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In April, the Allies launched a joint ground offensive, with the British attacking near Arras in Artois, northern France, while the French Nivelle Offensive was launched on the Aisne. Their air forces were called on to provide support, predominantly in reconnaissance and artillery spotting.

The Battle of Arras began on 9 April 1917. In support, the RFC deployed 25 squadrons, totalling 365 aircraft, about ⅓ of which were fighters (or "scouts" as they were called at the time). There were initially only five German Jastas (fighter squadrons) in the region, but this rose to eight as the battle progressed (some 80 or so operational fighter aircraft in total).

Since September 1916, the Germans had held the upper hand in the perpetual contest for air supremacy on the Western Front, with the twin-lMG 08 machine gun-armed Albatros D.II and D.III outclassing the British and French fighters charged with protecting the vulnerable B.E.2c, F.E.2b and Sopwith 1½ Strutter two-seater reconnaissance and bomber machines. The allied fighter squadrons were equipped with obsolete 'pushers' such as the Airco DH.2 and F.E.8, and other outclassed types such as the Nieuport 17. Only the SPAD S.VII, Sopwith Pup and Triplane could compete on equal terms with the Albatros, but these were few in number and spread along the front. The new generation of Allied fighters were not yet ready for service, although No. 56 Squadron RFC with the S.E.5 was working up to operational status in France. The Bristol F2A also made its debut with No. 48 Squadron during April, but lost heavily on its very first patrol, with four out of six shot down in an encounter with five Albatros D.IIIs of Jasta 11, led by Manfred von Richthofen.

During April 1917, the British lost 245 aircraft, 211 aircrew killed or missing and 108 as prisoners of war. The German Air Services lost 66 aircraft from all causes. As a comparison, in the five months of 1916's Battle of the Somme the RFC had suffered 576 casualties. Under Richthofen's leadership, Jasta 11 scored 89 victories during April, over a third of the British losses.

The month marked the nadir of the RFC's fortunes. However, despite the losses inflicted, the German Air Service failed to stop the RFC carrying out its prime objectives. The RFC continued to support the army throughout the Arras offensive with up-to-date aerial photographs, reconnaissance information and harassing bombing raids. In spite of their ascendancy, the German squadrons continued to be used defensively, flying for the most part behind their own lines. Thus the Jastas established "air superiority", but certainly not air supremacy.

Within a couple of months the new technologically advanced generation of fighter (the SE.5, Sopwith Camel, and SPAD S.XIII) entered service in numbers and quickly gained ascendancy over the over-worked Jastas. As the fighter squadrons became able to once more adequately protect the slower reconnaissance and artillery observation machines, RFC losses fell and German losses rose.

This was essentially the last time that the Germans possessed real air superiority for the rest of the war — although the degree of allied dominance in the air certainly varied.

Background by [link]
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"Not only the machine above me is better, but the man sitting in it can do more than I." Ernst Udet, describing an encounter with Guynemer in May 1917.......
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Aviatik 30.40

WW1..over Europe....1918

[link]
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Nieuport 17. (WWI)
N2779. Flown by Lt. Rene Carre' of Escadrille N.112 and brought down by the German pilot Ltn. Pfifer
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FIATG55
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On 25th of July, around 19:50, Lothar Freiherr von Richthofen shot down a Camel somewhere over Fismes, France. It was his 30th victory! I have no idea if this is anywhere near to how it could look but surely this report inspired me to create this image, LvR getting his 30th victory.
Lothar gets level again while the poor chap in the Camel, badly wounded, turns his last pirouette trying to control his burning aircraft. The pilot of the Camel will remain unidentified, giving his life just as "No 30".
Rendered in C4D, post processed in Photoshop, 3D model from Pavel Zoch and can be bought here: [link], background from CGTextures and myself, Camel aircraft from RoF.
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Another test rendering with the wonderful model of Pavel Zoch, this time with the colors of Lothat von Richthofen, the brother of the famous "Red Baron". The background comes from rOEN911 [link] and it´s only a small part of the original, which looks fantastic! Thanks mate! I´m not really happy with this rendering, I really have to tweak the materials on this quite a lot but I´m more concentrated at the moment on learning the software than tweaking details, so it´s really just a rough "artwork". Not to forget, the Camel comes from "Rise of Flight".
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Just keep learning settings and testing rendering techniques. This is another one of these test renderings, tried to recreate a well known photo of WWI ace pilot Werner Voss in front of his Fokker Dr.1 F.I Triplane. I know it´s not that accurate, it´s the feeling I was after.
Rendered in C4D, post processed in Photoshop. 3D model of the Triplane by Pavel Zoch, textures are mine, background from piratelotus-stock here at DA.
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P-51 heading home.
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This is made from two screenshots taken in Rise of Flight then cut out from their backgrounds. they are then blended into a new scene and some effects added such as broken wires, pieces falling off and some depth of field blur. All work done in PS.
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Composited and rendered in Lightwave.
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A British S.E.5a aircraft attempts to destroy a German supply train locomotive in the French countryside during WWI.

Credit: This is a "screenshot" from "Rise of Flight" game as I atempted to fly several strafing runs in an attempt to destroy the locomotive. Painted and edited with GIMP.

Thanks for Looking. Cheers, Mike
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A British Airco D.H. 2 destroys a German observation balloon but has paid for it. The aircraft has also been destroyed by a German anti-aircraft gun called a "flaming onion" which was a 37 mm revolving-barrel anti-aircraft gun used by the German army during World War I, the name referring to both the gun, and especially the flares it fired. The term could also be applied to any sort of anti-aircraft fire that used a visible tracer.

The actual weapon was a Gatling type, smooth bore, short barreled automatic revolver called a 'lichtspucker' (light spitter) that was designed to fire flares at low velocity in rapid sequence across a battle area. This gun had five barrels and could launch a 37 mm artillery shell about five thousand feet (1500 m). To maximize the chance of a strike, all five rounds were discharged as rapidly as possible, giving the 'string of flaming onions' effect. Because most other rounds were fired slowly due to the nature of anti-aircraft artillery at the time, this gun's rapid rate of fire left many fliers thinking that the rounds were attached to a string and they feared being shredded by it.

Credits: The aircraft, balloon and groundwork is based on a flight from Rise of Flight, the sky is from my collections of mayyang.com skies. All editing done with GIMP.
Thanks for Looking.
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A Sopwith Camel takes its final plunge to earth after a dogfight with a Fokker D-VII, somewhere over the Somme River, France.

Credit: AC models from "Rise of Flight", the BG is from a mayyang.com sky.

Thanks for looking. Cheers, Mike
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The Fokker E.V / D.VIII was the last fighter airplane put into service by Germany during WWI. The airplane was an advanced design and featured a single parasol wing.

There were some wing failures with some of the early E.V models which caused the unfortunate deaths of several pilots. The failures were traced to faulty workmanship by a subcontractor; the wing design was sound. The problems were corrected and the type was updated as the D.VIII.

By this time the war only had 18 days left so the type saw limited combat. If the war had dragged on many believe the D.VIII would have been the finest airplane of the war up to that time.

My depiction features the airplane in the markings of Leutnant Richard Wenzl during his time as commander of Jasta 6.
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The Roland D.VI was used by Germany during the last year of World War I. It featured unique "clinker built" fuselage contruction consisting of overlapping spruce strakes. Overshadowed by the Fokker D.VII, the Roland D.VI was nonetheless a fine performer. The "D.VIb" model was equipped with the Benz III engine and showed good speed and above average maneuverability. This print features the Roland D.VIb of 18 victory ace Emil Schape of Jasta 33.
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The X-15 was designed to explore hypersonic speeds in excess of Mach 6 and altitudes over 300,000 feet. The aircraft was powered by a rocket engine dubbed "the million horsepower engine". There were three X-15 aircraft built. On August 22, 1963, flying the number 3 aircraft, pilot Joe Walker set a new altitude record of 354,000 feet.

Such altitudes are considered above Earth's atmosphere. For this reason many of the X-15 pilots were awarded astronaut pins.

Sadly, Joe Walker lost his life when the F-104 Starfighter he was flying collided with another high performance aircraft, the XB-70 Valkyrie. Both aircraft were lost.
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A6M5c Zero vs. F6F-5 Hellcat.
The marking shows Saburō Sakai's last plane, ヨ-137 Yokosuka Naval air group.
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a bombing mission in the gloaming.
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Первый снег, над Сталинградом

MiG-3 vs. He 111
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Ander's Lejczak great F100 Super Sabre
www.colacola.se
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Returning to Bazze's great Spitfire model for a little surfacing practice. Trying a way of dirtying the texture up a little.

model from www.colacola.se

Rendered in Lightwave, levels tweaked in CS3
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Trying for a more artsy feel to this one.
Models by Anders Lejczak (www.colacola.se)
Background stock by Caltha Stock.
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The Sopwith F.1 Camel entered service in 1917 and was one of the most successful Allied fighter of WW1. It was agile and fast, but prone to spinning, but despite that it went on to claim over 1,200 combat victories.

By 1918 it was being replaced by more advanced aircraft, but continued in use in the ground attack role until the end of the war.

The Camel was flown by the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Navy Air Service, and also the RAF in 1918 when it was formed from the two services. Ten other countries also flew the Camel.

The Camel was armed with 2 x 7.7mm machine guns.

This example is an F.I of 28 Squadron RFC, circa 1917.

Print available in the US here:
www.zazzle.com/claveworksusa

Print available in the UK here:
www.zazzle.co.uk/claveworks
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The Sopwith F.1 Camel entered service in 1917 and was one of the most successful Allied fighter of WW1. It was agile and fast, but prone to spinning, but despite that it went on to claim over 1,200 combat victories.

By 1918 it was being replaced by more advanced aircraft, but continued in use in the ground attack role until the end of the war.

The Camel was flown by the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Navy Air Service, and also the RAF in 1918 when it was formed from the two services. Ten other countries also flew the Camel.

The Camel was armed with 2 x 7.7mm machine guns.

This example is an F.I of 9 Escadrille, Belgian Air Force, circa 1917.

Print available in the US here:
www.zazzle.com/claveworksusa

Print available in the UK here:
www.zazzle.co.uk/claveworks
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The Sopwith F.1 Camel entered service in 1917 and was one of the most successful Allied fighter of WW1. It was agile and fast, but prone to spinning, but despite that it went on to claim over 1,200 combat victories.

By 1918 it was being replaced by more advanced aircraft, but continued in use in the ground attack role until the end of the war.

The Camel was flown by the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Navy Air Service, and also the RAF in 1918 when it was formed from the two services. Ten other countries also flew the Camel.

The Camel was armed with 2 x 7.7mm machine guns.

This example is an F.I of the Estonian Navy, circa 1920.
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The Focke-Wulf Fw Triebflügel (Triebfluegel if the ü-umlaut is not used), or Triebflügeljäger, literally meaning "thrust-wing fighter", was a German concept for an aircraft designed in 1944, during the final phase of World War II as a defence against the ever-increasing Allied bombing raids on central Germany. It was a Vertical Take-Off and Landing tailsitter interceptor design for use local defense of important factories or areas which had no or only small airstrips.

The Triebflügel had only reached wind-tunnel testing when the Allied forces reached the production facilities. No complete prototype was ever built.

Pic: [link]
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The Messerschmitt Bf 109, often called Me 109, was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt and Robert Lusser during the early to mid 1930s. It was one of the first true modern fighters of the era, including such features as an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, a retractable landing gear, and was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine. The Bf 109 first saw operational service during the Spanish Civil War and was still in service at the dawn of the jet age at the end of World War II, during which time it was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.

More aerial kills were made with the Bf 109 than any other aircraft of World War II. One hundred and five (possibly 109) Bf 109 pilots were credited with the destruction of 100 or more enemy aircraft. Thirteen of these men scored more than 200 kills, while two scored more than 300. Altogether this group of pilots were credited with a total of nearly 15,000 kills. Official ace status was granted to any pilot who scored five or more kills. By this standard there were more than 2,500 "Aces" among Luftwaffe fighter pilots in World War II. Against the Soviets, Finnish-flown Bf 109Gs claimed a victory ratio of 25:1.
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P-40 Warhawk / Tomahawk / Kittyhawk was an American single-engine, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground attack aircraft that first flew in 1938. It was used by the air forces of 28 nations, including those of most Allied powers during World War II, and remained in front line service until the end of the war. It was the third most produced American fighter ever, after the P-51 and P-47; by November 1944, when production of the P-40 ceased, 13,738 had been built. In the Pacific they claimed 655 aerial victories.

A famous African American unit, the 99th FS, better known as the "Tuskegee Airmen" or "Redtails", flew P-40s in stateside training and for their initial eight months in the MTO. On 9 June 1943, they became the first African American fighter pilots to engage enemy aircraft, over Pantelleria, Italy. A single Focke Wulf Fw 190 was reported damaged by Lieutenant Willie Ashley Jr. On 2 July the squadron claimed its first verified kill; a Fw 190 destroyed by Captain Charles Hall.
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