Japanese grammar for dummies1. Japanese has no plurals.Japanese grammar for dummies5 years ago in Writing More Like This
Quick way to remember: All Japanese has the same plural as Sheep.
And yes, there are still some people out there that get to college and still think the plural of Sheep is
Sheeps. No, the plural of sheep is sheep. The plural of deer is deer.
So Dear, remember that the plurals in Japanese work like deer.
hitsuji ga ippiki, hitsuji ga nihiki, hitsuji ga sanbiki
One sheep, two sheep, three sheep.
2. Japanese is an SOV language.
Subject, Object Verb. So Yoda, as one person put it.
(I am Hitsuji.)
3. Japanese is a contextual language.
English is like trying to pick up the grains of sand on a beach. If you get one subject or object wrong, with the references off wrong, then you're screwed. Even Chinese which has a similar syntax (in a different language grou
Text: Basic PhrasesText: Basic Phrases4 years ago in Other More Like This
Ohayou gozaimasu / ohayou
Good morning (formal) / 'Morning (informal)
Often said until 11 AM
Often said from about 11 AM to 6 PM
Often said from about 6 PM and on
さようなら / じゃね、また / またね / バイバイ
Sayounara / ja ne, mata / mata ne / baibai
Good bye (formal) / Well, see you later (informal) / See you later (informal) / Bye bye (informal)
おやすみなさい / おやすみ
Oyasumi nasai / Oyasumi
Good night (formal) / 'Night (informal)
Said only when going to bed.
Text: Suffixes for NamesText: Suffixes for Names4 years ago in Other More Like This
In Japan, people very often call someone by their family name and then an added on suffix depending on their relationship. Japanese people are extremely formal and rarely call someone by their first name unless they are close friends, family, etc.
The most commonly used suffix is -さん (-san). It is basically the same thing as adding Mr., Mrs., or Ms. to English names. たかなさん (Tanakasan) is "Mr. Tanaka" for example. It is a regular occurrence to add -san to the end of names and it is NEVER used to refer to oneself. No suffix is EVER added on to ones own name when referring to yourself.
For example, I would never say this:
Watashi wa Samu-san desu.
I am Ms. Sam.
I would instead, say this:
Watashi wa Samu desu.
I am Sam.
To add a suffix to your name makes you look extremely arrogant
Vocab Four: ThingsVocab Four: Things3 years ago in Other More Like This
Vocab: Frequency AdverbsVocab: Frequency Adverbs3 years ago in Other More Like This
あまり + negative
Amari + negative
ぜんぜん + negative
Zenzen + negative
not at all
Text:General Kanji TutorialText:General Kanji Tutorial4 years ago in Other More Like This
About 5000 years ago, the Chinese invented a writing system based on drawings. Their original writing system consisted of more or less detailed/realistic images which were later simplified and eventually turned into the characters they have now.
Now, why do we care about China? Well, a long time ago (about 4th century), Japan didn't have a writing system. (Sad, but true). When Chinese writing was first introduced, only a spare few educated people could read it. The characters gradually became more and more used, however, Japan already had their own language (obviously). But not only were the characters imported, but their pronunciation as well. So now, there are at least two readings for each character. They are called on'yomi and kun'yomi.
On'yomi is the reading which comes from China. Kun'yomi is the original Japanese reading. The most difficult, or at least what I find most difficult, is determining how to read it. There is no real way to tell how something is read, however, there a