Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login

Similar Deviations
Organized by Artist
Just a panel from page 85 of the comic [link] that I spent some effort on. Beryl is somber at the conclusion of a fleet battle in which lives were lost, but she cannot conceal her pride as she answers questions about the performance record of her unit.

Photoshop and Lightwave. This is the "full-size" colored panel; the linework is inked at twice this size.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays!

Outsider is a science fiction webcomic. [link]
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

The answer is "no."

A panel from a recent page of my webcomic, Outsider.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.


The first ship of the Alliance's new EVOLVE series, the Archangel Superdreadnought is one of the most advanced ships in the galaxy. Actually smaller than the older Celestial-Class Superdreadnought, Archangel is viewed as the galaxy's first "Fast Superdreadnought." Capable of achieving a top sub-light speed of .025/.88(MAG Wall/MAG Burst), Archangel can keep up with the fastest battleships in the fleet and is designed around the Alliance's newest concept "The Fast Battlefleet."

As previously stated, Archangel's 5.5km long hulk is a full 500 meters shorter than the older Celestial-Class. However, that hull is married to 90% of the firepower, 180% of the counter-missile coverage/capability, the new 3-inch quad mass-drivers for point defense against frigates/corvettes, and an experimental high yield laser.

In addition, Archangel is clad in a new hybrid armor and uses the same material in its skeleton. Defined as a Fiber Reinforced Ceramic-Titanium Hybrid - this new material is much lighter than traditional Hardened Titanium and accounts for the ships light weight but improved strength and integrity (owning for its faster speeds).

However, Archangel's advancement's do not end there and many won't be fully realized till she leaves the shipyard.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

The next generation of Alliance Battlecruiser and a follow on to the venerable workhorse of the Alliance fleet - the Vanguard-Class - the Alliance's newer Noble-Class Battlecruiser is a step up in every way over her predecessor and the second ship of the Evolve-series of warships.

Weighing in at 32 million tons, she is 70% more massive than the Vanguard-Class battlecruiser and measures a full 200 meters longer. This added mass reflects a number of improvements in the hull adopted from the Archangel-Class Superdreadnought.

Firstly, Noble benefits from vastly improved anti-frigate/destroyer capabilities, sporting the quad-turret 4-inch rapid fire turrets first used on the Archangel. These weapons raise Noble's total Anti-frigate armament from a paltry 24 guns as seen on the Vanguard to Noble's 48. These newer guns are also significantly larger, firing 4" high velocity shells opposed to the the 2.5" low velocity rounds of the Vanguard's secondary armaments.

Furthermore, Noble sports the numerous improvements first seen on Archangel. Its new PHALANX - HALO command, combat, communication, and control (C4) utilizes the new wide spectrum gravimetric/photonic sensor suits. Coupled with the new Casper wide-array point defense laser and Messenger fire control uplink system, counter-missile defenses have never been so efficient.

In addition to the weaponry improvements, Noble is the first ship to sport the new Counter-Torquing Gravity Impeller. First utilized on the Celestial-Class, this new impeller design is far more efficient over traditional torquing impeller designs and allow Vanguard to achieve the same top speed of Vanguard with the same size engineering spaces despite the increased mass.

Probably the biggest improvement for Noble, however, comes in the computation side. While too small to utilize the Magi-Series tri-core linked A.I. introduced on the Archangel, Noble uses a similar system designed for Cruiser weight ships - the Gemini dual core system. Like its trip linked larger brother - Gemini cross links and integrates two A.I. cores which allow for dynamic allocation of computational resources between cores (rather than the tradition of variable A.I. for major systems). This system allows Nobles systems to cross communicate - fine tuning operations across the entire hull in response to the changing atmosphere of the battlespace.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

The First ship I've designed for the Star-Empire of Sagittarius.

Armed with heavy bridge gravity shields, the Star-Empire forgoes the norm of burying is bridges within the hulls of warships, instead turning to a tradition of honor and the courage needed to "see your enemy and stare down his gun barrel", placing the bridge at the top of a dorsal tower.

Having never signed the Treaty of Avalon, the Monarch benefits from never having suffered form the restrictions on Naval technology. As such, despite being nearly 30 years old, the Monarch weighs in at 25 million tons and is 2.3 km long, the largest battlecruiser in existence and closing in on the 2.5km long Atleantean War Cruiser.

Furthermore, the ship is equipped with 9 of the largest guns ever mounted on a battlecruiser hull. The .3c 60-inch main gun is as powerful as the latest battleships guns and gives the Monarch an unparalleled punch at gun range. In fact, given its relatively weak low-tier standard missile broadside, the Monarch - like other Imperial Warships - uses its speed, heavy shields, and dense anti-missile systems to close to gun-range of any target it wishes to engage, then using it heavy main guns to rip apart its foes with relative ease. Alliance Captains, even those of the newest Vanguard-Class, can only hope to break through a Monarch's shields while still out of gun-range; because once the 60-incher's on the Monach are zeroed in, there is few ships short of a battleship and dreadnought that can hope to escape its clutches.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

As the Enterprise(s) enters the anti-time distortion, past, present, and future become one.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Inside a large nebula, Voyager emits a deflector pulse that not only boosts sensor efficiency, but also allows the ship to siphon off some energy. Yummm.

This is also a submission for the #ShipsOfTheLine Group "Nebula Exploration Mini-Contest."
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Enterprise A wallpaper for iPad.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Today's guest artist hails from Japan, the very talented mono-named Tomoko. She and I had to overcome a language barrier, but what brings two disparate people together like boats made from Jello? Not much, I assure you. To see more of her stellar art, check out her deviantArt page.

And hey, pardon me for getting political, but how in the hell has our country already forgotten how shitty things were under the Republicans? I'm telling you, we have the collective memory of a goldfish. Mmmm... I love goldfish crackers.
Thanks for reading,
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

As far as I'm concerned, the greatest hero the world has ever know is Ibai Canales, today's guest artist. The man put in hours on Christmas to get this strip back to us. To see more of his work, check out his deviantArt page.

On another note entirely,

When The Matrix first came out, my younger cousin said to me, “It’s basically just a retelling of the New Testament.” I found this to be extraordinarily dumb. Sure, there are similarities, as today’s strip points out, but to say that The Matrix is a retelling is like saying that my younger cousin is a copy of me, when the truth of the matter is that our similarities come from common ancestors, i.e. our grandparents. The New Testament and The Matrix follow a formula that was developed way before the written word ever was.

Joseph Campbell wrote a book called The Hero with a Thousand faces. It’s a brilliant examination, through ancient hero myths, of man's eternal struggle for identity. At least it is according to some dude on I don’t know. I never got through the first chapter because it’s as unreadable as my local newspaper. But his concept is a solid one. As long as humanity’s been able to speak, it’s been telling the story of the Chosen One.

Chart out the similarities between Gilgamesh, Oedipus, Odysseus, Luke Skywalker, Harry Potter, Bruce Wayne, Eragon, and any other hero you can think of. Chances are they’re an orphan with special talents that set them apart from normal people. They have a mentor, allies, special equipment. They have a momentous crossing of water, a descent into the underworld, and a renaming. They die, and they are resurrected. And they save the day. And, and, and… you can relate to them.

To me, that’s the genius of popular religion. Moses, Jesus. Vishnu, Mohammed. While these guys are allegedly divine, they’re also accessible. A friend of mine got upset when I mentioned that Jesus’ life has all the components of a hero’s journey. He felt like that implied that it was made up. Well, it was made up. I mean, people made it up, or the divine made it up. One way or another, a story was created that people respond to, and that’s pretty damn cool.

That’s a lot of thought about a tiny little strip. And that’s just the tip of the mindhole.

You get it, don’t you?
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Today's guest artist is the cataclysmic catalytic cataleptic known only as K. Many thanks to him for delivering another fine strip to us.

The inspiration for this strip was a movie that came out on DVD just a few months ago that used the Virtual Reality thing as a plot twist. What the fuck? Didn't we get over that in the late 90's? The Matrix, Existenz, The Thirteenth Floor, The Truman Show, Vanilla Sky, Dark City: All of them asked the questions, Is this too good to be true? Is it even real? At the end of the Clinton administration, the questions seemed a little more topical than they do now.

Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Here is my next Dark Mirror Character Design.
This is Commander Nurok of the I.S.S. Kelvin.

Eventually I will do a Commander George Kirk, and Captain Robau.

Sean Tourangeau 12-22-2009
Illustration Created In Adobe Illustrator CS3
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Here is a $40.00 Vector Commission that I did last night for Glenn Judd
Of a Imperial Intelligence Fleet Captain’s Uniform from the Dark Mirror Universe.

Sean P. Tourangeau
Adobe Illustrator
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Decided to update the backgounds of the Characters that started it all for me the Command Crew of the I.S.S.Titan.

Here are a few character designs for a Alternate Mirror Universe
to that of what was portrayed in DS9.
In this Mirror Universe the Empire is alive and more Dark than
it was in the TOS episode Mirror Mirror.

The Empire never fell to the Klingon/Cardasian Alliance. Instead
it destroyed that alliance and went on conquering the universe.

Captain Riker.

Yes that is a Borg Eye piece, but he has not been assimilated.
The Terran Empire has engineered modified Borg Tech to be
used on personel and equipment.

This Borg implant can be remove when ever Riker wants to.
The Implant ties into the Titans Tactical and Weapons systems
to give him greater control over his ship.

Commander Deanna Troi.
As with the Federation version she is Riker's wife. She also
serves as political officer.

Commander Geordi LaForge.

In the normal universe Christine Vale was given the First Officer
posting, but in the Dark Mirror Universe Geordi took it. He to
has modified Borg Tech as well as occular implants that Tie into
the Titan's systems.

Lt. Commander Tuvok.
Science Officer and Second Officer.

Lt. Christine Vale.
In the normal Federation Universe she is a commander and
first officer of the U.S.S. Titan.
But in Dark Mirror Universe she was not offered that posting, but
She was made a full LT. and is head of the
I.S.S. Titan's Security Teams.

*Note: Most of you have seen these from older images that
were posted in my gallery. I have updated/ redesigned their
uniforms, combadges & rank insignia.

Art by Sean Tourangeau

Image created in Adobe Illustrator CS5
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Shinsei Industries VF-19 Excalibur alpha one

Description and History

Following success of the VF-11 Thunderbolt in the late 2020's, Shinsei Industries was determined to remain an industry leader when the Project Super Nova Advanced Variable Fighter (AVF) began. When the United Nations Air Force (UNAF) and United Nations Spacy (UNS) announced the final demonstration/validation phase contractors, Shinsei was suddenly required to build a different type of fighter equipped with technologies much more complex than the old VF-11. Producing two prototypes and a ground based avionics test bed, Shinsei built the YF-19 for competition; a larger variable fighter with a completely unique transformation system. Rather than reinvent a control system for variable fighter craft, Shinsei opted to use a conventional control cockpit with an innovative wrap-around imaging monitor system. This new imaging system covered opaque sections of the cockpit interior, recreating a perfect window-like view of the surrounding environment and granting the pilot superior situational awareness. With Super AI control avionics and motion sensitive controls to reduce pilot workload, the YF-19 made it possible for a conventionally controlled craft to maintain parity against any competing Human-Machine Interface (HMI). In September 2034 the first flight of the YF-19 prototype No. 1 was completed. Utilizing forward canards once again and a forward swept main wing that could achieve stable high supersonic speeds, the YF-19 was poised to prove itself against the competing YF-21 made by rival company General Galaxy.

The YF-19 was designed with several technologies that would become the standard for those next generation variable fighters built to fulfill the operational demands of the UNAF/UNS. These technologies included an active stealth system, an anti-projectile shield, an optional fold booster for interstellar travel and a fighter-scale pin-point barrier system which sheathed portions of the variable fighter in an energy barrier that could move across the hull to intercept and defeat incoming fire. Installed Shinnakasu thermonuclear engines provided the YF-19 with unparalleled thrust, also allowing the variable fighter to attain orbital velocity over an Earth-class planet unassisted. The VF-11 achieved much for Shinsei Industries with a stripped-down, basic design but the YF-19 benefited from advances such that Shinsei built the craft with much greater standard ordnance. Superior miniaturization and the larger airframe of the YF-19 created space for internal missiles mounted in the engine/leg units that maintained the variable fighter stealth capabilities. With up to four internal missile palettes, the YF-19 additionally utilized a fixed rearward anti-aircraft laser gun turret, two semi-fixed converging energy cannons in each wing (optionally laser cannons) and a new Howard GU-15 standard external Gatling gun pod (with field-replaceable magazines). The YF-19 was initially a difficult craft to operate in the testing phase and was flown by seven different test pilots during various trials. Shinsei was nonetheless determined to move forward and the YF-19 achieved incredible success in the Super Nova AVF, proving that Shinsei could rely upon practical proven methods for a superior next generation variable fighter.

Many UNS analysts argued that Shinsei's next generation fighter was too traditional in the face of groundbreaking advances implemented in the competing General Galaxy YF-21. Yet by January 5, 2040 the YF-19 (flown by the seventh test pilot, Isamu Alva Dyson) produced consistently higher test scores in the variable fighter competition. Late in the development of both fighters the UN Spacy halted the Super Nova AVF in favor of a secret unmanned fighter project producing the Ghost X-9. Isamu Dyson was furious over the decision as was lead Shinsei designer Yang Newman and the two stole the YF-19 with the intention to disrupt introduction of the Ghost X-9 at the 30th Anniversary Armistice ceremony on Earth. Guld Bowman in the YF-21 was sent in pursuit of the YF-19 and the three craft eventually battled in what became known as the "Sharon Apple Incident". With the YF-21 and Ghost X-9 prototypes destroyed in combat, the YF-19 was ultimately declared winner of the Project Super Nova AVF in 2041. The craft was then re-designated the VF-19 Excalibur and entered mass production as the UNAF/UNS main variable fighter.

Technical Data

Equipment Type: UNAF/UNS prototype main advanced variable fighter
Unofficial codename: Alpha One, Eagle One
Government: U.N. Air Force, U.N. Spacy
Manufacturer: Stonewell Bellcom (Shinsei Industry)
Introduction: 2034
Operational Deployment: 2040
Accommodation: pilot only in Marty & Beck Mk 12a g-endurance zero/zero ejection seat (pilot wears Tactical Life Support System with upper and lower g-suits and pressure breathing); optional accomodation for passenger in rear rumble ejection seat.
# Battroid Mode: height 15.48 meters (without cannon)
# Fighter Mode: wingspan 14.87 meters [14.89 meters]; height 3.94 meters; length 18.62 meters
# GERWALK Mode: wingspan 14.87 meters
Mass: empty 8.75 metric tons [8.73 metric tons, 8.759 metric tons]; max T-O mass in atmosphere 37.509 metric tons; max T-O mass in space, with fold booster 46.102 metric tons.
Structure: space metal frame, energy converting armor, stealth composition.
Power Plant: two Shinnakasu Industry/P&W/Roice FF-2500E thermonuclear turbine engines, replacing two Shinsei Industry/P&W/Roice FF-2200B engines in initial specifications
Propulsion: 42,700 kg [x g] x 2 class maximum instantaneous thrust in atmosphere (67,500 [64,700] kg [x g] x 2 class in space); initial specifications featured 56,500 kg [x g] x 2 class maximum instantaneous thrust in space; engines utilize air as coolant/propellant in atmosphere, but problems with cooling efficiency (attributed to exceeding output and melting the core) limit maximum thrust to 40% to 60% of thrust in space; 2 x vertical two-dimensional vectored exhaust nozzles; many x P&W HMM-6J high-maneuverability vernier thrusters.
# Fighter Mode: standard cruise speed 15,000-22,000 m Mach 1.8; max cruise speed 15,000-22,000 m Mach 5.1 [Mach 5.1+]; max cruise speed at 30,000+ m Mach 21+ [Mach 24+ (8.1 km/s)]; max rate of climb at S/L 65,000 meters/minute; min time to aerodynamic ceiling (over Planet Eden) 48 seconds.
g limit: +31.0/- 18.5
Design Features: 3-mode variable transformation; variable geometry sweep (VG) wing featuring forward-swept standard cruising configuration and overswept high-speed configuration; canard forward wing; two-section double-hinged cockpit canopy glass with rear canopy air deflector panels and retractable segmented canopy cover (for rear seat ejection); vertical take-off and landing (VTOL); supersonic cruise and maneuvering in region of Mach 5.0+ below the stratosphere; two-dimensional thrust vectoring (independent pivot); capable of attaining unassisted orbital velocity over an Earth-class planet; wrap-around imaging monitor system in cockpit (all modes); anti-projectile (bulletproof) shield; internal pallets for various weaponry (engine/leg sections); fighter-scale pin-point barrier system (PPB); active stealth system; 3 x special equipment hard point stations for optional 2 x all-environment FAST Pack conformal propellant tanks (mounted dorsal aft in Fighter mode, atop shoulders in GERWALK/Battroid modes) and optional 1 x Shinnakasu Industry/OTEC FBF-1000A external prototype fighter fold booster (not certified for performing folds beyond a one-way limit of 20 light years); optional 2 x all-environment FAST Pack weapon packs with micro-missiles (mounted ventral side fuselage in Fighter mode, lower legs in GERWALK/Battroid modes); the hard points compromise stealth capabilities so are limited to use in space for long-distance ferry propellant tank and other special equipment; option of yf-19 protoype heavy weapons cluster.
- Armament -
# 1 x fixed rear Mauler REB-30G anti-aircraft laser gun turret (mounted center dorsal section in Fighter/GERWALK mode, becomes head turret in Battroid mode)
# 2 x semi-fixed internal Mauler REB-20G converging energy cannons OR Mauler REB-23 laser cannons (mounted in both leading wing roots with exit ports)
# 1 x Howard GU-15 new standard external gatling gun pod in Four hard point weapon stations (mounted ventral fuselage in Fighter mode or in manipulator in GERWALK/Battroid modes); spare magazines stored underneath shield
# 1 x fixed Howard PBS-03F fighter-carried pin-point barrier system
# 1 x standard bulletproof (anti-projectile) shield (mounted center rear dorsal fuselage in Fighter mode, mounted on arm in GERWALK/Battroid modes)
Bombs & Missiles:
# 2 x Stonewell/Roice B-7 standard internal pallets (mounted ventral side fuselage in Fighter mode, lower legs in GERWALK/Battroid modes) featuring air-to-air/air-to-ground general-purpose micro-missile pallets, Bifors BMM-24 all-regime high-maneuverability micro-missile cluster, OR 2 x [4 x] B-19A YF-19-exclusive internal weapons pallets.
# 4 x chaff dispensers (mounted aft)
Optional Armament:
# 2 + 2 x all-environment FAST Pack conformal propellant tanks and weapon packs with micro-missiles.
# 1 x special YF-19 prototype heavy weapons cluster featuring the following: 1 x double-barrel beam cannon, 1 x large-bore cannon, 5 x missiles (mounted on right arm in Battroid mode)
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Shinsei Industries VF-19 Excalibur Aggressor

mark wolfs paint job for rpg he also cuts his missles in hafe for two light pistols
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Conventional Prompt Global Strike and Long-Range
at adversaries by allowing the United States to attack high-value targets or "fleeting targets" at the start of or during a conflict. Congress has generally supported the PGS mission, but it has restricted funding and suggested some changes in funding for specific programs. Many analysts believe that the United States should use long-range ballistic missiles armed with conventional warheads for the PGS mission. These weapons would not substitute for nuclear weapons in the U.S. war plan but would, instead, provide a "niche" capability, with a small number of weapons directed against select, critical targets, which might expand the range of U.S. conventional options. Some analysts, however, have raised concerns about the possibility that U.S. adversaries might misinterpret the launch of a missile with conventional warheads and conclude that the missiles carry nuclear weapons. DOD is considering a number of systems that might provide the United States with long-range strike capabilities. The Air Force and Navy have both considered deploying conventional warheads on their long-range ballistic missiles. The


FA-70 panther 2

Air superiority fighter
Stealth Interceptor, air superiority and multirole combat aircraft
General characteristics

* Crew: 2 (Pilot and Radar Intercept Officer)
* Length: 72 ft 5 in
* Wingspan: 52 ft 8 in
* Height: 15 ft 11 in
* Wing area: 1000 ft²
* Empty weight: 30,000 lb
* Loaded weight: 60,600 lb
* Max takeoff weight: 65,000 lb
* Powerplant: 2× G Pratt & Whitney YF220 , 65,000 lbf


* Maximum speed: Mach 8.6 (mph = 6 546.38064 m2 / s2, 2 926.494 m2 / s km/h) at altitude
* Cruise speed: Mach 3.4+ est. (mph = 2 588.10397 m3 / s2) 1 156.986 m2 / s+ km/h) hypercruise at altitude
* Combat radius: 900-520 mi[15] (1448.4096 nmi, 1.448.4096 km)
* Service ceiling: 95,000 ft (28.95600m)
* Wing loading: 70 lb/ft² (456 kg/m²;)

# Secondary Powerplant: 1× General Electric/Rolls-Royce F136 afterburning turbofan, >40,000 lbf (178 kN) [in development]
# Lift fan (STOVL): 1× Rolls-Royce LiftSystem driven from either F135 or F136 power plant, 18,000 lbf (80 kN)
# Internal fuel: 35.00 IB


* Guns: 2 × GAU-22/A 25 mm (0.984 in) cannon in internal mounted
* Hardpoints: 4× external pylons on wings with a capacity of 40,000 lb ( internal mounted on Rotary Launcher Assembly (RLA)
* Missiles: 12 loud to 24
*Internal: 12 air-to-air missiles, or 16 air-to-air missiles and 24 air-to-ground weapons.
* External: 14 air-to-air missiles, or 4 air-to-ground weapons and 2 to 4 air-to-air missiles [40] with combinations for the following missiles:
*2x Rear-defence 10 rounds guided sabo
        Air-to-air missiles:
            AIM-120 AMRAAM
            AIM-9X Sidewinder
            MBDA Meteor (pending further funding)
        Air-to-surface missiles:
            AGM-88 AARGM
            AGM-158 JASSM
            Brimstone missile / MBDA SPEAR
            Joint Air-to-Ground Missile
            Storm Shadow missile
        Anti-ship missiles:
        Mark 84, Mark 83 and Mark 82 GP bombs
        Mk.20 Rockeye II cluster bomb
        Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser capable
        Paveway series laser-guided bombs
        Small Diameter Bomb (SDB)
        JDAM series
        B61 nuclear bomb
        AGM-154 JSOW
       GBU-50 crusher

    Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems AN/APG-81 AESA radar
    Lockheed Martin AAQ-40 E/O Targeting System (EOTS)
    Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems AN/AAQ-37 Distributed Aperture System (DAS) missile warning system
    BAE Systems AN/ASQ-239 (Barracuda) electronic warfare system
    Harris Corporation Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) communication system


The AN/APG-81 is an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) designed by Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems for the F-35 Lightning II.
The Joint Strike Fighter AN/APG-81 AESA radar is a result of the US government's competition for the world's largest AESA acquisition contract. Westinghouse Electronic Systems (acquired by Northrop Grumman in 1996) and Hughes Aircraft (acquired by Raytheon in 1997) received contracts for the development of the Multifunction Integrated RF System/Multifunction Array (MIRFS/MFA) in February 1996. Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman were selected as the winners of the Joint Strike Fighter competition; The System Development and Demonstration (SDD) contract was announced on 26 October 2001.
The AN/APG-81 is a successor radar to the F-22's AN/APG-77. Over 3,000 AN/APG-81 AESA radars are expected to be ordered for the F-35, with production to run beyond 2035, and including large quantities of international orders. As of August 2007, 8 APG-81s have already been produced and delivered. The first three blocks of radar software have been developed, flight tested, and delivered ahead of schedule by the Northrop Grumman Corporation. Capabilities of the AN/APG-81 include the AN/APG-77's air-to-air modes plus advanced air-to-ground modes including high resolution mapping, multiple ground moving target detection and track, combat identification, electronic warfare, and ultra high bandwidth communications. The current F-22 production radar is the APG-77v1, which draws heavily on APG-81 hardware and software for its advanced air-to-ground capabilities.[2]
In August 2005, the APG-81 radar was flown for the first time aboard Northrop Grumman's BAC 1-11 airborne laboratory. Since then, the radar system has accumulated over 300 flight hours, maturing all five blocks of software. The first radar flight on Lockheed Martin's CATBird avionics test bed aircraft took place in November 2008. Announced on 6/22/10: The radar met and exceeded its performance objectives successfully tracking long-range targets as part of the first mission systems test flights of the F-35 Lightning II BF-4 aircraft.[3]
The AN/APG-81 team won the 2010 David Packard Excellence in Acquisition Award for performance against jammers.

The Lockheed Martin Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod (ATP), designated AN/AAQ-33 in U.S. Military Service, provides positive target identification, autonomous tracking, coordinate generation, and precise weapons guidance from extended standoff ranges. The Sniper ATP is used on the F-15E Strike Eagle, F-16 Fighting Falcon, A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft, B-1 (Rod Pod), UK Harrier GR9,.[1] and Canadian CF-18 Hornet. [2] The Sniper ATP is in service with Norway, Oman, Poland, Singapore, Canada, Belgium, Turkey, Saudi Arabia[3] and the UK MoD.[4][5] In July 2007, Sniper ATP was acquired by Pakistan, making it the tenth country in the world to be in possession of the Sniper pod.[6] The Sniper ATP contains a laser designator and tracker for guiding laser-guided bombs. The pod also features a third-generation FLIR receiver and a CCD television camera. FLIR allows observation and tracking in low light / no light situations, while the CCD camera allows the same functions during day time operations.
A team of Lockheed Martin UK, BAE Systems and SELEX Galileo (formerly Selex S&AS) has successfully demonstrated and flown a Sniper ATP on board a Tornado GR4 combat aircraft.
The U.S. Air Force initial seven-year contract for Sniper ATP has potential value in excess of $843 million. The Sniper ATP has delivered over 125 pods and the U.S. Air Force plans to procure at least 522 Sniper ATPs.
PANTHER is the export equivalent to the Lockheed Martin Sniper Extended Range (XR) targeting pod.

Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) is a future data waveform to provide secure data-linking technology between stealth aircraft. It began as a method to coordinate between F-35 aircraft (the Joint Strike Fighter), but HQ Air Combat Command wants to expand the capabiltiy to coordinate future USAF strike forces of all AF stealth aircraft, including the B-2, F-22, and unmanned systems. MADL is expected to provide needed throughput, latency, frequency-hopping and anti-jamming capability with phased Array Antenna Assemblies (AAAs) that send and receive tightly directed radio signals.[1]
The Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics directed the Air Force and Navy to integrate MADL among the F-22, F-35 and B-2, to one another and to the rest of network.

Helmet Mounted hud

The FA-70 need not be physically pointing at its target for weapons to be successful. This is possible because of sensors that can track and target a nearby aircraft from any orientation, provide the information to the pilot through his helmet (and therefore visible no matter which way they are looking), and provide the seeker-head of a missile with sufficient information. Recent missile types provide a much greater ability to pursue a target regardless of the launch orientation, called "High Off-Boresight" capability, although the speed and direction in which the munition is launched affect the effective range of the weapon. Sensors use combined radio frequency and infra red (SAIRST) to continually track nearby aircraft while the pilot's helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) displays and selects targets. The helmet system replaces the display suite-mounted head-up display used in earlier fighters.
the FA-70's systems provide the edge in the "observe, orient, decide, and act" OODA loop; stealth and advanced sensors aid in observation (while being difficult to observe), automated target tracking helps in orientation, sensor fusion simplifies decision making, and the aircraft's controls allow action against targets without having to look away from them.
The problems with the current Vision Systems International helmet mounted display led Lockheed Martin to issue a draft specification for proposals for an alternative on 1 March 2011.[199] The alternative system will be based on Anvis-9 night vision goggles. It will be supplied by BAE systems.[201] The BAE system does not include all the features of the VSI helmet and is currently intended only for use during the testing program. In 2011, Lockheed granted VSI a contract to fix the vibration, jitter, night-vision and sensor display problems in their helmet mounted display. The improved displays are expected to be delivered in third quarter of 2013

Helmet Mounted Sight
The Helmet Mounted Sight (HMS) or Display (HMD) is a relatively recent addition to the fighter cockpit. The first devices in this category emerged during the late seventies, as an aid to targeting second generation heatseeking missiles. Given the limitations of both sight and missile technology of that period, the HMS slipped into obscurity for several years, only to be resurrected with the advent of fourth generation heatseeking missiles (WVR AAMs). At this time the HMS and newer, more capable HMDs are seeing a resurgence in the marketplace and can now be expected to become a standard feature in the cockpit of any new build fighter aircraft.
The fundamental idea behind all HMD/HMS designs is that of using the pilot's Eyeball Mk.1 as a cueing device to direct a missile seeker at a target, to facilitate a rapid lock and missile shot. This was not a very strong requirement with second and third generation heatseeking missiles, since the capable Air Intercept (AI) radars which proliferated with the teen series (and teenski series) fighters typically had several dogfighting modes which were designed to rapidly acquire and track a target. The missile seekers were "slaved" to the antenna boresight, and thus once the radar locked on to the target the missile seekers would also lock very shortly thereafter. Each missile would be fed with an elevation and azimuth signal produced by the radar, and these signals would be used to steer the missile seeker direction relative to the airframe.
When the first fourth generation missiles appeared, the Soviet Vympel R-73 (AA-11 Archer) and shortly thereafter the Israeli Rafael Python 4, it was clearly apparent that with very large off boresight angles, typically in excess of 60 degrees of arc, the AI intercept radar would no longer be adequate. The reason was simple, in that most antennas could not be easily slewed to angles beyond about 60 degrees. Space under radomes was limited, radome designs not optimised for beam quality at large off-boresight angles, gimbal design limits and servomotor slew rates all contributed to this situation. Last but not least, the cost of retrofitting large numbers of radars would not be trivial. And with the latest fourth generation missiles, like the AIM-132 ASRAAM, the missile itself could be fired over the shoulder at targets in the aft hemisphere. Therefore the HMS idea was resurrected.


The Fly-By-Light Advanced System Hardware (FLASH) program is developing and demonstrating dual use fly-by-light hardware for flight control systems on military and commercial aircraft. Under the transport aircraft portion of this program, we and our industry teammates are demonstrating two representative fly-by-light systems. These fly-by-light demonstrations include a ground demonstration of a partial primary flight control system and a flight demonstration of an aileron trim control system. This paper describes these and discusses the dual use fly-by-light hardware developed for transport aircraft as well as the associated FLASH program demonstrations.

Adaptive Camouflage

Lightweight optoelectronic systems built around advanced image sensors and display panels have been proposed for making selected objects appear nearly transparent and thus effectively invisible. These systems are denoted "adaptive camouflage" because unlike traditional camouflage, they would generate displays that would change in response to changing scenes and lighting conditions. Fa-70 use 3 Generation based off of snake skin design

Gloved Close-coupled canard

In the close-coupled canard, the foreplane is located just above and forward of the main wing. At high angles of attack the canard surface directs airflow downwards over the wing, reducing turbulence which results in reduced drag and increased lift
Pratt & Whitney YF220pw-200


are mechanically very similar to ramjets. Like a ramjet, they consist of an inlet, a combustor, and a nozzle. The primary difference between ramjets and scramjets is that scramjets do not slow the oncoming airflow to subsonic speeds for combustion, they use supersonic combustion instead. The name "scramjet" comes from "supersonic combusting ramjet." Since scramjets use supersonic combustion they can operate at speeds above Mach 6 where traditional ramjets are too inefficient. Another difference between ramjets and scramjets comes from how each type of engine compresses the oncoming air flow: while the inlet provides most of the compression for ramjets, the high speeds at which scramjets operate allow them to take advantage of the compression generated by shock waves, primarily oblique shocks.[20]
Very few scramjet engines have ever been built and flown. In May 2010 the Boeing X-51 set the endurance record for the longest scramjet burn at over 200 seconds.[21]

Precooled jets / LACE

Intake air is chilled to very low temperatures at inlet in a heat exchanger before passing through a ramjet and/or turbojet and/or rocket engine. Easily tested on ground. Very high thrust/weight ratios are possible (~14) together with good fuel efficiency over a wide range of airspeeds, Mach 0-5.5+; this combination of efficiencies may permit launching to orbit, single stage, or very rapid, very long distance intercontinental travel. Exists only at the lab prototyping stage. Examples include RB545, Reaction Engines SABRE, ATREX. Requires liquid hydrogen fuel which has very low density and requires heavily insulated tankage.


The Electro-optical Targeting System (EOTS) is an affordable, high-performance, lightweight, multi-functional system for precision air-to-air and air-to-surface targeting. The low-drag, stealthy EOTS is integrated into the Lightning II's fuselage with a durable sapphire window and is linked to the aircraft's integrated central computer through a high-speed fiber-optic interface.

The EOTS uses a staring mid-wave 3rd-generation forward-looking infrared that provides superior target detection and identification at greatly increased standoff ranges. EOTS also provides high-resolution imagery, automatic tracking, infrared search and track, laser designation and rangefinding and laser spot tracking. As the world’s first and only system that shares a Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod and IRST systems legacy, it provides high reliability and efficient two-level maintenance.

 Internal mounted on Rotary Launcher Assembly

Each weapons bay is equipped with a rotary launcher and two bomb-rack assemblies. In tests, the FA-70 successfully released B-61  nuclear and mk84 conventional missiles an bombs  from the rotary rocket launcher, and  Aim-120  and aim 188 ADRAM conventional weapons from the missile an bomb racks. The B61-12 is an earth-penetrating nuclear bomb for use against deeply buried and hardened targets. The B61  is a strategic free-fall nuclear bomb.

                                                                  Rotary Launcher Assembly
                                                          weapons louds

PGU-25/U HEI    PGU-23/U TP
PGU-25/U HEI    PGU-23/U TP
Stations    internal weapon bays
12 AIM-120C AMRAAM or
10 AIM-132 ASRAAM and

2 AGM-154 JSOW or
2 Brimstone or
2 GBU-12 Paveway LGB or
2 GBU-31/32/38 JDAM or
8 GBU-39 SDB or
2 CBU-87/89 CBU or
2 CBU-103/104/105 WCMD      internal weapon bays
2 AIM-120C AMRAAM or
2 AIM-132 ASRAAM and

2 AGM-154 JSOW or
2 Brimstone or
2 GBU-12 Paveway LGB or
2 GBU-31/32/38 JDAM or
8 GBU-39 SDB or
2 CBU-87/89 CBU or
2 CBU-103/104/105 WCMD     
12 AIM-120C AMRAAM or
12 AIM-132 ASRAAM and

5 AGM-154 JSOW or
6 Brimstone or
4GBU-12 Paveway LGB or
4 GBU-31/32/38 JDAM or
8 GBU-39 SDB or
12 CBU-87/89 CBU or
12 CBU-103/104/105 WCMD
    2 under-wing missiles
4 AIM-9X Sidewinder or
4 AIM-120B/C AMRAAM    4 under-wing missiles
2 AIM-9X Sidewinder or
2 AIM-120B/C AMRAAM    4 under-wing missiles
2 AIM-9X Sidewinder or
    24  hardpoints
AGM-65 Maverick
Storm Shadow
GBU-10/12/16/24 LGB
Mk 82/83/84 GP
CBU-99/100 Rockeye II
transport pods     4 hardpoints
AGM-65 Maverick
Storm Shadow
GBU-10/12/16/24 LGB
Mk 82/83/84 GP
CBU-99/100 Rockeye II
transport pods     4 hardpoints
AGM-65 Maverick
Storm Shadow
GBU-10/12/16/24 LGB
Mk 82/83/84 GP
CBU-99/100 Rockeye II
GBU-50 crusher

transport pods

Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) is a future data waveform to provide secure data-linking technology between stealth aircraft. It began as a method to coordinate between F-35 aircraft (the Joint Strike Fighter), but HQ Air Combat Command wants to expand the capabiltiy to coordinate future USAF strike forces of all AF stealth aircraft, including the B-2, F-22, and unmanned systems. MADL is expected to provide needed throughput, latency, frequency-hopping and anti-jamming capability with phased Array Antenna Assemblies (AAAs) that send and receive tightly directed radio signals.[1] MADL uses the Ku band.

 FA-70  EOTS

The Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics directed the Air Force and NaF-35 Lightning II EOTS
The Electro-Optical Targeting System (EOTS) is the world’s first and only sensor
that combines forward-looking infrared (FLIR) and infrared search and track (IRST)
functionality. It provides the Warfighter with an affordable, high-performance, lightweight,
multi-functional system for precision air-to-air and air-to-surface tracking in a compact
package. The pilot has access to high-resolution imagery, automatic tracking, IRST, laser
designation and rangefinding and laser spot tracking at greatly increased standof
f ranges.
Integrated into the F-35 Lightning II’s fuselage with a durable sapphire window, the
low-drag, stealthy EOTS is linked to the aircraft’s central computer through a high-speed
fiber-optic interfacevy to integrate MADL among the F-22, F-35 and B-2, to one another and to the rest of network.

• Rugged, low-profile, faceted window for
supersonic, low-observable performance
• Compact single aperture design
• Lightweight (<200 lbs), including
window assembly
• Advanced, third-generation, focal plane
• Air-to-surface FLIR tracker and air-to-air
IRST modes
• Modular design for two-level
maintenance to reduce life cycle cost
• Automatic boresight and aircraft
• Tactical and eye-safe diode pumped laser
• Laser spot tracker
• Passive and active ranging
• Highly accurate geo-coordinate
generation to meet precision strike

 The Advanced Concept Ejection Seat (ACES) was designed to be rugged and lightweight compared to earlier systems. It also was designed to be easy to maintain and updatable. It includes the following features:

    Electronic Sequencing and timing
    Mortar-deployed main chute
    Auto sensing of egress conditions
    Parachute reefing to control opening at all speed ranges
    Multi-Mode operation for optimum recovery of the crewman

The ACES II is a third-generation seat, capable of ejecting a pilot from zero-zero conditions up to maximum altitude and airspeeds in the 600 KEAS range. The peak catapult accelleration is about 12gz. The ACES II has three main operating modes, one each for the low speed/low altitude, medium speed, and high speed/high altitude. In Mode 1, which includes 0-0 up to 250kts, the parachute is inflating in less than two seconds. In Mode 2 the chute is inflating in less than 6 seconds. Mode 2 is effective up to the maximum rated speed of the seat. Mode 3 deployment is delayed by the sequencer until the seat-man package reaches either Mode 2, or Mode 1 conditions, whichever comes first. Primarily, Mode 3 refers to operation above 15000 feet where separation from the seat would result in disconnection from the emergency oxygen, and also possible lead to more severe opening shock of the parachute due to differing atmospheric conditions.

Seat modes are selected by the sequencer based on atmospheric conditions, and the modes vary depending on differences in the conditions such as apparent airspeed and apparent altitude.

A light-weight crewman would reach an apogee of close to 200 feet if they ejected at ground level with zero airspeed. Typical performance is as follows:

Aircraft Attitude     Velocity
Knots     Altitude
0-Deg Pitch, 60-Deg Roll*     120     0
0-Deg Pitch, 180-Deg Roll     150     150
0-Deg Pitch, 0-Deg Roll     150     116
10,000-FPM Sink Rate
-60-Deg Pitch, 0-Deg Roll     200     335
-30-Deg Pitch, 0-Deg Roll     450     497
-60-Deg Pitch, 60-Deg Roll     200     361
-45-Deg Pitch, 180-Deg Roll     250     467
* For this case, impact occurs at the instant the
seat and aircraft are separated. In all other cases,
conditions are at initiation of the catapult rocket.

The seat structure is primarily aluminum alloy stamp formed with ridges for structural strength. The box-like structure is refered to as a monocoque construction. The back section which is nominally 16 inches wide has a set of three rollers on each side which interface with the extruded aluminum rails in the cockpit. These rails are identical to the rails used for Escapac seats (also a Douglas Aircraft {McDonnell-Douglas} product). The seat bucket is wider with a maximum width of 20 inches. The seat itself weighs approximately 127 pounds in most versions, with the rocket-catapult weighing 21LBs. The propulsion is a CKU-5/A/A rocket-catapult which uses a conventional solid propellant catapult charge to start seat movement, and a solid-propellant rocket motor to sustain the movement. The rocket motor is ignited at the end of the catapult stroke as the seat leaves the aircraft. The rocket-catapult is attatched to the seat at the headrest end and to the cockpit at the base via a twin-barrel linear actuator which provides for seat height adjustment. The nominal adjustment range is +2.5-inch vertical adjustment. The actuator is attatched at the fixed base to the cockpit structure and at the upper end via twin screw barrels to the base of the rocket-catapult. I have recently recieved information that the CKU-5/A/A is being phased out and replaced with the more environmentally friendly propellent version known as the CKU-5/B.

Seat functions are normally activated by the Recovery Sequencing Subsytem which consists of the environmental sensing unit , and the recovery sequencing unit, an electronic box located inside the seat rear on the right hand side. The environmental sensing unit consists of two altitude compensated dynamic pressure transducers, and two static pressure transducers. The dynamic pressure sensors (pitot tubes) are located on or near the headrest and read the air pressure as the seat exits the aircraft. The pressure differential between them and the ambient (static) sensors behind the seat is compared by the recovery sequencing unit to determine what operating mode the sequencer should select. The sequencer is fully redundant with two thermal batteries, two electrical systems, and an individual bridge wire from each in each of the electro-explosive squibs. The thermal batteries are activated by hot gas bled off from the catapult firing. There is a small window on the right side of the seat back to check the batteries for signs that they have been fired.

Firing of the seat is normally by pulling one of the ejection control handles mounted on the seat bucket sides. (On ACES seats fitted to F-16s and F-22s the ejection control handle is located in the center of the front of the seat bucket) The side pull handles are mechanically linked so that raising one will lift the other as well. Raising the handles actuates a pair of initiators via mechanical linkages. See below for the basic sequence of events that follows. On the F-16 the center pull handle rotates a bellcrank to pull the pair of linkages visible in this picture to withdraw the sears from both initiators. This seat was fired, and the sears are seen dangling from the linkages. In the left of the picture is the spring which provides the resistance to the pull making it about a 40-50 lb pull. On the right side of the picture is the linkage from the safety handle which locks the bellcrank mechanism.

One particularly unique feature to the ACES II is the STAPAC package. STAPAC is a vernier rocket motor mounted under the seat near the rear. It is mounted on a tilt system controlled by a basic pitch-rate gyro system. This system is designed to help solve one of the great problems inherent to ejection seat systems. Center of mass/Center of gravity is extremely important in terms of keeping the thrust of the booster rocket from inducing a tumble. Rocket nozzles for the main boost of a seat are aligned to provide thrust through the nominal center of gravity of the seat-man package. The STAPAC provides a counter force to prevent extreme pitching in cases where the CG is off by up to +2 inches. This picture displays a F-16 ACES II from below. The STAPAC is visible as is the seat separation rocket on the left side. The seat is resting on its front and a pair of ground handling skids are mounted on the seat sides. The yellow flag is a safety pin preventing accidental firing of the STAPAC. The white colored lines are from the sequencer, and the twin firing initator cartridges are visible at the lower front with the black pyrotechnic lines leading from them.

Another unusual feature is related to the survival kit. In most ejection seats the survival kit is a rigid fiberglass box that makes up the seat inside the seat bucket. The ACES II survival kit is a soft pack that is stored under a fiberglass seat lid that is hinged at the front. When the pilot separates from the seat, the straps that connect him to the survival kit lift the seat lid up and forward. The seat kit then slips free from the rear end. The seat lid is latched in place normally, and released at seat separation when the Restraint Release Cartridge fires and rotates a bellcrank that releases the seat lid, shoulder harnesses, lap belt, and chute mortar disconnect. On the front of the seat bucket is a port that allows the crewmember to select the operation mode of the URT-33C survival beacon. The port also has a switch that allows the crewman to select automatic deployment of the seat kit, or manual deployment. For the URT-33C beacon, in the AUTO mode, the beacon would activate at man-seat separation. (For maintainance, a equipment release knob is located at the top rear of the right side of the seat bucket.)

The Inertia Reel Harness Assembly is located in the center of the seat back just below the headrest. The inertia reel fulfills two functions: (1) it acts like the shoulder belt in a car, restraining the pilot against a 2gx forward (-x) motion. (2) upon ejection, it retracts the pilot to an upright posture to minimize the possibility of spinal damage due to spinal misallignment upon catapult ignition. On the left side of the seat bucket there is a handle which allows the crew member to manually lock the reel prior to intense manuvers or landing to prevent possible injuries.

The Drogue System consists of a hemisflo chute, a small extraction chute, and the Drogue Mortar. The drogue mortar is fired in Mode 2 and Mode 3 to slow and stabilize the seat-man package. This is intended to prevent or limit the injuries to the crewmember as he/she is exposed to the windblast after exiting the aircraft. The mortar fires a 1.2 Lb slug of metal that draws the extraction chute out which by means of a lanyard deploys the drogue chute. The extraction chute is packed in a small wedge-shaped container on the upper left rear of the seat covered with metalized fabric. The lanyard is also covered in the metalized fabric. The drogue mortar is below this, and the drogue is packed in the metal covered box below this. The lid to the drogue is retained by a small plunger unit that is held in place by machining on the slug and released when the mortar fires. The drogue bridles are attached on either side of the seat. Many of these features are visible in this pictureThe bridles are wrapped around a set of rods and are cut by a set of pyrotechnic cutters when the sequencer determines that it is time to jettison the drogues prior to main chute deployment.

The seat is safed by means of a Safety Lever on the left side of the seat bucket which prevents the seat from being fired when the lever is in the up/forward position. When it is down/back flat against the side of the bucket, it allows the seat to be fired. The picture shows a F-16 handle in the Safe position. This picture shows a fired seat with the handle in the armed position. Note the firing handle is pulled out and resting on the seat cushion. The small tab on the handle engages a microswitch in the hole in the seat bucket side to electrically report to the aircraft the arming state of the seat.

The Emergency Manual Chute Handle is located on the right hand side of the seat bucket, and functions to fire the main chute mortar and initiate seat separation in case of failure of the electronic sequencer. Unlike other seats, the manual chute handle is inhibited in the aircraft and prevents the systems from functioning while the seat is still in the rails. In the event of ground egress, the crewman would have to unstrap the two shoulder harness connections, the two seat kit connections and the lap belt prior to egressing the aircraft. Given the 0-0 capability of the seat, in any case requiring extremely rapid egress, ejection would be a viable alternative. In early seats this function did not include the mortar cartridge and the handle was labled 'Restraint Emergency Release'. Pulling it would unlatch the same items, but relied on the pilot chute in the headrest to deploy the main parachute. The recommended procedure was to pull the handle with the right hand and push up on the pitot tube extensions with the left for more positive extension. On seats like the B-1B which had folding pitot tubes this was not an option, and the additional mortar cartridge was added. This picture shows both handles, the early one from a fired seat, the second from a live seat, showing the safety pin installation as well.

The emergency oxygen system consists of an oxygen bottle attached to the seat back, an automatic activation lanyard, and a manual pull ring (the green ring visible on the left hand seat pan side in this picture). As the seat rises up the rails, the lanyard activates the oxygen bottle and allows the crewman access to oxygen as long as he is still connected to the seat. During an in-flight emergency that does not require ejection, the oxygen bottle provides breathable air for enough time to return the aircraft to 10000 feet or below where the atmosphere is thick enough for the pilot to breath.

ACES II Event/Time Sequence
Typical Event        Mode 1        Mode 2        Mode 3
Rocket-Catapult Fires        0.0        0.0        0.0
Drogue Deploys        Note 2        0.17        0.17
STAPAC Ignites        0.18        0.18        0.18
Parachute Deploys        0.20        1.17        Note 1
Drogue Releases from seat        Note 2        1.32        Note 1
Seat Releases from Crewman        0.45        1.42        Note 1
Parachute Inflates        1.8        2.8        Note 1
Survival Kit Deploys        5.5        6.3        Note 1
Note 1: In Mode 3 the sequence delays until the conditions drop below the Mode 3 boundry, then the parachute deploys after a 1.0 second delay.
Note 2: Drogue Chute is not deployed in Mode 1 Ejections, but the drogue line cutters will fire to make sure.
Note 3: The info in this table is for the F-15/F-16/F-117. Other seats have slightly different timings.

ACES II Explosives
Mechanical and Electro-explosive
(2) JAU-8/A25 Ejection Initiatiors for the left and right ejection control handles.
(1) Inertia Reel Gas Initiator which provides ballistic pressure to propel grease into the inertia reel that locks the pilot back into the seat upon ejection.
(1) Pitch Stabilization and Control Assy (STAPAC) which includes a gas grain generator and a vernier rocket which is ignited by the #2 P-lead from the Recovery Sequencer. This STAPAC is used to stabilize and correct for the pitch axis of the seat during a MODE 1 (low and slow) ejection. The STAPAC fires in all modes of ejection.
(1) Drogue Gun Cartridge for the drogue gun. This cartridge fires the drogue gun which propels a 1.2 pound slug into the airstream and to deploy the extraction chute, and eventually the hemisflow drogue chute, to slow down and stabilize the ejection seat during a MODE 2 or 3 high speed ejection. This drogue gun is fired from electrical voltage provided to P-3 from the Recovery Sequencer.
(2) Mortar Disconnect Assy. Cartridges fired by the #4 P-lead (primary cartridge) and P-11 from the emergency power supply (secondary cartridge) that is used to propel and deploy the recovery parachute.
(2) Severance Cutters that is used to cut away the drogue chute in all three modes of recovery. (The drogue chute is not deployed in MODE 1 but the bridle lines are cut anyway by the sequencer. This simplifies the sequencer by not adding the additional function needed to prevent the cutters from firing.) The cutters are fired from the # 5 and 6 P-leads from the Recovery Sequencer.
(1) Restraint Release Cartridge that is connected to the P-7 lead from the Recovery Sequencer. This component, when fired, rotates the bellcrank down and releases the lap belts, inertia reel straps, seat pan latch, and primary mortar disconnect pin.
(1) Emergency Mortar Cartridge that is connected to the P-11 lead from the Recovery Sequencer. This is used to fire the main chute mortar either in the event of a failure (or suspected failure) of the sequencer separation, or in the event that the crewman determines that it is in his/her best interest to separate from the seat earlier than the sequencer would.
(2) Reefing Line Cutters attached to the recovery parachute that fires 1.15 seconds after the recovery parachute is deployed. This delays the full inflation of the chute so the pilot does not get ripped in two by a rapid deceleration after it is deployed. Pilots just hate when they get ripped in two.
The Trajectory Divergence Rocket separates the two seats from each other in two place aircraft such as the F-15E and F-16D after ejection. It also functions to add a roll impulse to the seat in Mode 1 ejections that provides for greater separation between the crewman and the seat. The Divergence rocket is fired by P-9 of the recovery sequencer. Single seat F-16s are also fitted with a TDR as shown in this picture.



Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Since its ascension as the world's most powerful economy in 2031, China has continued to grow and become arguably the most powerful nation on Earth.

Seizing the opportunity that few saw once the sea levels began to rise, China invested heavily in additional infrastructure on its new coastline, moving displaced populations and recovering its economic losses faster than any other nation, partly due to revenue gained from the Chinese built and operated Trans-Eurasian Railway. By 2021 China had solidified what was originally a non-aggression pact with its neighbors and cemented its place of power in a regional sphere of influence. That same year, China officially annexed Mongolia, having already essentially bought it through years of economic expansion into Mongolia's coal industry.

In 2039 western powers, fearing the rise of the Asian superpower as a threat to their economic interests, united in what ultimately became the Third World War. The conflict, however, was remarkably short, lasting only two years after NATO air and naval defenses were crushed by the now superior Chinese Air Force and Navy. With economic sanctions in Europe and America driving riots and calls for peace in major western cities, NATO sued for Peace in October of 2041.

Today China is a superpower whose success in the last world war has granted it dominion over most of the world's oceans, save for the North Atlantic. Chinese aircraft carriers and submarines patrol trade lanes, keeping them secure for the global economy. They face minor resistance from Tibetan and Turkic nationalists, and Mongolia has long since been pacified. However, Asia and much of the world is facing a demographic crisis, as an aging population and low birth rates put a strain on tax revenue and economic growth. As such, china has begun to import more and more of their high-tech products and outsourced more of their production to Africa and the Americas, rare outliers on the demographic crunch, whose younger populations have spurred a new wave of innovation.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

The great rebellion of Aztlan seemed to be coming to an end by December 2134. The rebel capital was forced to relocate to Phoenix, Arizona after the Union victory at Denver. Utah, an autonomous state in Aztlan, went so far as to sue for a separate peace on May 11; with victories in Texas and California, Aztlan’s few remaining forces were left to prepare Phoenix for siege. As Union forces prepared to surround and capture Phoenix, and perceiving a Union victory as an external threat to Mexican sovereignty, Mexican president Edwin Jaso issued an ultimatum to the US: turn back now or face a larger war. Many northern Mexicans supported Aztlan’s bid for independence, and under the dual citizenship program, the Aztlan rebels were technically Mexican citizens. The US ignored Jaso's ultimatum, and upon entering the outskirts of Phoenix, on December 9, 2132 Mexico detonated its nuclear arsenal along the DMZ to clear a path to invade the American Southwest, killing 10,000 US military personnel during the attack, and destroying the majority of American tactical nuclear weapons. Upon reaching Phoenix, Mexican forces were met with cheers from many citizens and silent awe from those unsure of what this war now means. Bombardment from the Mexican Orbitals, and advanced ground based defense systems severely reduced the American ability to respond, leaving fighting primarily on land and at sea. With US allies and worldwide forces engaging Mexican client states in Eurasia and Africa, few reinforcements could be recalled to defend the homeland, and by the end of 2135 Mexico had advanced as far north as southern Oregon, Idaho, and Colorado.

After pushing US forces as far back as Denver, and destroying the US Naval blockades whilst creating their own around New Orleans and Ecuador, President Jaso arrived in Santa Fe on November 19, 2135, declaring the rebel American states to be Mexican territory and committed to secure the territory lost to the US in the First Mexican American War, almost three centuries ago. Many Mexican-Americans that had supported the Atzlan rebellion were opposed to outright annexation, and formed independent resistance groups, while previously neutral citizens sided with the Union. With Mexico poised for critical victories on the homefront, and US forces tied down abroad, on November 25, 2135, President Lionel Halvidar lifted the self-imposed ban on using bombardment weapons on US territory and began striking Mexican held assets in the South West. Orbital bombardments by Mexico and the US were constantly being interrupted by both sides’ space forces, leaving the fighting on Earth largely to terrestrial forces, but the American bombardment campaign had finally stalled Mexico’s advance.

With their allies advanced stalled in Ecuador after American reinforcements arrived from Machupe and Australia, Mexico began to seek an ally to limit the ability of the US to move forces even further. In a secret meeting in Athens on January 9, 2136, Mexico and Poland agreed to ally against the US, with Mexico guaranteeing Polish dominance over Northern Europe, and Poland agreeing to engage the US directly to limit any movement of potential American forces to reinforce the homeland. On January 25, 2136 Poland entered the war with Mexico pulling the US into a protracted war across the planet. Mexico had also succeeded in a blocade and limited invasion of the Moon, depriving the American war machine of its most immediate source of Helium-3. The blockade, and subsequent invasion of key Lunar assets, were resisted by the US Lunar Guard and local Space Force personnel, but with the majority of US Space Forces committed to Earth Orbit, Luna's forces were only able to limit Mexico's access to Helium-3 supplies and shipyards, rather than retaking them for the US. US forces in the Americas were now left with no hope of reinforcements from abroad and were operating under power rationing, leaving US-Allied forces to operate under Fabian tactics to do little more than slow Mexico’s advance.

As Mexico secured its gains in the Southwest and left American forces stretched thin across the planet supporting their allies, President Halvidar initiated a bold strategy. Just after assuming office and granting statehood to many colonial territories, President Halvidar used his executive powers to seize a fleet of incomplete ships, built by the colonies during the Second Martian Revolution, as vessels of the US Space Force. On August 11th, 2136, Halvidar nationalized the Planetary Guards of the colonies and called them to defend the Homeland in what would become Operation Stardust. The colonies used this secretly constructed fleet to speed toward the Earth to relieve US terrestrial forces. The ships were outfitted in what was the latest in military hardware, including next generation Space Force armor that were capable of re-entry and orbital flight. Mexico detected the fleet on August 24th, and on August 27th the first wave of colonial forces would reach Earth. Hoping to end the war before the American colonials arrived, Mexico launched a daring attack of its own on the US capitol of Washington D.C., detonating a nuclear flare above the city and invading from orbit on August 26th. With the remaining domestic naval detachments engaged with Mexico in the Gulf, and Army forces fighting to hold onto territory in the Rockies, the capital was largely undefended. Mexico deployed a force of 20,000 from their Orbitals, in a battle against 5,000 US reservists that would ultimately be a turning point in the war.

Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

The United Federation of China was the culmination of a decade's of work by the Unity Society of Taiwan and the Social Democratic Alliance in the waning People's Republic, with a little help from American economic and military support to combat the Japanese during the last World War. Formally founded in 2058 the new China looked to have finally gotten over the millenia of cycles of growth, disparity, and revolution that had plagued Chinese civilization since its inception. The Federation shared in the prosperity of the post-war world, its economy bolstered by American investment and the return of its low lying coast-lands after the refreeze that let the Chinese rebuild their greatest cities. The flood had driven millions of Chinese inland, and driven a new kind of cultural revolution that spread the wealth and skills of the richer coastal areas to the poorer inland provinces. When the waters receded, and Shanghai was returned from the seas, the children of those pilgrims to the frontier returned to their parent's cities, and built an economic boom that returned China to its position as the economic heart of Asia, and the second largest economy on Earth.

The prosperity was short lived, as it was for every nation by the end of the 21st Century. The population crisis of the Americans could not compare to that of China. Where the United States began to feel the stings of an inflated workforce made redundant by advances in robotics and automation by the late 2070s, China had been reeling from economic depression for most of the decade. When the gates opened for a new wave of colonists to Mars in 2081, was it any wonder that the Chinese 
saw the largest transfer of citizens to the American space colonies? Over half a billion people from China flooded to the colonies in the space of 20 years, abandoning their homeland for the promise of a better life in space. For those that stayed behind, a power vacuum was left by the elites that had fled. By 2096, many Chinese leaders sought to adopt the Quantum Economic Model that had freed the colonies from economic disaster. After several pilot programs in Shanghai, Hangzhou, and Nanning, the government began to move forward with plans to be the first nation on Earth to implement the colonial model. Unfortunately for the Chinese, the Mex-American Cold War intervened.

China was America's strongest ally in Asia, and its military was often involved in proxy wars in South-east Asia and the Pacific to counter Mexican sponsored separatists. After the end of the Second Vietnam War, many Chinese soldiers returned home to not only find their economy still devoid of opportunities, but the Federalist government delaying pensions for veterans. The whole situation was a powder keg, and Mexico was quick to exploit it for their own benefit. After making contacts with local regionalists, Mexican operatives quickly established separatists movements from within local Chinese Army regiments. With a little social engineering, all of Southern China was quickly in open revolt against the Federalist government in Beijing. The revolts in the South eventually became a coup de tat that forced the Americans to invade and pacify the Chinese capital. After a short, but costly civil war, some order began to be restored by 2108 and a provisional republic governed from American-run Shanghai had been propped up. Taiwan and Manchuria were in open rebellion, but not by Mexican sponsored revolutionaries, but revolts from local governments who refused to submit to a government so incapable of keeping the country in one piece. As the Americans and Mexicans grapple for dominance, it is not yet clear how much of China will pay the price.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Not sure what a holiday is... but have a happy one anyways!

-A gift for you and your friends! send someone you know this Tentacle Kitty Holiday card!-
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

What do I dream about? Cotton Candy Mice... Nyam!
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

NinjaKitty fainted before he could explain this whole missile-toe s thing...
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Remeber when I lost my LC coloring mojo? [link]
Well, it finally returned lol (about time!).

My main goal was to make it as less flat as possible. I hope I succeeded (at least it looks better than past ones). Bottom snake is incomplete, Shiori didn't finished it and I got lazy XD

PS: I got the hint about no one wanting an art trade with me haha :(


¿Recuerdan cuando perdí mi mojo para colorear el LC? [link]
Bno, ya regresó (¡y ya era hora!)

La meta aquí era que se viera lo menos plano posible. Creo que lo logré (al menos en comparación con anteriores). La serpiente de abajo está incompleta, a Shiori se le olvidó y a mi me dio pereza XD

PD: entendí la indirecta de que nadie quiere hacer art trade conmigo jaja :(

Valentine & Saint Seiya The Lost Canvas © Masami Kurumada & Shiori Teshirogi:

Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Birthday present for myself.
(done in about 4hrs, that's a record)


Regalo de cumpleaños para mi.
(hecho como en 4hrs, eso es un record)

Lineart by :iconxcolorstudio: ll Fractal stock by :iconfractalangel-stock:
Kardia & Saint Seiya The Lost Canvas © Masami Kurumada & Shiori Teshirogi:

Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

Just finished this. Haven't even watched the rest of the episode yet. For all I know one of them came up with the exact same strip as me. Came up with the idea within 5 minutes or so, so I was able to spend most of the time on the art. Still barely finished it.

Crud, and I just realized I didn't color the Cap'n's hat in the last panel. Oh well.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

I put out a call for some guest comics and I got fan art as well. Here's a version of Sydney by Holly.S. It's a little jarring at first cause we're all used to seeing her anime style like I draw her, but this is probably much closer to what she'd actually look like in real life.
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.

A commission I got about a year ago at A-kon by Fred Perry of Gold Digger fame. :iconfredgdperry:

Since this might get shared around a bit I'll mention that she's the main character of my webcomic, Grrl Power [link]
Add a Comment:
No comments have been added yet.