The Hurricane Class was a response to Starfleet's requirement for a modern and adaptable destroyer sized vessel. The project was approved in light of a recent combat evaluation of existing types in current service. The bulk of the UFP's destroyer and light cruiser combatants were aging types that needed to be replaced.
The success of the Constitution Class project assisted in the development of the Hurricane. The new design incorporated many design elements from the "Connie" in many ways. The streamlining of the hull, the powerful propulsion system and advanced weaponry were all patterned after the Constitution. As such, both classes complement each other, due to many commonalities in operating systems and internal hardware. With promising results in tests and trial runs, Starfleet has already commissioned Utopia Planitia to begin immediate construction of the first LRIP vessels.
Design by Jetfreak, use with permission.