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We finally have visual of what the first game concept of what Spyro's Kingdom looked like.

Apparently, this game was originally going to be a MMORPG, in the Legend of Spyro-themed universe. The Portal of Power is mentioned, and we were going to have to use toys to play as our dragon characters in the game world. And just like Spyro's Universe, we customize our lairs. This game idea was proposed to Activision, but it was rejected.

Link to video of demo watched and played by deviant, bionicle2809:…
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Journal Entry: Mon Nov 21, 2011, 5:24 PM

EDIT: Okay guys, apparently this law only concerns St Petersburg, and not all of Russia. More info here=>… It doesn't make it less horrible, but it is a small relief. /EDIT

I'm going to make a shout on something very important happening right now:
"In 48 hours, political leaders in Russia will vote on a law that makes speaking out as a gay, lesbian or trans person ILLEGAL. Because Russia is a large and powerful nation, the international community has stayed silent. If thousands of us raise our voices, they will be forced to speak out and stop this horrific law."
You'll understand why I can't help but post this everywhere in the hope to help in this crucial moment.
Sign the petition here=>…
It's easy, safe, and takes less than a minute.

It's too surreal for me to imagine such a law taking place. As an artist, it would mean not being able to publish anything, just because I have preferences that might be considered different. I'd feel caged.

:iconfreedomplz: MAKE FREEDOM HAPPEN.

  • Mood: On Strike
  • Listening to: Gladiator
  • Watching: time fly!
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What do you get when you ask the world's largest and most talented pool of artists
to design a t-shirt?  A LOT of great t-shirt designs submitted by artists
from all around the globe!  There were thousands of fantastic entries to
dA Logo T-Shirt Design Challenge and tens of thousands of votes on those
entries.  Today we are pleased to announce the 50 semi-finalists, from
which the three winning designs will be chosen.  Each of the three winning
designers will receive $1,500 CASH, 25 tees with their design and their t-shirt
featured for sale in the deviantWEAR Shop!

These entries are the top 50 most voted-for qualifying entries.  Some top voted
entries have been disqualified because they did not adhere to the rules or
contained unlicensed third party content.  Additionally, there were
several designers who had multiple entries in the top 50 most voted and as
stated in the Official Terms, only one design per designer is allowed to be in
the Semi-Final judging round.  Where this occurred, the highest voted
entry appears in this semi-finalist pool.

We hope you enjoy these great community backed designs.  Once the judges make
their tough decisions, the winner’s announcement will be will be made.
 Congratulations to all the semi-finalists, and good luck in the final

Deviantart T-shirt Logo llama by LadyGT  A place for art by Hellobaby  DeviantART T-Shirt Wild Llama by Futago-KawaiI  DeviantART T-shirt by nanashi-no  Logo Design Challenge T-Shirt by Sunima  Draw For FOOD by Wendrom  Blood Type dA by EilSamaehl  World of Art by taenaron  :thumb263346529:  Steampunk dA t-shirt entry by Pooky-di-Bear  :thumb263273205:  :thumb263300640:  :thumb263275939:  DA Bleeding heart WHITE by SamanthaLi    Watercolor Fella - deviantART by DastyDesign  Deviant by Heart by redvoltaire11  Ready for art by WesleyTG  Brown Beige Art Tools by reyjdesigns  JOIN AT RISK by ByoWT1125  DeviantART T-shirt Logo Kitty by shorty-antics-27  Colorful black by far041405  Let Creativity Break Free by x-kuroi-x-ame-x  tshirt contest: color by Devious-Rookie  I AM ART t-shirt design by sugarpoultry   deviantART T-Shirt Design by Metros2soul  dAsintegrate T-Shirt by CyberLogic  Deviant Tshirt logo designblack by RedeyeTrickmaster  iListen by nihase  Rainbows Narwhals and Unicorns by LabsOfAwesome  :thumb263484820:  Let Your Creative Side Out by Lappy74  Devious BEAST T-Shirt by SanguineEpitaph  AlwaysThinkColorful. by kiseli-kupus  bonsai-deviant4 by ctekdesigns  A deviant grows by olavlindau  Art Around The World by odindesign  get deviantified by theindusperson  Kai's deviantART Shirt Design by KaiserFlames  Dragon tee-PLZ VOTE by NovaArt18  Story of My Life by Mad-But-Happy  DA Logo T-Shirt Design 2 by Kyuubi0017  U LIEK? by karookachoo  Dream Create Inspire by Hidden-Rainbows  Play with Crayons T-shirt by tired-girl  Owl of Art by C0y0te7  Break free by Bradiantx We are all DEVIANTS by Miguel-Santos  :thumb263310609:  dA Gentleman by MV90

The Votes Are In and Semi-Finalists Are Here!
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Journal Entry: Sun Jun 24, 2012, 5:06 AM


  • Mood: Love
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It's Friday, so it means the winners will be announced! Thank you to everyone who participated, and thank you to each and every one of my watchers. I appreciate you all and I wish I had time to draw something for all of you. I'll hold more of these in the future, so one day c:

Headshot - :iconfaunav:
Rendered Chibi - :iconlittle-white-berry:
Full Body Sketch - :iconkura-kona-kunoichi:
Custom Doshi or Misty Dragon - :iconspottedtigress:

I'll not each of the winners letting them know, and asking for reffs. Thanks again everyone!

I noticed recently that I made it to 400 watchers, this is quite an exciting time, so I'm celebrating with a giveaway. Lots of free things for my fabulous watchers. :D

All you have to do is meet the following criteria:
1. Be a watcher.
2. Favorite or comment on this journal.

There are quite a few, all of which are art because I have no money. Winners will be chosen with a random number generator. Everyone can only enter once, but you can win multiple prizes. Winners will be chosen this Friday evening, August 1, 2014

1 Rendered Headshot of Any Character You Want.
I have no examples, but it's pretty self explanatory ;)

1 Rendered Chibi-esk Full Body of Any Character You Want
Manta Shark Baby by NagoshiAshumari Fired Up - Auction CLOSED by NagoshiAshumari

1 Full Body Sketch of Any Character You Want
Dragon Sketch by NagoshiAshumari

1 Custom of either a Doshi or a Misty Dragon
Misty Dragons - Species Guide - Open Species by NagoshiAshumari Misty Dragons  Closed by NagoshiAshumari Puffer Snap by NagoshiAshumari Pink Coral - CLOSED! by NagoshiAshumari

Thank you so much to each and every one of you. You really have no idea how happy I am that people would actually watch my art, especially when it was crappy middle school / high school art. ;v; 

If you have any questions at all about anything, please just let me know!
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:pokeball: UPDATE :pokeball:
Ok we're back, sorta. School is a terrible environment for art. And I have a lot of people who can vouch for that XD Anyway, the point is, I won't be working on it at 10 a day. Not for now, anyway. What is going to happen instead, is, I'll be drawing the remaining Pokemon first, then :iconaldenlite: will vector them. After that I'll color them all at one go, and you guys will see the complete collection. :P About time, I know. It's coming to the end of a school term, after which I have a week to rush up my homework, and of course, the project. Hopefully I can get it up by then.

Anyway due to the new sequence of actions, we'll actually need 3 progress bars to handle this.
Sketched: 644/725 (Reuniclus)
:star::star::star::star::star-empty: - 89%
Vectored: 600/725 (Seismitoad)
:star::star::star::star::star-empty: - 83%
Colored (And Complete): 560/725 (Serperior)
:star::star::star::star-half::star-empty: - 77%

Hey guys, I'm working on a new Pokemon drawing project with :iconaldenlite:. This project involves the sketching of all 649 Pokemon there is to date. What happens is, I sketch each Pokemon, Aldenlite will vector the outlines, and I'll color them in.

I'll update our progress frequently on this post, so come back and check every few days. We're working at a speed of around 10 everyday, and we plan to finish by early March. That's quite fast considering we started on 30th Nov in the evening.

We have 649 Pokemon to finish, but since we're working on all the different forms (E.g. Unowns have 28 forms, Castform has 4, etc), this brings the number up to 725.

Here's a list of all the additional forms we are going to do:
:bulletblue: Unown (A-Z, ! and ?)
:bulletblue: Castform (Normal, Sunny, Rainy, Snowy)
:bulletblue: Deoxys (Normal, Attack, Defence, Speed)
:bulletblue: Burmy and Wormadam (Plant Cloak, Sandy Cloak, Trash Cloak)
:bulletblue: Cherrim (Overcast, Sunshine)
:bulletblue: Shellos and Gastrodon (West, East)
:bulletblue: Rotom (Normal, Heat, Wash, Frost, Fan, Mow)
:bulletblue: Giratina (Altered, Origin)
:bulletblue: Shaymin (Land, Sky)
:bulletblue: Arceus (Normal, Fire, Water, Electric, Grass, Ice, Fighting, Poison, Ground, Flying, Psychic, Bug, Rock, Ghost, Dragon, Dark, Steel)
:bulletblue: Basculin (Red-Striped, Blue-Striped)
:bulletblue: Darmanitan (Standard, Zen)
:bulletblue: Deerling and Sawsbuck (Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter)
:bulletblue: Meloetta (Aria, Pirouette)
:bulletblue: Genesect (Normal, Shock, Burn, Chill, Douse)

Numbers in brackets includes the extra forms we'll be drawing
:bulletpurple: Generation I: 151/151
:star::star::star::star::star: - 100%
:bulletpurple: Generation II: 127/100(+27)
:star::star::star::star::star: - 100%
:bulletpurple: Generation III: 141/135(+6)
:star::star::star::star::star: - 100%
:bulletpurple: Generation IV: 137/107(+30)
:star::star::star::star::star: - 100%
:bulletpurple: Generation V: 4/156(+13)
:star-empty::star-empty::star-empty::star-empty::star-empty: - 2%

Overall progress: 560/725
:star::star::star::star-half::star-empty: - 77%

And some previews of the collection:
:bulletgreen: 004 - Charmander:
:bulletgreen: 038 - Ninetales:
:bulletgreen: 052 - Meowth:
:bulletgreen: 078 - Rapidash:
:bulletgreen: 113 - Chansey:
:bulletgreen: 117 - Seadra:
:bulletgreen: 172 - Pichu:
:bulletgreen: 162 - Furret:
:bulletgreen: 164 - Noctowl:
:bulletgreen: 237 - Hitmontop:
:bulletgreen: 241 - Miltank:
:bulletgreen: 245 - Suicune:
:bulletgreen: 255 - Torchic:
:bulletgreen: 310 - Manectric:
:bulletgreen: 330 - Flygon:
:bulletgreen: 335 - Zangoose:
:bulletgreen: 359 - Absol:
:bulletgreen: 384 - Rayquaza:
:bulletgreen: 416 - Vespiquen:
:bulletgreen: 417 - Pachirisu:
:bulletgreen: 430 - Honchkrow:
:bulletgreen: 455 - Carnivine:
:bulletgreen: 470 - Leafeon:
:bulletgreen: 479 - Rotom (Normal):

They are in no way the best or the worse of the collection. It's just an idea of what to expect when the full thing is out.

I will be editing this post to update our progress, so just keep coming back every few days, and check on our progress. And please comment, or give suggestions  This support will really be appreciated, so take your time and comment. Or fave, if you really feel like it.  Either way, feel free to show support. It means a lot  Just go ahead and click the fave button, check out our previews, and maybe give a watch if you like it  I'll update you guys on major updates only.

Thanks for all your support. (:
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Just a tiny request for everyone who at some point will own one of my Marblehugger dragons. This is completely optional, and you're not required to do this if you can't/don't want to do it or just plain don't feel like it, but I thought it would be cool, so...

If possible, could you take a photo of your Marblehugger with a coin of your country's money?

I was asked how big they are, and realized that I don't have any size reference photos of them. Usually when people take such pictures of small things like these, they put them next to a coin, but I have always found it a bit troublesome, since the coin sizes vary from country to country, and I have no idea of what size exactly are stuff like US dollars (or really anything other than euros). So I thought it would be fun to have a collection of photos with different kinds of coins from all over the world.

And besides, dragons are treasure hoarders, I'm sure they'd love to be next to money. ;)
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Cyberbullies, what are they and how to avoid them?

Journal Entry: Fri Jun 20, 2014, 12:31 PM

Cyberbullies are today the biggest problem of the dA community, many members don't know how to deal with them or how to avoid being cyberbullied by a cyberbully. Best thing would be is to block him, write a journal about him, warn your friends to be aware of him in case if cyberbully attack them. Contact the antitheft groups or group which are dedicated for dealing with cyberbully problem. Fill a ticket to helpdesk and wait for admin of CEA Communication to assign your request and decide what to do with a cyberbully who harass you and your friend.
First of all what is cyberbullying? That is a question that many people ask and most of them don't know the answer, while some of them use a term cyberbully when somebody enforce them the rules of dA terms of service or telling them to take violation image down. This is a typical thing for a thief to say a member:
You're bullying me stap it!!!1! No! Bullying is not when somebody enforce you the rules of dA terms of service, bulling is when somebody humiliate you, embarrass you and so on...

Here's what term of cyberbullying means:

Cyberbullying is the use of Information Technology to harm or harass other people in a deliberate, repeated, and hostile manner.[1] According to U.S. Legal Definitions, Cyber-bullying could be limited to posting rumors or gossips about a person in the internet bringing about hatred in other’s minds; or it may go to the extent of personally identifying victims and publishing materials severely defaming and humiliating them.[2]

With the increase in use of these technologies, cyberbullying has become increasingly common, especially among teenagers.[3] Awareness has also risen, due in part to high profile cases like the Suicide of Tyler Clementi.[4]

Legal definition

Cyberbullying is defined in legal glossaries as

  • actions that use information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group, that is intended to harm another or others.
  • use of communication technologies for the intention of harming another person
  • use of internet service and mobile technologies such as web pages and discussion groups as well as instant messaging or SMS text messaging with the intention of harming another person.

Examples of what constitutes cyberbullying include communications that seek to intimidate, control, manipulate, put down, falsely discredit, or humiliate the recipient. The actions are deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior intended to harm another. Cyberbullying has been defined by The National Crime Prevention Council: “When the Internet, cell phones or other devices are used to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person."[5][6]

A cyberbully may be a person whom the target knows or an online stranger. A cyberbully may be anonymous and may solicit involvement of other people online who do not even know the target. This is known as a 'digital pile-on.'[7]

Cyberbullying vs. Cyberstalking

Further information: Cyberstalking

The practice of cyberbullying is not limited to children and, while the behavior is identified by the same definition when practiced by adults, the distinction in age groups sometimes refers to the abuse as cyberstalking or cyberharassment when perpetrated by adults toward adults.[8] Common tactics used by cyberstalkers are performed in public forums, social media or online information sites and are intended to threaten a victim's earnings, employment, reputation, or safety. Behaviors may include encouraging others to harass the victim and trying to affect a victim's online participation. Many cyberstalkers try to damage the reputation of their victim and turn other people against them.

Cyberstalking may include false accusations, monitoring, making threats, identity theft, damage to data or equipment, the solicitation of minors for sex, or gathering information in order to harass.[9] A repeated pattern of such actions and harassment against a target by an adult constitutes cyberstalking. Cyberstalking often features linked patterns of online and offline behavior. There are consequences of law in offline stalking and online stalking, and cyber-stalkers can be put in jail.[10] Cyberstalking is a form of cyberbullying.[11]

Comparison to Traditional Bullying

Certain characteristics inherent in online technologies increase the likelihood that they will be exploited for deviant purposes.[12] Unlike physical bullying, electronic bullies can remain virtually anonymous using temporary email accounts, pseudonyms in chat rooms, instant messaging programs, cell-phone text messaging, and other Internet venues to mask their identity; this perhaps frees them from normative and social constraints on their behavior.

Additionally, electronic forums often lack supervision. While chat hosts regularly observe the dialog in some chat rooms in an effort to police conversations and evict offensive individuals, personal messages sent between users (such as electronic mail or text messages) are viewable only by the sender and the recipient, thereby outside the regulatory reach of such authorities. In addition, when teenagers know more about computers and cellular phones than their parents or guardians, they are therefore able to operate the technologies without concern that a parent will discover their experience with bullying (whether as a victim or offender).

Another factor is the inseparability of a cellular phone from its owner, making that person a perpetual target for victimization. Users often need to keep their phone turned on for legitimate purposes, which provides the opportunity for those with malicious intentions to engage in persistent unwelcome behavior such as harassing telephone calls or threatening and insulting statements via the cellular phone’s text messaging capabilities. Cyberbullying thus penetrates the walls of a home, traditionally a place where victims could seek refuge from other forms of bullying. Compounding this infiltration into the home life of the cyberbully victim is the unique way in which the internet can "create simultaneous sensations of exposure (the whole world is watching) and alienation (no one understands)."[13] For youth who experience shame or self-hatred, this effect is dangerous because it can lead to extreme self isolation.

One possible advantage for victims of cyberbullying over traditional bullying is that they may sometimes be able to avoid it simply by avoiding the site/chat room in question. Email addresses and phone numbers can be changed; in addition, most e-mail accounts now offer services that will automatically filter out messages from certain senders before they even reach the inbox, and phones offer similar caller ID functions.

However, this does not protect against all forms of cyberbullying; publishing of defamatory material about a person on the internet is extremely difficult to prevent and once it is posted, many people or archiving services can potentially download and copy it, at which point it is almost impossible to remove from the Internet. Some perpetrators may post victims' photos, or victims' edited photos like defaming captions or pasting victims' faces on nude bodies. Examples of famous forums for disclosing personal data or photos to "punish" the "enemies" include the Hong Kong Golden Forum, Live Journal, and more recently JuicyCampus. Despite policies that describe cyberbullying as a violation of the terms of service, many social networking Web sites have been used to that end.[14]

Methods Used

Manuals to educate the public, teachers and parents summarize, "Cyberbullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using a cell phone or the internet." Research, legislation and education in the field are ongoing. Basic definitions and guidelines to help recognize and cope with what is regarded as abuse of electronic communications have been identified.

  • Cyberbullying involves repeated behavior with intent to harm and repeated nature
  • Cyberbullying is perpetrated through Harassment, Cyberstalking, Denigration (sending or posting cruel rumors and falsehoods to damage reputation and friendships), Impersonation, Exclusion (intentionally and cruelly excluding someone from an online group)[15]

Cyberbullying can be as simple as continuing to send e-mails or text messages harassing someone who has said they want no further contact with the sender. It may also include public actions such as repeated threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech) or defamatory false accusations), ganging up on a victim by making the person the subject of ridicule in online forums, hacking into or vandalizing sites about a person, and posting false statements as fact aimed a discrediting or humiliating a targeted person.[16] Cyberbullying could be limited to posting rumors about a person on the internet with the intention of bringing about hatred in others' minds or convincing others to dislike or participate in online denigration of a target. It may go to the extent of personally identifying victims of crime and publishing materials severely defaming or humiliating them.[5]

Cyberbullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g. real name, home address, or workplace/schools) at websites or forums or may use impersonation, creating fake accounts, comments or sites posing as their target for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames, discredits or ridicules them. This can leave the cyberbully anonymous which can make it difficult for the offender to be caught or punished for their behavior. Though, not all cyberbullies use anonymity. Text or instant messages and emails between friends can also be cyberbullying if what is said or displayed is hurtful to the participants.

Some cyberbullies may also send threatening and harassing emails, instant messages or texts to the victims. Others post rumors or gossip and instigate others to dislike and gang up on the target.

Cyberbullying by email from a fictional

The recent use of mobile applications and rise of smartphones have yielded to a more accessible form of cyberbullying. It is expected that cyberbullying via these platforms will be associated with bullying via mobile phones to a greater extent than exclusively through other more stationary internet platforms. In addition, the combination of cameras and Internet access and the instant availability of these modern smartphone technologies yield themselves to specific types of cyberbullying not found in other platforms. It is likely that those cyberbullied via mobile devices will experience a wider range of cyberbullying types than those exclusively bullied elsewhere.[17]

In Social Media

Cyberbullying can take place on social media sites such as Facebook, Myspace, and Twitter. “By 2008, 93% of young people between the ages of 12 and 17 were online. In fact, youth spend more time with media than any single other activity besides sleeping.” [18] There are many risks attached to social media cites, and cyberbullying is one of the larger risks. One million children were harassed, threatened or subjected to other forms of cyberbullying on Facebook during the past year, while 90% of social media-using teens who have witnessed online cruelty say they have ignored mean behavior on social media, and 35% have done this frequently. 95% of social media-using teens who have witnessed cruel behavior on social networking sites say they have seen others ignoring the mean behavior, and 55% witness this frequently.[19] ”The most recent case of cyber-bullying and illegal activity on Facebook involved a memorial page for the young boys who lost their lives to suicide due to anti-gay bullying. The page quickly turned into a virtual grave desecration and platform condoning gay teen suicide and the murdering of homosexuals. Photos were posted of executed homosexuals, desecrated photos of the boys who died and supposed snuff photos of gays who have been murdered. Along with this were thousands of comments encouraging murder sprees against gays, encouragement of gay teen suicide, death threats etc. In addition, the page continually exhibited pornography to minors.” [20]

In Gaming

Sexual harassment as a form of Cyberbullying is common in Video game culture.[21] A study by the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology suggests that this harassment is due in part to the portrayal of women in video games.[21] This harassment generally involves slurs directed towards women, sex role stereotyping, and overaggressive language.[22]

In one case, in which Capcom sponsored an internet streamed reality show pitting fighting game experts against each other for a prize of $25,000, one female gamer forfeited a match due to intense harassment.[23] The coach of the opposing team, Aris Bakhtanians, stated, "The sexual harassment is part of the culture. If you remove that from the fighting game community, it’s not the fighting game community… it doesn’t make sense to have that attitude. These things have been established for years."[23]

A study from National Sun Yat-sen University observed that children who enjoyed violent video games were far more likely to both experience and perpetrate cyberbullying.[24]

Law Enforcement: Cyberbullying, Cyberstalking and Electronic Harassment

A majority of states have laws that explicitly include electronic forms of communication within stalking or harassment laws.[25][26]

Most law enforcement agencies have cyber-crime units and often Internet stalking is treated with more seriousness than reports of physical stalking.[27] Help and resources can be searched by State or area.


The safety of schools is increasingly becoming a focus of state legislative action. There was an increase in cyberbullying enacted legislation between 2006–2010.[28] Initiatives and curriclulum requirements also exist in the UK (the Ofsted eSafety guidance) and Australia (Overarching Learning Outcome 13). In 2012, a group of teens in New Haven, Connecticut developed an app to help fight bullying. Called "Back Off Bully" (BOB), the web app is an anonymous resource for computer, smart phone or iPad. When someone witnesses or is the victim of bullying, they can immediately report the incident. The app asks questions about time, location and how the bullying is happening. As well as providing positive action and empowerment over an incident, the reported information helps by going to a data base where administrators study it. Common threads are spotted so others can intervene and break the bully's pattern.[29] BOB, the brainchild of fourteen teens in a design class, is being considered as standard operating procedure at schools across the state.

Protection for Victims of Any Age

There are laws that only address online harassment of children or focus on child predators as well as laws that protect adult cyberstalking victims, or victims of any age. Currently, there are 45 cyberstalking (and related) laws on the books.

While some sites specialize in laws that protect victims age 18 and under, Working to Halt Online Abuse is a help resource containing a list of current and pending cyberstalking-related United States federal and state laws.[30] It also lists those states that do not have laws yet and related laws from other countries. The Global Cyber Law Database (GCLD) aims to become the most comprehensive and authoritative source of cyber laws for all countries.[31]

Children and Adolescents

Kids report being mean to each other online beginning as young as 2nd grade. According to research, boys initiate mean online activity earlier than girls do. However, by middle school, girls are more likely to engage in cyberbullying than boys.[32] Whether the bully is male or female, his or her purpose is to intentionally embarrass others, harass, intimidate, or make threats online to one another. This bullying occurs via email, text messaging, posts to blogs, and web sites.

The National Crime Prevention Association lists tactics often used by teen cyberbullies.[33]

  • Pretend they are other people online to trick others
  • Spread lies and rumors about victims
  • Trick people into revealing personal information
  • Send or forward mean text messages
  • Post pictures of victims without their consent

Studies in the psychosocial effects of cyberspace have begun to monitor the impacts cyberbullying may have on the victims, and the consequences it may lead to. Consequences of cyberbullying are multi-faceted, and affect online and offline behavior. Research on adolescents reported that changes in the victims' behavior as a result of cyberbullying could be positive. Victims "created a cognitive pattern of bullies, which consequently helped them to recognize aggressive people."[34] However, the Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace abstract reports critical impacts in almost all of the respondents’, taking the form of lower self-esteem, loneliness, disillusionment, and distrust of people. The more extreme impacts were self-harm. Children have killed each other and committed suicide after having been involved in a cyberbullying incident.[35]

The most current research in the field defines cyberbullying as "an aggressive, intentional act or behaviour that is carried out by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself" (Smith & Slonje, 2007, p. 249).[34] Though the use of sexual remarks and threats are sometimes present in cyberbullying, it is not the same as sexual harassment, typically occurs among peers, and does not necessarily involve sexual predators.

Some cases of digital self-harm have been reported, where an individual engages in cyberbullying against themselves.[36][37]


Stalking online has criminal consequences just as physical stalking. A target's understanding of why cyberstalking is happening is helpful to remedy and take protective action to restore remedy. Cyberstalking is an extension of physical stalking.[38] Among factors that motivate stalkers are: envy, pathological obsession (professional or sexual), unemployment or failure with own job or life; intention to intimidate and cause others to feel inferior; the stalker is delusional and believes he/she "knows" the target; the stalker wants to instill fear in a person to justify his/her status; belief they can get away with it (anonymity).[39] UK National Workplace Bullying Advice Line theorizes that bullies harass victims in order to make up for inadequacies in their own lives.[40]

The US federal cyberstalking law is designed to prosecute people for using electronic means to repeatedly harass or threaten someone online. There are resources dedicated to assisting adult victims deal with cyberbullies legally and effectively. One of the steps recommended is to record everything and contact police.[41][42]



The nation-wide Australian Covert Bullying Prevalence Survey (Cross et al., 2009)[43] assessed cyber-bullying experiences among 7,418 students. Rates of cyber-bullying increased with age, with 4.9% of students in Year 4 reporting cyberbullying compared to 7.9% in year nine. Cross et al., (2009) reported that rates of bullying and harassing others were lower, but also increased with age. Only 1.2% of Year 4 students reported cyber-bullying others compared to 5.6% of Year 9 students.


Similarly, a Canadian study found:

  • 23% of middle-schoolers surveyed had been bullied by e-mail
  • 35% in chat rooms
  • 41% by text messages on their cell phones
  • Fully 41% did not know the identity of the perpetrators.

European Union

Across Europe the average 6% of the children (9-16 years old) have been bullied and only 3 % of them confessed to be a bully.[44] (Hasebrink et al., 2011). However in an earlier publicaton of Hasenbrink et al. (2009), reporting on the results from a meta analysis from European Union countries, the authors estimated (via median results) that approximately 18% of European young people had been "bullied/harassed/stalked" via the internet and mobile phones.[45] Cyber-harassment rates for young people across the EU member states ranged from 10% to 52%. The decreasing numbers can caused by developing increasingly specific methods, dividing the tasks into different variables.


In addition to the current research, Sourander et al. (2010) conducted a population-based cross-sectional study that took place in Finland. The authors of this study took the self-reports of 2215 Finish adolescents between the ages of 13 to 16 years old about cyberbullying and cybervictimization during the past 6 months. It was found that, amongst the total sample, 4.8% were cybervictims only, 7.4% were cyberbullies only, and 5.4% were cyberbully-victims. Cybervictim-only status was associated with a variety of factors, including emotional and peer problems, sleeping difficulties, and feeling unsafe in school. Cyberbully-only status was associated with factors such as hyperactivity and low prosocial behavior, as well as conduct problems. Cyberbully-victim status was associated with all of the risk factors that were associated with both cybervictim-only status and cyberbully-only status. The authors of this study were able to conclude that cyberbullying as well as cybervictimization is associated not only with psychiatric issues, but psychosomatic issues. Many adolescents in the study reported headaches or difficulty sleeping. The authors believe that their results indicate a greater need for new ideas on how to prevent cyberbullying and what to do when it occurs. It is clearly a world-wide problem that needs to be taken seriously.[46]


According to recent research, in Japan, 17% (compared with a 25 country average of 37%) of youth between the ages of 8-17 have been victim to online bullying activities. The number shows that online bullying is a serious concern in Japan. Teenagers who spend more than 10 hours a week on Internet are more likely to become the target of online bullying. Only 28 percent of the survey participants understand what is cyber bullying is. However, they do notice the severity of the issue since 63 percent of the surveyed worry about being targeted as victims cyber bullying.[47]

With the advance of the Internet technology, everyone can access the internet. Since teenagers find themselves congregating socially on the internet via social media, they become easy targets for cyber bullying. Forms of social media where cyber bullying occurs include but are not limited to email, text, chat rooms, mobile phones, mobile phone cameras and social websites (Facebook, Twitter). The ways a cyber bully potentially attacks a target include sending threatening email, forwarding targets’ private contact number of email to Internet, sending numerous anonymous email to the target to harass them, talking about the target in chat room or text. Some bullies even set up websites or blogs to post the target’s images, publicize their personal information, gossip about the target, express why they hate the target, request people to agree with the bully’s view, and of course sending links to the target to make sure the watched it.[48]

Much of cyber bullying is an act of relational aggression, which involves alienating the victim from his or her peers through gossip or ostracism.[49] This kind of attack can be easily launched via texting or other online activities. Here is an example of a 19 year-old teenager sharing his real experience of cyber bullying. When he was in high school, his classmates posted his photo online and insult him constantly. Moreover, his schoolmates kept asking him to die. Because of the constant harassment, he did attempt suicide twice. Even when he quit school, the attacks did not stop.[50]

Cyber bullying will cause serious psychological impact to the victims. They often feel anxious, nervous, tired, depressed and languid. Other signs of negative psychological trauma include loosing confidence from being socially isolated from their schoolmates or friends. Mental psychological problems can also show up in headaches, skin problems, abdominal pain, sleep problems, bed-wetting, and crying. It may also lead them to commit suicide because they don't want to being bullied anymore.[51]

United States


A survey by the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire in 2000 found that 6% of the young people in the survey had experienced some form of harassment including threats and negative rumours and 2% had suffered distressing harassment.[52]


In September 2006, ABC News[53] reported on a 2004 survey of 1,500 students between grades 4–8 which found:

  • 42% of kids have been bullied while online. One in four have had it happen more than once.
  • 35% of kids have been threatened online. Nearly one in five had had it happen more than once.
  • 21% of kids have received mean or threatening e-mails or other messages.
  • 58% of kids admit someone has said mean or hurtful things to them online. More than four out of ten say it has happened more than once.
  • 58% have not told their parents or an adult about something mean or hurtful that happened to them online.


The Youth Internet Safety Survey-2, conducted by the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire in 2005, found that 9% of the young people in the survey had experienced some form of harassment.[52] The survey was a nationally representative telephone survey of 1,500 youth 10–17 years old. One third reported feeling distressed by the incident, with distress being more likely for younger respondents and those who were the victims of aggressive harassment (including being telephoned, sent gifts, or visited at home by the harasser).[54] Compared to youth not harassed online, victims are more likely to have social problems. On the other hand, youth who harass others are more likely to have problems with rule breaking and aggression.[55] Significant overlap is seen — youth who are harassed are significantly more likely to also harass others.

Hinduja and Patchin completed a study in the summer of 2005 of approximately 1,500 Internet-using adolescents and found that over one-third of youth reported being victimized online, and over 16% of respondents admitted to cyber-bullying others.[56] While most of the instances of cyber-bullying involved relatively minor behavior (41% were disrespected, 19% were called names), over 12% were physically threatened and about 5% were scared for their safety. Notably, fewer than 15% of victims told an adult about the incident.[57]

Additional research by Hinduja and Patchin in 2007[58] found that youth who report being victims of cyber-bullying also experience stress or strain that is related to offline problem behaviors such as running away from home, cheating on a school test, skipping school, or using alcohol or marijuana. The authors acknowledge that both of these studies provide only preliminary information about the nature and consequences of online bullying, due to the methodological challenges associated with an online survey.

According to a 2005 survey by the National Children's Home charity and Tesco Mobile[59] of 770 youth between the ages of 11 and 19, 20% of respondents revealed that they had been bullied via electronic means. Almost three-quarters (73%) stated that they knew the bully, while 26% stated that the offender was a stranger. 10% of responders indicated that another person has taken a picture and/or video of them via a cellular phone camera, consequently making them feel uncomfortable, embarrassed, or threatened. Many youths are not comfortable telling an authority figure about their cyber-bullying victimization for fear their access to technology will be taken from them; while 24% and 14% told a parent or teacher respectively, 28% did not tell anyone while 41% told a friend.[59]


In 2007, Debbie Heimowitz, a Stanford University master's student, created Adina's Deck, a film based on Stanford accredited research. She worked in focus groups for ten weeks in three schools to learn about the problem of cyber-bullying in Northern California. The findings determined that over 60% of students had been cyber-bullied and were victims of cyber-bullying. The film is now being used in classrooms nationwide as it was designed around learning goals pertaining to problems that students had understanding the topic. The middle school of Megan Meier is reportedly using the film as a solution to the crisis in their town.


In the summer of 2008, researchers Sameer Hinduja (Florida Atlantic University) and Justin Patchin (University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire) published a book on cyber-bullying that summarized the current state of cyber-bullying research. (Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying).[60] Their research documents that cyber-bullying instances have been increasing over the last several years. They also report findings from the most recent study of cyber-bullying among middle-school students. Using a random sample of approximately 2000 middle-school students from a large school district in the southern United States, about 10% of respondents had been cyber-bullied in the previous 30 days while over 17% reported being cyber-bullied at least once in their lifetime.[60] While these rates are slightly lower than some of the findings from their previous research, Hinduja and Patchin point out that the earlier studies were predominantly conducted among older adolescents and Internet samples. That is, older youth use the Internet more frequently and are more likely to experience cyber-bullying than younger children.[12][57][58]


Distribution of cyberbullying venues used by young people in the US, according to the Centers for Disease Control

The National Crime Prevention Council reported in 2011 that cyber-bullying is a problem that affects almost half of all American teens.[61]

Legislation Against cyberbullying

United States

Legislation geared at penalizing cyberbullying has been introduced in a number of U.S. states including New York, Missouri, Rhode Island and Maryland. At least forty five states passed laws against digital harassment.[62] Dardenne Prairie of Springfield, Missouri, passed a city ordinance making online harassment a misdemeanor. The city of St. Charles, Missouri has passed a similar ordinance. Missouri is among other states where lawmakers are pursuing state legislation, with a task forces expected to have “cyberbullying” laws drafted and implemented.[63] In June, 2008, Rep. Linda Sanchez (D-Calif.) and Rep. Kenny Hulshof (R-Mo.) proposed a federal law that would criminalize acts of cyberbullying.[64]

Lawmakers are seeking to address cyberbullying with new legislation because there's currently no specific law on the books that deals with it. A fairly new federal cyberstalking law might address such acts, according to Parry Aftab, but no one has been prosecuted under it yet. The proposed federal law would make it illegal to use electronic means to "coerce, intimidate, harass or cause other substantial emotional distress."

In August 2008, the California state legislature passed one of the first laws in the country to deal directly with cyberbullying. The legislation, Assembly Bill 86 2008, gives school administrators the authority to discipline students for bullying others offline or online.[65] This law took effect, January 1, 2009.[66]

A recent ruling first seen in the UK determined that it is possible for an Internet Service Provider (ISP) to be liable for the content of sites which it hosts, setting a precedent that any ISP should treat a notice of complaint seriously and investigate it immediately.[67]

18 U.S.C. § 875(c) criminalizes the making of threats via Internet.

Research on Preventative Legislation

Researchers suggest that programs be put in place for prevention of cyberbullying. These programs would be incorporated into school curricula and would include online safety and instruction on how to use the Internet properly.[68] This could teach the victim proper methods of potentially avoiding the cyberbully, such as blocking messages or increasing the security on their computer.[68]

Within this suggested school prevention model, even in a perfect world, not one crime can be stopped fully. That is why it is suggested that within this prevention method, effective coping strategies should be introduced and adopted. As with any crime, people learn to cope with what has happened, and the same goes for cyberbullying. People can adopt coping strategies to combat future cyberbullying events. An example of a coping strategy would be a social support group composed of various victims of cyberbullying.[68] That could come together and share experiences, with a formal speaker leading the discussion. Something like a support group can allow students to share their stories, and allows that feeling of them being alone to be removed.

Teachers should be involved in all prevention educational models, as they are essentially the "police" of the classroom. Most cyberbullying often goes unreported as the victim feels nothing can be done to help in their current situation.[68] However, if given the proper tools with preventative measures and more power in the classroom, teachers can be of assistance to the problem of cyber-bullying. If the parent, teacher, and victim can work together, a possible solution or remedy can be found.[68]

There have been many legislative attempts to facilitate the control of bullying and cyberbullying. The problem is due to the fact that some existing legislation is incorrectly thought to be tied to bullying and cyberbullying (terms such as libel and slander). The problem is they do not directly apply to it nor define it as its own criminal behavior.[69] Anti-cyberbullying advocates even expressed concern about the broad scope of applicability of some of the bills attempted to be passed.[70]

In the United States, attempts were made to pass legislation against cyberbullying. Few states attempted to pass broad sanctions in an effort to prohibit cyberbullying. Problem include how to define cyberbullying and cyberstalking, and if charges are pressed, whether it violates the bully's freedom of speech.[70] B. Walther has said that "Illinois is the only state to criminalize 'electronic communication(s) sent for the purpose of harassing another person' when the activity takes place outside a public school setting." Again this came under fire for infringement on freedom of speech.[70]

Intimidation, Emotional Damage, Suicide

According to the Cyberbullying Research Center, "there have been several high‐profile cases involving teenagers taking their own lives in part because of being harassed and mistreated over the Internet, a phenomenon we have termed cyberbullicide – suicide indirectly or directly influenced by experiences with online aggression."

Cyberbullying is an intense form of psychological abuse, whose victims are more than twice as likely to suffer from mental disorders compared to traditional bullying.[72]

The reluctance youth have in telling an authority figure about instances of cyberbullying has led to fatal outcomes. At least three children between the ages of 12 and 13 have committed suicide due to depression brought on by cyberbullying, according to reports by USA Today and the Baltimore Examiner. These would include the suicide of Ryan Halligan and the suicide of Megan Meier, the latter of which resulted in United States v. Lori Drew.

More recently, teenage suicides tied to cyberbullying have become more prevalent. The latest victim of cyberbullying through the use of mobile applications was Rebecca Ann Sedwick, who committed suicide after being terrorized through mobile applications such as, Kik Messenger and Voxer.[73]

Adults and the Workplace

Cyberbullying is not limited to personal attacks or children. Cyberharassment, referred to as cyberstalking when involving adults, takes place in the workplace or on company web sites, blogs or product reviews.

Cyberbullying can occur in product reviews along with other consumer-generated data are being more closely monitored and flagged for content that is deemed malicious and biased as these sites have become tools to cyberbully by way of malicious requests for deletion of articles, vandalism, abuse of administrative positions, and ganging up on products to post "false" reviews and vote products down.

Cyberstalkers use posts, forums, journals and other online means to present a victim in a false and unflattering light. The question of liability for harassment and character assassination is particularly salient to legislative protection since the original authors of the offending material are, more often than not, not only anonymous, but untraceable. Nevertheless, abuse should be consistently brought to company staffers' attention.

Recognition of Adult and Workplace Cyberbullying Tactics

Common tactics used by cyberstalkers is to vandalize a search engine or encyclopedia, to threaten a victim's earnings, employment, reputation, or safety. Various companies provide cases of cyber-stalking (involving adults) follow the pattern of repeated actions against a target. While motives vary, whether romantic, a business conflict of interest, or personal dislike, the target is commonly someone whose life the stalker sees or senses elements lacking in his or her own life. Web-based products or services leveraged against cyberstalkers in the harassment or defamation of their victims.

The source of the defamation seems to come from four types of online information purveyors: Weblogs, industry forums or boards, and commercial Web sites. Studies reveal that while some motives are personal dislike, there is often direct economic motivation by the cyberstalker, including conflict of interest, and investigations reveal the responsible party is an affiliate or supplier of a competitor, or the competitor itself.

So when you see a cyberbully, do not argue with him, ignore him, avoid all trolling he did on you and your friends, block him, call the police, report your problem you have with cyberbully to teachers, parents, cousins, website admins and police department. They know how deal with it, your duty is only to ignore it and avoid making any argument with him 'till further.
[UPDATE] Special thanks to World-Hero21 for this! :happybounce:
Here are some options you can choose in a bully-situation:
a) Tell someone. Talk to your parents, your teachers, your friends...anyone you can trust. Sometimes talking about a problem with someone can help alleviate the problem. :dummy:
That seems to work for me for any issue that comes my way; have a venting session with friends. :la:

b) Walk away when someone is harassing you. Don't confront them, but just walk away and ignore them. If they follow you, then you would probably be best to immediately run away and tell someone in authority (like the above option).

c) If you can't get away, as in you're being held down and ganged up on, then yes...fight back long enough to run away. There is a thing called "self-defense," you know. (But please don't use that as a crutch; don't use it for pointless excuses to hit someone out of anger. i.e: "HE WAS INSULTING ME, SO I HIT HIM!!1!") :stare:

d) Scream, yell, etc. Basically, make a lot of noise to attract attention or to get help. (Can also be used with option C).

In the case of online-bullying/cyber-bullying:
a) You see that cute little "x" button on the right corner of the comments in your inbox? Click that to delete any provoking/harassing comments. Seriously, that solves almost any trolling/harassing situations.

b) If option A doesn't work (they keep trying to provoke you and they won't go away) then resort to the block-button.

c) If neither of those above options work, then resort to any +help desk/support center online. :helpdesk:

What you should NOT do:
a) DO NOT confront them. Don't recognize their presence, don't reply to them, don't harass them back, etc. Ignore them and walk away.
In dire situations, you can fight back as "self-defense," but as I said, don't fall back on that excuse to hit someone just because they said something mean to you. Otherwise, it's not "self-defense" anymore.

b) Like option A, ignore them completely. Either delete their comments from your inbox, block them, or walk/run away from them.

c) DO NOT write about them; don't complain about them in public, don't give them any attention.
Trust me, I've learned this the hard way a few times; wrote a harsh journal on someone because I was pissed off at them, vented my emotions out with a drawing and put it up in public, etc. TIP: When it's public online, everyone can see/read it.
...I got the bad consequences for those choices. o_o; (But so did the OP. :shrug:)

d) DO NOT physically hurt yourself/try to commit suicide. Really, this is just pathetic and cowardly. I don't sympathize with people who resort to those measures. :smoking:

Yes, I'm a heartless bitch for that. :| But it's really pathetic to throw your entire life away, just because of one bully. If it's gotten that bad, either turn off the computer or tell your parents about it. :| If they won't listen, tell the authorities...but not when the bullying is happening online.
No, I'm sorry, but there is NO such thing about "Cyber-Police." That's just an excuse people make to try to scare the cyber-bully...and all it does, is just make the "cyber-bully" laugh their ass off.

If you feel the need to vent/complain about them, then do so privately. Or talk to a friend about it privately; sometimes it really does help to vent to a friend about the issue. :dummy:

And for the love of God....Please learn the correct definition of a cyber-bully/troll/whatever, before you start accusing people of bullying you when they're not. :|
I'm looking at you, art thieves. :stinkeye: I'm actually trying to HELP YOU from getting into serious shit, not harass you with the rules.

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A Message From Ken Levine

When we announced the release date of BioShock Infinite in March, we felt pretty good about the timing.

Since then, we’ve come to realize that some specific tweaks and improvements will make Infinite into something even more extraordinary. Therefore, to give our talented team the time they need, we’ve decided to move the game’s release to February 26, 2013. We wanted to let our loyal (and very patient!) fans know this as soon as possible.

I won’t kid you: BioShock Infinite is a very big game, and we’re doing things that no one has ever done in a first-person shooter. We had a similar experience with the original BioShock, which was delayed several months as our original ship date drew near. Why? Because the Big Daddies weren’t the Big Daddies you’ve since come to know and love. Because Andrew Ryan’s golf club didn’t have exactly the right swing. Because Rapture needed one more coat of grimy Art Deco.

The same principle now applies to BioShock Infinite.

What does this mean for you? It means a bit more waiting, but more importantly, it means an even better BioShock Infinite. The great can be made greater, and we owe it to both ourselves and to you, our fans, to take this opportunity.

We are also going to hold off on showing BioShock Infinite at the big events of the summer, like E3 and Gamescom. That way, the next time you see our game, it will be essentially the product we intend to put in the box. Preparing for these events takes time away from development, time we’re going to use instead to get the best version of Infinite into your hands in February.
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With 13,000 new deviants joining deviantART each day, we want to ensure everyone's user experience is seamless. A common question from new and old deviants alike is: "What do username symbols mean?" Over the years, as we’ve surveyed deviants, we’ve found that very few understand symbols.

As part of our ongoing process to make the user experience cleaner and more intuitive, we've launched a new set of username symbols designed to help easily identify deviant-types.

Easily Identifiable

At a glance, the new symbols are quickly recognizable. When hovering over a username symbol, a tooltip appears, providing a brief explanation of that user's deviant-type. If clicked, a modal appears, giving a brief explanation for each username symbol, with "Learn more" links that lead to more detailed explanations.

A word from Heidi:

Over the years, a few things have come to seem like deviantART mainstays. Deviant green, intricate art categorization, colorful avatars, symbols next to usernames. In our constant re-evaluation of what's best for longtime deviants and new users alike, we do sometimes need to stop and ask ourselves if a makeover for some aspect isn't overdue. Changing username symbols was one of the harder things we evaluated.

I've been testing the new symbols for a few months now, and while I love its sleekness, its clear message, I do occasionally find myself missing my old symbol. Symbols have permeated into deviants’ minds, made their way into works of art, and sometimes defined how deviants thought of their front-facing persona on the site. But I can honestly say in good faith, I think this new design will permeate the community just as the original system did. It beautifully aligns with the design direction we’ll be traveling moving forward, and, perhaps best of all, it doesn't require insider knowledge for understanding.

I invite you all to memorialize the old symbols and commemorate their meaning from ages past in any expression that inspires you. But I know these new symbols will usher in a new era with just as much meaning and visual attachment as ever.

Heidi, VP of Marketing

Looking Ahead

We appreciate that the previous username symbols have a long history and have become ingrained in the deviantART community, and we want to assure the community that this change was not one that was made lightly. Many factors were taken into consideration, most notably that removal of the old symbols allows us to implement more technological advancements in the future, including Mentions. Given time, it’s our hope that the new username symbols will become an emblem of deviantART culture.

As part of our ongoing process to make the user experience cleaner and more intuitive, we've launched a new set of username symbols designed to help easily identify deviant-types.
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