In the year 2055 the world was invaded, humanity sat on the brink of destruction the world governments united and sent agents back in time to get the best general we'd ever known...Andrew Jackson and throughout his life he did a lot of cool shit, dueled people...a lot which is how he ended up with a musket ball in his chest pretty much exactly like Tony Stark.Went to war, gambled, etc etc .
This is a war portrait as he stands victorious in yet another battle.
Get a print high quality print of this here--> [link]
Thomas Jefferson was never much of a warrior history tells us, but yet again history is wrong. This is an image of one of the many attempts by Jefferson to battle all the manliest animals on earth while trying to teach them the ways of America.
In 1752 before Ben Franklin invented Pizza, Gameboy, the iPad2 or Mexican food he was contemplating how to conquer electricity. Being the genius he was he decided go get it at its source, this being Zeus. Strapping himself to a kite, and equipping some homemade lightning claws he ascended through the clouds and into the realm of the Gods to battle it out with Zeus. This is a painting capturing the exact moment the battle started.
The same ramjet-propeller-driven interceptor ascending to make an interception against bombers over Reich territory, 1946. The interception will start under Ground control, using rocket salvoes. After four pass, the survivor pilot will revert to 20mm nose guns to finish the damaged bombers. In case of encounter escort fighters, the pilot can jettison the rocket pods and use his guns, or avoid the struggle using his superior speed performance to ignore the fighters (parasites?).
During the Second World War the Allied powers fielded all manner of armored personnel carriers. From the British Bren Gun Carrier or the American M3 Halftrack and its German counterpart the Sdkf 251 and the late war M113 APC. The Soviet Union on the other hand stayed with a series of dedicated APCs most of the BTR family. Following the war the United States and European Alliance moved to create more standard APCs. While the United States settled on the M113, the British and the Germans began experimenting with the idea of an infantry fighting vehicle. Unlike an APC the IFV was designed to both fight and carry mechanized infantry. Older APCs like the M113 were lacking in the firepower department, mostly armed with machineguns.
An IFV would be armed with a light cannon and machineguns. The problem for the designers was trying to combine the right mix of armor and firepower, while still being able to carry a decent sized squad or dismounts. The first successful IFV would appear not from the Europeans nor the Americans, but the Soviets. When the BMP-1 was displayed in a Moscow military day parade in Red Square in 1964, Western observers were shocked. Not only was the BMP armed with a 73mm cannon but the new anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). News of the Soviet success caused a rush of crash programs in the European Alliance. Eventually the British, French, and Germans would develop IFVs of their own (Warrior, AMX-10P, and Marder).
The United States armed forces however couldn’t agree on what kind of IFV it should accept. One concept, the XM2 was a tracked IFV much like the eventual European designs. Another was GM’s concept which took an LAV and bettered its protection with it specialized armor. In theory the new armor retained its strength but was lighter and able to run on wheels. Thus the IFV was cheaper and quicker to produce. Even with this the Army selected the XM2, calling it the Bradley. However development of the M2 Bradley was problematic suffering design issues and further slowed by Congress. Hearings into misappropriations of funds by the M2’s parent company caused the program to be delayed nearly a year. Meanwhile the wheeled IFV got new life with the United States Marine Corps. Production began for the USMC whiles the US Army’s vehicle still in development. As tensions rose across the world in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Defense Department did not want to go to have to go to war with inferior equipment. So the Army jumped on the IFV production bandwagon, calling their version the M6 Gavin.
The M6 Gavin was a fast and maneuverable vehicle. Its firepower came from the rapid fire chain gun that could use AP, incendiary, and HE rounds. A coax machinegun could be joined by one mounted on the turret near the tank commander’s station. Later this spot would also be able to hold a Mark 19 Grenade Launcher. Since development of the Bradley was taking so long, the M6 eventually found itself used in a number of different roles. The first most basic model was the M6A1, which was the standard IFV. It could carry six soldiers and had firing ports for their weapons on the sides of the vehicles. Another model was the M6A2 Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (CFV). The CFV was armed with the same TOW missile launcher that would be featured on the M2 Bradley. Designed as a scout it had better optics (and was the first to get thermal sights) and radios, plus could only carry four scouts. In the place of the two dismounts it could carry more ammo and TOW missiles. An ATGM version, the M601 was armed with a TOW missile station, with a powerful thermal sight and four missile tubes. Eventually an air defense version with cannon and SAMs (M6A6) was developed and even an engineer vehicle (M691).
The M6 family would see early and extensive combat in the Third World War. Deployed with the Army in the central United States, the weaknesses of the M6s were found quickly. First it was less armored than the BMP. The lighter stronger armor did not fully live up to expectations. It would resist small arms and limited RPG fire. However it could stand up to neither the 73mm cannon of the BMP nor some of the rapid fire 30mm weapons found on other Russian AFVs. The standard model of the M6A1 also lacked the ability to take on Soviet tanks, making it highly vulnerable when the Russians launched attacks with their tank battalions. The strengths of the M6 were its speed and adaptability. During the war a crash program was launched to arm the M6A1s with TOW launchers (M6A3) and in just a year most of the original models had seen this deficiently fixed. Its high speed allowed the IFV to out run every Soviet AFV and this combined with its maneuverability allowed the Gavin to pepper the Russians with hit and run attacks.
Production wise the M6 Gavin was easier and quicker to produce compared to the M2 Bradley. As a result despite its weaknesses, the Gavin would remain in production for the rest of the war. It saw service in several European armies, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, Italy, and Spain. Middle Eastern clients include Egypt and Saudi Arabia. During the brief conflict with Iraq, Saudi ground units used the M6’s as scouts and raiders to great effectiveness. In Asia the sole user of the M6 Gavin is the Philippines. They would field the IFV during the Pacific War against the Japanese Empire, where it proved a match for the various LAVs and IFVs Japan fielded during its invasion of the Philippine Islands. The M6 in its Marine version (LAV6) saw combat in both World War III and the Pacific War, used in the amphibious assaults on Texas, Cuba, Mexico, the counter landing on the Philippines, and the battles on Okinawa and Iwo Jima.
After a long wait, the Allied IFV of RA2 has appeared. I'm pretty happy with it, using a real LAV body (LAV-25) as the base. Not sure I'm completely happy with the engineering version but I wanted to include that one as it was one of the distinctive IFV options from the game.
Not sure what we'll see next, but thanks for any comments in advance.
A Selection of major German ICBMs and other missiles during the alternate Cold War.
A Brief History of German Cold War Missiles
Germany’s first successful ICBM, the A-12 was a continued development of the A-4 missile. Although the war ended before the A-4 was ready for deployment, much of the work on the shorter range missile paved the way for the larger A-12. A two stage chemical rocket the A-12 could deliver a three megaton nuclear warhead to America. The discovery of this fact coupled with Germany’s successful manned space flight struck fear into the American public.
Despite the shock of the A-12 there were weaknesses in the design. The missile was difficult to maintain and had to be fired from a launch site and tower. They could not be fired at a moment’s notice either. Each A-12 required at least six hours preparation for a launch. High altitude American reconnaissance flights in the early days of the Cold War discovered this. The Wehrmacht was quite concerned about the ability of American bombers, especially new super-sonic models to swoop in and destroy the missile sites with nuclear or even conventional weapons.
Even with these problems the A-12 enjoyed a decade service life. Many were then used as test platforms and modified A-12s served as the launch systems for the German space program.
The A-17 corrected some of the problems found with the A-12. Unlike the older missile, the A-17 could be fired from a concrete silo. These hardened places would protect the ICBMs from American surprise attacks and the elements. Prep time for launch was dramatically reduced. Thanks to storable propellants and years of hard work, the launch of an A-17 could be conducted in a minute.
Like the A-12 the 17 was two stages. The first model carried a single nine megaton nuclear warhead. Further development and refinements were made to the B model of the missile. This version could carry a single twenty-five megaton warhead. These heavy models were designed to destroy hardened American facilities such as NORAD or the Presidential bunker at Mount Weather. Refinements to the guidance system of these models gave the A-17B a circular error probable (CEP) of impact of less than a mile.
Following agreements between the German Reich and United States to reduce the number of strategic missiles between the powers, the A-17 underwent a third and final version. The C model held three, Multiple Independent Reentry Vehicles (MIRV), each a nuclear warhead with either a 300 or 1.5 megaton warhead. These missiles remained the longest lasting A-17s eventually being replaced by the A-21.
The modern German ICBM, the A-21 was the first solid fuel ICBM in the world. The solid fuel provided far fewer problems to the German missile forces. Corrosion caused by some of the earlier chemical fuels was eliminated. Plus the solid fueled A-21 could be launched in less than sixty seconds. Guidance was also improved with the A-21, the first model having a CEP of 700 meters. The United States feared that the A-21 was the first ICBM the Germans had that could truly deliver a devastating first strike against its bomber and missile fields.
With a heavy ‘throw weight’, the A-21 could carry eight MIRV warheads. Such a successful missile, the decision was made by the Wehrmacht to continue production of the model with continued refinements. The A-21B entered service in the mid 1970s. These had improved electronics and guidance systems, reducing the CEP to between 500 and 300 meters. The last produced C model had the best guidance, provided by a new on board computer. It further shrank the CEP to 250 meters.
A-12C missiles were the last to be used by the German Reich’s armed forces. Following the collapse of Nazi Germany, the weapons were inherited by the new Federal Republic. SETI II signed by the FRG in 1991 agreed to reduce the number of A-12Cs to a mere 50 weapons. All of these remaining ICBMs retain their MIRV warheads and penetration aids, developed in response to the American ABM program.
Today the remaining A-12Cs are a critical part of European security.
In May 1981, just over a year after the first Panzer XIIs entered service, the second new tank of the 1980s made its official debut when the Royal Horse Guards based at Sedan exchanged their Churchill Mark III tanks for the brand new Conqueror universal tank.
The Conqueror was not greeted with universal praise however. Voices in the media and more worryingly in some sections of the forces complained that the Conqueror was a waste of money and resources that would have been better spent on other weapons systems or on training and support services, that the tank itself added no new capability to the British Army and that its role could have been easily filled by the Mark V Churchill which had entered service only a few months before. Taken at face value these criticisms seemed to have some truth to them, however on closer inspection though they showed a lack of understanding of both the Conqueror tank and of British armoured philosophy.
The principle thrust of the critics argument was that the Conqueror was nothing more than a beefed up Churchill, and that unlike the French, Russian or German tanks that had entered service in the years immediately prior to it, the Conqueror displayed no major change in doctrine or advances in technology. Much was made by ill informed reporters about the similarities between the Churchill and the Conqueror, both had a 120 mm 55 calibre gun, both had a powerful diesel engine, both had hydro-gas suspension, both had a heavy armour suite, and so on and so forth, while in the meantime the French were pioneering smoothbore guns, the Germans gas turbine engines and the Russians were making the leap from a medium tank/heavy tank force to an all universal tank force. The critics argued that with the Conqueror the leaders of the Royal Armoured Corps was still thinking the same way as their predecessors had in the 1950s.
And those critics were correct. Just not for the reasons they thought they were.
Its often said that Nazi Germany has a severe inferiority complex when it comes to architecture. Before the fall of the Reich tourists to Berlin and other German cities could be assured of being bored stiff by their guides telling them in great detail how much higher, wider and bigger the monuments of the German capital were in comparison with those of other nations, how many Arc de Triomphes you could make out of the Arch of Victory, how many Nelsons Columns youd need to reach the top of the Hitler Spire, how many St Pauls Cathedrals you could fit in the Volkshalle, it is as if German architects are driven to build things bigger and stronger than structures in other countries. The British Army has something of a similar attitude when it comes to tanks. As mentioned in earlier chapters Britains tanks were of less than stellar quality during the early 1940s. They were either heavily armoured but slow, fast but poorly protected and in all cases inadequately armed and none to reliable compared to American or German tanks. As the frenzy of 1930s rearmament gave way to the deeper but more studied rearmament of the 1940s the men behind Britains tank force determined that this would never be the case again, from now on British tanks would be more heavily armoured, more heavily armed and more reliable than any fielded by the United Kingdoms potential enemies. The upshot of this was that British tank development became evolutionary rather than revolutionary. This lead to a series of tanks which displayed a clear progression in capabilities. This is not to say that British tank development stagnated, more that British tanks had a set range of parameters to fill using the best available technology. In 1980 the Conqueror was the ultimate expression of this.
The Conqueror described
In many ways the Conqueror seemed to be the Churchill only built with the benefits of ten years worth of industrial and technological advances, however beneath the skin the two tanks were very different beasts. Fully eighty seven percent of the Conqueror was new technology, including all the major systems.
The tank mounted a brand new L91 120 mm 55 calibre rifled gun, this was linked to a Pye Cyclops integrated fire control system which included a thermal sight for the gunner and an independent thermal sight for the commander to allow hunter/killer tactics. Power came from a 1500 hp Rolls Royce Theseus diesel engine, with a third generation hydro-gas suspension fitted this allowed the 60 tonne tank to reach a road speed of 44 mph. The Conquerors most impressive feature though was its Mithril armour. This type of advanced composite armour had been under development in Britain and France since the late 1960s and had first been fitted on the FCM 78, the Conqueror was several tonnes heavier than the French tank however and consequently mounted a stronger armour package, in fact the Conqueror was the most heavily armoured tank in the world in 1981, a title it retains at the time of writing almost thirty years later.
Written by Landshark at Alternate History.com
I did the illustration. Landshark came up with a series of vehicles from an alternate Cold War involving Nazi Germany, America, England and others.
* Crew: 2 (Pilot and Radar Intercept Officer) * Length: 72 ft 5 in * Wingspan: 52 ft 8 in * Height: 15 ft 11 in * Wing area: 1000 ft² * Empty weight: 30,000 lb * Loaded weight: 60,600 lb * Max takeoff weight: 65,000 lb * Powerplant: 2× G Pratt & Whitney YF220 , 65,000 lbf * Thrust vectoring: ±10° at 40° per second in pitch and yaw
* Maximum speed: Mach 8.6 (mph = 6 546.38064 m2 / s2, 2 926.494 m2 / s km/h) at altitude * Cruise speed: Mach 3.4+ est. (mph = 2 588.10397 m3 / s2) 1 156.986 m2 / s+ km/h) hypercruise at altitude * Combat radius: 900-520 mi (1448.4096 nmi, 1.448.4096 km) * Service ceiling: 95,000 ft (28.95600m) * Wing loading: 70 lb/ft² (456 kg/m²
# Secondary Powerplant: 1× General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 afterburning turbofan, >40,000 lbf (178 kN) [in development] # Lift fan (STOVL): 1× Rolls-Royce LiftSystem driven from either F135 or F136 power plant, 18,000 lbf (80 kN) # Internal fuel: 35.00 IB
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems AN/APG-81 AESA radar Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems AN/AAQ-37 Distributed Aperture System (DAS) missile warning system BAE Systems AN/ASQ-239 (Barracuda) electronic warfare system Harris Corporation Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) communication system
* Guns: 2 × GAU-22/A 25 mm (0.984 in) cannon in internal mounted * Hardpoints: 4× external pylons on wings with a capacity of 30,000 lb ( internal mounted on Rotary Launcher Assembly (RLA), * Missiles: 12 loud *Internal: 12 air-to-air missiles, or 16 air-to-air missiles and 20 air-to-ground weapons. * External: 14 air-to-air missiles, or 4 air-to-ground weapons and 2 air-to-air missiles with combinations for the following missiles: *2x Rear-defence 10 M1A2 was hit SABOT
The AN/APG-81 is an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) designed by Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems for the F-35 Lightning II. The Joint Strike Fighter AN/APG-81 AESA radar is a result of the US government's competition for the world's largest AESA acquisition contract. Westinghouse Electronic Systems (acquired by Northrop Grumman in 1996) and Hughes Aircraft (acquired by Raytheon in 1997) received contracts for the development of the Multifunction Integrated RF System/Multifunction Array (MIRFS/MFA) in February 1996. Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman were selected as the winners of the Joint Strike Fighter competition; The System Development and Demonstration (SDD) contract was announced on 26 October 2001. The AN/APG-81 is a successor radar to the F-22's AN/APG-77. Over 3,000 AN/APG-81 AESA radars are expected to be ordered for the F-35, with production to run beyond 2035, and including large quantities of international orders. As of August 2007, 8 APG-81s have already been produced and delivered. The first three blocks of radar software have been developed, flight tested, and delivered ahead of schedule by the Northrop Grumman Corporation. Capabilities of the AN/APG-81 include the AN/APG-77's air-to-air modes plus advanced air-to-ground modes including high resolution mapping, multiple ground moving target detection and track, combat identification, electronic warfare, and ultra high bandwidth communications. The current F-22 production radar is the APG-77v1, which draws heavily on APG-81 hardware and software for its advanced air-to-ground capabilities. In August 2005, the APG-81 radar was flown for the first time aboard Northrop Grumman's BAC 1-11 airborne laboratory. Since then, the radar system has accumulated over 300 flight hours, maturing all five blocks of software. The first radar flight on Lockheed Martin's CATBird avionics test bed aircraft took place in November 2008. Announced on 6/22/10: The radar met and exceeded its performance objectives successfully tracking long-range targets as part of the first mission systems test flights of the F-35 Lightning II BF-4 aircraft. The AN/APG-81 team won the 2010 David Packard Excellence in Acquisition Award for performance against jammers.
The Lockheed Martin Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod (ATP), designated AN/AAQ-33 in U.S. Military Service, provides positive target identification, autonomous tracking, coordinate generation, and precise weapons guidance from extended standoff ranges. The Sniper ATP is used on the F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft, B-1 (Rod Pod), UK Harrier GR9,. and Canadian CF-18 Hornet.  The Sniper ATP is in service with Norway, Oman, Poland, Singapore, Canada, Belgium, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the UK MoD. In July 2007, Sniper ATP was acquired by Pakistan, making it the tenth country in the world to be in possession of the Sniper pod. The Sniper ATP contains a laser designator and tracker for guiding laser-guided bombs. The pod also features a third-generation FLIR receiver and a CCD television camera. FLIR allows observation and tracking in low light / no light situations, while the CCD camera allows the same functions during day time operations. A team of Lockheed Martin UK, BAE Systems and SELEX Galileo (formerly Selex S&AS) has successfully demonstrated and flown a Sniper ATP on board a Tornado GR4 combat aircraft. The U.S. Air Force initial seven-year contract for Sniper ATP has potential value in excess of $843 million. The Sniper ATP has delivered over 125 pods and the U.S. Air Force plans to procure at least 522 Sniper ATPs. Panther is the export equivalent to the Lockheed Martin Sniper Extended Range (XR) targeting pod.
Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) is a future data waveform to provide secure data-linking technology between stealth aircraft. It began as a method to coordinate between F-35 aircraft (the Joint Strike Fighter), but HQ Air Combat Command wants to expand the capabiltiy to coordinate future USAF strike forces of all AF stealth aircraft, including the B-2, F-22, and unmanned systems. MADL is expected to provide needed throughput, latency, frequency-hopping and anti-jamming capability with phased Array Antenna Assemblies (AAAs) that send and receive tightly directed radio signals. The Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics directed the Air Force and Navy to integrate MADL among the F-22, F-35 and B-2, to one another and to the rest of network.
The FA-70 need not be physically pointing at its target for weapons to be successful. This is possible because of sensors that can track and target a nearby aircraft from any orientation, provide the information to the pilot through his helmet (and therefore visible no matter which way they are looking), and provide the seeker-head of a missile with sufficient information. Recent missile types provide a much greater ability to pursue a target regardless of the launch orientation, called "High Off-Boresight" capability, although the speed and direction in which the munition is launched must physically speaking nonetheless affect the chance of success. Sensors use combined radio frequency and infra red (SAIRST) to continually track nearby aircraft while the pilot's helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) displays and selects targets. The helmet system replaces the display suite-mounted head-up display used in earlier fighters. The FA-70's systems provide the edge in the "observe, orient, decide, and act" OODA loop; stealth and advanced sensors aid in observation (while being difficult to observe), automated target tracking helps in orientation, sensor fusion simplifies decision making, and the aircraft's controls allow action against targets without having to look away from them.
VSI Helmet-mounted display system
The FA-70 need not be physically pointing at its target for weapons to be successful. This is possible because of sensors that can track and target a nearby aircraft from any orientation, provide the information to the pilot through his helmet (and therefore visible no matter which way they are looking), and provide the seeker-head of a missile with sufficient information. Recent missile types provide a much greater ability to pursue a target regardless of the launch orientation, called "High Off-Boresight" capability, although the speed and direction in which the munition is launched affect the effective range of the weapon. Sensors use combined radio frequency and infra red (SAIRST) to continually track nearby aircraft while the pilot's helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) displays and selects targets. The helmet system replaces the display suite-mounted head-up display used in earlier fighters. the FA-70's systems provide the edge in the "observe, orient, decide, and act" OODA loop; stealth and advanced sensors aid in observation (while being difficult to observe), automated target tracking helps in orientation, sensor fusion simplifies decision making, and the aircraft's controls allow action against targets without having to look away from them. The problems with the current Vision Systems International helmet mounted display led Lockheed Martin to issue a draft specification for proposals for an alternative on 1 March 2011. The alternative system will be based on Anvis-9 night vision goggles. It will be supplied by BAE systems. The BAE system does not include all the features of the VSI helmet and is currently intended only for use during the testing program. In 2011, Lockheed granted VSI a contract to fix the vibration, jitter, night-vision and sensor display problems in their helmet mounted display. The improved displays are expected to be delivered in third quarter of 2013 Fly-By-Light
The Fly-By-Light Advanced System Hardware (FLASH) program is developing and demonstrating dual use fly-by-light hardware for flight control systems on military and commercial aircraft. Under the transport aircraft portion of this program, we and our industry teammates are demonstrating two representative fly-by-light systems. These fly-by-light demonstrations include a ground demonstration of a partial primary flight control system and a flight demonstration of an aileron trim control system. This paper describes these and discusses the dual use fly-by-light hardware developed for transport aircraft as well as the associated FLASH program demonstrations.
Lightweight optoelectronic systems built around advanced image sensors and display panels have been proposed for making selected objects appear nearly transparent and thus effectively invisible. These systems are denoted "adaptive camouflage" because unlike traditional camouflage, they would generate displays that would change in response to changing scenes and lighting conditions. Fa-70 use 3 Generation based off of snake skin design
Next Generation Jammer
The United States Marine Corps is considering replacing their Northrop Grumman EA-6B Prowler electronic attack aircraft with F-35s that have stealthy jammer pods attached. On 30 September 2008, the United States Navy outlined the basic requirements of the NGJ and stated that the design must be modular and openThe Navy has selected four companies to submit designs for the Next Generation Jammer. The NGJ will also have cyber attack capabilities where the AESA radar is used to insert tailored data streams into remote systems. the ITT-Boeing design for the NGJ includes six AESA arrays for all around coverage The team has been awarded a $42 million contract to develop their design based on ITT's experience with broadband electronically steerable antenna arrays.[2At the same time contracts were also awarded to Raytheon, Northrop Grumman and BAE Systems.
Pratt & Whitney YF220pw-200
are mechanically very similar to ramjets. Like a ramjet, they consist of an inlet, a combustor, and a nozzle. The primary difference between ramjets and scramjets is that scramjets do not slow the oncoming airflow to subsonic speeds for combustion, they use supersonic combustion instead. The name "scramjet" comes from "supersonic combusting ramjet." Since scramjets use supersonic combustion they can operate at speeds above Mach 6 where traditional ramjets are too inefficient. Another difference between ramjets and scramjets comes from how each type of engine compresses the oncoming air flow: while the inlet provides most of the compression for ramjets, the high speeds at which scramjets operate allow them to take advantage of the compression generated by shock waves, primarily oblique shocks. Very few scramjet engines have ever been built and flown. In May 2010 the Boeing X-51 set the endurance record for the longest scramjet burn at over 200 seconds.
Precooled jets / LACE
Intake air is chilled to very low temperatures at inlet in a heat exchanger before passing through a ramjet and/or turbojet and/or rocket engine. Easily tested on ground. Very high thrust/weight ratios are possible (~14) together with good fuel efficiency over a wide range of airspeeds, Mach 0-5.5+; this combination of efficiencies may permit launching to orbit, single stage, or very rapid, very long distance intercontinental travel. Exists only at the lab prototyping stage. Examples include RB545, Reaction Engines SABRE, ATREX. Requires liquid hydrogen fuel which has very low density and requires heavily insulated tankage.
Thrust Vector Control Thrust Vector Control or Thrust Vectoring is a technology that deflects the mean flow of an engine jet from the centerline in order to transfer some force to the aimed axis. By that imbalance, a momentum is created and used to control the change of attitude of the aircraft. Among other things, thrust vectoring greatly improves maneuverability, even at high angles of attack or low speeds where conventional aerodynamic control surfaces lose all effectiveness. Thrust Vector Control is currently achieved by complex arrays of mechanical actuators capable of modifying the geometry of the nozzle and thus defect the flow. This variable geometry greatly increases weight and maintenance to the engine, and therefore limits the benefits from vectoring the thrust.
Gloved Close-coupled canard
In the close-coupled canard, the foreplane is located just above and forward of the main wing. At high angles of attack the canard surface directs airflow downwards over the wing, reducing turbulence which results in reduced drag and increased lift
The Suez crisis in October 1956 prompted France to look into setting up a "strategic intervention force", equipped with nuclear weapons. Soon after General Charles de Gaulle came into office, in June 1958, he said France was to single-handedly develop what he called its "dissuasion of aggression" weapon. The scheme involved an aircraft first, and a ballistic missile later. In fact, besides the scale effect, the air-friction heating is very different. The Mirage IV was chosen. Whereas the Mirage III could only withstand Mach 2 for a few minutes, the Mirage IV needed to hold that speed for much longer than the 20 or so minutes required for the temperature to stabilize throughout the outer structure and inner casings housing the equipment, petrol and hydraulic liquid. Every component, therefore, needed to undergo a full thermal assessment. French equipment manufacturers fulfilled virtually all the requirements.
The bomber's specifications were jointly defined by government authorities and Dassault staff, and cleared on March 20, 1957. The Mirage IV 01 was an experimental prototype designed to discover the problems inherent in sustained supersonic flight. The general appearance of Mirage IV 01 was very like that of the Mirage III A with respect to its surface area, engine configuration and empty weight. It nevertheless carried three times more internal fuel. Manufacture, at the Saint-Cloud factory, lasted 18 months. It left the factory at the end of 1958 for final adjustments at the Melun-Villaroche base before proceeding to flight tests. Although its aerodynamic specifications were very similar to those of the Mirage III, its structure, layout and equipments demanded specific developments. Temperature differences during rapid acceleration or deceleration imposed constraints which had to be taken into account when determining the dimensions. The Snecma Atar 9 B jet engines – 13,200 lb of thrust with reheat – were identical to those of the Mirage III A which first flew in May of 1958, a full year before the Mirage IV. The Mirage IV was the first French aircraft to incorporate one-way electronic flight controls for pitch and roll. The bomb carrier was to be a bomber aircraft. A second aircraft for electronic reconnaissance and offensive jamming was to prepare the way for the bombers and accompany the bombing raid. On May 5, 1959, three pre-production Mirage IV Bs were ordered, of which the first was scheduled to fly before July 1, 1961. Mirage IV 01 was now considered as a smallscale prototype for the development of the navigation and bombardment system. In September 1959, the desire to avoid constructing a foreign aeroengine under license for the propulsion of the Strategic Nuclear Force led to the adoption of a smaller, less expensive aircraft, the Mirage IV A. This was the end of the Mirage IV B program. Production and operational experience
On June 17, 1959, Roland Glavany took off for the first time at 10:20 am. The flight lasted 40 minutes. For its third flight, on June 20, 1959, Mirage IV 01 was authorized to make a flight pass over the Paris Air Show with General de Gaulle among the onlookers. On September 19, 1960, at 05:05 pm, René Bigand took off from Melun-Villaroche in Mirage IV 01 and broke the world speed record over a 1 000-km closed circuit (1 822 km/h). Flight 138, on September 23, corroborated the initial performance and pushed the record on a 500-km closed circuit to an average of 1 972 km/h, flying between Mach 2.08 and Mach 2.14.
A new definition of the aircraft, with Snecma Atar 9 D engines was approved in October 1959 under the name Mirage IV A. The requirements were for a take-off weight of 32 tons and a minimum range of 1 100km/594 nm (of which one half at supersonic speed), which could be augmented by in-flight refueling. It became clear very early on, to the State and to Dassault, that the working methods and contract structures used on previous programs made it unfeasible to complete this program by the established deadline. It was, in fact, France's first attempt at creating a globally integrated weapon system. The precision requirements involved making all the weapon system components operate interdependently. Serial production required using every one of France's 300 or so aeronautical firms. Dassault's work proper accounted for 17 % of this aircraft's total flyaway cost.
The contract for 50 aircraft was confirmed on May 29, 1962 and another on November 4, for a further 12 aircraft of the same definition, but capable of carrying a reconnaissance pod. Production aircraft n°1 made its maiden flight at Mérignac on December 7, 1963, with René Bigand at the controls. It was delivered to the Air Force in February 1964, By October of the same year, the first bomber squadron, at the Mont-de-Marsan airbase, was declared operational. The strict deadline had been met ; France had become a genuine nuclear power. The Strategic Air Forces were equipped at the rate of two aircraft a month up until March of 1968. When it entered into service back in 1964, the Mirage IV A was the first European military aircraft capable of sustained flight at Mach 2; it is still the only one in Western Europe.
The last Mirage IV (P) were retired from operational service in 2005. Anecdotes and testimonies
Every aspect of the Mirage IV program unfurled commendably. Designers overcame every technical challenge. Its speed, altitude and flight radius matched the technical specifications. Pilots who have flown it have described its handling as extraordinary. The navigation and bombing system met all the required stipulations. And it was finished within the tight schedule disclosed in 1958. Characteristics and performance
EXTERIOR DIMENSIONS Span 11,84 m Mirage IV A Lenght 23,5 m Mirage IV A Height 5,40 m Mirage IV A WEIGHTS Unladen weight 14 000 kg PERFORMANCES Max. Speed > 2 Top Mach (Mirage IV A) Max. height 18 000 m / 59 000 ft Service ceiling ENGINE Type 2 Snecma Atar 9 K 2 x 64.7 kN
In August 1944 the Gotha Aircraft Company was given the job of series production of the Horten brothers' Ho IX all-wing fighter, which would be known as the Horten Ho 229 . After receiving the plans and design data, Gotha engineers found some areas for improvement. The Ho 229 was limited in space to install new equipment or to add more crew members. More importantly, since the engines were to be enclosed in the wing, different engines could not be fitted without extensive aerodynamic testing, which was not possible time wise considering the worsening war situation for Germany. The Gotha designers, led by Dr. Ing. Hünerjäger, proposed an alternate all-wing design to the RLM in January 1945 which used many of the construction techniques as the Horten aircraft but had the advantage of being able to be modified with new equipment and engines without changing the flying characteristics greatly. The basic construction was to be a welded steel tube frame covered by plywood and "Formholz", a molded and formed wood sheathing. The Gotha Go P.60A was a flying wing that was powered by two turbojet engines near the rear of the wing center section, one above the wing and one below. One advantage to this arrangement was that any jet engine could be fitted, and maintenance would be easier with the engines in the exposed nacelles. However, in the designed Go P.60A, two BMW 003A-1 with 800 kp (1763 lbs) of thrust were to be used at first. Three fuel tanks were enclosed within the wings, one 1200 liter (317 gallon) tank in each outer wing panel and one 1200 liter (317 gallon) tank behind the cockpit. The pressurized and armored cockpit, located in the extreme nose, held two men who were in a prone (lying down) position. The prone position had the advantage of allowing the crew to withstand G-forces better, and was researched in the Berlin B9 test aircraft. This system was also used in the DFS 228 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft and the Henschel Hs 132 jet powered dive bomber. The main landing gear legs retracted to the front and rotated 90 degrees to lay flat. The nose gear was offset to the port side and retracted to the rear. To cure stall during landing, the wing leading edge was fitted with hydraulically activated split flaps. There were also a pair of conventional split flaps mounted at the rear which were installed with a 15 degree forward
Elevators/Elevons - located in the inner trailing edge of the wing and were provided with auxiliary trim tabs Ailerons - located in the outer trailing edge of the wing and had internally balanced control flaps Drag Rudders - located in the wing tips at a 18 degree angle (to the aircraft centerline), they were designed for the pilot to be used during high speed maneuvers
Armament was to be four MK 108 30mm machine cannon (150 rounds inner cannon, 175 rounds outer cannon) for the Höhenjäger (High Altitude Fighter) version, two MK 103 30mm machine cannon (175 rounds per gun) for the Zerstörer (Heavy Fighter) version and two MK 108 30mm machine cannon and two RB 50/18 cameras for the Aufklärer (Reconnaissance) version. The Höhenjäger (High Altitude Fighter) version could also to be fitted with a Walter HWK 509B rocket engine to increase the ceiling and climb rate, and was thus designated the Gotha Go P.60A/R . One of the main criticisms of the Go P.60A was the difficulty for the crew to escape while in flight. One solution was to mount both jet engines below the wing, and this proposed version was to be known as the Go P.60A-2 . Unfortunately, this configuration reduced the roll rate in combat and was eliminated. Although further versions were to have some sort of ejection device for the crew, the war's end prevented the completion of the Gotha Go P.60A.
Span Length Height Wing Area Total Area Max. Weight Max. Speed Ceiling Range 12.2 m 40' 1" 8.82 m 28' 11" 3.5 m 11' 6" 46.8 m² 504 ft² 110 m² 1184 ft² 7450 kg 16424 lbs 915 km/h 569 mph 12500 m 41000' 1600 km 994 miles
Alright, the finished cover of nlspeed's map. I took this in a bit of a different direction, deliberately going for a mass crossover of all the C&Cs.
In 1924, Adolf Hitler, the leader of the German NSDAP, mysteriously disappears. Without him, the entire Nazi Party collapses, and after a failed communist insurrection the Weimar Republic stands. However, in a few decades Berlin, and the rest of Europe, will have to face another threat: the Soviet Union. Sensing weakness in the Western powers, Stalin takes his chance to spread socialism to many countries through the force of arms. After taking the Baltic States and starting a war against the White remnants in Finland, the Red Army invades Poland in 1941. Stalin is immediately greeted with declarations of war from the Allies of Britain, France and Germany. Soviet forces advance quickly through Europe, before being stopped by the Allies on the Rhine. When American support comes in 1943, the Allies begin to turn back the Soviets, first liberating Italy and Greece, then mounting a major counteroffensive against the Soviets through the North German Plain. The Soviets were driven back to Moscow, where Stalin was killed in the fighting. The remaining Soviet leadership signed an unconditional surrender with the Allies.
The Allies placed Alexander Romanov, a distant relative of the Romanovs ruling in Finland, in power. A man who promised peace and cooperation with the West, Romanov seemed a good choice for leading a post-Stalin USSR. This would prove to be a costly mistake. In truth, Romanov despised the Allies, and only cooperated with them as a means of gaining complete control over the USSR. The Soviets surreptitiously supported communist revolts around the world, the most devastating to the Allies being the fall of Mexico and the formation of the Mesoamerican Soviet Republic. The Soviets formed the World Socialist Alliance, ostensibly as a humanitarian organization and an ideological complement to the Allies, but in truth formed against them. The time came in 1972, and Romanov launched his invasion of the United States, using Soviet forces in Mexico. Armed with new Tesla technology, and the Psychic Corps of the mysterious Yuri, the Soviets managed to make major gains against the Allies both in North America and in Europe.
Further complicating matters was war in the East. The Empire of Japan, a minor Allied power during the Second World War, entered into a militaristic phase in the intervening years. Strange and terrible new technologies, such as nanotechnology and wave force weapons, were developed to transform the Japanese military into one of the most advanced fighting forces in the world. Taking as many bits and pieces of East Asia as they could, the Japanese used the Allies' weakness during the Soviet attack to launch their own invasion of the Allied territories and China.
By 1974, the Soviets were at the gates of Washington and captured Paris. The Allies were desperate, and in their desperation, President Michael Dugan made a deal with the devil. He recognized Japan's conquests in the East, muscling his European allies into agreeing to the same, and in exchange the Japanese would turn on their Soviet co-belligerents. Having no love for the Soviets, the Japanese agreed, and launched a surprise attack against Soviet forces in the far east. The surprised Soviets withdrew their forces from their offensives, and those Soviet divisions left behind to consolidate their gains were smashed to pieces by the Allied counterattack. However, the tired Allied armies and a Japanese army ill-equipped for a major land war could not maintain their offensives into the Soviet heartland itself. When Romanov began to consider negotiations, his advisor, Yuri, took psychic control of Romanov. During the Battle of Moscow, Allied forces weakened Yuri and captured Romanov, who upon his liberation decried Yuri as a traitor and sought an immediate peace with the Allies to fight this new threat. The last phases of WWIII involved the Allies, Soviets and Japanese hunting those forces loyal to Yuri. Yuri fled to Antarctica, where he may plot without the other nations interfering.
The post-WWIII peace was tense, and none of the three major powers trusted one another. To prevent another European war, the European Allies (sans the UK) formed the European Union, with the express purpose of creating a European superpower that can counter the Soviet Union in case of war. The victory of the Chinese communists in 1984, the Brazilian communists in 1987, the collapse of India in 1985, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1980, all brought the world closer to WWIV.
In 1997, history changed in Italy, when a meteor carrying an alien crystal landed on the banks of the Tiber River. Referred to as Tiberium, this crystalline substance quickly became a popular building material as it leeches heavy minerals out of the surrounding soil. Tiberium spread rapidly throughout southern Europe, and was even imported into the Middle East by the local despots. It was at this time that the Brotherhood of Nod was formed, taking advantage of its intricate knowledge of Tiberium to make a pretty profit off Tiberium mining operations around the world. Led by the enigmatic Kane, Nod seemed to pop out of nowhere. However, Tiberium would prove to be a curse, not a blessing. Tiberium’s mutagenic properties became widely known by 1999, and so Allies and Soviets moved to contain its spread. This began a secret war against Nod cells, which continued to spread Tiberium around the region, destabilizing countries and taking control. In response, the great powers formed the Global Defense Initiative, or GDI. Only the use of Allied cryotechnology and force of arms against Nod created some stability in Europe, but the Middle East would suffer. In the meanwhile, the Chinese communists split from the Soviet Union, and began to pursue their own goals.
Ever since the end of WWII, the Middle East has been a battleground for Allied and Soviet influence. This has led to many brutal dictatorships receiving support from one of the two blocs, which in turn led to deep-seated resentment against both powers. To counter Allied and Soviet influence, and to bring strength back to the Islamic world, the Global Liberation Army was formed. Intending to work past ethnic differences and the different sects of Islam, the GLA had two goals in mind: overthrow the local dictators and establish a Middle Eastern superpower. In these goals, the GLA was surprisingly effective, as support from Nod and the instability caused by Tiberium allowed them to subvert local governments and forge their great empire. WWIV would begin in 2003 when the GLA attacked Soviet, Chinese and Allied bases around the Middle East, leading to those three powers declaring war against them and their Nod allies. While the GDI forces initially crushed any opposition, the use of advanced Nod technology prevented the GLA from collapsing completely. Continued terror attacks stalled the war, and by 2006 it was a quagmire.
The war would shift in focus with the Scrin invasion. The aliens who had seeded Earth with Tiberium in the first place, the Scrin harvesting force believed they would encounter a dead world. However, their timing was off, and only a few areas of the world was devastated by Tiberium. Deciding to use the element of surprise, the Scrin attacked human forces indiscriminately, which in turn set aside their differences to attack the Scrin. Faced with a surprisingly technologically advanced foe, the Scrin were driven back to the most Tiberium-infested portions of the planet, as it was only those areas where human forces were unable to successfully operate. When the Scrin attacks stopped, humanity decided not to go for the kill, and instead focus on rebuilding from the devastation.
It is the year 2013, and it seems that the world will soon fight another world war. The Allies remain the top dogs, a powerful alliance of dubiously democratic states. But the United States is suffering: after the questionable election of President Howard Ackerman in 2012, a series of revolts calling itself the Enclave began throughout the United States. The Americans have asked for, and received, Allied assistance against this rebellion, which has possible Nod ties. The military leadership of the Soviet Union, a relatively minor participant in WWIV, see an opportunity to recreate the prestige of the World Socialist Alliance, but first they must crush the GLA-supported rebellions in Central Asia. The Japanese got off relatively scot-free in the war against the Scrin, and their militaristic leaders see a greater threat in the rising Chinese dragon. Nod and the GLA have broken over issues of religion and the role of Tiberium in the world, and have begun their own war in Africa. The Nod AI, CABAL, has his own ideas about how to fight Nod’s wars. The GDI, split between rival powers, remains largely powerless, but GDI Director Lia Kinsburg has a few plans to change that. In Antarctica, the ageless Yuri makes designs for a Tiberium-powered psychic dominator, something powerful enough to bring the entire world under his will. To top it all off, the Scrin request for reinforcements has been processed, and another fleet will soon be arriving to the Sol System to relieve the local Scrin forces. The world has already suffered from four world wars. Who knows if it will survive another?
A scenario based on the sadly now-defunct Red Alert 3 Paradox mod. I've strived to include even more factions, such as splitting up the Allies and adding the Nazis back into the timeline.
In 1918, the Spanish Influenza, so named because the Spanish press was the first in Europe to make neutral reports on the disease, ravaged the world. By 1920, when the disease finally abated, a total of 180 million people were dead, mostly the young and otherwise healthy. This disaster caused the wars raging through Europe to end, as more soldiers dropped dead from disease than they did from enemy action. The Russian Civi War was a narrow victory for the Bolsheviks, even though the leader of the Red Army, Leon Trotsky, died of the flu in 1920. China collapsed into warlordism as the already shaky authority of the Republic of China was outright destroyed by the flu. The post-war situation in Europe and the Americas was little better, with both old and new institutions on shaky ground.
The situation got worse in the 1930s. The Kingdom of Italy split in two in 1931, between the reactionary Catholic Kingdom and the fascist Italian Social Republic. In 1933, the radical Nazi Party gained absolute power over Germany. The United States shattered into several pieces, reforming into three pieces once the dust settled. The British Empire collapsed as a series of revolts, ending with much of Africa under control of African nationalist regimes. Japan, taking advantage of the chaos in China, invaded, prompting the Chinese to rally around a new emperor. New and terrible technologies were developed by brilliant and mad minds, and it seemed as though the world was going to fight another Great War. The Spanish Civil War in 1939 brought the world to the brink, but cooler heads prevailed.
However, in 1942, a new threat emerged. An alien species calling itself The Race invaded. The Race believed they were invading a world stuck in the Middle Ages, and so were unprepared for a war against an industrialized planet, but they were still a threat to all of mankind. The powers of Earth united against this alien threat, even investing in the creation of a League of Nations military, to repel the Race invasion. The Race conquest force was destroyed, and the advanced technologies they brought over were picked over by the victorious humans. Fearing mutually assured destruction and the possibility of weakening themselves against a future Race attack, the great powers avoided direct confrontation against one another, and were content to carry out their rivalries through various proxy conflicts.
Perhaps the most powerful bloc is the Axis powers, dominated by the Third Reich and maintained through mad science and madder politics. The secrets of the Race were improved upon by the research of Kammler, Strasse and Schmidt, fused with the dark knowledge of the Veil, a parallel universe unknwn even to the Race. The Germans are the first in many aspects: they made both the first Moon landing and the first faster-than-light jump. Much of the Moon is German, and there dark and terrible experiments are conducted to give Germany an edge in case of a second world war. The Wehrmacht is the most powerful army in continental Europe, and the regular soldier can count on being equipped with the finest dark energy rifles, and have advanced war machines and genetically augmented supersoldiers at his side.
The Comintern is the next powerful bloc, dominated by the Soviet Union. The Soviets love nuclear power, they have massive horde armies, massive tanks, and an all-pervasive police state to enforce the will of the Vozhd, the eternal saint of the proletariat. The Russian Orthodox Church has been revived, and Stalin is the Soviet Union’s patron saint. Their space program is doing quite well, and second only to the Reich’s, and they dominate near-Earth orbit. The knowledge of Nikola Tesla has been put to good use, and the Soviet Union's borders are defended by massive Tesla towers and heavy Tesla troopers fight in the Soviet Union's proxy wars.
The British are the force of conservatism and traditionalism in this rapidly changing world, and it hasn’t helped them one bit. The British still claim that they are masters of the world, despite a good portion of their empire having disappeared. In reaction, they have closed their society off to much of the outside world and hide behind their walls and guns. They’re just there to protect this sceptered isle from the Hun, the Red and the Frenchman. True, they still have a massive blue water navy and anti-orbital defenses that keeps the Reich from invading, but make no mistake: the sun has set on the British Empire. They tend to use outdated tech, still reliant on petroleum as a fuel. The British are a very militaristic society, but also a very paternalistic one: no man in Britain will starve so long as he does his duty to Queen and Country.
In response to Germany going insane and Britain retreating behind its shell, France has looked to times in history when it was the master of Europe and the center of attention. Naturally, this has brought out all the worst aspects of French history and mashed them up together. Bonapartism meets absolutism meets the worst excesses of the French Revolution. The French have a sense of aesthetic in technology, and everything they build has a distinct art deco feel. Even the Maginot Line looks like an art piece. Make no mistake, this technology is just as practical as those of their rivals.
While the United States has fragmented, it still maintains control over everything save for the Confederacy and New England. The American Union that succeeded it maintains that it is the arsenal of democracy; arsenal is right, because like anyone worth talking about, it’s a highly militarized state. Democracy, though…not so much. The Union's system is best described as totalitarian centrism: the New Deal has married the moral majority, all with a heavy dose of spreading the ideals of "democracy" around the world. America has fallen in love with nuclear power, and their entire society is reliant on nuclear technology. America's massive nuclear arsenal is their greatest asset.
To the East, the Japanese try to maintain their empire. They have pulled out of China because they couldn’t afford it, but they still maintain their Pacific empire. The Japanese have become masters of nanotechnology and artificial intelligence, and the Japanese are building cities both on Earth and the Moon through the use of automated "nano cores." The Japanese have embraced progress, but their society retains a militarist, Bushido undercurrent.
The Catholic League is less one great power and more an alliance of middle powers. They think that the world is too mired in sin and needs to be cleansed. Consequently, they like their fire, whether it be conventional or in the form of plasma. The Catholic League has access to the Vatican's extensive archives, which give them a level of esoteric knowledge unmatched except perhaps by Berlin.
Tired of getting kicked around by the outside world, the Chinese will reclaim their rightful role as center of the world, and they will do so from the heavens. The Chinese are obsessed with building a space fleet from which they can bombard the rest of the planet, and their orbital dominance is second only to the Soviet Union's. Chinese spacecraft grow larger and more powerful by the year, and the Chinese have recently developed reliable energy shielding. The Chinese have even built a giant Moon laser to theoretically hit any city in the world and destroy it. It's just too bad that their soldiers are too inexperienced with plasma-based weaponry to hit anything reliably.
You can’t keep a good empire down, and so the Ottoman Empire rebuilt while Europe was busy bickering with itself. The Ottoman Empire’s power comes from the discovery of clockwork automatons in Istanbul, some dating back to the days of da Vinci. The Ottomans have taken advantage of the rise in Islamic fundamentalism, supplying their allies with clockwork machines.
The Persian Empire: they’re back and better than ever! The Persians are NOT an Islamic theocracy, but they do want to get rid of communism, fascism, nationalism and pretty much anything that challenges Persian dominance of the Middle East. While their technology is outdated, they are aided by the discovery of a strange text in the Arabian Desert which gives them access to functional sand and glass magic.
In Oceania, the genetic engineering that the British once experimented with has been embraced by the newly independent republics. Genetically engineered flora and fauna, oftentimes including humans, are used secure Oceania's power and independence. Many fear that these newly independent states are playing with fire, and won't be able to contain some of the new creatures they are designing.
Africa has largely been liberated by an alliance between the mad scientists of Greater Liberia, Ethiopia and the Kongo. Each African state has its own sort of mad science: the Liberians focus on robotics and energy weaponry, the Ethiopians on genetic engineering, and the Kongolese on replicating industrial processes through raw materials easily recovered in the jungles.
The League of Nations, or what's left of it, is based in Australia. The League sees the world going totally insane and wants to fix it, but they know that they are powerless to do so. The League has instead become a bloc of its own, seeking a way to escape from the planet in case of a global conflict or a Race invasion. To this end, the League has focused on conventional aerospace technologies that will allow them to escape the planet and at least give some portion of mankind the chance to survive.
Many thanks from Silas-Coldwine in fact-checking this TL.
The Spanish Civil War was a close-fought victory for the Republicans. Like the Whites of the Russian Civil War, Republican factions were very diverse, and had different ideas for what Spain should look like after the war. Some wanted the return of the Second Republic, others wanted a Trotskyist communist state, others wanted a Stalinist communist state, while others wanted an anarcho-socialist...not-state. However, the Republicans managed to avoid focusing on infighting, even if a few Republican factions did engage in limited fighting against one another. Key to this was the decision by the Communist Party of Spain to place winning the war over initiating a revolution, but avoided purging any communists and anarchists that opposed this. Ultimately, with the support of France and the Soviet Union, the Second Republic emerged victorious, and the Nationalists were driven to Morocco.
But the peace would not last. In 1939, a year after the Spanish Civil War's conclusion. Germany invaded Poland with the Soviet Union. Under orders from Stalin, the Communist Party of Spain started their revolution, as Stalin hoped it would serve as a distraction for France, In 1940, France fell to the German Wehrmacht, but refused to engage itself in the ongoing civil war in Spain. This would change in 1941, when as part of Operation Barbarossa, the Germans invaded Spain along with the Soviet Union in an attempt to secure the entire continent for themselves. This led to Germany's infamous guerrilla war on the Iberian peninsula, which once again galvanized the Republican factions and eventually bled the German armies dry.
After Germany's capitulation, the "united front" against the Germans fractured, as did the Second Spanish Republic. Fearing the beginning of a third world war over the conflict, both the United States and Soviet Union froze the conflict by mediating between the various factions, allowing them control over the territories they held in the fighting. This was the famous fracturing of Spain, leading to the creation of a myriad different post-Spanish states. The socialist-dominated Second Republic lived on Asturias, a Western-aligned Third Republic established itself in the north, the Spanish Soviet Republic was formed in Andalusia, the Spanish Socialist Republic took control of Valencia and Castile La Nueva, the anarchists took control of Catalonia, and the Galicians and Basque gained independence. Many of these post-Second Republic states joined the Brussels Alliance, and later the West European Union.
Meanwhile, in the rest of the world, the Cold War which began in 1945 continues. The world remains divided between the two giants, the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States leads the Brussels Alliance, a mutual defense pact founded after the Second World War between the liberal capitalist democracies of Western Europe and North America. Among the more powerful states in the Brussels Alliance are France and the United Kingdom, both democratic states as well. The Western European nations have more recently formed the West European Union, a free trade and customs union that also has free movement between its member states. Not so democratic is the Republic of China, which is infamous for its human rights abuses in Tibet and its brutal suppression of leftist opposition. But China is a rising economic power, and the West can't afford to alienate one of the most powerful anti-Soviet states on the planet. The United States also has rather undemocratic allies, particularly in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
On the other side is the Soviet bloc, composed mostly of autocratic Marxist-Leninist states run along the Soviet model. In response to the Brussels Alliance, the Soviet Union founded the European Socialist Brotherhood, a defensive alliance of communist Eastern European states (and the Spanish Soviet state) carved from the conquests of the Soviet Union after WWII. Mostly autocratic one party states, like the Soviet Union itself, the modern European Socialist Brotherhood is a mix of liberalized "market socialist" states such as the Soviet Union and People's Republic of Poland, and hardline Stalinist states such as the German People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania. Aligned with the Soviets is India, the world's largest democracy. Although suffering from corruptiuon and, as Washington loves to point out, undue Soviet influence, India is a rising Asian economy.
The Cold War continues, because tens of thousands of nuclear weapons would be exchanged between the two superpowers if a conventional war began between them. Modern technology, such as global positioning, rudimentary defense AIs, and automated delivery systems have turned both sides' nuclear arsenals into autonomous forces that can launch at the first sign of attack, even when their human controllers have died. This has not stopped proxy wars, such as those in Vietnam and the Congo. Renewable, carbon-free energy becomes more of a concern, as sea levels rise, no thanks to coal factories in India and China. And with the Crash of 2013, the global economy has fallen upon hard times. Is a second Great Depression upon the world? Only time will tell.
While the other animal models are employed primarily for reconnaisance and defensive roles in the field, the Lion serves a purely offensive role. Employed in packs, 1 ranger usually operates with 3 – 4 units. Rangers often combine their teams together to form prides. Like their real life counterparts the units hunt in large groups and communicate with each other through a closed wireless network giving each other real time data on positions, terrain, and proximity to their target. The operator can connect at will to each individual unit. Lioness units can be equipped with back mounted cameras to allow manual control. Typically the Lion will serves as the main hub with the Lioness's routing through.
To better serve their role as the offense Lion models are lightly armored with few solid pieces of armor. Most of the body is exposed artificial muscle covered in ballistic fabrics. As such replacement of parts is much easier to complete in the field. Teeth and claws are made of tungsten carbide which keeps an incredibly sharp edge. The teeh and claws are retractable allowing for non lethal take downs when required. Another feature are the sliding eye covers located above the ears. They provide extra eye protection as well as multi spectral views for different situations and wide angle input.
Male models are bulkier around the head with more armor and much stronger jaw muscles for a more powerful bite. They also have a large gorget type armor piece around their neck which protects the Lion during charges. Transmitters and other communication equipment are stored in the back of the head along the upper neck.
Lioness models are lighter and stealthier than the male models. With less bulk and weight they are able move quickly and quietly. Some come equipped with camera units located on the top of their back. ---------
Panthera Leo - Lion
Almost done guys! I'll start working on the Leopard soon and then I'll give you guys a more detailed explanation of what all this is about. I'm sure some of you have figured it out, so don't spoil for anyone
Stay tuned for the Leopard and thanks for dropping by!
Once in a while you get those crazy passionate clients that actually have vision and know what they want. Gregor is certainly one of them and it was a blast doing these characters and mechanicals for his RPG universe.
This would be the Assault Officer from the Colonial Defence Squadron. They are basically zero G trained rapid response/SWAT teams.
The inspiration for this one was a bomb disposal suit, but something that was less bulky, trimmed down to allow ease of movement and augmented with exoskeleton frame to enhance agility and power all round. I kept the helmet almost of a different style to emphasise the fact that these guys are allowed to don personal customised gear (partly due to shitty budgets for their unit). The helmet was probably specially ordered in from a zero-atmosphere combat exosuit or something, just to give him even more protection and special optics.
He has a cut-down slug gun for door...well more like wall breaching. The one other feature I am quite happy with is putting a field-command computer station on his back. I think it evokes the imagery of a soldier with a communications pack on his back. The idea I had was that since the entire team was comprised of only 4 members, they would need to double up on roles and duties. In this case, because of the crazy amount of armour, strength and survivability the Assaulter was packing, it made perfect sense for him to be the comms guy that the commander would always stick with (more like hide behind!) and as well as being the 'mule' of the team that carries all the heavy weapons to the fight... plus drag their asses out of the fire when need be.
I met an actual death trooper cosplayer at SDCC 2011 by chance when he stumbled (literally) past the IFS booth at artist alley, and I just had to give him a print of this piece. What was even cooler was that he returned to hand me some death trooper patches, challenge coins and similar DT paraphernalia~!!!