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Polls

Are highly intelligent or very talented people better able to hide their misery from loved ones, thus making it all the harder to “read” them and help them? fav.me/d7ux38b

Vote! (58,153 votes) 1,207 comments
73,493 Deviants Online

23 : Art Features + Giveaway

Sun Sep 21, 2014, 6:31 PM
Hey everyone~! :la:

First of all, thank you so much for all the birthday wishes! You've no idea how it made me happy!! :blush:
Yep, I turned 23 yesterday. I feel so old already. :dummy:
Secondly, because it's my birthday, I decided to hold a giveaway and an art feature!

For the giveaway, I will choose 23 people and each of them will receive 50 :points:.

Simply :+fav: this journal so you can get a number, and the winners will be chosen via random.org.
I really love doing art features, and I hope you could check out these amazing pieces and artists, and give them some love! :love:


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23 PIECES FROM ARTISTS THAT I THINK DESERVE MORE LOVE

Gosick by Crystal-Co  [haikyuu] tsukishima by ryusin  Wonderland by kururuno
dear little red riding hood by nilampwns  Garry by Tabachichi

* * *

Precious Gift by Akihi  judgement by akaniwa
  untitled by VelioJosto
Russian soldier by AlexndraMirica  White bird by SophiaViolette
expression by AnnaShtorm I HATE drawing by Ceresta the life circle 2 by alinamilitaru Tupac Shakur by MarinaSotiriou

* * *

Double shield warrior by ldimonl 
868 Max by Mischeviouslittleelf
Zone 6 by Ullbors 
SpitPaint by Reza-Afshar-Art  My home by kinixuki
Completion by Daitrini  There is no run. by Ainaothar
Victory by Huyen-n00b  Happy 2014!! by Sykugen


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23 RECENT FAVORITES :la:

Autumn by NexxD Just Be Friends by KudamonoYasai .121. by dasTOK We love Eren by FansyL
leger comme une plume by Ni-nig Crows by MissStreelight study by curlyhair Saiunkoku Monogatari: Shurei Hong by general-kuroru
Path of Stars by Hanafae AT::shurei90 by chisachan2010 Attack on Titan by NatuoHarumura Con: Sweet Choco Mocca by moe-notice-me
One Piece - Perona and Mihawk by Calssara Give me love by revengerset Our hearts will fly by augenblickwinkel Haruka + Michiru : "private" by elsch
Alice+Alice by kururuno magic within his hands by nilampwns Alabastan War by AmbitionDFined Sho by littlebabyshoes
Lestat de Lioncourt by Rgveta Igirisu~ by rikurikuri .Airplanes. by Martina-G

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Thank you very much for all the support! :thanks:


CSS by SimplySilent, edited by me

Golden Age of Illustration

Mon Sep 22, 2014, 9:46 AM by STelari:iconstelari:
:iconprojecteducate:
:iconprojecteducate:


Art History Week

The 19th century marks a huge technology development, with printing techniques improving enough to make newspapers and books a truly mass-popular medium. Along with that, there appeared new opportunities for the illustrators. In the second half of the 19th century, the popularity of illustrated books and magazines reached the highest level recorded by that time and it eventually became the foundation to border the official beginning of the Golden Age of Illustration's timespan: 1880's. Formally it lasted until 1910's-1920's, with variations between Europe and North America.

The core illustrators lived a long time after this period and continued creating pictures in their style - which is defined as typical for the Golden Age. However, new styles and the slow decrease of popularity of book and newspaper illustrations (supported by the rising popularity of photography) after the World War determined the formal end of this age. The European illustrators were influenced mostly by the Pre-Raphaelites, Art Nouveau and Post-Impressionists (e.g. Les Nabis, a group of Parisian artists), and their American colleagues focused around Howard Pyle's Brandywine School of American Illustration in the Brandywine Valley.


Rackham (13) by STelariKittelsen 21 by STelari


Plenty of today's artists is inspired by the Golden Age of Illustration. You can find quite a few great ones around and outside dA, encounter their pictures in books (very rarely in magazines). Amongst the most popular ones, there should be named Alan Lee, famous for his Tolkien related illustrations and his concept work for Peter Jackson, Shirley Barber and her fairytales, or Ted Nasmith - also a Tolkien illustrator. To find illustrators inspired by G.A. on dA, I recommend visiting GoldenIllustration.

Heading back to the Golden Age itself, most of the famous European artists of this period originated in Central and East Europe - UK, France, Scandinavia, which covers the areas with the highest technology developement of that time. The names: Arthur Rackham, Edmund Dulac, John Bauer or Theodor Kittelsen are bound to the definition of the Golden Age and their works gather the essence of its characteristics.


bauer4 by STelariscan003 by STelari


Arthur Rackham

Born on the 19th of September 1867 in London. In 1892, he started working as a reporter and an illustrator for The Westminster Budget. His first major publication took place in 1894, for Anthony Hope's The Dolly Dialogues. After that Rackham became a full-time illustrator for the rest of his life.

Here you can find an article about this illustrator.

Rackham (11) by STelariRackham (12) by STelariRackham (10) by STelari


John Bauer

Born in 1882 in Jönköping, Sweden. He started sketching very early in his childhood, although there is no formal date known. In 1898, when the young Bauer was 16, he moved to Stockholm to study art and two years later he started the Royal Swedish Academy of Art. He used to illustrate a yearly fairy-tale book, Bland tomtar och troll, thanks to which he became famous in 1907 and his most popular artworks were those published in 1912-1915.

Here you can find an article about him.

bauer7 by STelaribauer6 by STelaribauer1 by STelari


Sulamith Wülfing

She was born in 1901 in Elberfeld, Rhine Province of the Kingdom of Prussia. She began drawing at the age of 4, at the same time when she started talking about seeing fairies, angels, gnomes and other nature spirits. The subjects of her drawings were those visions. For a couple of the first years of her life, Sulamith and her parents lived in a secluded area and the little girl was convinced that they were the only humans in the world.

Here you can read an article about her.

scan0015 by STelariscan013 by STelariscan001 by STelari


Theodor Kittelsen

Theodor Severin Kittelsen was born in 1857, in a coastal town of Kragerø, Norway. At the age of 11, Theodor started working for the local watchmaker. Six years later a chance for a lighter life appeared: his manual talent was noticed and 17-years-old Kittelsen started studying in Wilhelm von Hanno's drawing school in Olso. In 1889 he married Inga Dahl. Their new home, along with artist studio, was called Lauvlia. Kittelsen spent his artistic golden age there, illustrating Norske Folkeeventyr (Norwegian Folktales) from Jørgen Moe and Peter Christen Asbjørnsen.

Here is an article about this illustrator.

Kittelsen 01 by STelariKittelsen 14 by STelariKittelsen 11 by STelari


Ivan Bilibin

He was born in 1876, in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Before he became a student of the great Ilya Repin, he studied at the Art School of Anton Ažbe in Munich. His illustrations to Russian faery tales from 1899 made him famous. The most recognisable pictures from that year are the ones of Vasilisa the Beautiful.

Here you can read an article about him.

Bilibin (6) by STelariBilibin (4) by STelariBilibin (5) by STelari


Cheap commissions by Rikae +pt lotery

Mon Sep 22, 2014, 12:11 PM
So i'm advertising commissions for my friend because she need some exposure

:iconrikae: has sketch commissions open for quite a while and is having a hard time finding clients lately. 
She offers sketch commissions, simple and fast :la: (and cheap!)

--Type: bust pencil sketch

--Price:  $5

--Examples:
Look Meg::part2 by Rikae      UTOPIA Sketch dump galore by Rikae    Well, um, thank you... by Rikae Chara design_Window by Rikae  

--payment method: paypal only

--Slots Open: 2

--How to buy? Send :iconrikae: a note with your character (or characters) references and a short info about them. She will give you her paypal. ^^ 


Check out this link where it's explained how to send money through paypal without paying fees 

www.insulators.info/general/pa…
www.insulators.info/general/pa…
www.insulators.info/general/pa…
www.insulators.info/general/pa…

If you still see there is a fee, please take care of it on your side. ^^ :iconrikae: will be charged a fee anyway when taking the money out of paypal, and i wouldn't want her to be charged twice from this ammount that is small anyway.

So commissions her if you like her sketches, you'll really help her out :D

And if you don't have money for it you can +fav this journal so others see it. And here's a little incentive to +fav it, in a few days i will randomly pick a person who faved this journal and give away :points:100 

:iconsparklesplz::iconsparklesplz::iconsparklesplz::iconsparklesplz::iconsparklesplz::iconsparklesplz:




Created at simplydevio.us | Banner created by C-91

Stock and Resources PE Wrap Up 2014

Sun Sep 21, 2014, 6:00 PM by Elandria:iconelandria:

Light Hunters Feature #88

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 22, 2014, 7:38 AM

Enjoy some of the recent additions to our gallery




This Journal Skin was designed by Night-Beast


Welcome to JULY & AUGUST 2014’s Top Submissions of Unframed-Nature.
:iconhappysunplz:

Thank you for being here whether you are a Member yet or not!
We welcome you and your support! :thanks:


A GRAND Welcome to ALL of Our NEW MEMBERS, & NEW ADMINISTRATORS, too! :love:

:squee:  :clap: :clap: :clap:  :squee:

And a HUGE thank you to our loyal Members who have been submitting your fantastic
Nature Work to our Group for a long time now.
Without you, we just simply wouldn’t be here. :aww:

:iconpinkflowerplz:

Thank you so much to ALL the amazing MEMBERS (and Admins.) who returned to vote on our main folders for these months! :love:

:iconbouquetplz::iconbouquetplz::iconbouquetplz:


Let’s continue to submit our own BEST QUALITY work, enjoy it, improve upon it, enjoy the work of others, and Nature in general. It’s what it’s all about-
combining our love of Art with our love of Nature, and coming together under that commonality!

Without further ado...


Please Enjoy The Voted Top Submissions of JULY & AUGUST.
CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL SELECTED IN JULY & AUGUST 2014!


[:note: Each section/folder has a small group, at the VERY TOP, where those had received slightly more votes. These will be copied to the Featured Folder, AND eventually :+fav:'d by our :points: account at Unframed-Nature-PTS
The others are in no particular order.]

:icondrumroll-plz:


:iconflower-plz: From: Birds, Invertebrates, Aquatics, Amphibians, Reptiles

Through fire by MaaykeKlaverLadybird by alexgphotoPheasantPhun1 by Coigach
Colours of life by AngiWallaceLittle swallows 3 by Corvus-monedula93Darkling Beetle (?) by melvynyeo
Black and white wild by TaniaAVMatthew 10:31 by Keziamarasmall godzilla by Esoragotka
Let's have fun! by plumita1slippery slope by mkueglerBird Grasshopper by Andres-Cadena

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Parer au decollage by YannickDellapina169.365 A Delicate Moment by PiecesOfAnsleyJuvenile bald eagle by Rajmund67First pic from Scotland 2014 by Kriloner
Female Red winged blackbird - ruffled by JestePhotographyProthonotary Warbler by Andres-CadenaBee by NitramXSoft by Esoragotka
09494 by IkarusthefirstZebra longwing caterpillars eating by LordMajestrosEurasian eagle-owl by Rajmund67Owl by leamarzio
Matthew 10:31 by KeziamaraChipe Dorado by Andres-CadenaFly by dorolainwho's the bigger fish? by mkuegler
Two in One - King vulture by BiBiARTsDive, Dive, Dive by Jamie-MacArthurstilting Grasshopper by albatros1Osprey and pastel pencils by riksons
Sunbird by kiew1Symphypleona of the Golden Jungle by The-Dude-L-BugFroggie by WolfieMeowsSnowy butterfly by Esoragotka
Nectar Time by TheFunnySpiderBlue by WindInTheCoffeeCupMorning Pleasure by chamatheRobin by KattPhotography
Duck Duck Jabiru by QuestaviaRiot 7 by EdgedFeather


:iconflower-plz: From: Land Mammals, Wild & Dommestic

*** by AnnaTyurinaForest-Shadow by Fuz-Caforio-ArtTable Manners by MorningIrbis
Horse by Laniidae7Jedi by Richard-CederfjardThe Adventurous Manx is Sweet Sixteen by TeaPhotography
Bon Apetit by mkueglerHappy World Cat Day by DeviantTeddineHappy Arctic Wolf by TVD-Photography
giant by DaSchuLitte cutie by Riderofthewind95Running White Horse by philippeL

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Companion by Black-DressARTISTDressing Up The Place by sueznI see you by reymoBambi Rests by parallel-pam
Tribute to a King by akrasielLion by AdaykaMiss Majestic by Iluvbiscuit2African Lion by DPasschier
Days Of Summer by sueznLaziness is a virtue by FuturamaJSPlioness by zarielcharoititeHind by leamarzio
Photography me a sheep by KlaraDrielleExhausted by StephGablerJ. Irving BandW by coffeenoirTiger ballpen drawing by 22Zitty22
Annihilate by WishmasterAlchemistSquirrel Snacking by FallOut99Citadella by WordupCurious by Tayley
Mozart II. by thephotogrumblerBobcat by FredrikEriksson1Roe Doe by FreyaPhotosIt's on the tip of my tongue  - Dollar by CrystalMarine-Arts
Fox by IllegalHamster



:iconflower-plz: From: Nature Much Closer

Sonnenpusteblume by TobiasAckermannGolden drops - Strange world by AStoKopositivity.. by humannotdancer
Little Lanterns... by catch---22calluna by tsigane*** by Fatalv
Colors of Summer by DeviantTeddineAlien Plant by NitrokMake a Wish by alexgphoto
Dragon Fruit by SchwarzWieEbenholZSymphony by UnkopierbarSparkling Meadow by MirachRavaia

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Yellow Rose of Friendship by TeaPhotographyShy by MYPeanutGalleryLeaf Story by PaintedFeatherz14dahlias in my garden by kosharik69
Drop colony by CottoonFalling to the Flames by John-PeterUntitled118 by JuliaHasAGunBow Your Heads by Blue-Koi
As beautiful as an Orchid by LewiARTsFallen by TheDewdropFairyBeautiful Fan II by larksgarLe bout du monde by Misgaeroten
Algae By The River by surrealistic-gloomruiskukka - pikkulahja by semperturdusmerulaSurvivor by Unkopierbaruniversal dream by semperturdusmerula
Hind by leamarzioA Touch of Red by Kurosu-kunBotanical garden by ZaratraIn the change ... by BiBiARTs
Xx by tikitakiOverheating by WishmasterAlchemistGlowing Spikes by LeonsFilmreviewsHappy Pansy Birthday by gigi50
Flower by yavuzselimturanEnergetic roses by stokrotas.: Nothing lasts for ever :. by Frank-BeerCosmos Bipinnatus by Skaldur
Eye-catching pink by MagicOfSnowLucky by LASKANWLFKunterbunter Sommer 2 by Martina-WWJourney into space by Anastasia-Ri
until the sunray hits me by IreneHorvath



:iconflower-plz: From: All ‘Scapes

Need Nothing Revisited by TexRamoneGuardian Of The Galaxy by PeterJCoskunCrazy Sunshine by almostacrayon
Messenger by TrenteLuray Caverns by xthumbtakxSun is going to sleep by ferrohanc
Days End by PeterJCoskunMorning in the Forest by ferrohancWhispers of autumn 2 by ilvahaust
Avalanche by jbrumThe feeling at the end of a perfect day by LordLJCornellPhotosCamargue Sunset by Oaken-shield


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Touch of gold sun... by FatalvEyes Over Yosemite by PeterJCoskunThe garden on the wall by Stu7artThe Silence by Trichardsen
The Shire by UnkopierbarGreen Waves by AlecsPSSchwabacher Sunset 5884 by pesterleLast Autumn by Weissglut
Surreal Sky by FrancescaDelfinoUtah 12 by JCCJ756Blu-Rays by AnnMarieBoneSunflowers by TomazKlemensak
trees by giga92Iceland landscapes pt. VII by TheChosenPesssimistKaraugom by DeingeLMountain river by TomaszLange
Lavender Craze II by DeviantTeddineGalloway: mist in the forest by CoigachWhipped Topping by JuglarsSurrounded by Clouds by artbitNick
Melbeck Mirror by parallel-pamLeave Me Breathless by SharingMyDreamsbeginning of a journey by kosharik69The Seasons of My Life by TeaPhotography
Fall Ploughing by surrealistic-gloom



FROM OUR FOUR SPECIAL FOLDERS...
A Few Chosen Via Founder-Choice...


These FOUR folders were added a year ago, for the precise purpose to seek to broaden and deepen the meaning of our Group in a variety of ways, in general to cause us to think about Nature and its fragility and persistency and our human relationship to it.

:iconflower-plz: From: Animals for Adoption & Animal Welfare

Reasons to Foster (Sassy) by camelopardalisinblueEgg Drop Spook by tanikelGetting Better With Age by TeaPhotography
Tidings of Gratitude by TeaPhotographyFriendship Rings- Updated by TeaPhotographyHomeward Bound? by Geak-of-Nature
And That's Just How It's Done by TeaPhotographyReaching Out by TeaPhotographyHappy Endings- I Survived by TeaPhotography
One Dapper Charming Little Gent by TeaPhotographyWorld Class Beauty by TeaPhotographyKittens... in All Colours, Shapes, and Sizes by TeaPhotography
Ready to Pounce by Geak-of-Nature



:iconcatlaplz: I am VERY happy that there are a few more deviations of ADOPTION and WELFARE-THEMES, FINALLY submitted or requested to this folder! :iconcatlaplz:

:note: Admins.! Please find/request more, and dear Members, if you have any please SUBMIT them, or suggest them to us, BY NOTE, if you find them, so we can request them! :eager:
:thanks: This would be a HUGE HELP! :thanks:


:iconflower-plz: From: Endangered Species & Environmental Issues

The Tree's PrayerDear Lord,
Don't let the rain wash away the dirt from my roots,
For without it I would have no place to stand
Dear Lord,
Don't let the sun shrivel my roots
For without them I would have nothing with which to stand on.
Dear Lord,
Don't let the axe cleave my trunk
For without it I would not have the will to stand.
Dear Lord,
Don't let the knife sever my branches
For without them my will to stand would break.
But please Lord,
Don't let them burn my leaves
For without them I could not stand at all.
Curious by MisgaerotenWhiskers by Riphath
We are not Alone by ChocoHal Snow queen by Seb-Photos
Grumpy by MisgaerotenRed Panda by moondancer3Polar Bear by AmBr0
Making a Nest by spring-warmthGeria by MrAlito



:note: Admins.! Please find/request more, and dear Members, if you have any please SUBMIT them, or suggest them to us, BY NOTE, if you find them, so we can request them! :eager:
:thanks: This would be a HUGE HELP! :thanks:


:iconflower-plz: From: Humans, Architecture, & Transportation in NATURE

Supper by FuturamaJSPThe Rest by TullusionCatch-a-ride by WolfieDeviant
Rosengarten by designbunkerHay you! by friartuck40A Bird in the Hand by Keziamara
Agility - California - III by Deliquesce-FluxSailing In An Aruban Sunset by discoinferno84Wintry cover VIII by black-cat16
Sunset and a backhoe... by ZenrynimSecret place by dragan45


:iconflower-plz: From: Still Life, Concepts, Abstract, Crafts, Fantasy in NATURE

Love and Peace by creativemikeyWhite Flowers On Satin by coby01Moonlight Sonata. by Kondratij
Catabirds by DroganaidaTree of Life, Band Cover for Dreadnought by DymondStarrBlack and Silver Flower and Spike Earrings by lulabug
Butterfly Fly Away 84/365 by AnnissinaMoss garden by DeathMysteryChibi Birds by MissBajoCollection
Another rocks by KPEKEPHummingbird Watercolor Painting by Olechka01Sea Turtle Strength by TeaPhotography



:trophy: WINNERS FROM OUR THEME FOLDER... :trophy:
Thank you AGAIN TO OUR AWESOME VOTERS!!!
:heart:


:iconflower-plz: From: DOUBLE OR NOTHING; CLOSE-UPS!

:trophy: FIRST: :iconart-fromthe-heart: with:
Crowned Victorians by ART-fromthe-HEART

150 :points: / +150 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

:trophy: SECOND: :iconjbrum: with:
Double Barrel by jbrum

100 :points: / +100 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

:trophy: THIRD: :iconmorkelerasmus:  with:
Two Young Kings by MorkelErasmus

50 :points: / +50 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

THREE Runners-Up:

:trophy: RUNNER-UP: :iconweissglut: with:
Unzertrennlich by Weissglut

20 :points: / +20 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

:trophy: RUNNER-UP: :iconposerfan: with:
Infinite Freedom by poserfan

20 :points: / +20 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

:trophy: RUNNER-UP: :iconplumita1: with:
Hurry up - we're being watched! by plumita1

20 :points: / +20 :points: to an ACTIVE Group of Choice,
WITH a Widget somewhere for collecting Points & FULL Credit
for Winning them the POINTS! :nod:

:rose: :star: FIVE HONOURABLE MENTIONS :star: :rose:
simplysuzu Duet by simplysuzu
frankbeer .: Moskitorasboras :. by Frank-Beer
DeviantTeddine Simba And Socksi - Purrfect Times by DeviantTeddine
BiBiARTs Two in One - King vulture by BiBiARTs
Geak-of-Nature Baby Feet by Geak-of-Nature

:star: Plus, EACH of the above, will be COPIED to our FEATURED Folder, and then LATER,
be :+fav:'d by our POINTS ACCOUNT at Unframed-Nature-PTS


:iconlawooplz:


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~



:iconballoonsplz: Our Group’s NEWS & UPCOMING EVENTS! :iconballoonsplz:

:iconflower-plz: RE-Featured From: “The Group’s Donors’ Folder”
from Last Month's Donors, To be Copied to the Featured Folder, and THEN... eventually :+fav:'d by:
Unframed-Nature-PTS

In the deep by jennystokesHeart that heals by jennystokesDaisy 1 by jennystokes
Double White in Black and White by DaveinwiltonSplaaaash by DaveinwiltonAn Oxbow at Sunset in HDR by Daveinwilton
Seaside Brawl by DaveinwiltonThat Is MR STUD MUFFIN To You by DaveinwiltonReflecting On Spring by Daveinwilton
Ambassador Hotah by InaWolfsimageFoxglove Flowers by surrealistic-gloomI found Nemo again.... by davincipoppalag
Beautiful Lily by davincipoppalagGlad tidings by davincipoppalagBeautiful Binney by davincipoppalag
Dafullmoooooon by davincipoppalagPretty Birdie by davincipoppalagSunset Cove 2 by davincipoppalag
Tennessee Warbler - Singing by JestePhotographyGiving Life a Chance by TeaPhotographyLife Uphill by TeaPhotography


:iconflowerthnxplz: Our Group’s MOST Recent Donors of :points: POINTS :iconflowerthnxplz:

:iconsurrealistic-gloom:
Sun Ray On My Kitty by surrealistic-gloomDay Lilies by surrealistic-gloom

:iconcarolynym:
Orange Flower by CarolynYMMoon by CarolynYMDaisies by CarolynYM
Window to the Sea by CarolynYMGlass Pumpkin in Oil by CarolynYMOur Galaxy, The Milky Way by CarolynYM

:icongigi50:
Good morning Vancouver 2 by gigi50Birthday flowers by gigi50

:iconphilippel:
Such a Lovely Kitty by philippeLPaddling Little Guy by philippeL
O Tree by philippeLPlough under the Sun by philippeL

:iconjocelyner:
Yellow Butterfly by JocelyneRYellow and Pink Gerberas by JocelyneR

:iconklaradrielle:
Delicate by KlaraDrielle

:iconmirachravaia:
Swan Family by MirachRavaiaMonster fir by MirachRavaiaReach for the sun by MirachRavaia
Cotton Candy by MirachRavaiaMountains by MirachRavaiaBack in time by MirachRavaia

:iconjewel-firefly:
Frozen Heart by Jewel-FireflyCobra Patterns by Jewel-Firefly
Watermelon Slice by Jewel-FireflyLion around by Jewel-Firefly

:iconteaphotography:
Believe in New Beginnings by TeaPhotographyMelting into Trails of Tears by TeaPhotography

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


:iconbeatingheartplz:



:iconheart5plz: Our Group’s MEMBERS of THE MONTH :iconheart5plz:

Thank you to these fabulous Members who have been loyal to our Group in various ways, and for a while now! For example, doing things like:
Voting in THIS here- our Monthly Event, Supporting our Articles with Comments and/or Fav's, Supporting our Themes by Participating in them and Promoting them, Supporting our CONTESTS by participating and promoting and/or donating prizes/points, supporting the group through donating points, or helping out other members when they have a question and by faving each other's work, or simply submitting work regularly, and even other ways, too! :nod:

(Of course NO one MEMBER of the MONTH is doing ALL of these, that doesn't seem possible!... but there are some Members, WHO strive as much as they can... :nod: )

How kind and generous of them! :nod:
We are very grateful for all they do and for being such valuable Members of our Group here! :heart:

:pointr: JULY:

JestePhotography :iconjestephotography: :iconflowersplz:
Bubbles by JestePhotographyCanada-Goose-Elegance by JestePhotography
Plains-Bison-Summer Meadows by JestePhotographyCrow-The Look by JestePhotography

and

Jewel-Firefly :iconjewel-firefly: :iconflowersplz:
Pure of Heart by Jewel-FireflyOn the Loose by Jewel-Firefly
Let me think about it by Jewel-FireflyA Great View by Jewel-Firefly

:pointr: AUGUST:                                                                                           

Daveinwilton :icondaveinwilton: :iconflowersplz:
Cavanaugh Gulch Cove 01 by DaveinwiltonRed Panda 2150 by Daveinwilton
Cock Quail 004 by DaveinwiltonSummer Splash by Daveinwilton

and

davincipoppalag :icondavincipoppalag: :iconflowersplz:
Underwater by davincipoppalagPeaceful Beach by davincipoppalag
Autumn in the weeds by davincipoppalagDawn on the Nubble by davincipoppalag

:iconfloatingheartplz:


:star: :star: :star: :star: :star: :star:

:community: Becoming A Part of Unframed-Nature's Admin. TEAM :community:

:icongrouphugplz:Welcome to Our TWO New Admins.!:icongrouphugplz:

We Welcome Kezia and Julia to our ADMIN. TEAM!!!

Kezia Keziamara :iconkeziamara:
Summersweet by KeziamaraPrincess by KeziamaraIsaiah 42:10 by Keziamara

Julia KiwiCocktail :iconkiwicocktail:
Colors of Autumn by KiwiCocktailColor my World by KiwiCocktailSign of Summer by KiwiCocktail
Something she plans to do for us:
Endangered Animals Feature I: Snow LeopardThis is a new feature series for Unframed-Nature planned by myself and TeaPhotography, and it also serves as a subcategory of my Animals feature series.
Please enjoy reading about the snow leopard, and feel free to leave your thoughts in the comments section! :heart:
Endangered Animal: Snow Leopard
These beautiful felines live in the highlands of Central Asia.
Their numbers have decreased at the hands of man through poaching and illegal market, prey base depletion as well as lack of awareness and conservation.

Snow Leopard info:
Panthera uncia
:megaphone: IUCN status: :target: Endangered :target:
Links:
IUCN red list
Wild Cat Conservation

:iconcatlaplz:

We thank them for joining our TEAM, and we look forward to their time with us!

:note: If you would be interested in becoming a part of our Wonderful Admin. TEAM,
PLEASE :note:NOTE:note: ME, TeaPhotography.

:note: You may want to LOOK at our APPLICATION, first, and answer as many questions as you can or feel like answering.

It is just SO much more INFORMAL than it looks- really! :nod: :aww:
It just gives us, the Admins., a little idea, as well as YOU, our newest Admin., a general idea of things. :aww:
 
Administrator Application for Unframed-NatureUnframed-Nature's Application for Administrative Position
Accepting Applications for Administrator Positions at Unframed-Nature is now: OPEN!
Introduction
Before you apply, please know that volunteering for a large and active group here on dA, such as Unframed-Nature is a real and true commitment, which will take up some of your time on at least a weekly basis, maybe more.
Unframed-Nature is special in many ways, but from an Administrative view point, it is very special because we have always had good luck with our current Administrators, most of which have been with the Group, as Administrators, for a very long time.
We are a very friendly Team, both with each other, and with the Members, as well. This means when we do have to decline works, we do give a reason, and we are friendly about it.  It means, that upon occasion if there is something that we disagree about within the Admin. Team, we disagree nic


:note: And you do NOT have to be qualified in every area, AT ALL, to become a part of the team!
I'm definitely not! :giggle:

So think about it, and if you are a Member of our group, and would like to be involved a bit more,
WE just might be the GROUP for YOU! :la:

:thanks: :heart: :thanks:

:pencil:Unframed-Nature's UpComing News Articles :pencil:
 
:bulletorange: After this article here, we have another Article out, SOON-ish, in regard to our Autumn-themed contest.  :aww:

:trophy: UPCOMING CONTESTS :trophy:

:pointr: Unframed-Nature's NEXT BIG CONTEST!
THEME: Autumn- The Specific Theme is still to be Announced.
DATES: Tentatively, set for Sun. Oct. 11th - Sat. Nov. 9th.
(Yes these dates could change- in fact, they already have from the last article, about this.)

:iconhappysunplz:UPCOMING THEMES:iconhappysunplz:

:pointr: A last THEME of the YEAR in DECEMBER!
THEME: To Be Announced.


:icondonatepointsgreenplz: POINTS for Our Group! :icondonatepointsgreenplz:

From the bottom of our HEARTS, :heart: we thank you, as your generous acts do not go unnoticed!

:iconsomehugsplz::iconbouquetplz::iconsomehugsplz::iconbouquetplz::iconsomehugsplz::iconbouquetplz::iconsomehugsplz:

:bulletblack: The NEXT BIG CONTEST of the Year takes place around this OCTOBER!
(We have TWO HUGE CONTESTS per Year!)

:bulletblack: We will continue with our Monthly Themes, which are much smaller point prizes.

:bulletblack: The NEXT/Last Theme of 2014 will be in December!!

:bulletblack: We sometimes use points for other special occasions or circumstances, on a smaller scales.

:bulletblack: At this point, we DO plan to renew our SUPERGROUP Status THIS DECEMBER.
:fingerscrossed:


These are some of the things that your generous points help us to be able to accomplish. Thank you again for your fabulous help!
:blowkiss:

To help us to achieve these plans and goals, if you do have a few points to spare, feel free to donate to our group, HERE:
:points: Unframed-Nature-PTS :iconunframed-nature-pts: :points:

:star: Any point helps, and you will read there, how our donors are rewarded! :star:


:iconlookoutplz: REMINDERS of a Couple of Changes... :iconlookoutplz:

:bulletred: We are going to take the MAIN Nature folders and have them run BI-MONTHLY. That means voting every OTHER month, and "TOP SUBS of TWO MONTHS AT A TIME" News Articles, etc.

WHY? The main reason this is coming about is because, since last Summer, I have been forced to delete folders at our group, which has really broken my heart, since the first time and each time since.

Periodically, I am NOT allowed to create NEW folders until I delete OTHER folders. It's a pain in the neck, it's very sad, and it also makes the job extra difficult. :hmm:
Apparently there IS a limit, and we are definitely at our capacity.

By doing this, it will at least slow things down and I won't have to worry about it, quite as often. :aww:

But then as a small side bonus, I have realized it will help with less work for me, for a couple of reasons... less time opening and closing folders, and less time working on spreadsheets and creating news articles-

In general, in life, I am burning the candle at both ends, AND the middle, so this might help a bit. ;)

:bulletred:  Every OTHER month, when we are transitioning to new folders, and we are temporarily closed, instead of being closed for a few hours, I am going to have us be TEMPORARILY CLOSED for the first week- which means will will re-open on July 8th, then Sept. 8th, then November 8th...

This gives us a lot more breathing room, both for group purposes- time for work on the group itself, and for any personal breathing room, too. :aww:



:iconteamoplz: Affiliate Groups to NOTE :iconteamoplz:

DO YOU HAVE A CONTEST TO PROMOTE?
Simply NOTE OUR GROUP! Our Admin. in charge will Advertise it for you on our PROFILE PAGE,
in the PROMOTIONS AREA! :la:

:note: BUT, If you ALSO want WINNERS FEATURED, PLEASE TELL us this in the NOTE, ALSO, AND THEN NOTE US AGAIN WITH THE WINNERS so we can get your WINNERS featured in these types of News Articles, thank you! :thanks:

:iconlovegreenplz:

:icondoublehugplz::icondoublehugplz: :rose: ~~~~~~~~~~~ :rose: :icondoublehugplz::icondoublehugplz:

COMMUNITY GROUPS, WE CONTINUE TO SUPPORT!
:heart: Feel free to check them out, you'll be glad you did! :heart:

:icondawishingwell: :icondevnews:

:icondeviantheart: :icondacompliments:


Other AWESOME Groups, Founded by our own ADMINS., HERE!
:iconpetpicks: Founder: :iconwindinthecoffeecup:
donate here: WindInTheCoffeeCup

:iconfractal-love: Founder: :iconannissina:
donate here: Fractal-Love-Points

:icondogsoftheworld: and :iconcome-one-come-all:
Founder: :iconlacedshadowdiamond:

:iconi-heart-colors: Founder: :iconkiwicocktail:


:trophy: Affiliate Groups’ CONTEST WINNERS! :trophy:

YOU COULD BE HERE! ;)

None to feature at this time, but maybe soon!
We are currently promoting contests!!!


PLEASE CHECK THE CONTESTS WE ARE PROMOTING FOR AFFILIATES ON THE LEFT SIDE OF OUR PROFILE PAGE!!
:note: If you want us to PROMOTE a Contest or EVENT from YOUR GROUP, send us a GROUP NOTE! If you want us to FEATURE the WINNERS, send us the WINNERS in a GROUP NOTE, as well. :aww:


:iconlawooplz:

Thank you for your attention to our Wonderful Affiliates. :thanks:
~~~~~~~~~~~~

Thank you ALL,
Members and hard working Admins. alike!

A serious and :heart:HEART-FELT:heart: THANKS to ALL of my fellow-Admins.,
There are just no words great enough to express my utter gratitude for my fellow-Admins. :love:

:iconbeatingheartplz:

:icongrouphugplz::icongrouphugplz::icongrouphugplz::icongrouphugplz::icongrouphugplz::icongrouphugplz:

I just love our TEAM!

An EXTRAORDINARY TEAM it IS!

:iconfloatingheartplz:

:love: Thank you to our VERY OWN Lily Annissina :iconannissina: for CREATING this GORGEOUS CUSTOM
CSS & Skin for OUR Group, as a GIFT to us!
I did not know she was going to do it- she did not ASK for anything beforehand or after!

( :note: if you notice any quirks, it is still a work in progress! :aww: )

If you should feel so moved, feel free to drop a few points :points: to her new-ish group HERE:
Fractal-Love-Points

I know I would really appreciate that. :love:

:iconfloatingheartplz:

We, at Unframed-Nature hope that the rest of SEPT., and ALL of OCTOBER, will be really AWESOME, for all of our MEMBERS & ADMINS.! :la:

:iconblowkissteaplz:
Tea :iconteaphotography:
Your Founder, aka Senior Team Leader...


Art History: Introduction

Mon Sep 22, 2014, 12:00 AM by DistortedSmile:icondistortedsmile:
:iconprojecteducate:
:iconprojecteducate:


Art History Week


Art History Week 22nd - 28th September

Art History was a Project started by the Community Relations Team in 2011. It's aim was to engage the community by looking at the origins and beginnings of the art we all so passionately love today.

As a Team, it's easy for us to become insular and confined within the galleries we moderate and the genre-communities we support. When in reality our passion and knowledge stretch to other realms of the artistic universe, often from school days or independent education we've searched for. The same is, I'm sure, for the wider community.

Frequent authors of articles include: KovoWolf  Peter-The-Knotter Talty lintu47 Kaz-D STelari


This meant we wanted to open it to everyone: all members of dA and irrelevant of your current profession or specialisation. If you're knowledgeable and confident on a topic then the stage is yours :)

In 2012 we opened the ArtHistoryProject group, to create a dedicated space for the articles that were coming in from the community.

From the group, the first phase we completed dedicated a month to each major Gallery; Traditional, Photography, Digital, Lit etc. Over the next 12months, over 250 articles were submitted through ArtHistoryProject, by hundreds of deviants.

At the end of 2013 we started the second phase of the Project, which would display all articles in chronological order, inviting even more talented deviants to participate and explore art together.

Since the start of the Project, over 400 articles have been created by members of deviantART

In the summer of 2014, the Community Relations Team made the decision to merge the ArtHistoryProject group with projecteducate, to continue the momentum and energy needed to sustain projects of this size. We combined the CV Admin team of both projects and have enjoyed even more participation and interaction from the community for both ventures.

The Art History featured weeks will be regular and can include features, contests, education pieces, interviews, chat events and much more. The frequency, of course, depends on YOU! ;)

I hope you enjoy the week as an artist, a contributor or simply as someone with a hunger to learn more and revel in the knowledge and skills of others.

DistortedSmile
:heart:

:iconprojecteducate:
:iconprojecteducate:


Art History Week


1 Series Title by Peter-The-Knotter

A: INTRODUCTION TO PART THREE


Welcome to Part Three! (Please note: illustrations may be clicked, to increase size and readability...)
In some ways, this period, from approx 1450 - 1800,  was the "Golden Age" of knotting. The two main reasons I call it this is due to:
A: The flowering of all things nautical, which as you can imagine, gave a profound boost to all things "Knottical" and, with the march of progress towards the "Industrial Revolution" and steam-driven ships and land-based coal and oil power also heralded the slow demise in many areas of the use of knots in many professional areas. and:
B: The increase in exploration, discovery and colonisation, which served to increase the types and forms of knots that were invented for various purposes from transport, and military use to fashion and a rapidly developing leisure industry including a new territory for knots: The Theatre. So, without further ado, let us now look at the increasingly diverse "Knot" in this era containing an explosion of creativity and art from Leonardo and Michelangelo to Shakespeare and that added macramé as a royally-fashionable "Pass-time"; an incredible variety of new knots and braids to the already famous pantheon of practical knots.  Like the first and second parts in this 7 part series, I shall focus on a very few areas to show the diversity of some knotting techniques - and mention in passing enough other areas to put those I’ve highlighted into some sort of context. By the time the series is done there should be enough detail to show some of the depth, and enough references to show some of the scope that knots actually have...

P3 1 by Peter-The-Knotter

B: DIASPORA


People were producing lots of babies.  Forget: "Breeding like rabbits!", guess what phrase rabbits have for it..... and to cater for the needs of all these little humans, people needed to spread out, seeking new spaces with which to create homes and extension's of their home countries. Just one problem: quite often, there were people already there. More on this a bit later...

1: ANTI-COLONIALISM
Japan didn’t have any Empire of colonies, and didn’t want any commerce with the "Gaijin"
This state of affairs was principally the diktat of the Shogun victors of the “Sengoku” or: “Warring States” period of Japanese history.  This period was probably the most famous one to westerners with it’s Samourai warriors, (fig 1, E) it’s flowering of the arts including the famous “Geisha” with her poetry, shamisen-playing, (fig 1, B),  and poetry or haiku; The beginning of the production of those famous woodblock printed posters, invitation cards and books, (fig1, A),  that are part of the collection of almost every art museum worth it’s name from Ougadougou to Ottowa was very much associated with the 17th to nineteenth centuries in Old Edo.    So what does all the preceding have to do with knotting?  Lets start with Japan, as a culture I mean... Many of the utensils, tools and technologies in Japan remained “simple and traditional” by our “western” definitions,  whilst similar western techniques rapidly moved on in complexity and “achievement” and simpler, hand-made techniques were slowly  discarded in favour of powered, mechanically-assisted or less labour intensive systems. The Japanese, meanwhile, kept their hand-made Kumihimo (”Braided Silk” - fig 1, H), which, amongst many other uses,  secured clothing in a world where most garments were tied closed using knotted cords , (fig 1, E) to secure the gowns and shirts.  Amongst the arts which had knots used as decoration and ornament was  religion, (both Buddhist and Shinto), where shrines were decorated with ropes and folded or knotted paper prayers...The most famous use of Kumihimo was probably  holding  together the armour of the period (fig 1, E, G, F). There were many schools that taught Kumihimo and they jealously guarded their individual patterns, divulging them only to students once assured of their loyalty.  Other uses of kumihimo included securing money, pouches, fans and other items to a waist belt.
P3 2 by Peter-The-Knotter

Knotted ropes were also used to help erect the famous wooden houses and temples many of which had very few, if any, nails used in their creation. Ropes were used in sailboats, fishing, kite-flying and many other aspects of Japanese society including festivals where the “Tug ‘O War” with huge rice straw ropes like those used to decorate the temple entrances, was sometimes a feature.  The Geisha had,  as I’m sure you know, a very elaborate coiffure and clothes to enhance their innate attractiveness using embroidery, fabric-based sewn origami-like items like the “Kanzashi” resembling the flowers of the current season , and worn in the hair as in fig 1, B, above.  Knots and strings figured on their clothes and as well as an essential part of their instruments. Printing used the “Baren” (fig 1, C),  a major tool used to “impress” the ink onto the paper and is made from a coiled, plaited length of plant-fibre covered and knotted.    Hokusai was arguably, the most famous woodblock-printmaker and artist to survive via his works to this day.  The books used in Japan, (fig 1, A). were all held together by knotted threads and cords. Fig 1, D shows an Inro or pill box.

2: COLONIALISM

Spain and Portugal had a few colonies... but wanted more  ...and more ...as did the Dutch, the English, The Germans, the....

1: The Galleon: Pawn of the Spanish State and Privateer Par Excellence
It was the early 1500's and the “Western” attitude, “Old World” that is to say, ...believed that expansion was the only way to proceed. This implied colonisation, and as a general consequence: conquering.  The prime requirement to implement this was transportation, both land and sea. Most ships were unwieldy, and were mostly coastal-hugging affairs designed to transport goods to neighbours or  across short expanses of water like the Adriatic, Mediterranean, various gulfs and small seas.. however, since most of Europe and Asia was in very secure hands already, it was necessary to travel further abroad. Ships, from the 15th to the 19th century, became bigger, faster and more streamlined up to the point where the elegant four-masted barques and clipper ships, with as many as 80 sails or more, started giving way to steam power, by which time, much of the planet had been discovered and laid claim to...  but, nonetheless, ropes and cables, splices, bends and knots were still a very important feature of transportation and colony building via their use as cargo nets, lashing down cargoes, lifting and lowering goods and stones when building and creating harbours, customs houses and other building works.  Naturally enough I shall not pass up the opportunity to extol the virtues of maritime knots and cordage, see fig 2...

2: Learning the ropes...
In fig 2A can be seen a typical Spanish galleon of the 16th-17th  century. after which they didn’t change much until they began to disappear in favour of larger and more efficient vessels in the 18th and 19th centuries. A Galleon typically had 3 masts and a bowsprit or angled sail-retaining pole poking forwards of the ship.  There were about 32-40 distinct shrouds or lines that were associated with the working of each mast. and it’s sails. There was also the “Ratlines” a form of rope ladder allowing access to the upper parts of the masts in order to loose the sails, and reef them:  or gather them to the spar  they are suspended from until they are again required, (the original use for the “Reef” knot which does not jam even when soaked in salt water, and is easily tied and capsized)

As well as the basic mast lines and ratlines, there are the lines securing moveable objects to the various decks like the cannon, from which we get our expression: “A loose cannon” which is very heavy and can easily kill an unwary sailor if it’s unsecured and rolling around on the deck with each lurch  and tilt of the ship.   There are also the knots that secure the bunks to the bulkheads for sailors to grab a few hours sleep when they could, as well as the fastenings on their personal canvas “Ditty” bags, sometimes with the famous “Theif” knot, (see Maritime Links)

P3 3 by Peter-The-Knotter

Other lines and their associated knots, served to hold the capstans and steering wheel fast, connect the ends of the anchor lines or chains to the capstans used to reel them in, (known as “The Bitter End” because it was the last section of anchor line that could be lowered; ... and if the anchor still didn’t touch bottom, the ship could be lost...) Old shellbacks, as sasilors were sometimes called, would share and exchange knots for favours or tobacco etc, as some knots like the star knot wee prized by the crew as they could create trade goods with them or impress their sweethearts.  By the way, the wrists of these sweethearts would sometimes be decorated by a turks head  tied by their salty lover...

All in all there were thousands of metres of line to secure, maintain and replace whilst under way, with different slip knots, bends, knob knots and others that needed to be learnt before a man was considered an “Able” seaman... ie one who knew the ropes and knots required to operate a fully-rigged vessel. Sailors would also tie knots as decorations on spars and posts aboard ship, mostly turks heads, to help brighten up the ship and exhibit of it’s crew which redounded to the Captain’s  reputation.  Since the captain was also responsible for navigation, any battle tactics and strategies as well as the welfare of his crew and doing whatever merchant or military duty he was commissioned to do, it was easy to understand the reputation of Captains as sometimes harsh and expecting absolute discipline since a single sailor could create a perilous situation out of reach of any help...

When these galleons anchored of islands, they were often met by canoes full of islanders eager for the trade items that the crew offered as well as conducting official business or politics.  As well as all this, there would sometimes be various replacement colony staff to replace those retiring, and biologists to gather information for their home countries’ eager scientists.  These floating villages, therefore, fulfilled many roles at the same time from resupplying colonies, making initial advances and forays into new territory, and patrolling the seas for the benefit of their own trade routes. Galleons had about 22 cannon and a few small grapeshot pivot-mounted guns for fore and aft protection.

At the end of this article will be some illustrations and diagrams of the knots discussed in this section, together with a few pictures of the sorts of goods traded by crew including scrimshaw...

P3 4 by Peter-The-Knotter

C: COMFORT



During the 350 years covered by this article, oh so briefly!, knots helped in many ways to ease the life of, notably, the better off financially, of course...,  as more and more variety in goods landed on the shores of the main colony founding European countries.  The fantastic riches in the form of precious metals, spices, carvings and carpets; and much more poured into the the houses of the landed gentry who were often, also, the politicians, rulers and senior officers of the armies and navies of the old world....  Merchant-adventurers formed companies to supervise the trade on behalf of the state for a royal recompense and grew fat and wealthy on the native gullibilty or as we call it: trust... as an example, The famous “East India Company” did this for the British empire in India and the far east.  Since much of what was produced by newly-discovered countries was very labour intensive, yet cheap due to the use of slaves or workers who weren’t much better off, the profit margin was often huge.  One of the most knot-laden industries was rug and carpet making. See fig 3.

As architecture advanced and people required greater comfort, rugs and carpets were in great demand to ease the cold of interiors and soften the hard floors in houses; particularly on the ground floor which could often still be stone flags.  The most famous areas for hand-made (until the industrial revolution), carpets was the near and middle east in countries like Turkey, Iran. Iraq, Pakistan, (then still part of India), and the far east: China, Laos etc.  The finest came from persia, turkey and western Russia.  In the steppes of central asia, (to quote a lovely piece of music), the nomadic herders created felt coverings for their yurts and other moveable homes. They were lined, like the Bedouin tents of N.  Africa with rugs and bits of carpet. |These carpets were knotted on looms that were horizontal, (often the nomadic rug-weavers and carpet-makers), and vertical, (usually in established workshops in towns and villages).

Fig 3, A shows the main knots used to tie the pile into the warp and weft of traditional knotted carpets.  Fig. 3 B+I, show two samples of hand-woven / knotted carpets of the type made in the 17th-19th centuries in Persian towns and in the city of Bokhara, originally named after the sanskrit word for “monastery” ie: “vikhara”. Bokhara's history, (fig 3, C),  is one of the more picaresque ones amongst the stops written about on the famous "Silk Road".  The romantically viewed city of Samarkand that figured in 8th -18th century tales and many a story of mysterious deeds of in Victorian fiction,  and  is just a short distance to the west. It's famous carpets were, and still are one of the jewels in Uzbekistan's trading crown.   The Ark Fortress of the city's despotic ruler, Nasrullah, has had it's torture chambers and cells replaced by Artisan workshops....There are some magnificent examples of Islamic architecture also, one of which rivals the Main Mosque at Ispahan (fig 3, D).   Silk, a material that even Roman Emperors found hard to afford, was just one of the products carried in the caravans that continually ferried goods to and from the far east to Europe including rugs and carpets.  The best carpets are still made in the same way, though silk ones are now out of reach of any but Museums and Oligarchs and Billionaires... a mere million doesn’t go so far these days...

A spin-off from the production of carpets, is the creation of knotted tassels to secure the warp threads and a decorative finish, which sometimes had intricate, lacelike, qualities and feel.  Queen Mary fig 3, H, on one of her travels, picked up the rudiments of this art, (in Italy I believe),  which, like “Punto a Groppo” (also made in Italy), formed part of the parentage of the craft of Macrame. Queen Mary popularised macrame in England and Holland.  The Victorians picked it up again and it became a desirable skill to be found in house-bound, dutiful,  wives and daughters, who used macrame for edge lace, decorating furniture, and finishing-off embroidered runners, anti-macassars and the like.  Carpets, of course, got dirty and were from time to time beaten when draped, outdoors on lines. The tools used to beat them were originally simple sticks but then tools like the rattan knot-formed beaters, fig 3, F, were created and soon any household with carpets in Europe had them... right up till the 1950's in most households.  Many carpets were actually designed as door-curtains, wall hangings for insulation and furniture coverings. Many other fibre based, knotted crafts went on in these centuries, which, although labour-intensive,  was relatively cheap for many European countries because pay was so low that it often amounted to slave labour. In south America, weaving and braiding were achieving a high degree of skill and were very colourful indeed... like the costume and attitudes of the local folk.

D: Intermezzo: A Few Salient Uses of knots


:bulletpink: The Key to Electricity Franklin, when conducting his experiment on conducting lightning electricity from a storm to a leyden jar, (a form of storage capacitor),  via a key attached to a kite avoided dying like previous experimenters who used metal poles stuck in the ground... The increased height allowed him to stay on the ground and the kite was less likely to electrocute him. According to the legend, Franklin kept the string of the kite dry near his end to insulate him while the rest of the string was allowed to get wet in the rain to provide conductivity.

:bulletpink: Not another S.I. Unit!Lines with knots in them, attached to a log, were tossed overboard and used to define the speed of sea-craft - now known as nautical miles per hour or: Knots. (FIG 2, C) The log was refined into a self-righting triangle that helped resist forward movement, ie following the ship.

:bulletpink: The Civilisation that couldn't write it's name: The South American Inkhan Empire didn't have writing so they used a system of knots of various sizes tied in cords instead. The "Quipu" as it was known, used, usually woollen, threads; they used also had colour codes, (usually two twisted threads of two colours),  which resulted in them being able to create "knotted Databases" of everything from the number of sandals made in a particular village, to the amount of maize grown by another village in a particular year... until most of them were burnt, destroyed or lost by the invading Spanish like Cortes and Pisarro in the 16th century: the Spanish thought Kipu's were heretical items, thus, only a few hundred or so still exist... there were, without doubt hundreds of thousands considering the time span of the empire.

:bulletpink: The Kipu Express: Inkans also had  a system of relay messenger huts along the main roads, a bit like the pony express, but several hundred years earlier, without riders, and without ponies... (gulp...er maybe a different metaphor?),  with which quipus could be relayed as much as 150 miles each day... not bad at all for foot messengers.....

:bulletpink: Luvale Bark Rope Currency This type of rope, (a flat, brown, bast fibre),  was collected in Western Zambia and strip-cut from from bark and stored. The Luvale and other Tchokwe related peoples from central Africa use the rope to bind timbers and canes with, during the construction of their homes, fish traps and basketlike packaging; and, unusually for a fibre, used it as a form of currency due to the effort of gathering it.

:bulletpink: The Legendary Origin of the Matthew Walker Knot Matthew Walker, an old shellback who had been incarcerated on hearsay evidence in the East Indies, and was unfortunately looking forwards to a hangman’s noose on the morrow,  heard the door to his cell open on the day of his court appearance before the governor.  It was in fact, the Governor himself.  Like many a governor, he had, at the right moment, changed from a Freebooter to a Privateer with papers from an English Admiral, and had performed his duty very well...with naturally a modest personal profit,  and set himself up as a gentrified  resident of the island.  promotion to governor came after a few years to prove his “honesty”- what better than setting an ex theif to catch others?  |So it was that this governor looked on a fellow mariner and asked him: “Did you do it?” to which the poor sailor replied: “No” then sighed and sat in the corner.  The governor said: I tell you what, if you can tie a knot that I cannot both untie and tie up again, we’ll call it an “act of god” and I’ll release you”

Matthew asked for a fathom of rope and privacy, which he was accorded, the governor returning after half an hour as requested. The tar tossed the rope to the judge who couldn’t see the knot, just a slight kink in the cable so he grinned and said: “You’ve earned your pardon, now show me that blasted knot!” And with a relieved heart the sailor happily revealed the unlaying of the strands and the knot insertion that simply imitated the lay of the rope it was tied with, after which the strands were re-laid finishing off the  procedure leaving what appeared to be a slightly kinked rope...again... which has been called the “Matthew Walker” ever since.

:bulletpink: The Tail of the Monkeys Fist This heaving-line knot, ( a knot with a heavy metal core to throw a thin line ashore in order to use it to drag across a much heavier one -to make fast a ship usually-), was named after the way that certain islanders caught monkeys by hollowing out a coconut, drilling a hole and tying it to a tree. Finally, to set the trap a peanut was placed inside. the inquisitive monkey would smell and sense the peanut and would insert his paw to grasp the peanut-which made him turn his hand into a fist - which cannot be withdrawn through a hole only just big enough for a monkey's paw... even when the trap-setter approached, the monkey was too stubborn to let go of his nut and was captured.

P3 5 by Peter-The-Knotter

E: THE SWEAT OF THE SUN AND THE TEARS OF THE MOON


I thought I would include an extra section on some of South America due to the incredible variety of resources and what they achieved with fibres.  In the early 16th century,  Francisco Pizzaro arrived and after a civil war had recently been won by the current Inka, summarily beat that Inka, called Atahualpa. The spanish demanded of the  Incan Empire, ( which included parts of Columbia, Chile, Peru (the birthplace of the empire in about 1280), Bolivia, Argentina and Ecuador),  a ransom for Atahualpa, who  got his people to fill a room with gold,  (fig 5, A),  known by the native populations as: The Sweat of the Sun, and silver, known as:  The Tears of The Moon.  Atahualpa was executed in due course anyway...  Much of what the Spanish thought was pure gold, was, in fact a blend of gold and copper called: Tombaga, which was  used for much of their decorative work.

Apart from supplying the rest of the planet with coffee, chocolate, rubber and many other amazing materials, the Inca’s Mayans and Aztecs also had various techniques to benefit so-called advanced races.  Here, however, I shall simply relate 2 or 3 things relating to the Inca’s people.  By the way: “The Inka  / Inca” is a title for the leader of the Empire composed of amongst other tribes, principally the Quechua, whose language was the Incan official tongue. Part of a successful empire is an efficient infrastructure and system of record-keeping.  The infrastructure of roads and canals dug to supply water to all the settlements in the empire was a marvel of hydro-engineering; as was the Quapaq Nan or “Incan Path” now a world heritage site which allowed the people to reach all parts of their empire.  Part of this road was supported by an Incan first: the suspension bridge.  These bridges, (fig 5, D), of which only one still exists, near Cusco, , were made of grass twisted into rope and required renewing each year due to biological decay.

So much for routes and water, another facet of their infrastructure was buildings and walls. Given the “crudity” of tools available, the Incas produced walls of incredible complexity due to the fact that they fit together in such a close way that a thin knife-blade can’t be inserted between the stones.  One theory consists of  using a lashed tool with an attached plumb-line, to trace the correct shape to be cut in the next block, (fig 5, F),  by tracing the green end across the face of the rock already in place - which means the red end will mark out the face of the next stone to be inserted. The  plumbline, remaining between the two white marks, keeps the whole transcription device parallel and, therefore, accurate. Records are the other facet of a successful empire but, there was a small problem: the Inkan Empire never learned to write; instead, they developed the quipu, (fig 5, C1-2)

There is much that may be related about the Inca, their military system, unusual games played, their religion of sun worship (fig 5, B), and nature spirits as well as the many other South American tribes and Northern America ones also, but, after inserting a sample of woven Inca cloth from about 1550, (fig 5, G), We shall leave this brief detour to return to our  track working  towards the 18th century....
P3 6 by Peter-The-Knotter


F: USEFUL LINKS


COMPARATIVE ART TIMELINE


COMPARATIVE ART TIMELINE FOR THE PERIOD IN THIS ARTICLE (APPROX 1450-1800 CE), COURTESY OF THE "MET", New York, NY. 1400CE TO 1600  1600CE TO 1800

KUMIHIMO:


BLOGS
Firstly, two great blogs on Kumihimo ,their  types and uses,  by Rod Byatt ("Japanese Textiles: from a Westerner's perspective")
A: Article on “Temple Braid”: Kumihimo – Chusonji-gumi*: June 28, 2009 jtex.wordpress.com/category/ku…  *The Kumihimo of Lord Hidehira: "the Chusonji kumihimo”
B: Article on “Armour Braid”: jtex.wordpress.com/category/sa…

VIDEOS
A: Using a Marudai
Here is a no-nonsense flat kumihimo braid demonstration with clear marudai use and useful tips, a good vid.
B:Using a foam (Portable)marudai the principles are the same as prevailed in Japan, except that there is some evidence to suggest that most braids were tied “in hand” before braiding stands like kakedai etc were invented...

VARIOUS KUMIHIMO SAMPLES:
Some samples of Marina del Bruyere's gorgeous  embroidery for which she learnt to make kumihimo accessories (drawstrings etc)
Some fabulous samples of Kumihimo plus  Mistresses of the Art from Japan and elsewhere with some modern braiding stands.

VARIOUS TEXTILE AND KUMIHIMO LINKS:
The Textile Society  
International Guild of Knot Tyers  
The Association of Guilds of Weavers, Spinners and Dyers  
Japanese Kumihimo Society

RUGS AND CARPETS


Types of Carpets "Kelim", "Pak-i-stani Bhokkara", ... these and others are romantic names to conjure with in the world of carpets. Even contemporary Bhokaras of say, 3m x 2m can be £1.5k or more... Wiki Link: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpet
Techniques and Types of Rug Knots Using the Senneh  & Turkish Knots, this superb article on Knotted Carpet Techniques`includes both horizontal and vertical looms, and other allied processes with some period photo's and is available in French or English versions. www.jacobsenrugs.com/knots.htm
Azerbaijani Carpets:Weaving  workshop
Charley’snavajo rugs shows a lovely range of tribal weaving traditions... simply scroll down the page.

SOUTH AMERICAN ARTS


BOOKS
Ascher & Ascher: “Mathematics of the Incas: Code of the Quipu”, Quite simply the best book on the quipu there is.
Rodrick Owen: “braids: 250 Patterns from Japan, Peru and beyond” one of the three or four best books on this subject!

MUSEUMS ETC
Cusco's Textile Museum: El Centro De Textiles De Cuzco (Spanish/English text)

The British Museum's Lost Kingdoms of South America section on their excellent online site.

VIDEOS
3 empires: A documentary from the point of view of technical achievements as well as a brief history on THE AZTEC, MAYA AND INCA in English

MISCELLANY
Peruvian Weaving: Article on the history of Peruvian weaving by the Andean Air Mail & PERUVIAN TIMES newspaper (5/5)
Ceremony of the Sun: Racquel from Wisconsin's informative blog on the Ceremony of the Sun at Cusco, in Spanish but 95% excellent narrative photography. Well worth a good look!
Overview of Peru: Peru Facts


Smile! Encouraging journal / feature

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 22, 2014, 2:31 AM
I always wondered, why people smile so rarely. Almost no one is doing that nowadays, when they pass you, looks at you in the bus, giving you the change in the shop. You never know what a person is going through now. Maybe they need anything to bright up their day?

A warm smile is the universal language of kindness.
vamos brincar? by DeborahWerling Smile... by a-place-of-hiding My Cowgirl 2 by Paigesmum
Beautiful blue eye'd girl by ambino20 Finally by LegendInfinity Little Lola by sweetnov86

It is the shortest distance between two people. 
  Sweet kiss by Laxmi-Arts turn turn turn by Hart-Worx Stealth by papar00lzmommy and baby II by mchlwlsh Undeniable Love by Jaffa-Cam yours truly by ntscha
A gentle word, a kind look, a good-natured smile can work wonders and accomplish miracles.
 two good friends by VaggelisFragiadakis You don't have to move by IndieChild19 Me! by FukuroBenBug Eyed by forever-learning heavy metal pirate by bLuBBapho Lean on me by christinephotog
    
Smile, it is the key that fits the lock of everybody's heart.
Heroes by datene the 1th of september by Vajre  Show the world how it is by Nirvagirl
Sunchild by ivifaith __ by birthday29 found by javiartd
Keep smiling because life is a beautiful thing and there's so much to smile about!
smile by lil-joint
Remember to smile, it will always make someone (and yourself) feel a bit better! :happy: 



You can see more pictures in my collection - Made me smile :) I sometimes go through it and then I just feel much better... My cheeks are hurting so much because of all the pictures above, I was smiling all the time while doing this feature! :D

This feature is also for Windklang's contest :)

I used this beautiful, colorful skin of Inconcabille . Her other artworks (also with a smile :D):
[ Water Heart ] by Inconcabille [ Uthelia ] by Inconcabille [ Qzayl ] by Inconcabille

Thank you :)
:iconwindklang: :iconinconcabille:


Interview 58. 22.09.2014.

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 22, 2014, 12:28 AM


Hello !

Today interview with BlueIvyViolet from Canada, at dA: 5 years.

dedicated to...part 8 by BlueIvyVioletdedicated to...part 7 by BlueIvyVioletdedicated to..part 10 by BlueIvyViolet

:bulletblue: 1 Which type of art are You creating ?
Marilyn - I do photography.

Happy Birthday Jim by BlueIvyVioletHappy Birthday Cary by BlueIvyVioletHappy birthday to... by BlueIvyViolet

:bulletblue: 2 Why this kind of art ?
Marilyn - I love taking pictures of flowers, sunsets/sunrises and of course my 3 dogs

Rocky 1 by BlueIvyVioletBear by BlueIvyVioletJake by BlueIvyViolet

:bulletblue: 3 When did You started create Your art?
Marilyn - I have always loved taking pictures, especially of my kids when they were little, but since joining DA 5 years ago and seeing all the beautiful pictures of flowers and sky pictures..I thought, maybe i will try that!!

Happy Birthday Marta!!!! by BlueIvyVioletHappy Birthday Amy!! by BlueIvyVioletIn My Thoughts by BlueIvyViolet

:bulletblue: 4 What kind of art do You like to watch the most?
Marilyn - I love watching different types of art..photography, fractals, paintings and drawings..I guess a little of everything!!!!

nov 15th sunset by BlueIvyVioletmy morning..april 16th by BlueIvyVioletfeb 23rd sunset by BlueIvyViolet

:bulletblue: 5 What is Your inspiration?
Marilyn - My inspiration is all my dearest friends I have come to admire here on DA, my hubby and kids and mother nature!!

dedicated to...part 9 by BlueIvyVioletget well soon Amanda!! by BlueIvyVioletdedicated to...part 6 by BlueIvyViolet

_________________________________________

DD from my suggestions :

Air Mail by Fiend-V

Have a good week !