Vocab Three: Food and DrinkVocab Three: Food and Drink4 years ago in Other More Like This
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Adjective useMystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Adjective use3 years ago in Other More Like This
Adjectives are describing words and are used to describe nouns. Something we've all learnt since we were at primary school. Where some languages, such as French, distinguish between
feminine and masculine adjectives, Japanese distinguishes between い-adjectives (i-adjectives) and な-adjectives (na-adjectives). Because I am a lazy person, for the rest of the lesson whenever the word "い-adjective" or "な-adjective" comes up, I will use the abbreviation "adj".
Distinguishing between the two types
There is no clear cut way of telling whether an adjective is an い-adj or な-adj. The only way of knowing is to rote learn them!
However, I know a couple of things which should help:
If the final character is い, it is most likely to be an い-adj. It is not definite, but it's likely.
e.g. うれしい (ureshii) for "happy" and おいしい (oish
Text: Learning to CountText: Learning to Count4 years ago in Other More Like This
ゼロ / れい
zero / rei
一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十
いち に さん よん ご ろく なな はち きゆう じゅう
Ichi ni san yon go roku nana hachi kyuu juu
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
It's crucial to know these ten numbers as they are your way to making it to 99.
So, how do we get 11? Let's find out. (The rest of this will be in romaji, fyi. I do emphasize practicing both kanji and the hiragana.)
Think of it as going in order. Start at the beginning of the number 11, we have ten, right? What's next? One. So, that's 11.
Vocab Five: PlacesVocab Five: Places4 years ago in Other More Like This
(My) home; house
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 23 years ago in Other More Like This
て form of verbs
Verbs can take on many different forms. The て form of a verb does not mean anything by itself, but it can be used for a variety of structures, such as sentence joining, so it is important to learn how to change a verb into its て form.
In Japanese, there are 3 types of verbs: いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん(godan) verbs and irregular verbs.
There are only 2 irregular verbs which do not follow any rules when taking on different forms so they need to be rote learned. Generally, there are more ごだん verbs than there are いちだん verbs.
For information on how to tell verbs apart, please read the grammar guide "Distinguishing Verbs".
Formation for いちだん verbs
Take the verb stem - that is, the part of the verb that comes before ます(masu) - and add て to it. Simple!
Text: Verbs: -Masu FormText: Verbs: -Masu Form3 years ago in Other More Like This
The next verb form I'm going to teach you is the "masu" form. This will take some getting used to, but I'm sure you'll get it soon enough c:
The "masu" form is the present affirmative tense of verbs. It is also the future tense as the language has no separate way to say it. I'll go more over the meaning of the verbs at a later time. For now, let's just learn how to conjugate.
Let's start with 'ru-verbs'. To make a 'ru-verb' into 'masu' form, you take it's stem. The verb stems for 'ru-verbs' are very easy to figure out as they are the same their respective verb base. You add 'masu' to the verb stem and that's it for 'ru-verbs' Pretty simple, huh?
おきる (okiru) = dictionary form
おき (oki) = verb stem
Add "masu" and you get:
おきます (okimasu) = masu form
And that's it!
Go ahead and try it with the other verbs before going on.
たべる (taberu) = たべます (tabemasu)
ねる (neru) =
Japanese grammar for dummies1. Japanese has no plurals.Japanese grammar for dummies5 years ago in Writing More Like This
Quick way to remember: All Japanese has the same plural as Sheep.
And yes, there are still some people out there that get to college and still think the plural of Sheep is
Sheeps. No, the plural of sheep is sheep. The plural of deer is deer.
So Dear, remember that the plurals in Japanese work like deer.
hitsuji ga ippiki, hitsuji ga nihiki, hitsuji ga sanbiki
One sheep, two sheep, three sheep.
2. Japanese is an SOV language.
Subject, Object Verb. So Yoda, as one person put it.
(I am Hitsuji.)
3. Japanese is a contextual language.
English is like trying to pick up the grains of sand on a beach. If you get one subject or object wrong, with the references off wrong, then you're screwed. Even Chinese which has a similar syntax (in a different language grou
Text: Invitation (masenka)Text: Invitation (masenka)3 years ago in Other More Like This
In this tutorial, I will be going over inviting someone to join you in something. To make an invitation, you take the present negative form of the verb and add the particle 'ka' at the end. You cannot use the affirmative form to extend an invitation. It would only make a question, not an invitation.
Let's try some:
Bangohan wo tabemasen ka.
Would you like to have dinner (with me)? (Or something to that effect.)
Sakkaa wo shimasen ka.
Would you like to play soccer (with me)?
To give a reply to an invitation, you would use replies like the ones below:
Ii desu ne.
Sounds good. / It's good. / etc.
This would obviously be used as a positive response in which the person accepts your invitation. To turn someone down, you would use a reply such as the one
Text: Verbs: Dictionary FormText: Verbs: Dictionary Form3 years ago in Other More Like This
Hopefully by now you've had time to look over all the verbs that I posted previously. If not, I highly suggest doing that first before reading on!
Please note that this is not a tutorial on how to use verbs. This is only explaining them, their base form and their dictionary form. How to use them will come at a later time!
To be blunt and honest, verbs are, in my opinion, the most difficult thing to master of the Japanese language. Don't be scared though, I'll be taking you one step at a time and (hopefully) make things easy to understand and learn. So let's get to it!
Looking at all the verbs I've posted, I'm sure some of you have noticed a trend. (If not, that's fine.) All of the verbs end in an 'u'. You might have noticed that all the 'ru' verbs end in 'ru'. Well, that's where the name came from c: The 'u' verbs are verbs that can end in things other, but not excluding, 'ru'. This could be 'ku', 'mu', 'bu', 'u' (just itself), etc. An 'u' or 'ru' is added on to the verb base ('ik' as
Text: Particle Mo, Ne, YoText: Particle Mo, Ne, Yo3 years ago in Other More Like This
'Mo' in Japanese is basically the equivalent of the English word "too" or "also". It takes the place of the subject marker 'wa/ga' when used in a sentence. Let's try some examples.
Kore wa enpitsu desu.
That is a pencil.
Kore mo enpitsu desu.
That is also a pencil.
Be careful not to place 'mo' at the end of the sentence as in English, this happens quite often. (Example: I am a student also.)
Watashi wa gakusei desu.
I am a student.
Watashi mo gakusei desu.
I am also a student.
You don't have to use "full" sentences to add 'mo' to. They can be as simple as this: