Glossary of TermsAlliteration and AssonanceGlossary of Terms9 years ago in General Non-Fiction More Like This
These two terms tackle a truly tedious type of terminology - repetition. Alliteration is the term used to denote the repetition of consonants, as in the previous sentence (repeated snakelike 's' sounds are called sibilants), whereas Assonance refers to 'chiming' or repeated similar vowel sounds; 'anger ran sanguine through him', for example.
Anacoluthon is a sentence that lacks grammatical sequence, such as 'while in the garden the chair fell over'.
Anacrusis is where the beginning of a verse of poetry opens with an unstressed syllable. 'And where the great offence is let the great axe fall' from Act IV Scene 5 of Hamlet is a good demonstration of this.
Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the start of successive clauses or verse lines. A good example is to be found in Blake's The Tyger:
What the hammer? what the chain,
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? what dread grasp.