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Artisan Crafts Week Macrame

Mon Aug 26, 2013, 11:55 AM


aboriginal art-detail by 3zolushka


(The Pocket Guide To Macrame)

Creativity is a drug I cannot live without.... (C B Demille)

"With new crafts, like all skills, remember!: We all, ...usually, start with fairly "rough-looking" pieces..."
(your talent may make you an exception to this rule... which case you'll probably end up having to work far harder than the rest of us...), (PTK)

"There is nothing in a caterpillar that tells you it will become a butterfly..." (Buckminster Fuller)







The Hat by 3zolushkaRainbow...again by Teszugisakura open by 3zolushka:thumb246701819:Royal Blue Drop Necklace by johannachambersMacrame Moodboard by iheartmagpiesAnother try by nimuaeicicles by 3zolushka


My definition:  Macrame is the craft of tying knots to produce practical and ornamental objects...
Wiki's Definition:

I have written this article, be sure!, as my contribution to Project Educate's "Artisan Craft Week",  but also because there is an awful lot of misconceptions and assumptions made about macrame.  People have often, for example, indiscriminately called various knots by new names when they already have perfectly good ones! (using arbitrary names simply serves to confuse... and often indicates a lack of research into the subject...). Many statements are also made about the craft by those who have not done any research on the subject - and often base all their knowledge on what they  think macrame is based upon a couple of 1970's pothangers or macrame owls.... This craft is as old or older than many other crafts that have more prestige than macrame has, and it's often relegated to some forgotten cobwebbed corner of the craft library / section / pantheon..., (just like it is here on DeviantART, (Hint to deviant art: Surely this craft: "Knotting & Macramé"  merits a sub-category somewhere?! A group of people are not measured by numbers.. but by their quality...), where no mention is made of it in any category or sub-category..."

Macrame is, in fact, as I hope to show you, one of the most versatile and amazing crafts on the planet!  Almost anything may be made using it's techniques, be that sculpture, all sorts of jewellery, practical items like bags, belts etc, abstract art, carpets, table runners, clothes, textile art, bookbinding, covers for various items, theatre props and costumes / accessories, curtains, toys for children, strategy games, (yes! really! see further down....), in fact the list is only limited by your imagination! This introduction to the craft is nowhere near exhaustive - but does, I hope, serve to give an overall idea of the scope and methodology of a craft which I feel is only now beginning to be explored imaginatively, ...and in any depth, by the craft community in a vaguely serious way...

Useful Onformation* (On this article's protocols, methodology, indexing system etc.)
:bulletblack: In general, unless otherwise stated in the text, all notes, indicated by a increasing number of " * " 's , will be found at the bottom of that same section.
:bulletblack: Sustainability and other eco-issues are looked at  with "Materials"
:bulletblack: All links within the main body of the article are to DA URLs.
:bulletblack: All links that are not on the DeviantART site are gathered together at the end of the article...  Please see: "Further Information"......"On The Net"
:bulletblack: Most sections are illustrated and have their own discrete set of : "Figure " numbers and/or letter reference codes. There should be no confusion here as each set of illustrations is usually found either directly below the reference made to it in the text or gathered together in a set at the end of the relevant section. Any references made to other sections, therefore, have the section title and the actual figure reference... to direct you as efficiently as possible  to the appropriate image....
:bulletblack: There is no index to the images in the "Gallery" at the end of this present article for the same reason that each illustration accompanying the text isn't direcly credited to it's author... for my rationale..., please read the acknowledgements found just before "The Last Word", almost at the end of this essay... Thank you.

African Queen by Peter-The-KnotterAmulets "E A F W" by Peter-The-KnotterPothanger "Maskpotcandle" by Peter-The-Knottermagandang umaga bota by Peter-The-KnotterBag: "Isfahan" by Peter-The-KnotterForest Moonlight Necklace by Peter-The-KnotterPeter's Quiver and bow by Peter-The-KnotterPothanger by Peter-The-Knotter

* "Online-Information"... I use this in the text so.....please be aware: it's not a "typo"...


I started a macrame project, to be used in exactly this way, but initially just for my +watchers and, when I pop it in my group blog shortly...,  for other knotters; however, when I heard the call from projecteducate for Artisans to write something as part of it's Artisan Craft Week ..and in this spirit of exploration into various crafts by the wonderful Project Educate:, I though it was entirely appropriate to "host" the contest from here...(already started btw)  It's a simple: "Can you guess what it is?" Contest...

:bulletblack: How to win: The aim is to discover the object / project I am currently making... Please: Note the small gallery of my work immediately above this section... And note that as well as framing the bottom of the "Introduction" section of this article,(to balance the top/heading pictures),'s there to indicate that my project, (and by inference: Macramé...), could be absolutely anything...!
:bulletblack: Deadline: Until the 1st person gets it!... and wins the prize! or:  ..."All Hallows Eve"..., whichever comes first!  btw: thats a bonus clue...("ish")
:bulletblack: There is a prize of 250 points and a journal feature...*
*(more if anyone else feels like contributing a feature or something else towards the prize fund?)
:bulletblack: Every 6-7 days I shall insert another "picture clue"  and "verbal" clue to accompany the evolving WIP deviation which can be found in my gallery, here:  
:bulletblack: The artists comments under the deviation contain the contest rules and all the info required to enter
:bulletblack: Who can enter?   Anyone! as it's not limited, on this occasion, to either artisans or, members of my knotting group Bracelets-and-Knots

OK, enough with the preamble! ..let's start by scanning the origins and history, very briefly, of Macrame....
Oh yeah!... Sorry!  one more thing before we begin: I had originally intended to write an article about: " "Knotting" & Macrame", but the joint subject, even on a cursory level is so vast that I've decided to limit this article to macrame... At some point I shall write a similar article focussing on the origins and forms of "Knotting" including Sailor's Knots (example:  ship's bell-rope:, Chinese Knotting (, Korean "Maedup" (, and the decorative art and uses of knots including subjects like celtic knots ( ),  knots in magic and folklore.. not to mention: Musical instruments, parachutes and tennis raquets;  bridge building,  necktie knotting, (there are 85 distinct knots for that alone!... and you thought the "Windsor" or "Four-in-hand" were the only ones...0h! 0h! no crate of beer for that one!), climbing,and other cord-related sports, sailing and gastronomy... ("gastronomy" , btw, is not eating out with some Hollywood Boulevard "Star"! .) ...enough already! ...Phew!... he does ramble on doesn't he?... okay!,  back to the matter in hand... really, I mean it!... honest!... so, with no further ado....

Except: I hope you all enjoy discovering, (or re-discovering!), this ancient and noble craft! Peter....


Preamble on Macrame

Nobody really knows, (like so much!), where or when, exactly, this ancient craft began.  I have therefore limited my exposition to the relatively recent, historical area of "The Story of Macrame"  It should be said, however, that wherever humans have had an idle moment, the more curious amongst us have explored, fiddled around with, and generally stuck our noses into every nook and cranny we have come across.... ( wonder the stellar neighbours, to us, are remaining invisible?...) This human quality has, nonetheless, been responsible for our progress..(? ... ;) ). and I'm pretty sure that a form of macrame was practised a lot longer ago than we think it was: with, in all probability, almost all the evidence to prove the fact  having vanished like so many textile, and other biodegradable examples of homo sapiens' existence on Earth.... The few bits that do remain are likely enough still hidden in some peat bog or piece of amber in a dark cave... (the 2 commonest repositories of partially or fully intact ancient archaeological textiles...)

The Etymology of Macrame

There are 2 schools of thought on the origin of the word: "Macrame"
1: A 13th Century weavers’ word, “migrammah”, meaning “Fringe”  This refers to items like  the decorative fringes on camels  and horses  which help,  amongst other things, to keep the flies off them in the hot desert regions of northern Africa... these are still made nowadays and knotted versions can be found at most good saddlers...
2: “makrama(h?)”: "napkin," or "towel", a Turkish word colloquially used / distorted to describe methods of securing the ends of pieces of weaving by  using the excess thread and yarn (warp) along the top and bottom edges of loomed fabrics.  This finishing-off process in weaving is also, like "fringes",  still very much in evidence... especially with the upsurge in artisanal hand-woven spinning and weaving...   ... the two aren’t, in fact, mutually exclusive....

The Spread of Macrame

One of the earliest recorded uses of "macrame style" knotting is that used as decoration appearing in the carvings of the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians, ( thus pre-dating many other crafts.... perhaps, I say "perhaps...." only being younger than spinning and weaving.... maybe...,  Macrame travelled from North Africa, with the Moors during their conquests,  to Spain , and as a result of their conquests to as far north, in Europe,  as Tours, it spread, firstly to the rest of France, and then  throughout Europe. Sailors, in the golden age of sail from the 15th to the 19th century,  helped spread the art to other places by using the long months at sea to make macramé objects for their sweethearts, or to sell or barter when stopping at various ports. They even used macramé (calling the craft "square knotting" see also"techniques" later on...) to make their own gear, like hammocks, belts, “Ditty” bags, though most of these were made of canvas, and decorative fringes. Most of you will be familiar with the late 60's to the very early 80’s "vogue" in pot-hangers or macrame owls...! There have, therefore, been a couple of revivals in the 20th century and we are experiencing a contemporary one in the 21st... which, similarly to the late 1960's/70's/early 80's two-decade resurgence,  is now spreading very rapidly as an art form, as fashion accessory products at the "highest" levels - and as complete ensembles worn by people like me... oh yeah,  and Ms Beyonce Knowles... at Glastonbury Festival in 2012... (see also: link to video of her in a Macramé dress further down in "Further information"....)

The History of Macrame:

I haven't included a formal history of the craft here due to space constraints, but here is a link to a concise, but relatively comprehensive, illustrated article on the subject:


Principal materials used in macramé:

Flax: This is the cord I use most because it has a crisp polished finish, is an eminently sustainable material, and is one of the very strongest natural fibres... close to hemp in that respect. It is known as "linen" in the textile industry.
Hemp: (Fig 1)Very strong natural fibre which is not the same as that used for..ahem... other purposes....more on this fibre in the next section....
Cotton: Soft, versatile, reasonably strong fibre that is smooth and creates very crisp macrame projects
Jute: The material of choice for the traditinal macrameist of the 70's era.... although, the braided variety, sold for use mostly as sash-window rope etc, has a pleasing softness and crispness for use in traditional sailor's knotwork see my "Sample Bell-Rope" here: Sample Bell Rope by Peter-The-Knotter
C-Lon: A 3ply, twisted nylon thread usually sold in 77yd reels of 0.5 & 0.7mm & .9mm. Extremely crisp cord much favoured by micro-macrame artists particularly. It is often used by Beading or Jewellry designers also...
Rayon: This is often found as an embroiderers thread as it is lustrous, regular, and available in a vast array of shades and combinations of colours, weights an styles. Originally  called "Artificial Silk"  it's most often used for making "cavandoli technique" "Friendship Bracelets" ( see: "Types of Macrame", lower down) It is also the material from which "Rattail" is made which is the material of choice for Chinese Knotting and some special macramé projects like being used as the "chain" for heirloom quality micro-macramé necklaces etc.

Waxed Threads

Used extensively for helping offset the corrosive/eroding effects of water and other liquid spills like ketchup, coffee, and that embarrassing moment when you had such an explosive belly laugh at what someone just said, that "something" escaped from your nasal cavity approaching the speed of sound and flew across the room... ending up on Great Aunt Agatha's prized  Lace  anti-macassars, ....that she made by hand whilst accompanying her great love as they fled the riotous Nehru vs Jinna prelude to the Indian Moslems' hunt for "A Place of Purity", [ the meaning of the words "pak-i-stan"], across the Himalayas in 1945 on the 3:30 from Jalpaiguri... and are the only mementii left of her adventures, especially put out on the tops of the armchairs in honour of you having just got your college degree/ passed your driving test / won the Downhill Cheese Race* or carried a barrel of burning tar  through the village**. and surviving...  we all know that one!  OK..., back to our waxed threads: several types of waxed cords are available including hemp, linen and polyester....  they are usually available at good macrame stockists, mostly online, but if you have trouble finding them... there are at least two on my list of online shops, in the "further onformation" section below, that sell it.. I've marked them thusly: (WT)

Measuring cords and threads

There is no real problem with measuring cords that can't be solved with a little though in most homes when needong to measure out a number of cords to the same size.  Many solutions present themselves just by casting your eyes around the house and really seeing what's there...  The reason I say this is because I've moved around a bit and have had to make do with very small or awkward in size or shape rooms with landlords who don't allow cup-hooks in the woodwork etc.  there are many "non-invasive" methods of winding your cords some of which are contained within my tutorial on the subject below... (fig b)

Sustainability and Ecological Issues

In the past, with a flourishing empire, our little island, not to mention the USA's need for agricultural twine and other stuff,  could count on Jute (mostly from India etc), those "far-flung" colonies where labour was cheap, (and out of mind...) if not to say even worse...   Macrame used a lot of this fibre as well as sisal frome the agave plant genus (the same one that produces "Tequila" by the way...), grown in places like Mexico... As time passed, and many countries won their independance and workers desired higher living standards, there was a search for cheaper materials to offset the rising cost of natural fibres..... thus, like many other modern areas of production, macrame developed, and now has, it's own issues of ecological impact and sustainability.

One main cause of concern, yet another legacy from the past,  was / is, the exponential increase in many man-made fibres after the first synthetic ones were invented as early as the late 19th century, like rayon.  Many semi-synthetic plant/man-made mixes, as well as artificially extracted and processed "pure" man-made  fibres extracted from oil, for example were also then, developed.  Afterwards in the 30's and 40's,  polyamides like nylon appeared followed by,  polyesters : known for their "wash & wear" properties... not to mention a certain Tony Manero's outfits that gyrated around disco's in the late 70's. Acrylics... famous for imitating mohair & wool in general as many knotters are very well aware, as well as in the production of artist quality paints... brings us into the later part of the 20th century with the ones we are much more familiar with in the "High-Tech-digital-21st-century-world" we inhabit like: spandex,Ingeo / Olefins ...used in fabrics where soaking away sweat is desirable... pvc, teflon, and so on bring us up to date.,... almost....

The newer, (1980's onwards), fibres and materials, many made from oil and other raw materials that aren't as sustainable as many others,  are extremely good at imitating natural fibres as well as having a soft, lustrous "feel" like "rattail" (see "Rayon" in "Materials", above.), so they are very seductive, especially with the abundance of colours available in ever increasing shades of subtlety  and mixtures.. we all know the rainbow and graduated colours now available in threads and yarns for crochet, knotting, macrame with products like c-lon, , becoming ever more popular for the rising Micro-macrame and fibre Art markets...

Nowadays, many synthetics, made from pulped vegetable fibres like beech trees, seaweed and bamboo which are eminently sustainable, are coming to the forefront of our search for materials with less of a carbon footprint on our little planet. Other innovations in the sphere of fibre manufacture include Spider Silk which is, as you can imagine, isn't the easiest of products to harvest... Methods of obtaining their produce has worked even if only on a small scale at present,  particularly with the Golden Orb Spider, that, in spite of the fact that most of them don't speak latin so don't even know their own species name, (Genus: Nephila.),  obligingly produce one of the most fabulous and breathtaking fibres I have seen in my lifetime...!! and I have seen , and worn<'i>, some pretty amazing ones... (the touch of vicuna and sharkskin have to be felt to be believed...) Do follow this link to view an article  at The V & A Museum in London:…; there are also 2 excellent video's on the subject, at this same url., of the amazing cape made from this fibre by Simon Peers and Nicholas Godley who masterminded the project.... (bear in mind not all who view this article can access the viids due to copyright restrictions... :(  here is a

In any event, we must all make our own decisions as humans ...and macrame-ists as to how we progress with our beloved craft bearing mind our personal responsibility towards the planet, ourselves and the production process... not an easy task for any one....

FIGS: 1: aventurine hemp necklace by HempLady4u 2: Evas Necklace by Peter-The-Knotter hemp:3: :thumb377489442: 4: multi color friendship bracelet by HempLady4u 5: wide hemp cuff by HempLady4u   josephine knot hemp bracelet by HempLady4u  can pulls: Pride Hemp Necklace by zombiesXparade


*Not my fault!... I just, by way of light relief, watched LOTR... again! (I read it's 3 volumes originally, when I was 8-9 years old, at the rate of 1 per 1.2 days... I think I imprinted on it... we're strange birds, us cloistered crafty peeps...with  our prrrrecious...  I mean precocious! ways...
** Which takes place at "Coopers Hill" which is not very far from where I went to school nr Upton-upon-Severn for a while:
***No not "Krayzie's rap! the actual tar barrel race that takes place a few miles down the road from my home...:
Fig A: Fibres: PKT 4 MATERIALS by Peter-The-Knotter Fig B: Materials: Measuring: PKT 5 MEASURING CORDS by Peter-The-Knotter  ;Fig C: Workspace And Tools: PKT 3 TOOLS AND WORKSPACE by Peter-The-Knotter


There are very few Tools required for 99% of macramé projects and very little other than a seat to serve as a workshop....  There are however, some items that do regularly prove to be most useful for the regular macrame-ist:



A sturdy pair of sharp scissors, a knife for thicker cord and occasionally a pair of electricians pliers for occasionaly cutting wire. Wire is sometimes used to perhaps re-inforce the work or allow the positioning / re positioning of some projects like 3zolushka 's amazing "Sakura" see: Fig 2B in "Types of Macrame" ... Micro-Macrame" below.


Some form of tape like masking tape/ sellotape etc... (Duct tape: too heavy and leaves a residue on the fibres, especially organic ones like hemp, which is a real pain to clean off... if you ever can...);


Some method of applying a small flame or heat to "melt" / "weld"  the ends of man-made fibres* when finishing-off projects: matches, lighter etc  
Tip: for more delicate operations:  a needle with a wrapping of tape at one end, to hold it whilst working, being heated at the other end by a flame will serve you well


Similarly to "Tools", above, most items needed to help you carry out your macrame project can be found somewhere around the house...., (you do remember where you left the....?), including but not limited to: Chairs, tables, cushions, trees, wire coat-hangers, pins, string....huh?! (more on this later...), books... well maybe not so many of those, these days..., A garden fence etc etc...  Depending on what you're making a cushion on your lap using pins to anchor the work... to a cord slung between two trees with a large wall-hanging draped on it will be required... In any event there a myriad of ways to accomplish your task. Some of the commoner ones are laid out in this Tutorial:



Traditional Macramé

This is what I term “standard”, or: "old school",  macramé...  often using some of the 1970’s style, and often using sustainable fibres nowadays like hemp, rather than jute which was a favourite of the 70's, usually there is improved design and a vastly greater variety of materials. Some examples are shown below.
FIGS: 1:Black thunder by enenautaMacrame Bracelet 5 by borysbrytva1A:macrame hemp bracelet by HempLady4u1B:Macrame by Danisia1C:
macrame owl by Ursulaa1D:Macrame Bottles by WimpleToad1EMacrame choker by MaHu20101F: knotted tree by were-were-wolfy 1G: Macrame Gift by ForeverCreative


This form of knotted work is where fine cords, or  threads, (usually 1mm thick / dia. or less....),   are used to create very precise and well-designed pieces of jewellery, as well as small, but exquisite, pieces of fibre / textile art see Fig 2b...  It is a very labour-intensive form of macramé, requiring as it does, very fine knots (100 or more to a 1 inch/2.5cm square is not that rare now...),  and requires more than average patience to produce the most complex examples... eg: figs 2b & 2c.  It must be said that the predominant use of micro-macrame is in jewellery, ie: bracelets, earrings, necklaces, rings, anklets  and the like as may be seen in figs 2-2e, below.

FIGS: 2:macrame necklace by 3zolushka2A:Necklace    ASANTE by Peter-The-Knotter2B:sakura necklace by 3zolushka2C:Aboriginal art by 3zolushka2Dwild rose by 3zolushka:2E:Rainbow micro macrame by Arismende


This is probably the single most rapidly spreading form of Macrame.... Which is why there are two rows of Cavandoli examples due to its omnipresence and variety of application... It pervades every "Type" of Macrame to a greater or lesser extent..... usually greater! FIGS 3-3M) ...which owes it’s existence partly to weaving and basket-making, both of which use this technique of using half-hitches, (2 half-hitches= 1 Clove Hitch btw...), to create flat "tapestries" and many other different types of objects.  The Kenyans, Ghanaians and the Navajo Tribe in North America are extremely well-known for their cavandoli-style basketwares. It's expression is most often encountered on da & in the "West" in general, in the form of "Friendship Bracelets", (FIG 3A-C),   Other items like Belts, Bracelets, Earrings &  Necklaces are made in a very big way in Northern & Southern America, Mexico, Africa  &  Mediterranean Europe...   Although by now this technique  of macramé-work is pretty much all over the planet, although Mexico & Africa, particularly, make a lot for trade purposes...   Most of the header strip of macramé samples above and below the "Introduction" section at the beginning of this article are heavily Cavandoli-technique dependant....  ...And yes!, 3d & 3e are reminiscent also of "Traditional-Macramé" What can I say! - This craft is a wonderful melting pot of colourful types and styles!
NB: Having looked at the example illustrations of Cavandoli work below (figs 3-3f), and having seen the examples of "Micro-Macramé" above, you may be asking yourself:
"What's the difference between "Micro-Macramé" & "Cavandoli" work?"
The answer is this:
"Cavandoli work almost exclusively uses Half-hitches / Clove Hitches and is made using material from approx.: 0.6mm to 5mm dia... or greater; Whereas Micro macramé is any type of macramé which uses, exclusively in its production,very thin material, usually equal to or smaller than 1mm in diameter, to fabricate items which may use many different types of knots... "

Friendship Bracelets(FB):

I have inserted a special section here on FB's because:
A: they deserve one..! accounting, as they do, for a very significant share of the macramé "market"...I am not inserting any further illustrations to support the text on this subject as there four fine examples with about a total of approx a good 15 or more bracelets between them... that figure amongst the Cavandoli work exampleses** below ...
B: As mentioned, above, they, (the 3 pics of FB's),  are placed amongst the Cavandoli examples below because that is the style of macramé used to make them, and why the brief description on them is very deliberately placed here...

FB's were usually, and often still are, fairly slim Cavandoli-style knotted bracelets usually made from cotton, or scraps of sewing and embroidery threads that were lying around, although now they're often made from as carefully purchased materials as any other craft requires... it should be mentioned that contemporary FB's are often much much wider than their earlier cousins...FB's were traditionally made in pairs and were identical, as they still sometimes are, particularly in Africa, and were given by friends to each other as a memento and pledge of friendship...  Though often still given to dear friends in the same spirit of amity,  they are made in a bewildering array of styles, colours and shapes now.  FB's are customarily into two main types:
1: "Normal": With regular or irregular, geometric or other repeating patterns in single or multi-coloured examples.  
2: "Alpha" which have graphic designs depicting anything from the keys on a piano for those seeking a musical theme, to a favourite Chibi, Pokémon character or other abstract or natural image like diamonds, watermelon segments, flowers, sailor moon, the evil dead and Charlie Chaplin...
For more information on FB's you can visit nimuae's  Bracelets-and-Knots speciality: group, and comment or strike up a chat with one of the FB-making members...and whilst there check out the hundreds and hundreds of FB's in the Galleries...

FIGS: 3: pair by nimuae  3A:  Cool Colors Macrame Bracelet by HattieMcHatterson 3B:   Bracelets for my homepage by nimuae 3C: Mega by Teszugi  3Dgreen tree frog by magicalcreations 3E: Macrame pendant 3 by borysbrytva  3F: wild rose by 3zolushka
3G:Macrame Phoenix by enenauta 3H: Dragon Set: Necklace by Peter-The-Knotter 3I: purple eye by magicalcreations 3J: wedding rings by magicalcreations 3K: Forest Queen by enenauta  3L: Necklace "African Mask" by Peter-The-Knotter  3M: Favorite flowers by Teszugi 3N: Macrame Bracelet 17 by borysbrytva  3M: 130325 by Maomao73O:tangled by arboretia

Pizzo Macramé (Ita)Macramé Lace"(Eng)Punto A Groppo(Early Ita)

This is one of the principal precursors to "macramé" as we know it, but does retain the basic elements of macramé This is similar to the types of finish/uses outlined in the explanations of "Migrammah" & "Makrama", above...This is a type of "Cavandoli" / "wrapped" hybrid macramé technique that is, sadly, other than in Italy and amongst the cognoscenti of theatrical "wardrobe" design, a very rare form of Macramé to come across. The fact that I have included only 3 illustrations with this sub-section gives the game away... (it's possible that I may have been a bit too rapid in my scanning od the DA archives and have made some glaring omission?, but it's  not for lack of intent or care... (if you know of some appropriate other examples: please let me know thanks!) This technique allows the maker to create a fine lace-like structure to their pieces. See: Figs 4 - 4B  Nowadays, most of this type of macramé is machine-made using similar methods to lace curtain production...
FIGS: 4:Macrame Collar with PearlsII by LeChatNoirCreations4A:costumi coppia barocco. by BottegadelCostume 4B:Macrame Collar with Pearls by LeChatNoirCreations


Quite often using Cavandoli techniques, but using many dfferent thicknesses and colours of thread / cord / rope, this is yet another facet of macrame’s capacity for diversity and flexibility that is becoming more and more common. There have been exhibitions all over the world of macrame as “pure” Art. There was Japanese guy who had an exhibition of enormous masks, a lady in England, (see: Margaret's entry in the "Further Info"/"Makers" section, below), using her macrame in avant-garde sculpture, and so on...  A wryly loveable, amusing, look back at the seventies was exhibited in one artists 30 foot high macrame owl...Free-standing figurative and abstract sculptures of all sorts abound, Norman Sherfields sculptures and "clothed-in-macrame", found objects, See Fig 5, (incidentally: there's an interview/bio of Norman on the "Macramé Collective" website... see: "Further Information" links below ), The Chess Set, (5C)  and Candelabra,(5D), are other examples...  Another expression of Macramé "Art" can be found in imitations of iconic objects like the beefburger and ice-cream sundae, (one of Ed Bing Lee's specialities), and those are merely a tiny, tiny... amount of the choices modern makers are now choosing to produce.
FIGS: Little Macrame Parrot by Breach90 5: Adult and Juvenile Boll Weaver by 84rms 5A: Little Macrame Sushi by Breach90 5B: Hat Back by Peter-The-Knotter  5C: Ice and Fire by Peter-The-Knotter 5D: Autumn Tree Of Lights by Peter-The-Knotter Little Macrame Zoo by Breach90 Peashooter by Maomao7

Chinese Knotting and Korean Maedup

Each of these is also known in their respective countries as a form of macrame.  Korean and Chinese techniques use  a very similar palette of knots as each other incuding the Pan Chang Knot, examples of which I have covering a section of the wall in my "workshop"See fig 6 (Below), The Double Coin Knot, (also known as the Carrick Bend, see also "Basic Techniques" further down...), and the Square knot.  These knots, particularly the Pan Chang and it's variants,  are very often attached to everyday items like brushes, fans, cellphone "charms", like some of maomao 's work, (see figs 6A-C), lanterns, wall hangings and are very prominent in decorations for public holidays, festivals and New year's Wishes of Luck & Prosperity for the new year.... This style of "Macrame" is also often used, like the macrame familiar to us, for making necklaces, hair combs, belts and various other items, as well as finishing off the presentation of presents for loved ones or distinguished friends and co-workers.

FIGS: 6: "Chinese Pan Chang" by Peter-The-Knotter 6A: Kite II by Maomao7  6B: Butterflies by Maomao7 6C: hulu by Maomao7  

*Please remember, having said all the following, that, very often, macramé uses a mixture of styles and techniques...

**Not my fault!... I just, by way of light relief, watched LOTR... again! (I read it's 3 volumes originally, when I was 8-9 years old, at the rate of 1 per 1.2 days... I think I imprinted on it... we're strange birds, us cloistered crafty peeps...with  our prrrrecious...  I mean precocious! ways...


All the tutorials accompanying each sub-section which follows, are grouped together at the bottom of this entire the same order as they occur from this point onwards. (This saves a lot of space and lengthy scrolling! from one, otherwise small paragraph, to the next...)

This section seems quite small but is probably the biggest in this article if you include the linked accompanying tutorials. The links/thumbnails below give a fair selection of tutorials to start the beginner off or recapitulate for those returning to the subject... I have inserted them in the order I feel is the most useful for beginners / novices to the craft.. There is much to learn... depending on how far you wish to take your macramé, but for the present introduction to the craft I have contented myself with the very basic concepts for those new to this craft...

Primary Knots and Techniques


There are many ways to start projects and I have included 2 tutorials on this subject.
The first one is for general macramé projects including: bags, belts, table-runners, bottle covers, pot-hangers, wall-hangers and so on... the second is targeted at necklace projects and other micro-macramé jewellery projects like rings, bracelets, chokers etc.


Firstly, we shall look at the two (main) indispensable knots which form the bedrock upon which all macramé down the the present has depended:
Square Knot (or "Reef Knot Tied Over a Core")
This is the eponymous and ubiquitous macramé knot par excellence.... used to create the familiar "macramé" textile so often seen in projects. It is essentially a reef knot tied over a core (usually the same material) and owes it's existence to the well-known reef knot used in so many ways by many groups including: Sailors( for "Reefing" sails) First Aiders (for slings etc.), Scouts / Girl Guides etc. BUT! not by Mountaineers, Climbers, rescuers & the like because:

The "Clove Hitch" (or "2 Round Turns" )
This is the knot used to form friendship bracelets and the other main type of textile section in macramé projects.  It is a very good knot for creating details, shapes & designs since it can be used to "draw" a bit like a line of ink...or charcoal. Another major use in macramé is it's ability to conceal the ends of cords or threads after they have been snipped off...

Secondary Knots and Techniques

Secondly, here is a small sampling of other knots / "weaves" also  now commonly used in macramé:


This word comes from the French word "Plat" meaning "Flat". Thus, it is an interweaving of cords / threads to create a tress that is "Flat" in cross-section.. Adding more cords to this type of weave makes it wider and wider.. but not thicker, (unless the cords are "bunched together" instead of being laid side-by-side as is more normally the case...)


his a technique where several cords are interwoven to create a patterned 3 -dimensional tress with a specific cross-section: eg: circular, triangular, rectangular, "C-shaped", etc... A well-known braiding technique is called "Kumihimo" (Japanese(loosely) for "Art of Braiding"

The Carrick Bend:

("Josephine Knot" in embroidery; "Double Coin Knot" in Chinese Knotting), is an ornamental knot that is often used as a feature in macramé projects. It's a flat knot that can be tied with one or more cords and can create colourful projects even used on it's own...

The Turk's Head:

Named, originally,  for it's resemblance to turbans, this decorative knot may be used in very many ways: In traditional sailors knot-work like ship's bell ropes, in macramé as a "feature" knot, as a "woggle" for Scouts & Guides etc., and as a flat knot, it has a "Celtic" feel to it and may be used to create rugs and other objects not to mention being used as the pieces in a strategy game... yes really!  see the tutorial below.....


APKT 15 STARTING 1 by Peter-The-KnotterBPKT HS1 NECKLACES PART B by Peter-The-KnotterCPKT 6 REEF KNOT by Peter-The-KnotterDPKT 7 CLOVE HITCH by Peter-The-KnotterEPKT 13 PLAITS by Peter-The-KnotterFPKT 14 BRAIDS by Peter-The-KnotterGPKT 8 CARRICK BEND by Peter-The-KnotterHPKT 12 TURK'S HEAD by Peter-The-Knotter

If you have found that these tutorials have been of some usefulness to you, there are, as I'm sure you're aware, others available here: peter-the-knotter.deviantart.c… ,  as part of an evolving set of knotting and macrame resources on DA.


I hope that you have all found this little introduction to Macrame, fun, useful and interesting..., (in fact, any one from three will make me a very happpy bunny!), and please let me know if there is something I shouldn't have left out, or any errors or mistakes on my part, that you feel would help this article to be better at it's task. Also, if you know of any links that you feel are particularly important and should be included, let me know and I'll pop them into the Info section. Thank You.

OK..., you've read the article ...and you're interested in taking up macrame... so what next? ...perhaps: Google?

Firstly, as well as the many tutorials on DA and the net, there are many links in the "Further Information " section, below, to inspire assist and perhaps point you in a useful direction...

Secondly: Or you could simply continue enjoying your day as you wish.... and keep in mind that if you ever need any help with macrame, especially beginners, (although, any level is fine... and just as important really... ;) ) anyone that practises macramé on DA, who are all  friendly, generous people..., (but please, do bear in mind that we all have busy lives and concerns... so be sensitive and sensible when doing so...), If you want my help please note me*

Thirdly  Join a group...  A group is a good idea, especially if you wish to contact others with the same interests and access tutorials, ideas, contests and chat etc....  oh, and: don't forget "General" artisan-based groups; They are often very good which is why I've included some in the links section in this article.

Otherwise, as I'm sure you realise, you can use any of the links to tutorials, makers, groups etc, to embark on your exploration of this craft in your own, personal way.... and I wish you much fun in your travels.. it's gonna be fabulous! and annoying sometimes and exhilarating at others but is also very satisfying....  remember: it takes time and practice to get the results you want from your efforts and no amount of natural talent at something is a free pass to success, there are no short cuts... you become an overnight success at something simply because someone has discovered you after you have been practising your art for heaven knows how many years... could be few could be a lot...  ;)  My interest in knotting and macrame has taken me to the most unlikely and extraordinary places... and meetings with wonderful people and characters who have shared their knowledge and piqued my curiosity even further in ways I could never have imagined on my own....!

Whatever way you choose: Bon Voyage!!** ......Peter.

*since most people are different from each other and everyone has their own particular strengths and depths of knowledge / rate of learning; should you come to me for help, I prefer to give advice / signpost people to appropriate resources on macramé in an individual way...
**...maybe send us a postcard here on da to show us your progress...? :)



Firstly: What type of seller do you intend to be? The vast majority of Artist-Artisans* start off with a "Day Job" even if they later become famous... and /or reasonably well-off from their endevours... eg: Kaffe Fassett, Laura Ashley,  Luis Cienfuegos, William Morris (was a notable exception...),

:bulletgreen:  Selling as "an extra income" and selling "professionally" are two extremely different things!  Both of them will cost money initially whilst you learn your metier/build up a reserve of stock, and both will be accountable to your local "Customs & Excise", "IRS" or whatever govenment body is responsible for taxes and income in your country....;
:bulletgreen:   Selling as "an extra income"
:bulletgreen:  Selling  "professionally"  will bring an absolute avalanche of legal regulations, laws of accountability and accountancy etc, which you must be ready to assimilate and know as well as possible, if, as most modern craftspeople / Artisans do, you decide to operate as a simple "Sole Trader"*
:bulletgreen:  What is a sole trader? It is a type of business "Model" where you are personally responsible for all aspects of your own business. Do remember that "Sole Trading" doesn't necessarily mean that if your business fails,  your personal property will or can be seized by your creditors.  Information on this aspect of trading will be available in your country, usually via a government website.
:bulletgreen: Craft materials aren't cheap, it will take time, money and and a total love and dedication/talent to become really good at anything... including macrame. It will also be very useful also to establish a reputation for your work by having exhibitions, teaching, and promoting your work in many ways on and offline (remember there is a vast market of people with funds available that don't spend much time on the net... or even may not have access to it, (although this, as we all know, is rapidly changing even in the poorest economies....), which, at first, bring nothing to you financially... so a "Day Job" is heartily reccommended whilst your skillsare being honed and you are assimilating all the knowledge you will need and the financial means to start and operate your business until the returns start rolling in...

:bulletgreen: Before you even contemplate setting an "opening date"  You will need to be preparing your presentation materials, and you're learning how to run a business, (Packaging, Website, Labels and logo, House style, Business Plan/Cashflow Analysis,


"Recommended Reading" is simply a few of the books in my library that will, together, cater for every level of competence in macramé...   There are many, many more out there... and on the shelves behind me as I write this little essay,  but I offer these as a starting point if you will, for those who are not necessarily sure of the quality of a volume they may have come across.  If there is a particular area to do with knotting / macramé in which you wish for further advice on the usefulness/availability of other books, drop me a note or comment...

Vogue Guide To Macrame:…
Instant Macrame by The Needlecraft Institute…
Macrame: A Comprehensive Guide by Heidi Willsmore:…
Introducing Macrame by Eirian Short:…

Knots & Knotting:
Fusion Knots by J D Lenzen: This guy has written at least 2 books on the subject... (I have one of them..2nd?. will arrive shortly...)
The Ashley Book of Knots by Clifford W Ashley:…
The Encyclopedia of Fancy Knotwork by Jon Hensel & Raoul Graumont:
Chinese Knotting by Lydia Chen:…

200 Braids (To loop knot and twist) by Jacqui Carey:…
The Big Book of Sling and Rope Braids by Rodrick Owen:…
Suppliers of Macrame (& general knotting) Materials(Just a few good ones to get people started)


Firstly, there is, as I'm positive alI who read this know, a staggering amount of information out there to look at...  I have therefore kept my inclusions to a minimum since this is an "Introduction" after all.. Having said that, don't think I have been miserly in my inclusions... or just included the "best"... or my preferred makers and sites etc... It's not about a judgement call or a bias... but about a balanced overview of the craft to enable you to find a wide variety of types, ideas, and technical levels etc etc in what is listed here... All the sites below are well worth a visit...   Naturally enough, some sites will appeal to certain people more than others.. but that's precisely what makes our planet in general..., and this craft in particular..., so interesting!  I have included some sites that use the same techniques as in macramé..., but applied in a different milieu eg: hair-"braiding"... Some sites/makers are really quite extraordinary in their imaginative and colourful expositions of macramé... and related / associated textile arts.... I would recommend looking at all of them, ...however briefly..., especially if you are new to this craft; they will serve you well and give you a pretty good overview of Macramé and it's near cousins...  

Secondly: I have split the information into that found on DA, and everything else which is found outside of DA,  on the net. This will, hopefully, save you time... particularly if you wish to confine yourself /prefer to start with:  stuff accessible on DA... (not to mention helping those parents of our very much younger craft colleagues who prefer their loved ones to stay on good sites...) I hope this resource is of use to you...and helps show how amazing this craft is! All the following sites are "child-friendly" though not necessarily secure.

On DeviantART:


:iconprojecteducate::iconartisan-tutorials: :icontutorialsforyou::icontutorialsclub:
General Artisan Groups


:iconhyppiechic::iconmaomao7::icondirtyoldtown: :icondragonflyer139::iconwabbit-t3h::iconcheila::iconaurora102::iconknotgypsy::iconchaosfay::iconlovebiser::iconmissannthropia::iconashte::iconjohannachambers::iconteszugi::iconcakecrumbs::iconhemplady4u::iconchaosfay::icondanisia::iconursulaa::iconwimpletoad::iconmaytel::iconmahu2010::iconarismende::iconwere-were-wolfy::iconborysbrytva::iconnimuae::iconegs3::iconmagicalcreations::iconhattiemchatterson::iconlechatnoircreations::iconbottegadelcostume::iconbreach90::icon3zolushka::iconenenauta::iconiheartmagpies::iconphathemp::iconarboretia: :iconlonely--soldier::iconeilex::iconautumntreeleaves::iconfloriknoture::iconmarsvar::icondeathbysunset::iconbellylaughbeads::iconmichael-xiii::iconkokoartemis::iconm4ryhu4n4::iconjuleeborges::iconwildlotus::iconquietmischief::iconlodder:

On The Net:

Generalised Search Shortcuts

Macrame in Pictures: (via Google)
Macrame & Knotting Videos (Utube )(various):…
Hair-Braiding tutorials:…


Abbreviations used: Static pictures and text: (s); Video: (v); Languages: (Fre) (Eng), (Spa), (Ger)etc  Multi-lingual: (ml)


Macrame School (v)(eng): Few, but good, tubes dealing with basic concepts...

FB Tutorials(s)(various)… Solid set of tutorials from "the" FB Site...
Craftingeek(v)( spa):…   Very good,  and well presented FB vids...
Laura Pifer (v) (eng):
How to "Wrap a Stone" & "Make a Ring" by Lubcho Macrame(v) (music only)… Only 2 vids but! sooooo useful!; doesn't need words!
Demure Design(s):    Micro-Macrame Tutorials
Macrame Patterns:…
(For more macrame vids see: "Generalised Search Shortcuts", above....)

Tutorials:Knots & Braids

(Tying It All Together (v)(eng) (J D Lenzen):… Excellent resource... see also: "Recommended Reading" further down...
Grog's Animated Knots Channel (v)(eng):… The best video resource for learning to tie knots.. Plus! the Set of tut's is available on DVD.. ( my library of course...)
Dreamweaver Hair Braids(s):… Probably all the hair raids you'll ever use...

Tutorials:Gastronomy  NB: (nfv): Not For Vegetarians

(Plaiting Challah (6 strand) Bread((v) A delightfully competent and yet loveably quirky vid... I loved it!
How to plait Onions: (… good simple but fun.. NB: "French Plait" is simply your normal 3 strand hair plait.. see my tut on "plaits" in "Techniques", above, if in doubt....
Joint prep: (v) (nfv):
Plaiting Round Bread 1: (round)(v)
Top Plaiting Stuffed Rectangular Bread 2 (v):  Delicious! includes lengthy recipe & Method before plaiting part...
Garlic Bread Knots(v): Simple and fast... blink and you'll miss it! lovely way to accompany pizza etc.

Macramé & Fibre Art Galleries

The Macrame Collective:
Friendship Bracelets.Net:
Fiber Arts && Mixed Media:

Macramé Shops

Just a few shops to get you started... Remember that many deviants are available to do commissioned pieces so, if you see something here that you like, try contacting them via their page or a link on their profile....
Marion.Jewels in Fiber:… The shop I would probably use if I were living in he USA... (Chinese Knotting, Macrame & Kumihimo materials, tools, findings, accessories etc)
Kuha Kreations:…
Knot Just Macrame:…
LaceGiraffe:… (Knitting, Crochet & Macrame: excellent quality in all 3...)
ARUMIdesign:… (Micro-macrame Mastery)
naynaymacrame:… (Macrame: Mostly Jewellry,Fun ideas!  Excellent quality)
Marta Jewelry:… (Macrame & Beading:  Strong bead influence, Excellent quality)
Beckinka:  Products (necklaces etc.) & materials: linen cord, cabochons, etc.(WT) Principally sellers of good q2uality waxed thread  in a vast array of colours... the shop is run by the person who founded and runs "The Macrame Collective" one of the best contemporay macrame design online galleries... (WT)

You can also try using search functions on sites designed for small-scale sellers like:
Storenvy: (USA) (UK)
dawanda: (Ger)
Etsy(ml)  (USA)
Artfire: Handmade (ml)…
As well as the obvious: Ebay: (ml) (UK)  (US)


Vesely Supinky: Talented Czech FB Maker
Joan Babcock: A riot of colour that explodes into a storm of originality in micro-macrame... (yeah.. I like her stuff... ;)  )
Sandy Swirnoff:…  Like Ms Babcock..(above) ...but totally different!   (yeah....etc...)
Marion Hunziker Larson:   Like.... Beginning to get repetitive now.... (yeah!.....already!)
Kate Anderson:… The mad knotter's tea party... you'll understand when you land on the site... in a good way!
Ed Bing Lee: Website on Hiatus: will insert as soon as I can... so worth it meanwhile here's a sample from an article:
Gerri Johnson-McMillin:… Very "Organically" based forms in fibre... you need to see them! go!! ... :)
Adriana Lazzari:
Irina Serbinas:
Wendy Elizabeth:…

Blogs & Some one-off articles on the subject that I deem worth inclusion... )

Phat Hemp Jewelry:  
chabakocrazy::… out September 2012... What is a "chabako?"... It's the bag used to carry  items required to perform "chanoyu". ( The "Japanese Tea Ceremony"…)
Turks Heads & Contemporary Fiber Bracelets:…
Beyond Bracelets:…
Dreamweaver:… Stunning examples of weaving...
Creative Jewish Mum:… How to Plait Bread! (A "Challah" for Rosh-Hashana.. )
Hotflash Designs:… Bernadette's exquisite knotted jewellry!
Decades:… Quirky but very accomplished site!
Galit Mastai:… Just go see.. I refuse to spoil the surprise..
Smitten by a Knot:…

Fashion and Clothing

General Searches

Click a topic and be amazed at the variety and applications....

Facebook Knotting Presences:
Made by Martin & Ugne:
Leah Danberg:…
Macramania Jewelry:…

General Craft Sites

Craft In America:

Groups and Forums

International Guild of Knot Tyers:

Magazines & Periodicals (Online & Hard Copy Publications)

Fiber Arts: General Textile Arts mag, competent & informative...
Fiberart International: As above, just more internationally focussed...
Fiber Art Now:


Again... this is by no means exhaustive and is only a representation of those that are members of DA, the DA presence isn't quite so indicative, proportionally, of macrame generally, as more of the non-artisan categories like digital art etc... In any event: these are simply various, for the most part, random, deviations... ( including those used for illustrative or feature purposes above),  for the "big finish" where the moderately well-proportioned person gets their chance to enthrall us all... (that would be me... btw... yeah! I know what all you pc people were thinking...! chill...) ;....besides, there's nothing so warming as seeing the whole cast together taking a bow... simply as themselves....enjoy!

tangled by arboretia130325 by Maomao7Peter's Quiver and bow by Peter-The-KnotterRoyal Blue Drop Necklace by johannachambersMacrame Gift by ForeverCreativesakura open by 3zolushka:thumb246701819:Little Macrame Zoo by Breach90Copper Green Macrame Necklace by johannachambersMacrame Bottles by WimpleToadKnotwork by Miniciniaboriginal art-detail by 3zolushkaThe Hat by 3zolushkaknotted tree by were-were-wolfyRainbow...again by TeszugiMacrame Collar with Pearls by LeChatNoirCreationsGreen glass beads and macrame necklace by marsvarFlowers Bookmark 1 by lonely--soldierBlack thunder by enenautacompanion cube bracelet by ElizzaBeastMacrame Moodboard by iheartmagpiesRainbow micro macrame by ArismendeMacrame Phoenix by enenautaAutumn Tree Of Lights by Peter-The-KnotterMacrame pendant 1 by borysbrytvaCorey's Bottle by WildLotusPinky by Miniciniwizard by magicalcreationsBulbasaur 1.5 inch Friendship Bracelet by CarrieBeaBag: "Isfahan" by Peter-The-Knotterwild rose by 3zolushkaDragon Set: Necklace by Peter-The-KnotterIce and Fire by Peter-The-KnotterBlue Sun Rising Stone/Macrame Necklace by BellyLaughBeadsMe and Lady of the Sea by ChaosFayCoral Reef by Kaname-Kiritowolf track cuff bracelet by HempLady4usummer necklace by enenautaMacrame choker by MaHu2010Aboriginal art by 3zolushkapurple eye by magicalcreationsHat Back by Peter-The-Knotter130408 by Maomao7macrame bracelet by MaHu2010micro macrame necklace by 3zolushka...and the hat decorated by knotsmeThe Phoenix suncatcher by 3zolushkaForest Moonlight Necklace by Peter-The-Knottersakura necklace by 3zolushkawedding rings by magicalcreationsLittle Macrame Sushi by Breach90Macrame pendant 6 Spider by borysbrytvaGaia bag I by AshteDiamond by AutumnTreeLeavesMacrame Collar with PearlsII by LeChatNoirCreationsLittle Macrame Zoo by Breach90Another try by nimuaeNecklace    ASANTE by Peter-The-KnotterForest Queen by enenautaAdult and Juvenile Boll Weaver by 84rmsDay Dream-Steampunk Macrame Necklace/Choker by deathbysunsetMacrame' by JuleeBorgesmacrame necklace 4 by DirtyOldTownMacrame Bracelet 5 by borysbrytvamacrame hemp bracelet by HempLady4uPothanger by Peter-The-Knottermacrame necklace by 3zolushkaFavorite flowers by TeszugiMy Hemp, Let Me Show You It by PhathempRainbow Earrings by floriknotureLittle Macrame Parrot by Breach90Leather Bracelet by Eilexhana by Maomao7tangled by arboretiamagandang umaga bota by Peter-The-KnotterTribal Macrame Button by BellyLaughBeadsDarkness in the Woods by ChaosFayMacrame Bracelet 17 by borysbrytvaWire Wrap and Macrame Bracelet by hyppiechicStarmie 1.5 inch Friendship Bracelet - New Version by CarrieBeaPurple Chickens by Wabbit-t3hMacrame necklace with Rainbow Fluorite by hyppiechicMacrame by DanisiaPothanger "Maskpotcandle" by Peter-The-KnotterSol by MiniciniNecklace "African Mask" by Peter-The-KnotterFiber Beads on Cool Hemp by PhathempMacrame Cotton Necktie - Grey Red by Michael-XIIINecklace: Sheheradzade by Peter-The-KnotterString bag 2 by AshteMacrame doll by Cheilamacrame owl by UrsulaaAmulets "E A F W" by Peter-The-Knotter:thumb256866759:Shells Bracelet by KnotGypsyWire Wrap and Macrame Choker by hyppiechicBead Crochet Necklace with Long Macrame Pendant by borysbrytvaMacrame crystal by m4ryhu4n4Macrame fish by lovebiserMacrame candle holder by MissAnnThropiaowl wallhanging 3 by aurora102African Queen by Peter-The-KnotterMacrame bracelet by Ursulaaicicles by 3zolushkacostumi coppia barocco. by BottegadelCostumeMy Everyday Purple by floriknotureMacrame Necklace coral by kokoArtemisBlack Rainbow Heart Friendship Bracelet by QuietMischiefModeling Demonic Ashes by ChaosFay by balthasarcraftSouthern Night by 3zolushkaOnix by m4ryhu4n4Tiered Loop Macrame' Choker by johannachambersSnow Flake by Maomao7Wire Hand - Macrame Knots by zeronsMacrame by lodderGreen Flying Gecko by Peter-The-KnotterBlue and Black Celtic Knot Friendship Bracelet by QuietMischiefNecklace Morticia by Peter-The-Knotter7 Earring Designs by Peter-The-Knotter


"..."words" make "experience" last ....  "    (William Morris)

"It always takes a whole village,
at least..., and some time, for some, longer for others...
to raise a well balanced, well-educated human
...or a halfway-decent literary piece...." (PTK)

Firstly: I would like to thank projecteducate for the opportunity to be part of something so special!, Secondly I would like to explain that I haven't "cited" which person has created which deviation* in this section**, as I normally would in my "Deviant" or "Group" Features in journals etc, because I feel that Project Educate's  articles & features are principally about the subject, and secondly, about A: Teamwork... and B: Sharing / Helping Altruistically...
...Following the traditions of the highest ideals within humans, in general, and DA, in particular....

:iconjohannachambers::iconteszugi::iconcakecrumbs::iconhemplady4u::iconchaosfay::icondanisia::iconursulaa::iconwimpletoad::iconmaytel::iconmahu2010::iconarismende::iconwere-were-wolfy::iconmagicalcreations::iconborysbrytva::iconnimuae::iconegs3::iconmagicalcreations::iconhattiemchatterson::iconlechatnoircreations::iconbottegadelcostume::iconbreach90::icon3zolushka::iconenenauta::iconiheartmagpies: :iconphathemp:
Finally..., Without the deviants above, this article would have been
a sadder, far poorer affair... not just because of
their actual deviation contributions, but
for that which is priceless:
their friendship and... much inspiration.

Thank You.

* ...or whatever other item of information, critique, proofreading, or other contribution to this articles completion...
** There is a reason that this section is called "Acknowledgements" rather than: "Credits"... ;) If you wish to discover more about the artist behind a particular deviation: click on it, then use their name on the deviation page to access their profile...

The Last Word:
I would ask you all to please note that:
This exposition has penetrated the depth, breadth and possibilities within knotted work... the same way that a single baby duck's feather
...has penetrated  to the vertical  centre of the pacific ocean....
...when dropped from a distance of one inch in height...

The various illustrations included are the copyright of their respective authors.

This article is for reference purposes only. It is not to be reproduced in whole or in part without the permission of the author. No commercial exploitation of this article is envisaged or desired...   ©  Copyright P. L. Crossley August 2013

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wow embossing powder tutorial

Wed Jan 16, 2013, 11:45 AM
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Last year I visited a craft fair and discovered in the paper decoration / paper crafting a super great new material.
Maybe some of you know it.
But here in german Cosplay scene, and perhaps also for many other countries it's really a novelty.

It can be used for paper decoration, for gemstones, paint and much more.
In this tutorial I made a kind of decoration for costumes versions/ setting for stones/ enamelling paper.

here two shops I found at the internet:
german shop
uk shop (only powder)



How to work step by step:


What materials do you need:

- Paper / paperboard (or laminated paper)
- Brush / pens / scissors
- heat dryer
- Acrylic paint / varnish
- WOW! Embossing Powder
- Embossing Ink Pad (or something like that)
- stamp as planned (usually for Embossing Powder)
- On request: Perfect Pearls - Colorpowder
- Baking paper as a base for quick and easy work


Draw the shape you want on your paper and cut it out.

Tip: You can't often cut the paper later. It is important to have everything in the exact shape.


Paint your paper with acrylic or varnish.
If you have laminated paper, you don't need this step!


Press the ink pad on your shape. It must be sticky and wet.


Now sprinkle the first layer "WOW! Embossing Powder" on the sticky paper.

Tip: You can use a bare paper placed under it.
Fold it once in the middle and after you're done pour your powder back into your box.


Heat the powder with the heat dryer.
You should be a handbreadth away with the heat dryer.
You can see exactly how the powder melting and begins to get a smooth surface.

EVERY layer is repeated in this way!


For a simple enamelling, you can do this 1 to 2 times.
If you want to impress a pattern, you will need 2 to 3 layers of embossing powder. How to recognize the pattern beautifully.

Here's an example: 1 layer and 3 layers


Each "WOW! Embossing Powder" and every "Perfect Pearl-Colorpowder" have different effects.
I wanted to antique gold. For that I use black Embossing Powder and "Perfect Pearls - Sunflower Sparkle"

I paint the colorpowder with a brush on my shape.


Heat it the last time.
IMMEDIATELY press the stamp on your shape and let cool.
Only when it is cooled off, you can remove the stamp.

Your shape with the pattern is finished.


All steps at a look (for example with a stone on it)


To pour stones / shapes, you need the following things:

- A little old pot or pan
- Stove or hot plate

Step 1: Heat the "WOW! embossing powder" in the pot
Step 2: Pour it into the mold
Step 3: Let it cool


Tip: You can use any leftovers again!

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Object PLZ accounts

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Best deviations of the week

Let me show you the girl's energy by maocosplayNick and Rena | ASUNA AND KIRITO by clickarteacaoQueen Elsa - Frozen by PriSuicunYou arrived just in time... by Jack-DanRabo and Hiyori by Millenia666Lina Inverse by MarinaReIkOMakoto Schoolgirl Wear by KyoudaiCosbandDamage Control by RinaGAttack on Titan Survey Corps by Astarte-TenebraeeJean by Prince-LelouchFriendship, Senketsu and Matoi Ryuko Cosplay! by hakucosplayHaikyuu!! Karasuno Crow by general-kuroruTinkerBell- The Boss by SoraPilziFinal Fantasy XIII: Oerba Yun Fang by ElenaLeetahJUMP by CycloneXHTCPretty Moon Guardian by MadeinPlutePokemon - Sea and Sun by AidaOtakuJuri Han by adelhaidCryamore - Esmy!!!! by Tanuki-Tinka-AsaiWoman in the red by bellatrixaidenGuardians of the Galaxy - Rocket Raccoon by Pugoffka-sama

pictures chosen by :iconprisuicun:
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Cosplay Tutorials Collection

Wed May 15, 2013, 11:59 PM
Cosplay tutorials are among the most fascinating I've found in DA, full of inspiration and secrets that make you want to try them, even if you've never cosplayed before. I took a good look around and tried to put together the best collection that I could, so please feel free to browse all of these and try them! Let these artist know how awesome and generous they are for their hard work :heart:

This article was written for ArtHistoryProject, please don't forget to visit the project and also join the nail art contest we put together.


Tutorial: Circle Skirts by taeliac Imperial knight tutorial by Sofie3387 Madoka Petticoat Tutorial by RuffleButtCosplay Woven Corset Bodice Tutorial by nolwen Tutorial:Draft a Kimono Patten by taeliac Bunny Girl Bodysuit Tutorial and Pattern by calgarycosplay Terra Tutorial: Armor by 23rdAngel Lolita Dress Tutorial by Pos-Pos Dress Tutorial by LauraTolton plaid skirt sewing tutorial by mariedark  Knight of Time Cape: Tutorial by HABanime Ruffle Skirt Tutorial by eirenealetheia Sailor Fuku Cosplay Tutorial by SparklePipsi


Feathered Wings Tutorial by Kudrel-Cosplay Steampunk Goggles: A Tutorial by FenrisDesigns Fantasy Film Wing Tutorial by Flying-Fox Tutorial: Cosplay Jewel-Making by cafe-lalonde Foam Board Weapon Tutorial by FireLilyCosplay Vinyl and Craft Foam Armor Tutorial by FireLilyCosplay Link Cosplay hat tutorial by Eressea-sama Cid Highwind Spear Tutorial 1 by gerodere Craft foam tutorial by PxScosplay Crisis Step-by-step by unconventionalsenshi Lolita Cuff Tutorial by LightningMcTurner Fai's Staff Tutorial by samhawkeye How-to: Swimmable mermaid tail by Colt-kun


Shoe Painting Tutorial by CosplayCousins No-Stretch Boot Cover Tutorial by FireLilyCosplay Leather Boot Tutorial by HarmonicCosplay Boot-cover Tutorial by VandorWolf Red Queen Boots Tutorial by CalamityJade


FFX Shiva wig tutorial by gerodere Sharpie Wig Dyeing Tutorial by FireLilyCosplay Wig curling tutorial by RuffleButtCosplay Wig Hairline Tutorial by Malindachan Wig Spiking Tutorial by Cattypatra Jessie wig tutorial by Ryoko-demon Tutorial: Weft Supplement by taeliac Mini Tutorial: Washing wigs by taeliac Tutorial: How to put on wigcap by taeliac Yami Yugi Wig Tutorial by Malindachan

Make up

Crossplay Makeup Tutorial by napallama Cosplay Tutorial: Binding II by Abessinier Cosplay Makeup Tutorial Part I by the-sushi-monster Boy vs Girl Cosplay Makeup Tutorial by Yume-ka Tutorial: Covering Eyebrows by AnimosityCosplay Wound Tutorial by sporkbotic Tutorial - Making your lips look bigger by RuffleButtCosplay Cosplay Tattoo tutorial by Magi-Axi-Ruin

Assorted techniques

Cosplay Tutorial: Binding I by Abessinier Cosplay:Metal Texture Tutorial by Risachantag Fabric Gradient Dye Tutorial by FireLilyCosplay Cosplay Tutorial: Seamless Trim by firewolf826 Tutorial: Real or Fake Kimono? by iheartsendai Basic Sewing Tutorial 1 by Reine-Haru Tutorial: Centered zippers by taeliac Tutorial: How to Applique by taeliac Tutorial: Putting on Bias Tape by taeliac Tutorial: Tipping Corset Bones by taeliac Fakie Screen Printing Tutorial by taeliac

There's still a lot more to see! :heart: find more here.

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Remembrance Day Feature

Journal Entry: Mon Nov 11, 2013, 5:04 AM

They shall not grown old, as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

Lest we forget.

The above is an extract from a poem called "For the Fallen" and was written in 1914 by Laurence Binyon. London-born Binyon wrote it 7 weeks after the outbreak of World War 1. British newspapers teemed with the news of the dead who'd fallen in battle, and it was against the backdrop of these bleak days that he wrote this poem. This verse, known today as The Ode for the Returned and Services League [RSL], has been recited at all military commemoration services for almost the last century.  'Lest we forget' is usually intoned at the end as a mark or respect and gratitude for those who served.

There are two such services for which we most associate this poem with: ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day. Today is, of course, the latter.

Remembrance day is held in all Commonwealth Nations on the 11th day of the 11th month. Also known as Poppy Day or Armistice Day, it marks the formal end of the hostilities of World War 1. The treaty was signed on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. To mark the occasion, we hold a minute silence at 11am every Remembrance Day to reflect on the people and the service animals who gave their lives in the line of duty. Many other non-Commonwealth countries hold variously named days of remembrance on the same date.

The red poppy has become a symbol of remembrance for this and many other national days of remembrance. This stems from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae. The opening lines depict the scene of former WWI battlefields in Flanders covered in the striking flower.

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

The poppies were usually the first flowers to emerge from the soldiers' graves after battle. The battles waged in Flanders over time increased the lime content in the soil, something poppies thrive on. So their dominance across the battlefields wasn't just in spite of the war, it was actually because of it.

Today's feature, as a mark of remembrance, shares with you all some of the most striking poppy art from the Artisan Craft galleries.

poppy by polyflowers
Poppy by borysbrytva red poppy flowers necklace by fion-fon-tier
Poppy by kreativlink Red Poppies earrings by BeautySpotCrafts
Hand painted poppy pendant by ArtfulParadox Decoupage Vase - Poppy by yanniver
Red Poppies for Mom by allim-lip Poppy tea box by Shadowisper
Poppy Vase by bellekaX Poppy by Naera

deviously yours,
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If you kill yourself, the pain you feel inside you right now, everyone you love will feel it, but ten times worse. Do you really want your loved ones to feel your pain? I know sometimes it seems like the only way. But trust me, you have your whole life ahead of you to do great things. Over seven billion people in the world... and only ONE you. Nobody else could take your place. You might feel useless, rejected, neglected, hated upon, etc. But everyone and everything was created for a good reason. I don't know my purpose yet, and maybe you don't know yours. But I can promise you this: you WILL find your purpose, your meaning in life. You are strong enough to live your whole life, even though there was, is, and always be obstacles. I KNOW you aren't so weak as to kill yourself. Please, be strong and live your whole life. I know it's hard and sometimes you just feel like giving up, but you are stronger than that. And one day you will realize all those bad experiences have helped you become the wonderful person you are. There is NOBODY in this world like you. You're limited edition. The Earth is fortunate to have you walk it.

-Ash, age 12
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On misunderstandings about cosplay

Tue Jun 5, 2012, 8:01 PM
This is a topic I've been meaning to talk about for quite a while now. I finally got the motivation to when Sarah sorairo-days emailed me to share my thoughts on what cosplay means to me, and what I feel it really means to be a cosplayer despite all the misconceptions about the hobby. It's for this article on Random Nerds, in which Sarah shares her side of it as well.

Over the years, I've witnessed how cosplayers are constantly looked down upon, which makes people apprehensive towards it. It's such a shame because it's a wonderful and rewarding hobby which brings people together. And in general, I am firmly against making anyone feel bad about doing something they want to do.

I am aware that the concept of cosplay might be too much for some individuals, but our intention definitely isn't to get all up in everyone's faces and say everyone should cosplay or whatever.  We just want to promote a better understanding of the hobby, for anyone who is willing to keep an open mind about it.

For anyone who has ever been looked down upon for cosplaying
Have you ever been ashamed to admit that you're a cosplayer? I feel rather fortunate that the people in my life are all supportive, but I've seen it happen. I think most cosplayers would be familiar with that subtle look of criticism from some people when they reveal that they cosplay, or when they try to explain the hobby to someone who isn't into it. It tends to remind people a little too much of kids playing dress-up, which isn't an activity most will find dignified or respectable. Admittedly, there is a lot about the hobby that is easy to misinterpret. I think there are things about it that people only really understand when they actually give it a chance and try it out. (However I also acknowledge that it might not be for everyone.)

Other hobbyists that have a special enthusiasm for fictional characters would express it by drawing fan art, writing fanfiction, or collecting merchandise. You can do these things discreetly, and even anonymously. In contrast, cosplay is an activity that would put a person in a position that's very susceptible to scrutiny.

Consider that most costumes would require showing your face and parts of your body.

Add that to the fact that cosplay is something that is usually done publicly. It takes a certain level of courage to step outside and go through with it. Some people will find that commendable, but others are quick to use it as an opportunity to ridicule.

Common misconceptions are that cosplayers are misfits of society who reject reality and think of themselves as cartoon characters because they don't accept who they really are. Or that cosplayers are all just attention-seekers who are trying to win a popularity contest against each other. There might be people who exemplify these stereotypes, but we have to remember that any large group of people is bound to include a few questionable individuals. But it doesn't necessarily mean that everyone is like that.

The simple truth is, cosplay is like any other thing people do in their free time — something they do because they enjoy it. Some people watch TV, go to clubs and drink, play video games, read books, play a musical instrument, make artwork: and the list goes on. Perhaps it's not something a large percentage of the word would deem "normal", but cosplayers are just people who have a special appreciation for costumes and enjoy making and wearing them.

I've always been interested in costuming in movies, especially when the Lord of the Rings trilogy came out. I felt like the garments and accessories were so beautiful and I wanted to be able to touch them and collect them and even wear them. It was amazing to see these characters and items from the book come to life in a tangible way, rather than just seeing them in my imagination. I felt like just because a little bit of that beloved fantasy world had come to exist in reality, it made me want to believe even more in adventure, magic, love, and fellowship. I wanted, even in some small way, to be able to do something like that. One day, I stumbled upon some photos of cosplayers with beautiful photography, which got me researching what cosplay was about. It sounded like what I wanted to do, so I gave it a shot, and I haven't stopped since.

For me, cosplay is most importantly an activity I can bond with my friends over. I've even met some of my closest friends because of cosplay.

PotC: Bring Me That Horizon by behindinfinity
We're all into a lot of different stuff, but cosplay is one of the things that brings all of us together. Our relevant hobbies and skills fall under it (such as craft-making, sewing, painting, photography) so it even allows us to learn things and be productive while having fun. We find it an endless source of amusement to make group cosplay plans, construct pieces together, go out and be goofs while using the products of our efforts, and create beautiful images through photography.

After a grueling week working hard for our classes or jobs and being productive members of society, it's just a nice break to be able to do silly things with friends.

For some people maybe that means getting drunk and doing drugs, but my friends and I happen to prefer putting together costumes and wearing, hahah! We wear them to private photo shoots or to conventions where they are appropriate, so it's not like we even disturb other people with our fun.

I feel I'm very lucky to have a large group of friends who shares this with me. Not everyone has that advantage.

That's the reason some people attend conventions. There is a certain sense of camaraderie in cons because even though you may not personally know everyone, just by being there it means you are somehow a fan of the geeky interest the con revolves around. And some of those strangers may just become some of the best friends you've ever known.

At times, being a fan makes you feel the most ridiculous emotions in the world — and I mean that in the best way possible.

Not everyone understands that, so it's an awesome feeling to be around others who actually do.

Cosplay is a great celebration of the way we can let these fictional stories and characters grab hold of our hearts and somehow change the way we feel about ourselves. It's crazy and silly and totally beautiful.

As long as your feet are planted firmly on reality and you've got your priorities straight, being able to find that much meaning, joy, and inspiration in fiction —stories that teach us about bravery and friendship and hope and laughter— is absolutely nothing to be ashamed about.


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:bulletblack: Picture This :bulletblack: Original | 16+ | Dramedy, Romance, LGBT
Aibi's PT Gallery | Tyshea's PT Gallery
Synopsis:  A collection of short stories/one-shots about the lives of a group of girl x girl couples, and the trials they overcome together and within themselves.

- Arc 1: :bulletyellow:Sam&Sara:bulletblue: In Progress
--- Conceptualizing plot, scripting, storyboarding

"A 'punk-meets-prep', 'jock-and-nerd' kind of story. Worlds collide. About what it means to be honest, and being yourself.
Tags: angst, love triangle, introspective, drama, high-school romance, sexuality&love


--Act 1: Day--

- Chapter 1: "Sam"
- Chapter 2: "Sam&Mallory"
- Chapter 3: "Sara&Tammy"
- Chapter 4: "Sam&Melissa"

--Act 2: Night--

- Chapter 5: "Sara&Blaire"
- Chapter 6: "Sam&Jayden"
- Chapter 7: "Sara&Gwen"
- Chapter 8: "Sara"

-- Act 3: Eclipse--

- Chapter 9: "Sam&Sara"
- Chapter 10: "Saṃsāra" (Epilogue)

- Arc 2: :bulletgreen:Jay&Jess:bulletblue:
--- Conceptualizing plot, characters

A childhood love story about realizing you always had love where you least expected it.
Tags: humor, past-present flashbacks, drama, high-school romance, sexuality&gender, masculinity

- Arc 3: :bulletpurple:Stella&Gale:bulletred:
--- Conceptualizing plot, characters

A sensual story that explores what it means to be a girl, and what drives you to change yourself and your body.
Tags: humor, angst, romance, sex, body image, sexuality&gender, femininity

- Arc 4: :bulletpink:Mona&Su-Mi:bulletorange:
--- Conceptualizing plot, characters

A story of loving and understanding yourself before you can fully give yourself to someone else.
Tags: drama, college romance, sex, sexuality, body image/self esteem
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Redesign a character contest!

Thu Feb 21, 2013, 4:02 AM

If there's something we love about fan art is how artists take artistic liberties and portray characters in their own style and different scenarios we wouldn't see otherwise. Some people will say that fan art is unoriginal, but from experience there's a lot of creativity involved when it comes to depicting your favourite characters in a different light, deviating from the way they were designed by their creators.

This is why, inspired by the Pokedesign Challenge by *CrazyRatty on Tumblr, your friendly neighborhood Fan Art CVs decided to host a fun little contest for you!

How it works:

Pick a character from any fandom you like.
Come up with at least 3 different re-designs for them and put them in a single image.
Upload to deviantART's Fan Art Gallery and submit to CR-FanArt-Contests to the corresponding folder.


  • Visual entries only.
  • All entries must comply with deviantART's policies and terms of service.
  • All entries must be submitted to #CR-FanArt-Contests in the appropriate folder.  If you don't want to join the group, note ^Lyricanna or ^KasumiCR and we'll request your entry to be part of the contest folder.
  • We wont accept any entries that weren't uploaded to deviantART's Fan Art gallery.
  • You can enter as many times as you want, but you can only win with one entry.
  • There are no fandom restrictions. You can redesign any character(s) from any fandom(s) you want.
  • The description has to include a link to official art of the character you're redesigning.
  • Fan characters (OCs) are welcome, as long as you credit the creator, fandom of origin and link to an official image of them.
  • The contest starts on February 25 and finishes on April 26 at 11:59 PM PST


First Place:

Second Place:

Third Place:

*DeviantGEAR prizes are subject to availability.

Some examples of character redesigns:

Have fun and good luck!

New Community Relations Fan Art contest!

Many thanks to the ever awesome ^pica-ae for providing the beautiful css!
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