Dari Praktika Bisnis Karnivora hingga Distorsi Mulut Setan, dari Ilmu Tentang Racun hingga Dead Raven dan Higher Than Mountain… Tarankanua membawa Belati, dari Rawa ia menantang Emosi Tradisi.. Medani sebagai Panutan, pengukuhan diri sebagai Manusia baja…
Terimakasih Hitam Semesta, Segan KOMUNAL..
Komunal is a heavy metal band from swamp, check their sound here [link]
Allatar and Pallando (no doubt known by different names at this point) meet for a chai, somewhere in the vast expanses of the East.
The blue wizards fascinate me. They are perhaps the two most significant absentees of the events of the third age in the west in middle-earth, having ventured off east and never returning; theirs was the only (remarked upon) excursion of the ainur into the east, and in them and their story (what precious little we have of it) as with little details like the oliphants or the "apes of the southern juggles," middle-earth is expanded out beyond being merely some pseudo-european mythical world and comes to feel more like a fictionalized version of, well, the whole world. Tolkien changed his mind a few times about the blue wizards; his original concept, presented in he appendices to the Lord of the Rings and in the Unfinished Tales, placed them as the last two members of the istari, who went far out into the east of middle-earth and never returned, founding cults and magic traditions, but in this early concept, generally speaking, the blue wizards (like radaghast and saruman) are supposed to have failed in their larger mission (to inspire the people of middle earth to action and contest the rise of Sauron) becoming terminally side-tracked in their journeys. His later conception of the duo was less critical, placing their arrival in middle-earth midway through the second age, several thousand years before Saruman Gandalf and Radaghast, and in this version they are remarked to have had a great impact as missionaries to the east, successfully combating the influence of evil and instilling in the peoples and cultures of the far off eastern lands some much needed knowledge of the Powers in the True West.
personally I can't make up my mind as to which concept I like better. I definitely prefer the notion of the five Istari coming to middle-earth as a unit, and the concept of maiar spirits being sent to middle-earth to do a particular job and instead becoming lost in the vastness of the world is really interesting to me, much more interesting than them simply carrying out the rather narrow task of missionary work, but at the same time it's nice to think that the Valar would give SOME thought to the children of men outside of the edain (the case has been made elsewhere - and I think it's a sound one - that it's just a little douchey of both the elves and the Valar to hold it against the "evil" men of the south and east that they came to worship the only one of the divine powers who actually bothered to show himself to them) and if the blue wizards were sent to middle-earth with stated purpose of going east, it is reasonable to believe that through their influence the peoples and cultures out there gained some awareness of the creator and the divine truth of the world they live in.
It was suggested to me that the Blue Wizards should look ethnically like the people of the farther regions of middle-earth who they would be interacting with, which seems especially fitting if they were indeed MEANT to go east (and provided a great opportunity, artistically, to draw on "wizards" from non-european cultures). I was going for a very central-asian feel to their rendezvous setting, and also to have them look like they've been living apart, among different peoples in different lands (the "East" always reffered to as one unified, villainous entity by westerners, is infact far bigger and more diverse than the west). it was a matter of some debate for me whether or not they should still retain their blue robes (leave it to the valar to be tone-deaf enough to clothe their two emmisarries heading out farthest into hostile territory in the rarest and therefore most conspicuous dye color, because it's "the color of the sea") but finally i thought they should retain their colors, reworked and re-tailored as cultural stylings dictate, and finally hidden (like gandalf's white) under less attention-grabbing garments. imagine the two meeting for the first time in many, many years, possibly to discuss the reemergence of sauron, (or maybe just to catch up over a nice bowl of hashish)
this was a really fun picture to do and to think about. maybe there's an inherent fondness for those tantalizing little side characters we only get to hear a word or two about, but I've got to love the blue wizards for going out east and becoming immersed. i see them as the sort of rebellious ones; they came to do their mission but got kind of floored by how huge and awe inspiring the world is, and came to develop a personal affinity for the under-cared-for people of the east, as both inherently good, empathetic children of illuvatar, and as a people under constant pressure from the forces of evil. I like to think that in attempting to undo things like dragon-worship and curb the spread of ruthless mordor-supported warlords, they had alot of work cut out for them - not the least of which being relentlessly hunted by servants of sauron - and came in time to relish the task (saruman is of course rebellious as well, but more like the ivy league educated success case who crashes and burns in his mid thirties, they "failed in different ways" as tolkien puts it)
I recently watched the movie "Elizabeth" starring Kate Blanchett, and was compelled to do a painting of the Queen. She sacrificed her entire life to England, was known as The Virgin Queen, and her reign known as The Golden Years.
*********************************** I should like to make clear that this is a sketch copied from ~JesusFood, a far better artist than I. His sketches are beautiful, extremely well drawn - they inspired me to draw again after many years having not. Go see how his are -- and where I'd like mine to be -- and note how far I have to go... ~S! ************************************
British Soldier with Lewis Gun, 1916
So, another Tommy, this time in 1916. He is therefore likely a member of one of the service battalions, one of Kitchener's Army. By 1916, after a year and a half of training and preparation, they were ready to be blooded in their first major action, the Battle of the Somme.
Despite months of meticulous planning on the part of Douglas Haig and his staff - much maligned, quite unfairly, after his death - the first day would go down as the bloodiest day of the British Army with 57,470 casualties in total. Tactics had a long way to go before they would reach their zenith during the Hundred Days campaign of 1918, but an intensive week long bombardment crucially failed to cut the German wire. A pause between the bombardment and H-Hour allowed Germans to re-man their positions. A lack at this point of heavy artillery meant that many of the german dugouts had withstood the bombardment reasonably safely. As a result, the promised walkover never happened and in many places the troops failed to reach their objectives and were torn to pieces. Facing withering machine gun and rifle fire, they were also subjected to the German artillery, which had not been heavily targeted in the week-long preliminary bombardment and not enough British guns were allocated to counter-battery fire on the day. By mid-afternoon, the Germans were launching desperate counter attacks and those units who had achieved success found themselves often disorganised and assaulted on 3 sides. Many were hard pressed and would soon find themselves obliged to withdraw.
"Trench practically untenable, full of dead and wounded... Sap absolutely impassable owing to shell fire. Every party that enters it knocked out at once... impossible to man parts of our Front Line and digging quite out of the question... I have as far as I can find, 13 left besides myself. Trenches unrecognisable. Quite impossible to hold. Bombardment fearful for 2 hours. I am the only officer left." - Major Cedric Dickens, 13th (Kensington) Bn, London Regiment, 168th Bde, 56th Div, over the course of the early afternoon.
HOWEVER, for all the malignment of the tactics, in many places they worked. The souther sector was successfully taken, and the middle sectors mostly taken. As evening fell, the 18th (Eastern) and 30th divisions had managed to achieve all their day 1 objectives. Next to them, the 36th (Ulster) Division had achieved the majority of their objectives and were also holding them. Despite this, a breakthrough was not possible - the Germans had an entire second trench system behind the first which remained unbreached.
"We didn't know the first of July was a disaster. The only success was where our Division and the 18th Division gained all their objectives. We thought the war would soon be over as our men were flush with success." - Pte P. Kennedy, 18th Bn, Manchester Regiment, 90th Bde, 30th Div.
Nonetheless, the first day of the Somme was a disaster for the most part, and one which even now forms a part of the British mindset. By the close of the battle in November, over 420,000 British troops would be casualties, for paltry advances rendered all the worse by a German withdrawal of 30 miles to the Hindenberg line in 1917, done successfully with complete secrecy.
Nevertheless, the battle would provide important operational experience which allowed Kitchener's Army to transform into one of the most effective and advanced armies in the world by the Hundred Days' campaign and the end of the war. *
This tommy wears standard uniform - 1907 pattern tunic and weabing, with an 08 pattern bayonet. As a gunner, he should have cylindrical ammo pouches rather than the little sets of 5 for rifle clips. The small haversac on his left would generally not be carried later in the war. He wears a MkI Steel Helmet, recently introduced and generally called by the troops the Tin Hat or Battle Bowler, or simply lid.
This was a commissioned painting for 1st platoon A company 2-27 Infantry Regiment 25th Infantry Division.
In this painting you see the Battle of Gewi Ridge that took place 4-6 June 2011 in Northern Kunar Providence Afghanistan.
Depicted in the painting you see SSG Choo fully exposing himself to fire an AT-4 after identifying one of the enemy machine gun positions. SPC Hayden fires devastatingly accurate and heavy machine gun fire on every enemy position that is called out to him by SGT Manoa. SFC Broe, recognizing that this machine gun is crucial to the survival of his Platoon, runs desperately needed ammo to the machine gun position, exposing himself at the heaviest moments of the battle. As supporting aircraft identify and destroy the hundreds of enemy fighters threatening to mass on the small patrol base, the tireless efforts of the supporting observation posts and their pinpoint accurate mortar systems ensure that the platoon will be victorious.
Made in collaboration under the guidance and historical advice from . After the recent events, she has helped me to see if i can start and get into the habbit of drawing again. Inspired by her recent works on Artemisia of Caria, as well as the poll I made earlier on which "Historical Women Warriors I should Draw?".
In this drawing, she is depicted wearing hauberk/chainmial shirt, as well as a stylized full-face Anglo-Saxon Helmet with little boar, since i'm a bit lazy to draw her face. She is accompanied by her fellow Mercian Lords, as well as her heavily armed retainers or Thegns. I chose this depiction because in my opinion, since she took part in the battle against the Danish Viking, she would have been properly armed and armored just like her mercian lords and thanes, although I may includes some stylization which could be considered inaccurate
Credit goes to ,, and for the inspiration in creation of this drawing
We have heard of the Vikings and how they invaded England. Ferocious in their fight, they would face the equally fierce and brave Anglo-saxons who fought them back that started the period of which, the two wrestled control over England. Amidst the height of the conflict in 10th century, rose one figure who bested the vikings, a Woman who had successfully defeated another of britain's invaders, something that Boudicca failed with the Romans centuries earlier. Her name was Aethelflaed, the Lady of the Mercians, A figure revered by both the English and the Celts for her fight against the Pagan invaders of Britain.
Aethelflaed was the daughter of King Alfred the Great, nd English King of Anglo-Saxon origin, who later married the Lord of Mercia, Aethelred. At this time, the Anglo Saxons were divided into few political divisions, and Alfred needed to secure the alliance he needs to defeat the Vikings who occupied most of eastern and northern England. Various intermarriage between the Anglo-Saxons royal families were therefore important in order to unite them in fighting against the Viking, as such, this is where Aethelflaed comes into part. Her Husband, Aethelred, ruled Mercia which is located north of the Kingdom of Wessex, and shared border with Welsh to the west, and the East Anglians (Viking Dominion) to the east. Despite being one of the prominent power in the region, Althered was loyal to the Wessex King, preferring to be called as Ealdorman. It was from her marriage to him that lady Aethelflaed learned the intrigue of politics, and the necessity of securing political alliances in order to combat the threat of the Vikings.
When Alfred Died in 899, The Mercian Ealdorman Aethelred assured his support for Alfred's Successor, Edward, the brother of Aethelflaed. However, as the time pass, Aethelred grew older and weaker and in the last few years of his reign, Aethelflaed began to assert her control over Mercian affairs, though always in conjuction with her Brother, Edward, whom by now, is the King of Wessex. In 911, Aethelred died, and the control over Mercia passed onto Aethelflaed, which by this time, had already been recognized and gained majority support amongst the Mercian nobility. She also helped her brother Alfred in council over matter ranging from domestic, city-building as well as political affairs, which assisted Alfred greatly. She was, as described in her chronicle, a Woman who protected men at home and intimidated them abroad, due to her superior management and diplomatic skills. Despite her popularity abroad and within, she refused to be called queen, instead, adopted the title "Lady of Mercian" so as to maintain political alliance with her brother Edward.
Ever since then, Edwards developed and executed a new strategy in expanding the realm alongside her sister. Aethelflaed began by building numerous fortifications and burghs alon the mercian border, as well as fending of incusions sent by the Vikings, Irish, and the Northumbrians. This allowed the Anglo-saxons to consolidate their hold over the reigon, and provide source of manpower and supplies before a full force assault on the vikings. Througout much of this period, the tension between the Viking and the Anglo-saxon some what relaxed, however, on the other hand Aethelfaled was tempted into entering Wales and began her campaign against the Welsh, storming Brecenanmere in 916 and subjugating it's welsh king. Later on the following year, the Vikings warbands from Northampton and Leicester marched on to mercia and led a Major assault against it, pillaging many of the towns and slaughtering their inhabitants. Thus, the call of war has been called, from there, Aethelflaed and Edward began to move on the offensive.
One of the famous event in this fight against the vikings was the two pronged attack in 917, Edward would assault the Danes at East Anglia, while Aethelfaled marched towards derby and conquered the Viking stronghold there. The result was the removal of Viking powers in East Anglia, Bedford, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Northampton and Derby, were the survivors pledged their allegiance to Edward. Given the Success, In spring on 918, Edward led an advance on Stamford, while at the same time, Aethelflaed launched an attack on Leicester, both of which were capture by the 2 anglo-saxon assaults. The victories caused a major shock to many of the vikings, that the Vikings of York pledged their submission to Edward, fearing the power and might of the Anglo-Saxons. The brother and sister became celebrated figures due to their success, but alas, such joy did not last long.
In June 918, Aethelflaed fell ill, and passed away. It was a loss that saddened all of Mercia, and to Edward, who had been working closely together with her sister previously, was a moral and emotional shock. But the king wasted no further time and shortly assumed control of Mercia, on which, becuase of his sister's legacy, acknowledged him as the ruler. Now with the support of Mercia, he would ride forth to conquer the remaining Viking strongholds in Midlands and bring back the control of land south of humbler under the English Control after 4 decades of Danish Vikings rule.
But why have we heard so little of her in the history books compared to others like Joan of Arc of Artemisia? Indeed, Aethelflaed played major and important role in helping her brother Edward in his military campaigns against the Vikings, and her considerable military and political ability had contributed to the numerous Victories in freeing England from Viking controls. But alas, the Anglo-Saxon chronicles maintained that Edward should be the sole chief author of the victory as a propaganda in which, the role of Aethelflaed diminished and remained largely forgotten to this day. This was an attempt on which the chronicles wanted to assert political authority over its subject, not of sexual prejudice, but of political design. On the other hand, Aethelflaed was remembered as the " Queen of Saxons" in foreign courts as well as in the Annals of Ulster, preventing her legacy from being completely wiped out.