Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Random Phrases
I have compiled a list of random phrases you will probably never use. I'm pretty certain they are grammatically correct, but sometimes, jokes don't work in another language...
Have fun with these. Even though I have no idea of the circumstances in which you will use these...
If you are interested in learning a particular structure I have use, feel free to ask, and I will make a lesson for it.
わたしは ドイツごを はなせません。
Watashi-wa Doitsu-go o hanasemasen.
I can't speak German.
Amerika jin desu ka?
Are you American?
I will kill you!
Jigoku ni ik
Text: Basic PhrasesText: Basic Phrases3 years ago in Other More Like This
Ohayou gozaimasu / ohayou
Good morning (formal) / 'Morning (informal)
Often said until 11 AM
Often said from about 11 AM to 6 PM
Often said from about 6 PM and on
さようなら / じゃね、また / またね / バイバイ
Sayounara / ja ne, mata / mata ne / baibai
Good bye (formal) / Well, see you later (informal) / See you later (informal) / Bye bye (informal)
おやすみなさい / おやすみ
Oyasumi nasai / Oyasumi
Good night (formal) / 'Night (informal)
Said only when going to bed.
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Ability to doMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Ability to do2 years ago in Other More Like This
Ability - I can...
There are two ways to say "Able to do something" in Japanese. One is using -られる (-rareru) which is the potential form of a verb. The method I'm going to explain will be できる (dekiru) which is easier to use but lengthier.
Aは verb (plain present)ことが できます。
A-wa verb (plain present) koto ga dekimasu.
A can do verb
Note that the particle that comes after the verb is が。
The plain present form of the verb is also known as the dictionary form. This is the form in which the verb is found in a dictionary. It is NOT the verb stem (the verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before ます [masu] when the verb is in the polite form).
Usually, when the verb is する (suru) meaning "to do", the する is left out. This is usually
Vocab: Frequency AdverbsVocab: Frequency Adverbs3 years ago in Other More Like This
あまり + negative
Amari + negative
ぜんぜん + negative
Zenzen + negative
not at all
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: ExpressionsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Expressions2 years ago in Other More Like This
Here are some useful expressions
おはよう （ございます） - ohayou (gozaimasu)
こんにちは - konnichiwa
さようなら - sayounara
じゃ (また) ね - ja (mata) ne
See you (again)
こんばんは - konbanwa
おやすみなさい - oyasuminasai
おなまえは （なん ですか）？ - onamae-wa (nan desu ka)?
What is your name?
はじめまして - hajimemashite
How do you do?
どうぞ よろしく - douzo yoroshiku
Pleased to meet you
おげんき ですか。 - o-genki desu ka?
Text: Practice Dialogue 1Text: Practice Dialogue 13 years ago in Other More Like This
I've gone ahead and written some pieces of dialogue that cover everything up to this point. I hope you find it useful/helpful! You are welcome to change whatever parts you want, make additions, move things around, etc.
Person A: こんにちは！はじめまして！わたしはAです。
Person A: Konnichi wa! Hajimemashite. Watashi wa A desu.
Person B: こんにちは！わたしはBです。どうそうよろしく。
Person B: Konnichi wa! Watashi wa B desu. Douzou yoroshiku.
Person A: あなたはこうこうせいですか？
Person A: Anata wa koukousei desu ka?
Person B: いいえ、こうこうせいじゃありませ
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Doing 2 thingsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Doing 2 things2 years ago in Other More Like This
Doing two things at the same time
This structure is used to describe the same person doing two different activities at the same time. This means ながら cannot be used to describe what two different people are doing at the same time. For that, the structure あいだ will need to be used - I will explain this one later as it involves the plain form.
verb stem ながら verb
verb stem nagara verb
While doing verb stem, I do verb or I do verb while doing
To explain this:
The verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before ます (masu) when the verb is written in the polite (or ます form).
The less important of the two actions comes before ながら while the main action comes after it. I will explain the difference later in this lesson.
No matter the tense of the sentence, t
Text: Learning to CountText: Learning to Count3 years ago in Other More Like This
ゼロ / れい
zero / rei
一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十
いち に さん よん ご ろく なな はち きゆう じゅう
Ichi ni san yon go roku nana hachi kyuu juu
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
It's crucial to know these ten numbers as they are your way to making it to 99.
So, how do we get 11? Let's find out. (The rest of this will be in romaji, fyi. I do emphasize practicing both kanji and the hiragana.)
Think of it as going in order. Start at the beginning of the number 11, we have ten, right? What's next? One. So, that's 11.
Text: Suffixes for NamesText: Suffixes for Names3 years ago in Other More Like This
In Japan, people very often call someone by their family name and then an added on suffix depending on their relationship. Japanese people are extremely formal and rarely call someone by their first name unless they are close friends, family, etc.
The most commonly used suffix is -さん (-san). It is basically the same thing as adding Mr., Mrs., or Ms. to English names. たかなさん (Tanakasan) is "Mr. Tanaka" for example. It is a regular occurrence to add -san to the end of names and it is NEVER used to refer to oneself. No suffix is EVER added on to ones own name when referring to yourself.
For example, I would never say this:
Watashi wa Samu-san desu.
I am Ms. Sam.
I would instead, say this:
Watashi wa Samu desu.
I am Sam.
To add a suffix to your name makes you look extremely arrogant
Vocab Four: ThingsVocab Four: Things3 years ago in Other More Like This
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Adjective useMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Adjective use2 years ago in Other More Like This
Adjectives are describing words and are used to describe nouns. Something we've all learnt since we were at primary school. Where some languages, such as French, distinguish between
feminine and masculine adjectives, Japanese distinguishes between い-adjectives (i-adjectives) and な-adjectives (na-adjectives). Because I am a lazy person, for the rest of the lesson whenever the word "い-adjective" or "な-adjective" comes up, I will use the abbreviation "adj".
Distinguishing between the two types
There is no clear cut way of telling whether an adjective is an い-adj or な-adj. The only way of knowing is to rote learn them!
However, I know a couple of things which should help:
If the final character is い, it is most likely to be an い-adj. It is not definite, but it's likely.
e.g. うれしい (ureshii) for "happy" and おいしい (oish
Vocab Six: Things 2Vocab Six: Things 23 years ago in Other More Like This
Please note that this is not "arubaito" as that word is becoming less common. Nowadays people say "baito" instead.
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: To do too muchMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: To do too much2 years ago in Other More Like This
To do too much
The title doesn't exactly include everything. -すぎる (-sugiru) roughly means "too..." - it can be used for verbs and adjectives.
verb stem + すぎる
い-adj stem + すぎる
な-adj + すぎる
The verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before ます (masu) when the verb is in its masu-form. The い-adjective stem is the part of the adjective minus the final い.
I ate too much cake.
この えいがは つまらなすぎます。
Kono eiga-wa tsumarana-sugimasu.
This movie is too boring.
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: VerbsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs2 years ago in Other More Like This
This lesson will teach you how to convert between the different forms of verbs in Japanese and how to tell them apart.
There are 3 distinct groups of verbs in Japanese: the いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん (godan) verbs and irregular verbs. The いちだん verbs are also known as "iru/eru" verbs because when they are in their plain forms, they end with an "iru/eru" sound. HOWEVER this does not mean that all verbs that end in "iru/eru" are いちだん verbs. The ごだん verbs are also known as "u" verbs because they change into the polite form by dropping the "u" and adding "imasu". Because I am lazy, for the rest of the lesson, I shall refer to いちだん vebs as "iru/eru" verbs and ごだん verbs as "u" verbs.
Iru/eru-verbs are so called いちだん ve
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 22 years ago in Other More Like This
て form of verbs
Verbs can take on many different forms. The て form of a verb does not mean anything by itself, but it can be used for a variety of structures, such as sentence joining, so it is important to learn how to change a verb into its て form.
In Japanese, there are 3 types of verbs: いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん(godan) verbs and irregular verbs.
There are only 2 irregular verbs which do not follow any rules when taking on different forms so they need to be rote learned. Generally, there are more ごだん verbs than there are いちだん verbs.
For information on how to tell verbs apart, please read the grammar guide "Distinguishing Verbs".
Formation for いちだん verbs
Take the verb stem - that is, the part of the verb that comes before ます(masu) - and add て to it. Simple!
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: List of verbsMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: List of verbs2 years ago in Other More Like This
List of common verbs
Verbs in Japanese come in many different forms as they do in English. Just as there are transitive, intransitive, weak, strong and irregular verbs in English, they also appear in Japanese. Japanese divide their verbs into three distinct groups: いちだん (ichi-dan), ごだん (go-dan), and irregular verbs.
I will go into detail in a later lesson what this means and how to tell verbs apart. For the time being, here are 3 lists of verbs already divided into the appropriate groups. This is so that those who already understand the different verb types can find them easily. I have listed the verbs in their plain (dictionary) form. This is because if you were to look them up in the dictionary, this is the form you will find them in. Again, it will be in a later lesson in which I will explain how to convert between the different verb forms.
たべる - taber
Vocab Three: Food and DrinkVocab Three: Food and Drink3 years ago in Other More Like This
Text: Days and MonthsText: Days and Months3 years ago in Other More Like This
I figured I'd give you all a little break from grammar to bring in some more vocabulary c: I hope you won't think of this as repetitive since I already have a few deviations involving days and such, but I never really explained it. So here we go!
--DAYS OF THE WEEK--
The days of the week may be a little hard to remember, but if you think of just the kanji and how they're pronounced, that might help you.
If you noticed that the kanji for 'sun' is pronounced two different ways then good eye This is because that kanji can mean both 'sun' and 'day' depending on the context. The first time it refers to 'sun' and the second, 'day'. It literally means 'sun day'
Monday (or literally: moon day)
Tuesday (or literally: fire day)
mystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisonsmystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisons2 years ago in Other More Like This
There are several ways to make comparisons in Japanese. Here is the simplest way: to use より (yori)
Where I have underlined words, you replace them with your own. Each sentence is repeated 3 times: once in Japanese, second in romaji, third in English.
より can be used to make comparisons between two nouns. It roughly translates to "more than" or "-er than" in English.
A は B より adjective です。
A wa B yori adjective desu.
A is adjective-er than B.
バスは タクシーより やすい です。
basu-wa takushii yori yasui desu.
The bus is cheaper than the taxi.
ねこは いぬより しずか です。
neko-wa inu yori shizuka
Text: Negative Desu FormText: Negative Desu Form3 years ago in Other More Like This
Now you should by now know how to say that something /is/ something (x wa y desu). But how about something is /not/ something?
To negate an affirmative "desu" statement, you change "desu" to "ja arimasen". Let's see it in action:
Watashi wa daigakusei desu.
I am a college student.
Now change "desu" to "ja arimasen".
Watashi wa daigakusei ja arimasen.
I am not a college student.
Aside from "desu" changing, everything else remains the same and stays in the same place.
Another way to negate "desu" sentences is using the noncontracted form (and also the more formal form) of 'ja' which is 'dewa'.
Kore wa enpitsu dewa arimasen.