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The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of the Temple and Knights Templar, was a Latin Christian military order. Closely tied to the Crusades, the Order was granted a papal charter in the early twelfth century. It constituted some of the fiercest fighting units in the Crusader armies, built fortifications, regulated vast European finances and protected Christian pilgrims in the Holy Land. The Order largely lost its raison d’être following the end of the Crusades and was ultimately destroyed by the schemes of the French King Philip IV, who was heavily in debt to the Order. From 1307, many of the Order’s members were arrested on largely false accusations, tortured and burned at the stake. Philip IV then bullied Pope Clement V into disbanding the Order in 1312. The Order’s importance, history and abrupt destruction have kept the Templar name alive and well into the present era and is the subject of many tales and legends.

One of the banners used by the Knights Templar displayed a red cross on a white field, which was also incorporated in the personal arms of its noble members.

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The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights Hospitaller (Latin: Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis S. Ioannis Hierosolymitani, Fratres Hospitalarii) was a Latin Christian military order. Founded in the early eleventh century as caretakers of a hospital in Jerusalem, the Hospitallers were granted a papal charter following the Christian victory in the First Crusade (1099) and became a military organisation in charge of defending the Holy Land and protecting Christian pilgrims. Following the Crusades, the Hospitallers became sovereigns of Rhodes in 1309 and remained there until the Ottoman conquest in 1522. The Order subsequently moved to Malta, which it ruled until Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in 1798.

One of the banners used by the Knights Hospitaller displayed a white cross on a black field, which became a red field following the Order’s takeover of Rhodes. The cross was adopted as the Order’s official emblem under Grand Master Raymond du Puy de Provence (r. 1120 – 1160) and was called the ‘Maltese cross’ in later times.

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fine art print by, ROBERT TAYLOR ,,reach for the sky ,series,
name, ,ASSAULT ON THE CAPITAL, , wall paper,
on the afternoon of the 7th sept 1940,led by HERBERT IHLEFELD,me 109e ,of 11/LG2 dive through the bomber formation giving chase to hurricanes of 242 sqd ,as ju88s of kg30-having unloaded their bombs ,head for home .One ju88 has been hit and,already losing height ,will not return .following behind ,he111,s of kg53 try to formation as they fly through flak,
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This was scanned from Trafalgar 1805 [link] I edited the colour a little bit.

I did not draw this! I appreciate the faves and all, I just don't want to take credit for this fantastic piece of art.
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Title: The Banner of the Teutonic Order
Here's another Christian wallpaper set!
This is the flag of the Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem commonly referred to as the Teutonic Order or the Teutonic Knights.
The order was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals.
It started serving as a crusading military order in 1192 and remained one until 1929.
Since 1929 it has been a purely religious Catholic order.
Enjoy!
:pray:
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The zip file contains the following resolutions:
*1280x1024
*1600x1024
*1920x1080
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This is not one of my standard wallpapers. It was an adaptation of Piotr Jaworski's work released under the "Creative Commons Share Alike License".
As a remixed Share Alike licensed work, I can only release it with a similar Share Alike license.
So, this piece is released with a "Creative Commons By-NC-SA" that you can read about after clicking the following link: creativecommons.org/licenses/b…
If you adapt or otherwise remix this deviation, you are required to inform people that you have indeed used my remixed work of Piotr Jaworskis original work.
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Salvete mei Amici,

I have another beautiful Roman Wallpaper for you!

Enjoy!

Valete,
SPQR

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For more information, please view the Roman Wallpaper folder
in my DeviantArt Gallery.
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The Confederate States of America or CSA was a confederacy of seven American slave states which declared their secession from the United States of America upon the election of Abraham Lincoln in November 1860. Four more states joined the CSA after the outbreak of the American Civil War in April 1861. Kentucky and Missouri were also added to the Confederacy, although neither was ever controlled by Confederate forces or officially seceded from the Union. The CSA was never recognised as an independent state and was destroyed by the USA in 1865, after which the seceded states were readmitted into the Union. The first and only Confederate president was Jefferson Davis, the most famous Confederate commander was Robert E. Lee.

The CSA adopted three successive flags during its five years of existence. The first was known as the ‘Stars and Bars’, as opposed to the ‘Stars and Stripes’ of the USA, and consisted of three horizontal bands of red-white-red with thirteen white stars on a blue field in the canton. The flag was replaced with the so-called ‘Stainless Banner’ in 1863; a white field with the famous Confederate battle flag in the canton. This design was modified in the final months of the CSA, in March 1865, adding a red bar on the fly side of the flag and renaming it the ‘Blood-Stained Banner’.


Original excerpt from the Flag Act of 1865:
‘The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, that the flag of the Confederate States shall be as follows: The width two-thirds of its length, with the union (now used as the battle flag) to be in width three-fifths of the width of the flag, and so proportioned as to leave the length of the field on the side of the union twice the width of the field below it; to have the ground red and a broad blue saltier thereon, bordered with white and emblazoned with mullets or five pointed stars, corresponding in number to that of the Confederate States; the field to be white, except the outer half from the union to be a red bar extending the width of the flag.’
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Another screenshot i took and edited from Medieval II Total War
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The United East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie VOC), also known as the Dutch East India Company, was one of the first multinational corporations in the world. It was established by the Dutch Republic (United Provinces) in 1602 and given a twenty-one year monopoly on colonisation and exploration in the Indies. The company was one of the most profitable ones in history and operated as a ‘state within the state’, possessing extensive governmental powers, the ability to raise armies, declare war, negotiate treaties, coin money and develop colonies. For nearly two centuries, its profits were unparalleled and second to none, leaving the English/British East India Company, its strongest competitor, far behind. However, increased corruption and mismanagement gradually dragged the company down throughout the eighteenth century, until it was formally dissolved in 1800. By then, the United Provinces it served had been defeated by the French revolutionaries and replaced by a French vassal state, the Batavian Republic. The VOC’s empire was turned into the Dutch East Indies.

The VOC flag was identical to that of the United Provinces, a horizontal tricolour of orange-white-blue but with the company’s emblem in the centre. However, the company changed the colours to red-white-blue by 1660.

HERE is a picture of the VOC flag in the Dutch Period Museum in Colombo, Sri Lanka (former Dutch Ceylon).

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The USA, formally known as the United States of America, emerged from the original Thirteen Colonies established by the British between 1603 and 1733. Its disputes over increased independence and representation within the British Empire (‘no taxation without representation’) led to the formation of a Continental Congress and the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The new USA staged the world’s first successful independence war against a colonial empire. Throughout the nineteenth century, the USA embarked on a massive campaign of expansion, conquering ever more lands, displacing or liquidating native tribes and establishing new states. By 1900 and despite a devastating civil war (1861 – 1865), the USA extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, boasted the largest economy in the world and was confirmed as a military power in the Spanish-American War and World War I. It became a super power (along with the USSR) following World War II and, despite the resurging power of China and post-Soviet Russia, has retained much of its power and global influence at the dawn of the twenty-first century.

The original flag of the USA, known as ‘Betsy Ross’, was first flown in 1777. It consisted of thirteen horizontal stripes of alternating red and white, with a blue canton displaying a circle of thirteen stars to represent the country’s founding states. The design was similar to that of the British East India Company and was in use until 1795.

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