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                                                    Simplicity by jup3nep

                                                    ronce by baspunk

                                                    A traves del escudo by kasitired

                                                    Create! by alisinwonder

                                                    Soldier by krychu84

                                                    Track by PaulCastleton

                                                    

                                                    It'll be fine by alisinwonder

                                                    11111141 by natucya

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
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Photography Troubleshooting: Filters

Wed Jun 27, 2012, 3:30 AM
This week we bring you another issue of Photography Troubleshooting to hopefully give you some tips and explanations behind how to make use of some photography accessories. If you have a question, query or any thoughts you wish to see discussed just drop us a comment or note!


"The use of filters, how to pick them and examples of situations where they would be helpful...."

~ moria330


Hi moria330, filters are a good way of diversifying your photographic opportunities without spending a great deal of money (though, granted, many of the better quality filters can get to be relatively expensive).

In film photography, filters were used a lot more extensively then they are today thanks to the nature of the medium.
For example colour filters were used for white balance purposes on colour films that were balanced for different light types, so, you could shoot artificial light balanced film under daylight if you had a filter that corrected for it.

Filters by Sarinka


Additionally colour filters were used for black and white photography so the film would capture only the spectrum of light you were filtering for, providing emphasis or deemphasis of the features of the subject or scene.

Colour filters aren't nearly as popular today mostly because digital photography has far less need for them, the only exception being with digital black and white cameras (as in cameras that can only capture black and white images), which are, suffice to say, definitely in the minority.

Color Filters... by CanenArt

There are three or four types of filters that (as far as I am aware) are the most pertinent to digital photography: Neutral Density and Graduated Neutral Density filters; Polarising filters; Infrared and Ultraviolet filters; and depending on your perspective UV/Haze filters.

Neutral Density and Graduated Neutral Density (henceforth shorted to ND and GND respectively) both block light coming through them. They're referred to as ND filters because they're supposed to block light equally across the spectrum, leaving no colour casts as a result.

Many may wonder why such things are needed at all, particularly if you've spent the money to buy a fast (wide aperture, or low F/number, like F/1.8) lens.
Plain ND filters are useful because they allow you to use longer shutter speeds, particularly during the day time. Long exposure photography is often difficult at best without a plain ND filter, particularly under direct sunlight.
The visual effect of this can be striking, to give an example, you could use a strong ND filter to take a long exposure of a city centre, and the end result would (or at least could) show that city centre to be deserted.
A less extreme use of a plain ND filter is the ability to use your fast lens at its widest aperture under direct sunlight.

Rua Augusta by jpgmn


A GND has a more specific use, and is less useful for digital cameras thanks to post processing techniques, and has an area of the filter that is filtered and an area that is clear (or unfiltered), and either a small or large transition between those two (often referred to hard and soft, respectively).
Using a GND basically allows a single shot HDR image to be taken, as the highlight area (typically the sky) can be darkened, while the darker foreground can be exposed more normally.

GND's are particularly useful in high contrast landscape scenes, but they tend to rely on the horizon being relatively straight in order for the effect to be best used, hence why post processing HDR techniques can be a better option, in spite of the requirements that HDR photography often needs.

French Alps by alien-sid

Polarising filters do exactly what they say, they polarise the light coming into the sensor. This typically as the effect of increasing colour saturation, darkening the sky, and removing reflections, if the filter is rotated the right way.
This should have several obvious advantages.
A polariser will also work as a ND filter, as most polarisers reduce light entering the lens by 1.5 to 2 stops (so, say a photograph can be taken at 1/200th of a second, all the other settings being equal, with the filter, you'd need to shoot at 1/50th of a second).

Polarity by Ubhejane


Infrared and Ultraviolet filters, and by far, Infrared filters are the most popular of the two mentioned, rely on an image sensors natural sensitivity to both of those spectrums of light.
Infrared and Ultraviolet filters should appear black to the naked eye, though some near-IR filters may appear to be a very dark red, particularly when viewing a bright light source with one.
Because both filters block out all or nearly all visible light, exposures can take upto several minutes, depending on how much infrared light has been blocked on the image sensor (the reason why manufacturers block IR is because it can and does lower overall image quality).
Ultraviolet filters are much less popular, because, while the image sensors found in cameras tend to be sensitive to it, very little UV light manages to reach the sensor thanks to the lens itself naturally blocking most UV light. As such, special UV lenses or known UV friendly lenses are needed for UV photography. It should be noted, also, that only certain lenses work well with IR photography too, some lenses create a 'hot spot', which is actually literally true.


Infrared Landscape Part III by knechtrootrecht


In both cases, it should be noted that IR and UV light have different focussing points than visible light does (which is part of the reason why IR sensitivity reduces image quality in visible light images), as some focus adjustments are often required for either. This can be mitigated some what by using a narrower aperture to increase depth of field, but doing so does mean you'd have to increase exposure time even more.

Finally, please don't confuse an Ultraviolet filter with a UV/Haze filter, they're about as opposite in purpose as is feasible. A UV/Haze filter seeks to block UV light (as opposed to an Ultraviolet filter blocking visible light), and as the name suggests, will reduce 'haze'. As mentioned, most lenses naturally block most UV light anyway, and the image sensor is typically less sensitive to UV light than it is to IR light. So most UV/Haze filters essentially serve as a protection for the lens.
Using a UV/Haze filter is a somewhat divisive subject, as they can have some visual impact on an image, but, can actually reduce the quality of the image by being another piece of glass (thus two air/glass interfaces) the light has to go through, particularly if the quality of the glass is not very good unless you spent a lot on the filter.

my new UV filter by Simobg

Naturally, which ones you choose depends on what you're photographing and what you want to achieve. But, personally, I'd recommend getting a Polarising filter and a ND filter, as both can open up many creative opportunities.


~ sine-out


:bigthumb196612498:>


Previous Troubleshooting Articles...
:bulletblack:Lighting
:bulletblack:Backgrounds
:bulletblack:Noise
:bulletblack:What Digital Camera?



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Hey guys,
as the title says thedaydreaminggirl makes a contest about the dreamy, magical side of life.

Could be little things, like a flower shot in the golden hour, an old
key with a dreamy atmosphere in the background. Or something
that reminds us of fairytales. Portraits, landscapes with a magical spirit etc...

If you are interested check-out the Link below.

RULES:
1. Only photography
2. One entry per person
3. The entry can be new or old, but MUST be submit in 2012
4. Fav the journal
5. Put the link to this journal in the artist comment of your entry
and write -> this is an entry for "The world is full of magic" photography contest.
6. Have fun

DEADLINE: 1st of June 2012

PRIZES:
A lot of points, prints and features.(See all prices at the main contest)


Contest: xxxlearntoflyxxx.deviantart.co…


Greetings :iconphotos-of-all-kinds:
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k_features: on a sunny day

Journal Entry: Sat Sep 8, 2012, 7:39 AM
The Bunny Cafe by EintoeRnl'escalier by quadratigesThe Bunny Cafe by EintoeRn
l'escalier by quadratigesMy sky by BudhaBarl'escalier by quadratiges
The Bunny Cafe by EintoeRnl'escalier by quadratigesThe Bunny Cafe by EintoeRn

Washed by batmantooTU by aspruliWashed by batmantoo
TU by aspruliSlow Down by jonniedeeTU by aspruli
Washed by batmantooTU by aspruliWashed by batmantoo



.

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CALL FOR ENTRIES

We are seeking submissions for possible publication in 1000 Incredible Cosplay and Costume Ideas, an upcoming book by Dr. Grymm (Joey Marsocci), Allison DeBlasio and Yaya Han.

Publication date: April 2013

Comic  book, Sci-Fi, and Anime conventions have been around since the 1930's.  With those conventions come the ultimate fans, those who Cosplay. Joey  Marsocci and Allison DeBlasio of Dr. Grymm Laboratories, authors of the  immensely popular 1000 Steampunk Creations (Quarry Books,  2011), in collaboration with Internationally acclaimed cosplayer Yaya Han, are putting out a call to artists to submit their most amazing  cosplay photographs for compilation into exciting upcoming book.

We are seeking submissions for the following categories:
Anime & Manga
Video Games
Comic books
Television
Movies
Cartoons
Fantasy
Sci-Fi
Original Characters
Props
Burlesque
Historical

We are not just looking for the best in each category, but for unique, dynamic, and high quality photography of characters and props.

All  costume and props must belong to the contributor and be their unique work. Photos submitted by the  photographer must be submitted along with a model release and the name  and country of origin of all subjects. We are looking for sophisticated  images to help us elevate the world of cosplay. If you would like to  submit photos taken at conventions, please make sure the backgrounds are  free of clutter, crowds, and other patrons. We will accept Photoshop  effects when appropriate.

TO SUBMIT:

1. Email 1000@DrGrymmLaboratories.net or 1000@yayahan.com, and either include a link to your  website/online portfolio for our review, or attach no more than 4  low-res JPEG images of your work (each file should be under 1 MB). Name  each attachment with your last name, and the numbers 1-4.

2.  If your low-resolution images are provisionally accepted, you will follow the below instructions on how to upload the corresponding high resolution  files, and you will be required to fill out a Grant of Rights form  allowing the publisher the permission to print your images. At this  time, we may invite you to submit an additional 6 high-res images, for a  total of no more than 10 photos/costumes entered into the final jurying round.

High Res photo submission guidelines:

1. Any type of costume is welcome!!
2. Submit 1 - 2 photos per costume, up to 10 costume total. It's better to submit too many costumes than not enough..
3. All images must be at least 4.5 x 5.75 inches at 300 dpi (or 1400 x 1750 pixels) - jpeg, tiff files etc.
4. Submit the high res images through the 1000 Incredible Cosplay Ideas Dropbox: dropbox.yousendit.com/1000Cosp…
5. Email 1000@DrGrymmLaboratories.net your image list (keep it simple, list of each file and what the character name and source materials are)
6. Sign/scan/email 1000@DrGrymmLaboratories.net your Grant of rights and Model relase when applicable.THESE WILL BE GIVEN TO YOU VIA EMAIL ALONG WITH YOUR ACCEPTED SUBMISSIONS

3.  1000 images will be selected for publication. If selected, you will not  be required to provide any how-to instructions, but you will need to  briefly describe your costume.

Published contributors will be  credited on the pages where their image(s) appear, as well as in the  artist directory. Contributors will also have the opportunity to  purchase copies of the book at a 50% discount.

Deadline: AUGUST 31st, 2012. Acceptance begins immediately: early submissions are encouraged.

Personal Statement from Yaya:

Hi everyone! I just would like to re-iterate what a great project this is. Even though there is no monetary  compensation, I believe this book is worth being a part of. Why? Because the cosplay scene is growing fast and shifting toward the mainstream. But right now the public media still has huge misconceptions about  cosplayers as fetishists, booth babes, and faux geeks.

We need to set  the record straight, by giving the mainstream media a collection of incredible  costumes that are hand/home made, with passion and creativity. I want to be a part of "1000 Incredible Cosplay and  Costume Ideas" because I know it can help non-geeks and mass media  understand what WE are all about, and what is means to be a cosplayer. I believe this book can serve as a guideline to Cosplay for many years to come. So please read the guidelines and SUBMIT! Be a part of Cosplay History!"



Any questions, comment below! I'll answer to the best of my abilities!
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If I died...

Journal Entry: Mon Jul 15, 2013, 2:40 PM
If you don't care: stop reading.
If you'd come to my funeral: fave  this.
If you'd miss me: comment a heart.
If your not scared: re-post and see
Who your " Real Friends" are.
___________________________
and no i will not commit suicide, that would be fucked up...

  • Listening to: NOPE!
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  • Watching: NOPE!
  • Playing: NOPE!
  • Eating: NOPE!
  • Drinking: NOPE!
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White wolves - PHOTOS (+ Kiriban VERY close)

Journal Entry: Fri Jan 20, 2012, 6:10 PM


Hi!

Kiriban (744 444) is very close!

And I am busy and totally stressed. I fell asleep - I wanted to sleep only some 10 minutes, but I woke up now, after some 6 hours! :( it makes me unhappy. I am afraid I will not make it, there are so many pages and I do not remember anything. But I want the graduation exams to be already behind me. My life style is just terrible now :roll: two more days and it would kill me :P





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News about wolves :(

Journal Entry: Wed Jul 3, 2013, 9:54 AM


Hello pals,

sorry for kiriban winner, you will be featured soon, I did not forget you :oops: I just write some sad journals and my mood is far from nice, so this is not the best time for kiriban.
By the way, there is a new one: send me a printscreen of 1 022 222 pageviews and you will win a feature (no feature for porn or animal cruelty, ok).

Well, I have news about wolves, as I have promised to keep you informed.
If you do not know what I speak about, check this journal, please!


Poor wolves are ill :( Photos (but with warning)Hi,
today it was the worst ZOO visit ever.
This spring I noticed that the molting (process of loosing the thick winter fur and having just much shorter summer fur) of the wolves is very different from the molting I witnessed during the last years. The wolves looked ill, like having scabs on their faces and bodies.
It made me nervous, so I was curious about my today's visit. I planned to shoot baby wolves.
What I saw shocked me.
ALL the pack members seem to have some skin problems. Less or more serious, all of them are effected, showing symptoms. I do not know if it is mange or so, but it looks horrible. Two wolves (and I am VERY afraid the most ill one is Atila) have almost bare bodies, they lost almost all the fur. All of them keep scratching. What a horrible, horrible sight, I almost cried there :( even the tiny puppy is ill, it was born just few weeks ago, but I see its legs show the signs of the same illness.
I hope the vets will find the cure.
I am soooo down since I saw them toda



Two ZOO Brno's employees answered my question about wolves and one of them was a zoologist, so I think we can consider that reply trustworthy.

So: as you probably already know, my beloved Atila, famous alpha wolf from ZOO Brno, died. He died of old age (10 years). His death is the cause of the current bad state of other wolves. The death of the alpha is followed with a lot of stress, as the hierarchy of the pack is completely crushed and in terrible mess.
The ZOO repeatedly applied tests, trying to find the exact cause of the problems of the wolves, but the tests excluded any illness, fungus or any parasite.

The wolves suffer from Dermatitis. The cause is psycho-somatic.

The ZOO tried to help them, dealing with the situation for several weeks. Now there is the only option left.
The total change of the pack.
The curators now deal with other ZOOs, trying to find a new home for Brno's wolves.
Only Alex, Clair (both were partners of Atila, those three wolves are the founders of the Brno's pack) will stay in ZOO Brno with two puppies born in 2013. But they will be kept behind the scenes or simply in other exhibit.

The wolf exhibit will completely cleaned and also adjusted (I think they will fix and refill the lake).
Then the new male wolf, the founder of the new pack, will arrive.
It might take weeks or months.
I do not even know if the ZOO is going to keep arctic wolves again.

What I know is that my beloved wolves are leaving and I will the most likely never see them again.
It is very hard to say goodbye.
Goodbye, wolves. You teached me a lot about your species, in fact YOU made me love your species in general. You allowed me to witness many special moments of your lives and I will never forget it. Thank you for those hours I could spend with you. Thank you that I could amuse and educate people through the photos of you.
Thank you...




Some memories...


Alex and Clair (sisters born in 2003, ZOO Amnevile, France), soon after they arrived to ZOO Brno.



Atila joined them soon. He was born in ZOO Sosto, Hungary, in 2003.



The first photo of them together...



The first puppies, born in 2008. Male and a female...





Wonderful autumn of that year... The wolves were young, happy and so „fresh"...



A happy wolf means a curious wolf. They came so close to you... I remember how I could not breath when I was alone in the ZOO and this puppy, who had been always so shy, came very close to me to have a look. Such a special moment.




Although it is unnusual, next year, both alpha and beta female gave a birth. An accident divided alpha from her pups, beta used her chance and killed them all. The pack raised her pups.



In 2010, both females gave birth again, but this time they care for the puppies together in harmony and all the babies survived... The same situation was repeated next year.



Atila and a puppy.



I will always :heart: you, Brno's wolves :hug:



It was hard to say „bye" to Atila, now I am „losing" whole the pack I loved.
I think you will miss them too, right? :(
I did my best to bring you news about their lives and so, I hope you already know them :(


(Hm, some papers comment that new male might be the change, while the old females would stay, forming a new pack with him. But I do not believe it. Females are old (already 8 years) and very "used" after many puppies... so I do not think the male wolf will the the only change.


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The season finale will be a single parter. M.A. Larson will be the writer. I think the season finale maybe about the CMC.
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SOPA 2013 IS A JOKE!

Journal Entry: Sat Aug 24, 2013, 11:06 AM
UPDATE: SOPA 2013 is a JOKE.
Congress decided to extract some pieces of SOPA regarding fines for copyright infringement and toss them into current copyright legislation. However, since people only skimmed and saw the word SOPA, they thought that SOPA was making a return.
Thus, SOPA 2013.

~END OF LINE~
_____________________________________________________________________

EDIT: new information has developed (because my boyfriend apparently must be stalking this situation XD) read this stuffs:
_____________________________________________________________________
OK, not to sound like devil's advocate, but...

Well, it is not possible that the government could shut down large websites such as YouTube (which is a jugular vein of Google), Tumblr (a part of Yahoo(!) that if shut down will in turn shut down Yahoo(!)), and deviantART (which just seems unreasonable)

SOPA and PIPA are intended to keep CORPORATIONS from copying copyrighted content and selling it AS THEIR OWN. Civilians will not be affected as long as they place credit where said credit is due.

This act doesn't violate the First Amendment (not being able to copy copyrighted material will not detriment your ability to get thoughts across) or the Third Amendment (which is about privacy, and SOPA and PIPA do not break your privacy). It /MIIIIGHT/ (in an extremist propaganda video) be said to violate the freedom of the press (but that would be a stretch to explain so it's best to just not even use such an argument, as you would still be able to post your own original ideas).

That is all. Anyone who wants to debate these facts can attempt to help me see logic behind their arguments.

____________________________________________________________________
In other words that it only applies to every day people if they do not give credit for any videos or images put here on the Internet. So also those who recolor sonic characters here's something you might want to think about:

You recolor a sonic to make him red then post it here on dA
Next what happens is that (when SOPA is up an running) it will be removed.
If you continue to post these the government will get to you and so will the original copyright owner of that work (aka Sega)  at that point you got serious trouble with Sega 

So there's one example here's another

Say you want to make a lets play video on YouTube but you forgot to make credit for the game's original copyright owner. First they will warn you to give the proper credit but if it is forgotten too many times then you will get into trouble for not putting in the correct credit to the copyright owner. 

Now ignore the last part of this please its not true at all.
_____________________________________________________________________

I FOUND SOMETHING I FOUND SOMETHING!

Look at these 2 videos and click on the articles in the description!
www.youtube.com/watch?v=D92qvW…
www.youtube.com/watch?v=1fTt4K…


Sign the Petition petitions.whitehouse.gov/petit…
Ok so it's all true yea don't believe me look at this!


Stop SOPA 2013
In 2012 the Online Privacy Act was brought fourth to congress to be passed which would have negatively affected everyone on the internet as a whole. The people fought back and it never happened. Several times now since then it was revised under a different title with changes and tweaks to the wording to again try to get it to pass without the general public knowing about it. Each time it was found out, and then repealed.
Here we are in 2013 and again dealing with a portion of SOPA, this time the streaming of copywritten works is at the forefront of this particular law to be. If a particular stream contains any copywritten material of any sort the uploader and creator of said content can be found guilty and automatically placed in prison for years on felony charges.
Let's end this for good
Created: Aug 22, 2013


  • Listening to: NOPE!
  • Reading: NOPE!
  • Watching: NOPE!
  • Playing: NOPE!
  • Eating: NOPE!
  • Drinking: NOPE!
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