent what day or month you want to express. It's the reading that is hard.
The date is given using the biggest units first, followed by the smaller units. (Or the more general to the more specific)
i.e. year, month, day.
You may have already come across this earlier with examples such as:
けさ はちじ じゅうごふん - kesa hachi ji jyuu gofun
8.15 this morning.
When you are talking about time, the particle that follows these time words is に (ni), however, there are cases where it can be omitted.
Days of the Week
げつようび - getsuyoubi
かようび - kayoubi