Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: VerbsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs3 years ago in Other More Like This
This lesson will teach you how to convert between the different forms of verbs in Japanese and how to tell them apart.
There are 3 distinct groups of verbs in Japanese: the いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん (godan) verbs and irregular verbs. The いちだん verbs are also known as "iru/eru" verbs because when they are in their plain forms, they end with an "iru/eru" sound. HOWEVER this does not mean that all verbs that end in "iru/eru" are いちだん verbs. The ごだん verbs are also known as "u" verbs because they change into the polite form by dropping the "u" and adding "imasu". Because I am lazy, for the rest of the lesson, I shall refer to いちだん vebs as "iru/eru" verbs and ごだん verbs as "u" verbs.
Iru/eru-verbs are so called いちだん ve
mystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisons 2mystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisons 23 years ago in Other More Like This
Comparisons 2: ～の ほうが
Also used to make comparisons, in my opinion, ～の ほうが has more uses than より.
It can be used to say "which is more____, A or B?" "B is more ____ than A" etc.
Words that are underlined you replace with your own. There are 3 parts to each of the sentences: First in Japanese, second in romaji, third in English. Each structure is followed by an example.
Aと Bと (では) どちら (の ほう)が adjectiveですか。
A-to B-to (de wa) dochira (no hou) ga adjective desu-ka?
Out of A and B, which is more adjective?
いえと くるまと （では） どちらの ほうが ちいさい &
mystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisonsmystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisons3 years ago in Other More Like This
There are several ways to make comparisons in Japanese. Here is the simplest way: to use より (yori)
Where I have underlined words, you replace them with your own. Each sentence is repeated 3 times: once in Japanese, second in romaji, third in English.
より can be used to make comparisons between two nouns. It roughly translates to "more than" or "-er than" in English.
A は B より adjective です。
A wa B yori adjective desu.
A is adjective-er than B.
バスは タクシーより やすい です。
basu-wa takushii yori yasui desu.
The bus is cheaper than the taxi.
ねこは いぬより しずか です。
neko-wa inu yori shizuka
Red Velvet Whoopie Pies recipeRed Velvet Whoopie Pies recipe5 years ago in Artisan Crafts More Like This
Red Velvet Whoopie Pies
2 cup all-purpoes flour
2 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder
1/2 teaspoon baking soda
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup of butter softened
1 cup packed brown sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla
1/2 cup butter milk
half of a 1 ounce bottle of red food coloring
(1)preheat oven to 375 degrees farenheit, then line baking sheets with parchment paper and set aside.
In a medium bowl combine flour, cocoa powder, baking soda and salt, set aside
(2) In a large mixing bowl beat butter on medium speed for 30 seconds or until creamy.
When creamed beat in brown sugar until light and fluffy. Beat in egg and vanilla.
Alternately add the flour mixture and butter milk, beating after each addition just until combined.
Stir in food coloring.
(3) Spoon batter in 1-or-2- inch diameter rounds, about 1/2 inch high on the prepared baking sheets, allowing at least a 1 inch line in between each round. Bake 10-12 minutes or until a tooth pick come out clean.
Cool completely on baking rack
Text: Particle Wo + Using VerbsText: Particle Wo + Using Verbs4 years ago in Other More Like This
This tutorial will cover using verbs in a sentence as well as the particle 'wo'.
Before we get into any verbs, we need to first learn what 'wo' is. 'Wo' is the particle used for marking the direct object in a sentence. It comes after the direct object in the sentence.
For those of who you who need a referesher in what direct objects are, here is a quick review:
In English, the direct object will follow a transitive/action verb and can be nouns, pronouns, etc. They answer the question "who?" or "what?"
Some simple examples:
I (sub.) ate (verb) a banana (d.o.).
We (sub.) played (verb) soccer (d.o.).
If you need more information, Google is your friend <3
But where would it go in a Japanese sentence? If you can recall from earlier, Japanese sentence structure is different from English. Verbs are always at the end (with some exceptions, but that's for later). Aside from that, you can play around a bit with word order, but more about that at another time. For now, let's just
Text: Verbs: -Masen, -Mashita, -MasendeshitaText: Verbs: -Masen, -Mashita, -Masendeshita4 years ago in Other More Like This
For this tutorial, I'll be covering present negative, past affirmative and past negative of the "masu" form. This may remind you of the "desu" lessons covered previously as there are similarities.
Hopefully you remember how to get to the "masu" form from each verb type as this is necessary before moving on. Let's get started!
The first form to cover is the present negative form. What this basically means is a sentence like, "This is not an apple." The sentence is in the present tense (is) but also negative (not). To achieve this, we change "masu" after the verb stem to "masen".
Notice how the verb stem changes the same. This case is true for all of these conjugations.
To make a past affirmative sentence (This was an apple), change "masu" to "mashita".
And finally, p
Text: Suffixes for NamesText: Suffixes for Names4 years ago in Other More Like This
In Japan, people very often call someone by their family name and then an added on suffix depending on their relationship. Japanese people are extremely formal and rarely call someone by their first name unless they are close friends, family, etc.
The most commonly used suffix is -さん (-san). It is basically the same thing as adding Mr., Mrs., or Ms. to English names. たかなさん (Tanakasan) is "Mr. Tanaka" for example. It is a regular occurrence to add -san to the end of names and it is NEVER used to refer to oneself. No suffix is EVER added on to ones own name when referring to yourself.
For example, I would never say this:
Watashi wa Samu-san desu.
I am Ms. Sam.
I would instead, say this:
Watashi wa Samu desu.
I am Sam.
To add a suffix to your name makes you look extremely arrogant
Text: Dareno + nounText: Dareno + noun4 years ago in Other More Like This
だれの + noun
Dareno + noun
This little guy goes along with 'kono, sono, ano, dono' in that it has to have a noun after it.
Let's break down the word:
だれ (dare) means 'who'.
の (no) is the possessive particle.
So, putting it together:
だれの (dareno) means 'whose'.
Let's try some sentences
Kore wa dare no enpitsu desu ka.
Whose pencil is this?
Sore wa dare no jitensha desu ka.
Whose bike is that?
Sore wa Sam san no enpitsu desu.
That is Sam's pencil.
Text: Telling Time Part 2Text: Telling Time Part 24 years ago in Other More Like This
Please be sure to have read/understood/learned my previous part or already have the knowledge of the basics in telling time.
Previous part: http://learningjapanese.deviantart.com/art/Text-Telling-Time-Part-1-258668747 (link also in description)
We've already learned how to say the hours and minutes as well as state that "now" is the time. This part will explain AM/PM and half past.
Let's start with the easiest, AM/PM.
There are two different ways in expressing AM/PM, both in English and many other languages and one is stating that it is AM/PM and the other is counting in, what is commonly referred to as, military time. (Which is the full 24 hours and not two sets of 12.)
An example in English (for those who don't know how it works):
Instead of saying it is 3 o'clock PM, you could say it is 15 o'clock.
It works the same way in Japanese, though it isn't as common (as is in English) to use this method.
In Japanese, the above example would be: