mystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisonsmystichuntress's Japanese grammar - comparisons2 years ago in Other More Like This
There are several ways to make comparisons in Japanese. Here is the simplest way: to use より (yori)
Where I have underlined words, you replace them with your own. Each sentence is repeated 3 times: once in Japanese, second in romaji, third in English.
より can be used to make comparisons between two nouns. It roughly translates to "more than" or "-er than" in English.
A は B より adjective です。
A wa B yori adjective desu.
A is adjective-er than B.
バスは タクシーより やすい です。
basu-wa takushii yori yasui desu.
The bus is cheaper than the taxi.
ねこは いぬより しずか です。
neko-wa inu yori shizuka
Vocab Three: Food and DrinkVocab Three: Food and Drink3 years ago in Other More Like This
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Ability to doMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Ability to do2 years ago in Other More Like This
Ability - I can...
There are two ways to say "Able to do something" in Japanese. One is using -られる (-rareru) which is the potential form of a verb. The method I'm going to explain will be できる (dekiru) which is easier to use but lengthier.
Aは verb (plain present)ことが できます。
A-wa verb (plain present) koto ga dekimasu.
A can do verb
Note that the particle that comes after the verb is が。
The plain present form of the verb is also known as the dictionary form. This is the form in which the verb is found in a dictionary. It is NOT the verb stem (the verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before ます [masu] when the verb is in the polite form).
Usually, when the verb is する (suru) meaning "to do", the する is left out. This is usually
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 22 years ago in Other More Like This
て form of verbs
Verbs can take on many different forms. The て form of a verb does not mean anything by itself, but it can be used for a variety of structures, such as sentence joining, so it is important to learn how to change a verb into its て form.
In Japanese, there are 3 types of verbs: いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん(godan) verbs and irregular verbs.
There are only 2 irregular verbs which do not follow any rules when taking on different forms so they need to be rote learned. Generally, there are more ごだん verbs than there are いちだん verbs.
For information on how to tell verbs apart, please read the grammar guide "Distinguishing Verbs".
Formation for いちだん verbs
Take the verb stem - that is, the part of the verb that comes before ます(masu) - and add て to it. Simple!
Text: Telling Time Part 2Text: Telling Time Part 23 years ago in Other More Like This
Please be sure to have read/understood/learned my previous part or already have the knowledge of the basics in telling time.
Previous part: http://learningjapanese.deviantart.com/art/Text-Telling-Time-Part-1-258668747 (link also in description)
We've already learned how to say the hours and minutes as well as state that "now" is the time. This part will explain AM/PM and half past.
Let's start with the easiest, AM/PM.
There are two different ways in expressing AM/PM, both in English and many other languages and one is stating that it is AM/PM and the other is counting in, what is commonly referred to as, military time. (Which is the full 24 hours and not two sets of 12.)
An example in English (for those who don't know how it works):
Instead of saying it is 3 o'clock PM, you could say it is 15 o'clock.
It works the same way in Japanese, though it isn't as common (as is in English) to use this method.
In Japanese, the above example would be: