Conditional & Subjunctive - What's your solutiI've been working for the better part of today and last night on wrapping my head around conditionals and the subjunctive tense for Helfametl.
I'm wondering how each of you address the subjunctive and conditionals in your language-- Do you have a separate tense for each? Do you use aspect or mood? Syntax? How do you differentiate between factual and hypothetical situations?
I think I've finally settled on two subjunctive tenses and two conditional tenses, that have 8 different possible combinations - each with its own nuance; plus a conditional particle or two. These will cover "I hope --", "I wish --", "I might --", "I could --", "If I were to -- ", "If I --", "I would --" and a couple other nuances.
I'm still not sure how to cover "I ought to --" or "I should --".
Ways to Present Your Conlang OnlineThis is something that I use to think about a lot when I was first starting out but now that I've a little more exposed to the community than I was before here are some of my tips on how to present your conlang to the world wide web!Ways to Present Your Conlang Online2 years ago in Personal More Like This
1) Google Docs This is what I use to make my grammars and dictionaries. The nice thing about Google Docs is that it does almost everything that Microsoft Word can do only it saves periodically online as you edit it. PLUS! You can access it from any computer by signing in wit your GMAIL sign in. You can change the fonts, size and colour of your headings to make it look all appealing and such. For your dictionary I wouldn't necessarily suggest spreadsheets unless your conlang has a one to one word translation. This likely won't be the case to just make a format for your entries and stick to it! EXAMPLE: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MuSrz-cmywbETJkA2N-__X2ivDfheTxhGUQI21IbUMA/edit
Writer's Workshop: Fleshing out CharactersDecember 14th, 2011.Writer's Workshop: Fleshing out Characters3 years ago in Articles & Interviews More Like This
Fleshing Out Your Characters.
Some people are good at writing people. They have no difficulties conceiving of them and don't balk at doing the legwork involved in writing interesting, well-developed characters. They know what is believable and what isn't, and have some idea of how readers may react to their cast.
Other people seem to have no idea what makes people tick, what makes characters interesting, and hope that piling on enough abilities or cool traits is a workable substitute for character development.
As you might have expected, this ramble is dedicated to not being the latter. Here are some tips and tricks for dealing with the most notorious and noticeable part of your story...the cast.
1. Writing well takes a lot of work. Characters are no exception to this.
Being lazy is the death of decent characterization. In order to write interesting and well-rounded characters, you must be prepared to develop them actively and do any research necessar
Conlang Outline Info -TemplateName: Name of the conlangConlang Outline Info -Template4 years ago in Academic Essays More Like This
Alignment: The Morphosyntactic Alignment
Primary Word Order: Default Word Order
Language Type: Synthetic, Agglutinating? Polysynthetic even?
Conjugated? A simple yes/no.
Amount of Phonemes: A simple 1, 2,(God forbid)3 or 4 digit number.
Basic Syllable Structure: Like CCVC, CNCVC etc.
Significant Sound Changes?: Another one of them "yes/no"s
Inflections?: Are there any? Or articles and apositons?
Cases? A simple yes/no.
Amount of Cases: A number of under four digits, please
Verb Categories: Moods, tenses and the likes.
Pronouns?: A simple yes/no. Rarely no.
Adjectives Agree with Nouns?: Simple
Purpose of Conlang: Artlang? IAL even?
Every Day I'm Conlang'n- Furry TermsWhile looking at random Anthro images here on dA, I thoguht to myself, "Hmm, I don't have any Furry-based terms in my little conlang...", and thus I made some! As with most of my conlang, many of the words are borrowed and/or altered from real languages, mostly English, Spanish, and Latin, though an increasing number of words are original (i.e., completely made up or made using root words and prefixes/suffixes). So enjoy!Every Day I'm Conlang'n- Furry Terms3 years ago in Sketches More Like This
peltaru- furry (adjective and noun)
getaru- athropomorphic (adjective)
getara- an anthopomorphic character
[Bullet; Red] mairal- feral (adjective and noun)
Fursuits and Conventions-
[Bullet; Red] pieltasa- fursuit
Creating Believable WorldsHeres a list of things that you should think about when creating a new world/society for a story concept. They arent in any order. This is more of my college wisdom by the way.Creating Believable Worlds5 years ago in Other More Like This
1. The Time Period
Especially for a human society on Earth. Do your characters live in medieval times? Elizabethan times? Prehistoric times? This will greatly affect many aspects of the characters in the story, such as their clothing, posture, vocabulary (I mean really youre not going to hear the word dude come out of a French aristocrat), rituals, law enforcement, etc. Do your research.
If your characters live in the present day, invest in a fashion magazine and a hairstyle magazine and try to keep up with the latest clothing trends.
2. The Worlds Geography
Making a map of your world might help, especially if youre intending on writing a story that involves a character going on an epic adventure that takes them all around the world. Of course you won
Character Creation+Usage v1.3Creating and Using Effective Characters - The Serious VersionCharacter Creation+Usage v1.35 years ago in Writing More Like This
The age-old question: Why am I doing this? Well I've created characters. Lots of characters. To be frank, my first ones sucked. I eventually got better. I wouldn't call myself a definitive authority on creating characters, but I would prefer to let you learn from my mistakes so you don't have to learn from your own as much later.
Before we begin, please note that storytelling - and as such, character creation - is an art, not a science; there is no scientific formula to create a perfect character. This is a rough guide with more or less my method. Sometimes I mix up the steps, depending on what comes to me first. You are more than welcome to do the same. It is art - there are few "wrong" ways to do it. Also note that there are exceptions to every rule - they're made to be broken. In fact, many great works of fiction break several of the widely accepted rules, yet do it in s
World Building Formula pt. 3World Building FormulaWorld Building Formula pt. 36 years ago in Writing More Like This
Section 3: People
Culture at a Glance
What sort of real life culture, or cultures, is your world copying or a blend of?
Is your world more globalization, with cultures mingling and perhaps homogenizing Or are the cultures of your world more separate and distinct?
What does the language sound like? How difficult is translation?
Are there state religions, common sayings, and cultural beliefs present? Even if a particular culture is individualistic, common beliefs will be present.
How does the geography of you world interact with its inhabitants culture?
What sort of real life or historical government are like the one your people in your imaginary cultures live under?
Heres a list of real-life governments that have been used in our history and literature:
Profile SkeletonName: (Self explanatory, but can do with elaboration. Meaning of name, appropriateness, background, connotation. Also includes nicknames, titles, etc.)Profile Skeleton3 years ago in Profiles More Like This
Race: (Varies depending on genre. I use this for species, as well as a brief species description for fantasy worlds, but also for census-race in real-world stuff.)
Setting: (For fantasy worlds, I usually have an entirely separate sheet, but for real-world stuff, a few sentences here usually suffices. I include location, time frame, and current events, getting as specific as possible. For fantasy worlds, I use a few sentences with notes back to my reference sheet.)
Affiliation: (This often overlaps with race and setting. In a conflict situation, there are usually sides to be taken. This can include political groups, ethnic groups, cultural groups, nationality, factions...)
Occupation: (Also self explanatory, but I also use it as a brief summary of how the job affects the character's daily li
5 Tips: Character TemplateEDIT: If you like this journal entry, check out The Sarcastic Guide to Writing ebook http://www.amazon.com/The-Sarcastic-Guide-Writing-ebook/dp/B005TOCC1C for exclusive content on world-building, character, and dialogue!5 Tips: Character Template4 years ago in Personal More Like This
I make no disclaimer whatsoever that this is the end-all, be-all of a character template. This is what works for me, and Im well aware that my writing process is mine and mine alone. But Ill post the template and my reasoning on it in the hopes that folks can discern something helpful from it. One of the worst things to do to yourself is tell yourself theres a right way and trap yourself in that box. Dont ever resist what feel unnatural in the writing process. Just learn to direct its course, like a river. Also, please keep in mind that I do a lot of prewriting, and this template gets filled out for every major character in the story. My major
5 Tips On World Building: Part 2EDIT: If you like this journal entry, check out The Sarcastic Guide to Writing ebook http://www.amazon.com/The-Sarcastic-Guide-Writing-ebook/dp/B005TOCC1C for exclusive content on world-building, character, and dialogue!5 Tips On World Building: Part 25 years ago in Personal More Like This
Once again, I don't want to get into world-building questions that will help you fill in the gaps, but merely provide an overview of the major things you need to take into account when creating a race or a culture. We can start off with the difference between the two. A race is defined by physical characteristics: skin color, hair color, and so on. Culture is defined by the characteristics of values and practices. If you have shapeshifting dragon men, that's a race. If you have shapeshifting dragon men who eat babies, and shapeshifting dragon men that protest the eating of babies, that's a culture. (And if you have humans who don't differentiate between the two, that's conflict!)
5 Tips: World-Building TemplateEDIT: If you like this journal entry, check out The Sarcastic Guide to Writing ebook http://www.amazon.com/The-Sarcastic-Guide-Writing-ebook/dp/B005TOCC1C for exclusive content on world-building, character, and dialogue!5 Tips: World-Building Template4 years ago in Personal More Like This
Colors: (An example would be red, white, and blue)
Symbol: (An example would be stars and stripes.)
Races: (The races that inhabit the area, whether or not theyre native.)
Government: (Feudal system, caste system, oligarchy, parliament, democracy, plutocracy?)
Religion: (Monotheism? Pantheism? Atheism?)
Resources: (What does the country export? Import? Make? Is famous for?)
Description of Major Cities: (I do this to get a feel for the areas the characters will be visiting.)
Quote: (What someone from this area would talk like, or talk about.)
History: (Everyone comes from somewhere. Peop
Major Character CharacterizationMajor Character CharacterizationMajor Character Characterization3 years ago in Introductions & Chapters More Like This
Also known as:
Previous Locations lived in:
What is going on in the world around them:
Hair Color; Length; Style:
Head and Face Shape:
Most noticeable feature:
Scars? Birthmarks? Etc?
Flaws (Tip: Have at least 2 more flaws than good traits):
Thinking or Feeling:
Judging or Perceiving:
Intuitive or Sensing:
Extravert or Introvert:
5 quotes that shows their personality:
Tips In Effective CharactersNotes on creating effective charactersTips In Effective Characters7 years ago in Writing More Like This
Motivation: When considering a character, always ask yourself why? Question your characters motive for everything they do, think, or say. Delve into the psychology of your character. Dont just make them insane for no reason, or just always happy, or anything that cant have backup. Every thing has a reason, and this should be relatively obvious to your readers, unless you mean to keep it a secret; but a good, solid character has depth. One creates depth through a deep understanding of their characters past, psychology, and motives.
Stick to what you know: Its hard to have a deep understanding for your character, if they have no basis in reality. It doesnt mean you cant have superheros or fantasy elements, but their traits and personality are still realistic. Even in an alternate universe, there is a state of consistency. Lack of consistency creates an unbalance and a poor