Text: Aru (Basics)Text: Aru (Basics)3 years ago in Other More Like This
For this tutorial, we'll be covering a few things. Keep in mind that this is just the basics for the following grammar.
Today, we will be learning "aru".
We use the 'ga' particle to introduce or present the item before it. (Later on I'll go more in-depth about the differences between 'ga' and 'wa', but for now, remember to just use 'ga'.)
"item+ga aru" means "there is/are (item)". The "item" in question must be something inanimate (such as a building, thing, or plant [as confirmed by my old Japanese teacher]) or nonliving. This is important to remember while using "aru"!
Let's try out a few sentences:
Asoko ni kissaten ga arimasu.
Over there is a cafe. / There is a cafe over there.
Let's break things down a bit:
あそこに (asoko ni) = over there (far away from both speaker and listener[s])