Madden raced the colt in his own ownership during his two-year-old season. He was entered in six races, winning none. Madden sold the horse in 1918 for $10,000 to Canadian businessman J. K. L. Ross.
At three, Sir Barton made his season debut as a maiden in the Kentucky Derby. He was supposed to be the rabbit (pacemaker) for his highly regarded stablemate, a horse named Billy Kelly. However, Sir Barton led the field of 12 horses from start to finish, winning the race by five lengths. Just four days later, the horse was in Baltimore and won the Preakness Stakes, beating Eternal by four lengths. Again he led all the way. He then won the Withers Stakes in New York and shortly thereafter completed the first Triple Crown in U.S. history by easily winning theBelmont Stakes, setting an American record for the mile and three-eighths race, the distance for the Belmont at the time. Sir Barton's four wins were accomplished in a space of just 32 days. He has been retrospectively honored as the 1919 Horse of the Year.
As a four-year-old, Sir Barton won five of the 12 races he entered during the 1920 season. In one of these races, the Saratoga Handicap, he beatExterminator. While carrying 133 pounds, Sir Barton set a world record for 1 3/16 miles on dirt in winning the August 28, 1920 edition of theMerchants and Citizens Handicap. However, it was his match race on October 12 that year against Man o' War at Kenilworth Park in Windsor, Ontario, Canada that is most remembered. Sir Barton, who suffered from hoof problems throughout his career, was unsuited by Kenilworth's hard surface, and was beaten by seven lengths.
He retired to stud that year, virtually forgotten by the public. In 1922 Ross sold Sir Barton to B. B. Jones who stood him at his Audley Farm inBerryville, Virginia, where he remained until 1933. In December 2008, a statue was unveiled of Sir Barton in front of Audley Farm's stallion barn. The statue, by American sculptor Jan Woods, was a gift from Erich von Baumbach, Jr., whose family has had an association with the farm for thirty years.
As a sire, Sir Barton enjoyed only moderate success and spent the better part of the rest of his life as a working horse with the U.S. Army Remount Service in Fort Robinson, Nebraska until being sold to rancher J.R. Hylton in Douglas, Wyoming.
Sir Barton died of colic on October 30, 1937 and was buried on a ranch in the foothills of the Laramie Mountains. Later though, his remains were moved to Washington Park in Douglas, Wyomingwhere a memorial was erected to honor America's first Triple Crown winner.
Gold Mining Deals Seen Rebounding on Price Discount: Comm
Investment bankers see gold-mining deals rebounding this year from a near-decade low as producers target assets at fire-sale prices after the metal plunged.
Gold-mining companies are close to their cheapest relative to book value in at least two decades, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Meanwhile producers will be enticed to replace some of the output lost when they sold or curtailed less-profitable mines, said Barclays Plc’s Paul Knight.
“Majors who have done portfolio optimization will look at some of the juniors and say, ‘Here’s a chance for us to acquire a potentially better asset than we’ve sold and to mitigate the loss of production,’” Knight, a Barclays vice chairman and co-head of global metals and mining, said Jan. 6 by telephone.
There were $10.1 billion of deals involving gold producers last year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That’s 4.4 percent less than in 2012 and the smallest since 2004.
While gold deals declined, there were signs of a resurgence of activity in December as the value of transactions reached the highest monthly level since February. Goldcorp Inc. (G) and Newmont Mining Corp. (NEM), the second- and third-largest producers by market value, said in September they were evaluating the potential for deals to add low-cost operations.
Single-project developers such as Pretium Resources Inc. (PVG) and Torex Gold Resources Inc. (TXG) may be attractive to larger companies, according to Adam Graf, a New York-based analyst at Cowen & Co.
Pretium’s project in British Columbia has high grades, which will probably make it attractive to larger miners, Joe Ovsenek, the company’s chief development officer, said by phone. The Vancouver-based company is focused on developing the mine, he said. A spokeswoman for Toronto-based Torex didn’t respond to e-mails or phone calls seeking comment.
The larger miners may be better positioned to consider acquisitions than in 2013 after cutting costs. The 10 biggest producers by sales, led by Barrick Gold Corp. (ABX), may generate combined free cash flow of $4.17 billion this year, compared with a negative $1.74 billion in 2013, according to analysts’ estimates compiled by Bloomberg. That would be the highest for the group in at least eight years, the data show.
At the same time, exploration and development companies, which generally rely on regular financings if their projects aren’t yet generating revenue, may have more incentive to sell themselves.
The Standard & Poor’s/TSX Global Gold Sector Index lost almost half its value last year as the metal fell the most in more than three decades. As investors pulled out of the industry, explorers and mine developers struggled to sell shares. The group’s reported cash balance has dropped about 30 percent since 2012, while share sales by gold companies fell to the lowest since 2005, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
“Companies whose access to capital has been cut off because of the current market sentiment will be compelled to consider mergers to conserve cash and survive until conditions improve,” Michael Faralla, head of global mining investment banking at Toronto-Dominion Bank, said in an e-mailed response to questions. “Some of these companies may also elect to put themselves up for sale.”
Many miners may not find buyers. Some companies with good deposits and management will emerge as “winners” while others will be challenged as the industry gets smaller, said Joe Wickwire, who manages more than $1.5 billion at Fidelity Investments, including the Select Gold Portfolio.
‘Darwinism Is Alive’
“Darwinism is alive and well in the gold industry right now,” Wickwire said by phone last month. While ultimately there will be fewer companies producing less gold, “the profitability of the industry is going to go up.”
To be sure, the appetite for gold M&A will be tempered by high levels of debt and a newfound emphasis by the largest producers on returns rather than growth, said Neil Gregson, a London-based fund manager at JPMorgan Chase & Co.
“Lots of things can be done, but there are not that many consolidators around, and of course everyone thinks their share price is too low to use,” Gregson said by phone. “There’s not that many ready buyers.”
Deals with low-to-no premiums such as mergers of equals “could make a lot of sense,” because they give companies a way to transform their businesses, reduce costs and strengthen balance sheets, said Matthew Hind, the Toronto-based head of Canadian metals and mining investment banking for Credit Suisse Group AG.
Option to Diversify
The industry’s largest companies also may take steps to become more diversified into other commodities, according to Hind and Barclays’ Knight.
Recent signs of a possible upturn in dealmaking include Asanko Gold Inc.’s Dec. 17 agreement to buy PMI Gold Corp. (PMV) Another came the day before when Primero Mining Corp. (P) said it agreed to buy Halifax, Nova Scotia-based Brigus Gold Corp. (BRD) for about C$287 million ($267 million) including debt.
The Primero acquisition will give the Vancouver-based company a gold mine and a development project in Ontario, while Brigus will get access to funding to repay debt and finance its operations, the companies said.
“We don’t expect the capital markets to ride to the rescue of everyone,” Peter Myers, head of investment & corporate banking, Canada and International, at Bank of Montreal, said in an interview in Toronto. “Ultimately the sector has to take care of itself.”
Newmont Chief Executive Officer Gary Goldberg said on Sept. 24 the largest U.S. gold producer was searching for acquisitions to add low-cost gold or copper output after asset valuations fell. Goldcorp continues to evaluate potential deals, CEO Chuck Jeannes said the same month.
Omar Jabara, a Newmont spokesman, declined to comment. Jeff Wilhoit, a spokesman for Goldcorp, said Jeannes wasn’t available to comment.
“We’ll see activity in the gold sector increase regardless of what happens with the gold price,” Mike Boyd, the head of global M&A at Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, said by phone. “People will want to pursue consolidation and try to drive down their cost structures.”
4375, rue Ontario est, Montréal, Québec, H1V 3V3
In Nouvelle-France, it was customary to dress up people nicknames, see nom de guerre. For some, they was a way ordinary people had to give a little air of nobility, but rather should be seen as a way to differentiate two individuals. It was not uncommon to see the first son/daughter have the same name as his father/mother. More recruiting settlers was generally in specific regions and was fluent that some individuals had the same first and last names.
These nicknames were placed after the name with a particle "dit" in between. It "dit" was a way to say "alleged" or "hearing-said" they denoted, non-formal and sometimes pictorial, some qualifications possessed by them. In addition, to demonstrate that "dit" is not a proper name, it is sometimes féménisé in "dite" ; Marie Laine dite Laliberté. It was sometimes difficult between settlers and soldiers, to investigate allegations of certain about their place of origin. For example, the name "Nicholas Senet" became "Nicholas Senet dit La Liberté". Subsequently, these "first-names + names + nicknames" could trasnformer depending on the choice of the individual or individuals drafting legal acts (baptism, marriage, notary, etc ...). You could see "Nicholas Senet" be named "Nicholas Senet", "Nicholas Senet dit La Liberté", "Nicholas La Liberté", "Nicholas Senet La Liberté", "Nicholas Laliberté" "Nicholas Senet Laliberté" or "Nicholas Laliberté". And I'm not talking about the sound that made ??these interpretations editors acts (Senet, Senais, Senna, Sennay, Senais, etc ...).
Cetains qualify incorrectly these nicknames "patronym". If we look a little word "patronym", was found to have roots to the words; "pater" = father and "nomen" = name. So "patronym" means "father's name" commonly call'd "familly name". But as it was established by use since the seventeenth century, it is also, though improperly, use it for this type of nicknames ...
According PRDH (Programme for Research in Demography History), nicknamed "La Liberté" (Laliberté) is one that was worn by many ancestors from different origins came to Nouvelle-France in the seventeenth century :
Other ways of writing the patronym : Laisnay, Lesnay, Lesné, Lainé, L'Ainé, Laine, Lenes, Lainesse, L'Ainesse, Laine(sse)...
Laisné Bernard was born between 1655 and 1656, he was the son of "Luce Lesnard" (Léonard, Leguevelz) and Guillaume (Gilles) Laisné, and was baptized April 27, 1656 at Chastelauden in Bretagne. He would have arrived in Nouvelle-France in Quebec City during the summer 1677. We have no evidence, nor rolle boarding containing his name to the year 1677 but the vessels were not doing this times crossing in winter, it is mentioned in the marriage between Jean Riou and Catherine Leblond, of the parish of Sainte-Famille de Sales Ile d'Orleans, dated January 10, 1678.
It is unclear if the commitment is made before departure or signed in Quebec, but in 1678 we find him as a servant in Marin Nourice (Norrice, Norice, Nourisse). He succumbs to the charm of Jeanne, a 12 years young daughter of Nourice. with whom he is sponsoring "Genevieve Martin", baptized on December 21, 1678 in Sainte-Famille de Sales Ile d'Orleans. On 14 March 1679, it passes in front of the Notary Becquet at Quebec, a marriage contract with Jeanne Nourice, daughter of Marin Nourice (1635-1700) and Antoinette Lamoureux (1651-1706). This marriage never materialized ...
August 30, 1679, Bernard signed a commitment to work for Christopher Martin from that date, and the fact waives its previous commitments, including marriage with Jeanne Nourice. The father of the sacked "future" make Bernard appear before "juge-bailli" of the île d'Orléans, claiming him 140 pounds, six months' pension at 15 pounds per month and 50 pounds as compensation for its "failure" to marriage contract with Jeanne. In his defense, Bernard Laisné submitted a brief to the "juge-bailli" in which he seeks payment of his allowance as domestic at 10 pounds per month and handed over his belongings. The decision was rendered in favor of Bernard to whom Marin Nourice required to give a sum of 60 pounds and 10 sols to his wages which were to deduct a little over 20 pounds for his debts and compensation for Jeanne. The decision was appealed to the provost court of Quebec, by Marin Nourice, on August 20, 1680, but the judgment was upheld, but the dédommagenet was increased to 30 pounds.
The different between the two men, Bernard Laisné and Marin Nourice, perhaps due to meet of Bernard with another girl, Marie-Anne Dionne (Dion), a few weeks after his commitment from Jeanne. According PRDH Bernard married Marie-Anne, who was born 27 July 1665 in Sainte-Famille de Sales Ile d'Orleans, daughter of Antoine Dionne (1641-1721) and Catherine Yvory (1644 -XXXX), on April 11, 1681 in Quebec City. Following an agreement between the in-laws and Bernard, the couple live in the next four years on the Dionne's family farm. Following this commitment, it should be transferred to Bernard the ownership of the premises and menagerie of the farm, but by common consent, it was agreed that Antoine Dionne pays 120 pounds and gives food to be able to establish. It is with this new deal he bought, from Elie-Joseph Gauthier, on January 30, 1685, at a cost of 100 pounds, a land of three acres of frontage on the south side of the île d'Orléans. In April of the same year, he was conceded by the "seigneur" Louis Rouer de Villeray, a land of three acres in front, next to his.
The marriage of Marie-Anne and Bernard have at least 14 children :
Bernard and Marie-Anne lived all the rest of their lives, on their land, at Saint-Jean, Île d'Orléans. Bernard died there on October 23, 1715 and was buried the next day in the parish cemetery. Marie-Anne survived him until 11 October 1728.
Pierre Laisné dit Laliberté (1689-1748)
Pierre was born on August 16, 1689, in Saint-Jean, Île d'Orléans, son of Bernard Laisné dit La Liberté (1656-1715) and Marie-Anne Dionne (1665-1728). Although he was born in the limit of the parish of Saint-Jean, it is in Saint-François île d'Orléans he was baptized. This is probably because the church of Saint-François was closer to the residence of the Laisné family, which was located east of the Saint-Jean, close to the mouth of the river Dauphine that delimits the two parishes, they took him there for baptism. He lived in the family home until his marriage. On January 30, 1720, he married Marguerite-Catherine Plante, daughter of Pierre Plante (1666-1737) and Marguerite Patenaude (Patenotre) (1669-1738), born 27 March 1699 in Saint-Jean, Île d'Orléans.
The couple had at least 11 children (some said they had 12, but I found the trace of only 11) :
Pierre Laisné dit Laliberté (1723-1803)
Pierre was born November 2, 1723, in Saint-Jean, Île d'Orléans, son of Pierre Laisné dit Laliberté (1689-1748) and arguerite-Catherine Plante (1699-1782). On November 9, 1750 he married Angélique Allaire dit Dallaire, orphan of Marie-Angélique Cloutier (1692-1749) and Jacques Allaire (1700-1750), born on February 15, 1725 in Château-Richer, the Côte de Beaupré in Quebec . The couple moved to Saint-Charles, at 20 km southeast of Lévis, in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye (now Bellechasse) to raise a family of ten children:
Louis-Barthelemi Laisné dit Laliberté (1753-1811)
Louis-Barthelemi (Louis-Barthelemy) was born on August 26, 1753, in Saint-Charles, in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye, he is the son of Pierre Laisné dit Laliberté (1723-1803) and Angélique Allaire dit Dallaire (1725-1798). On July 7, 1778, he married Madeleine Marcoux, daughter of Marie-Thecle (Thecile) Mercier (1736-1807) and Louis-Alexandre Marcoux (1730-1814), born in Saint-Michel, in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye, on January 7 1759. The couple settled in Saint-Michel and in 1782 moved to Saint-Henri, in the "seigneurie" of Lauzon, where he has at least 15 children:
Charles Laliberté (1795-XXX)
Charles Laliberté was born on September 9, 1795, in Saint-Charles, in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye The son of Louis-Barthelemi Laisné dit Laliberté (1753-1811) and Madeleine Marcoux (1759-1824). On October 11, 1814 in Saint-Vallier, in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye, he married Marie-Élizabeth Bolduc, daughter of Élisabeth Laurendeau (1771-1828) and Pierre Bolduc (1753-XXXX), born on 27 March 1796 in Saint-Michel , also in the "seigneurie" of La Durantaye. Marie-Élizabeth was baptized the same day in the parish church. His godfather was his uncle, Michel Bolduc, and his godmother, his aunt Marie-Claire Laurendeau. The couple established residence in Saint-Henri, in the "seigneurie" of Lauzon, and between 1827 and 1830, the family moved to Saint-Gervais, in the "seigneurie" of Beaumont. The couple had at least 11 children:
De Prudent Laliberté (1830-XXX) et Joseph Laliberté (1854-après 1914)
Prudent Laliberté was born in 1830 in Saint-Gervais, in the "seigneurie" of Beaumont, son of Charles Laliberté (1795-XXX) and Marie-Élizabeth Bolduc (1796-XXXX). On April 30, 1850 Prudent married Basilice (Basilisse) Lepage, daughter Thérèse Drouin and François Lepage, also born in 1830. They had at least one son whose name was Joseph, and was born in December 1854 (1911 census).
On February 29, 1876, Joseph married Marie Richard in Warwick, in the county of Arthabaska. Marie (18 October 1848) has nearly 28 years while he was aged only 21 years. The couple had at least six children:
Alfred Laliberté (1877-1953)
Alfred was born in Sainte-Élisabeth-de-Warwick, in Quebec, on May 19, 1878. He is the eldest son of Marie Richard and the farmer Joseph Laliberté. Very young he is interested in forms. Some say, when he accompanied his mother to the fields, he had the habit of carved pieces of wood. At the age of 18, on the advice of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, he studied at the "Conseil des Arts et Manufactures" of Montreal, where he was taught modeling and drawing. This gifted student quickly became noticed by influential people. In 1897, then aged 20, he won the first prize of the "Exposition Provinciale de Québec" (Quebec Provincial Exhibition) presenting a statue, life size, of Sir Wilfrid Laurier who was then Prime Minister of Canada.
In 1902, with the support of his wealthy patrons, he went to Paris to study at the "École des Beaux-Arts". There he befriends Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté, he enjoys painting, but seeing the works of Rodin that he decided to focus his work in sculpture. He participated in several exhibitions in Paris, including the "Salon du Printemps".
Upon his return to Quebec in 1905, he was hired as a teacher at the "Conseil des Arts et Manufactures" where he prepares his first solo exhibition at the "Art Association of Montreal". In 1922 he became a professor at the prestigious "École des Beaux-Arts" in Montreal. During his career, he made more than 1000 sculptures in marble, plaster and wooden statues, besides its some 500 paintings (which have a lower interest). Among the sculpture, there is a series of 215 bronze statues representing "little people" in everyday scenes. He wants to emphasize the contribution that these "pioneers" and "people" brought culture and the evolution of his country.
Painter and sculptor, but also a writer. During his life, Alfred wrote "Mes mémoires", "Réflexions sur l'art et l'artiste" and "Les artistes de mon temps". In 1978, these three manuscripts are published under the title "My memories".
June 22, 1940, he married Jeanne Lavallée, daughter of François-Uldéric Lavallée and Marie-Zélie Côté. The couple settled at 3531, rue Sainte-Famille, in Montreal where Alfred renders the soul in 1953.
Le 22 juin 1940, il épouse Jeanne Lavallée, fille de François-Uldéric Lavallée et de Marie-Zélie Côté. Le couple s'installe au 3531, rue Ste-Famille, à Montréal où Alfred rend l'âme en 1953.
See other text - fav.me/d53ynqy
At the end of the 19th century, the city of "Maisonneuve" was among the most dynamic cities of America. She had large tracts of former farmland that is destined to urbanization. They wanted to make a city more modern and construction projects abounded. Most of these projects have been entrusted to the brothers Marius (1883-1945) and Oscar Dufresne (1875-1936). We will return to the Dufresne family in our future text on the "Château Dufresne".
The first version of the project for a public market in Maisonneuve was presented to City Council in 1899. He was rejected because such infrastrucures is expensive and the City does not have the necessary funds for its implementation. About fifteen years later, the Dufresne family offers the municipality land, bordering the railway, for the erection of the "Marché Maisonneuve". This land was on the north end of the large development project of Morgan Avenue, designed by Marius Dufresne. It was anticipated install all the latest public services from this period : Bathhouse (Bain Morgan - fav.me/d6n3dau and fav.me/d53znxb ), schools (French and English), fire station, theater, city hall, etc. Finally, in the south of this artery, the "Parc Morgan" (Morgan Park).
Oscar Dufresne was elected councilor was appointed by the mayor Alexandre Michaud, Head of Finance for city of Maisonneuve. This shrewd businessman so he administered the finances of the city in 1912 he managed to keep the sums necessary for the construction of this building, which was completed in 1914.
The "Marché Maisonneuve" has been, for many years, the main selling point of food in eastern Montreal. He welcomed Vegetable Growers from Montreal and even Île Jésus (Laval). He was so popular that some merchant arrived the day before to ensure have a place to sell their products the next day. Monday to Saturday was market day except 1st January, Good Friday and Christmas Day when it was closed. Some merchants stayed open until 11 pm the day before the closing days.
In front of the "Marché Maisonneuve" stretches a vast public area. It has long been seen as a natural extension to Morgan Avenue and with years '50s it has been converted into a vast parking for customers "Marché Maisonneuve", the center of which stood a fountain adorned with beautiful statues.
In 1988, following a request from the "Atelier d'histoire Hochelaga-Maisonneuve", the vast parking area was named "Place Genevilliers-Laliberté" to emphasize its twinning with the French town of Gennevilliers, just in north of Paris and the presence of the fountain sculpture. Already projects developments and redeveloping of this area, extending from the "Marché Maisonneuve" to the Ontario Street, were on the drawing board. It is only very recently, to 2002-03, it has finally found his vocation as a public square. The redevelopment have been undertaken in those years at a cost of $ 2.6 million to emphasize the fountain and statues made by Alfred Laliberté.
"En 1914, après la déclaration de la guerre, Maisonneuve alors indépendante de Montréal, mais qui y fut annexée plus tard, forma le projet d'ériger une fontaine en face de son marché. Le contrat me fut octroyé et j'eus à traiter avec Marius Dufresne, ingénieur de la ville."
(In 1914, after the declaration of war, then Maisonneuve was independent of Montreal, but it was annexed later, formed the project to erect a fountain in front of the market. The contract was awarded to me and I had to deal with Marius Dufresne, city engineer. - free translation)
Alfred Laliberté: Mes souvenirs.
One of the bronze of the sculptor Alfred Laliberté entitled "La fermière". "At the center of the square is the allegorical fountain sculpture known as "La fermière", one of the masterpieces of Quebec sculptor Alfred Laliberté (1877-1953). It is a gardening of the seventeenth century, Louise Mauger, wearing a basket of vegetables and surrounded by three children holding respectively a turkey, fish and veal. This monument, made in 1915, recently restored, is nearly six meters high and merit alone visit. "La fermière" was the first piece of bronze casting of this magnitude in Canada" - Text taken from the website of Tourism Hochelaga-Maisonneuve : www.tourismemaisonneuve.qc.ca
Among the 1000 sculptures by Alfred Laliberté, one of our greatest artists of the early twentieth century, there are very many that adorn the squares, parks and facades of public buildings in Montreal. He knew introduce the characters who built this country, as "big" as the most "humble" and express the values of these settlers.
"Si j'ai pu exécuter une série de sujets du terroir d'autrelois, c'est parce que ces oeuvres renfermaient l'âme de la campagne. Cette âme, c'est d'ici qu'elle m'est venue. Comment ne pas aimer ce pays, coin de prédilection des artistes?"
(If I could execute a series of local topics of the past, it is because these works contained the soul of the campaign. This soul is here that it came to me. How not to love this country, place of predilection of artists ? - free translation)
"La fermière" was born of his desire to pay a special tribute to the first farmer woman of Ville-Marie in 1648. It is the centerpiece of the Place Gennevilliers-Laliberté which allows access to the "Marché Maisonneuve" ( fav.me/d53ynqy ) of Montreal. Alfred's knowledge of its history and roots make him choose "Louise la Gadoise" (Louise Mauger, wife of Pierre Gadois - fav.me/d6tuh5z ), although he would never appoint openly .Alfred Laliberté: Mes souvenirs.
A fountain sculpture
This concept is developed in the nineteenth century, both in Europe and America, while the water is more abundant in cities with more sophisticated systems of aqueducts. In this type of fountain, whose function is primarily aesthetic, it is no longer dominated by water volume, but the architecture and sculpture, whose water is one of the elements of composition.
The fountain is built around a hexagonal column. Its flared base extends three storied and arranged radially, where interspersed three basins, also hexagonal plates. The column has 12 compartments box, on two levels separated by a ring with three pools overlooking those of the base.
A set of triangular form
Distribution of sculptures obeys a pyramid scheme and architectural composition is a variation of shapes drawn from a triangle. This arrangement forms and their alternation, as the geometric pattern of the triangle is particularly Alfred Laliberté. It is an innovation at the time, the classic pedestal is still forming from the square.
First monument purely anectodique character where the privilege of the pedestal back to a humble heroin of daily.
This monument is a first. Until 1915, well after all the memorials erected in Montreal, spend characters or significant events in history. In addition, with the exception of Jeanne-Mance and Queen Victoria, women are relegated to accessories and symbolic roles.
This heroin of daily, it is the foster mother. This is a peasant, craggy face, whose solid frame and curvaceous accuse age and probably many pregnancies. But this woman exudes energy and is full of it carries from her basket filled with fruits and vegetables. This image is enhanced by the presence of water, as the woman is life. At the foot of the imposing gardening, frogs, about to jump, are jets of water with turtles posted below, on the ring of stone.
A realistic picture, while movement and contrasts
"At "Maison T. Carli" (T. Carli's company), I had already executed several statues in the very narrow space that was reserved for the plaster and cement moulders workers. This is where I did ask for the fountain market Maisonneuve, a turkey and a live calf. These animals posed as «gentlemen»." - Alfred Laliberté"
Three boys complete the picture. Engaged in a clinch with aminal, everyone is back and tries to control his prey struggling with the energy of despair. These movements and control the tense body strong contrast with the peaceful approach of gardening.
All the characters are energized by a movement, they do not pose, they are entered in the spontaneity of it. This dynamic movement is characteristic of the sculpture of Laliberté and adds a temporal dimension to the scenes described. Thus, one can easily imagine, without other evidence, that the four characters are preparing to go to market.
Life before urbanization
A tribute to Louise Mauger, the first farmer woman from Montreal
"The sculptors who perform a work to the glory of workers of native soil or set in stone the rustic beauty of our peaceful countryside is the Canadian soul which expresses itself." - Alfred Laliberté
The industrial boom which marks the beginning of the century drains campaigns to cities. This sudden shift from a predominantly rural and deeply traditional society pushes more and creates a lot of resistance. In the modern social order, an idealized past where faith, soil and language constitute the elements of survival French Canadian is opposed, is the dominant ideology.
Laliberté is part of the intelligentsia resistant and believes deeply in the values of the past. On the other hand, he knows the history and heroes of the French colonization. It is therefore not surprising that, without naming it, this monument refers to Louise Mauger.
"Louise la Gadoise"
Born in France in 1598, she married Pierre Gadoys, around 1620, and had three children, both born in France and in Québec City. From 1648, her husband receives, from Mr. de Maisonneuve, the first concession of Montreal, a land of 40 acres, making it the first "habitant" (farmer) of Montreal.
</blockquote>Sources : City of Montréal - ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/pa…
Google Street View - Cliquez droit sur le lien et ouvrez dans un nouvel onglet -- maps.google.ca/maps?q=4375,+ru…
The North American landmass is divided amongst several neighbouring countries. The North American League - Solemn League and Covenant is a country formed from colonies of the various British powers (mostly English and Kemrese). The capital of the NAL-SLC is at Philadelphia; other cities of note are New Castreleon / Niuw Amsterdam; Boston; Georgetown; Alexandria and Chicago.
There are thirty Provinces that comprise the NAL-SLC, apart from the Unincorporated Territory, which seems to comprise its own self contained concatenation of provinces. Date of Brotherhood is shown in brackets. Note that Mississippi (25) was taken in the 1828 War with Louisiana and was subsequently returned as the Louisianan province of St. Onge. Note also that East and West Florida have two dates, their original date of signing the Covenant and their date of readmission after decades of Spanish Floridian occupation.
1. Alba Nuadh / New Scotland (1803)
2. Virginia (1803)
3. Castreleon New / Nieuw Batavie (1803)
4. Pennsylvaania (1803)
5. Aquanishuonigy / Six Nations (1803)
6. Massachussets Bay (1803)
7. West Florida (1803, 2005)
8. New Hampshire (1803)
9. Rhode Island (1803)
10. East Florida (1803, 2005)
11. Connecticutt (1803)
12. Kent (1803)
13. Ontario (1803)
14. Ter Mair / Maryland (1803)
15. Carolina (1803)
16. Bahamas (1803)
17. Jamaica (1803)
18. Jacobia (1803)
19. Oxbridge (1804)
20. Cherokee Nation (1806)
21. Tenisi (1812)
22. Kentuckey (1816)
23. Mobile (1820)
24. New Sweden (1824)
25. Mississippi (1828-1831)
26. Illinoise (1832)
27. Miami (1835)
28. Ouiscinsin (1835)
29. Utawia (1877)
30. Mascoutensi (1883)
31. Mueva Sefarad / New Spain* (1899)
32. Les Plaines (1904)
33. Nja Island / New Iceland (2001)
34. Nunavik (2004)
* Note that Mueva Sefarad actually means "New Iberia" in their language. It's a matter of historical-linguistic trucculence on the part of the English language not to name things properly.
Bahamas and Jamaica were conquered by the Presidency of Florida-Caribbea in the 1970s. The NAL-SLC and Florida-Caribbea have been skirmishing ever since; and since 1999, there has been an increase in the desire to at last reclaim the lost territories by citizens of the League. This was finally accomplished in 2004 with a big push by the Grand Coalition which finally broke the power of Florida-Caribbea.
To the northwards of all the American provinces lie the interesting and colourful Unincorporated Territory. A local might sum it up this way ... "Public life is interesting up here: there is little or no guidance from our 'Lord Governor' in Philadelphia, so we have made our own government over the years. We have our own Parliament that meets at Winnipeg down in Blackfoot Province. It's made up of MPs from all the Company lands, the Native lands and the quirky private lands. Technically, we're not supposed to do this, but Philadelphia doesn't seem to mind much about us if we don't mess with the RAF or Army bases. We're happy being Americans and all that, but we're also happy being a little different from the rest of America."
The UT are not a province in the official sense, but an extraprovincial territory (technically) governed from the obscure and understaffed Extraterritorial Bureau in Philadelphia. (They also have oversight of a few rocks in the Caribbean.) The Commissioner, known to the locals as the 'Lord Governor' is appointed by the Parliament, and his job is really to do no more than act as a liaison between the defacto provinces that make up the UT and the Parliament at Philadelphia. The UT govern themselves via the Council of Nations and Companies, which is essentially a parliament whose members are elected from the Company Lands, Native Provinces and private territories that make up the UT. A peculiar relationship exists between the UT and the Federal Government in Philadelphia, based upon the Treaty of Friendship and Harmony. Among the rights held by Winnipeg is the right to control immigration into the UT from the lower tier of NAL provinces. Technically, the UT, being an extraprovincial territory, is not a signatory to the Covenant and therefore not really part of the NAL except through the Bureau.
American citizens living in the UT are a somewhat independent lot and are, for the most part, happy with their position within the NAL. They enjoy considerable freedom, a very low tax structure and just enough of "civilised life" to keep in touch with the outside world. They also enjoy the fruits of a vèry wealthy land, given that thousands of folks from all around the world are willing to pay good hard silver to come in and watch caribuw and musk oxen cavort. There's loads of good fishing, hiking, climbing and qayacqing to be had as well.
Three French speaking countries are the Empire of Haiti, the Republic of Louisiana and the Intendancy of New France. New France is the one European colony that preferred independance over joining the NAL-SLC in 1803. Haiti, historically in constant turmoil due to its position near the center of Florida-Carribea, has for many years sought to gain control over the Haitian part of Hispannola Island. It has at last regained independence from Florida-Caribbea under the leadership of its newly crowned emperor, Dieu-Donné III and is currently involved in the 2004 Francophone Wars in Dominica.
The south and southwest is largely made up of former Spanish colonies: Alta California, Montrei, the Kingdom of Tejas, the Republic of Méjico and the former Florida-Carribea. Tejas and Alta California have made peace after decades of squabbling (and war between 1996 and 2002) over the territory of Deseret which lies along their mutual border. Flames of war were fanned by the Deseret Militia and both sides were indiscriminantly aided by Méjico. Oregon sided variously with Alta California and the Smith's Army of Deseret. Louisiana tended to side with Tejas, if for no other reason than fear of military reprisals for supporting any other faction. After the war, in which Mejico and A-C were victorious, the ousted Tejan royal family were restored to their throne. Florida-Carribea was an agglomeration of several former Spanish colonies that declared independance during the 1898 war between Spain and the NAL-SLC. Florida promptly began conquering the islands in the Carribean Sea and by 1913 left only Cuba and Haiti independant. The 1953 revolution in Cuba left it open to assault, and it was conquered thereafter. Haiti, independant since 1804, has been conquered and then liberated twice in the last hundred years. F-C was picked apart and at last destroyed by the Grand Coalition in 2004. The only Floridian territory whose future remains uncertain as of late 2004 is the European Occupation Zone (marked "E.O.Z." on the map).
In the northwest are Alyeska, former Russian territory, and the Peoples Ecotopic Republic of Oregon. Alyeska is largely Inuit, though there are many Russian and Japanese towns along the coast and in former gold bearing areas. Many descendants of American ex-pats can be found in those places as well, due to the gold fever of the 19th century. The Oregonians speak a dialect of English
"Je dois rendre compte à Monseigneur de l'extrême pauvreté de plusieurs familles... toutes nobles ou vivant comme telles. La famille de M. de Saint-Ours est à la tête. Il est bon gentilhomme du Dauphiné (parent du maréchal d'Estrade) chargé d'une femme et de dix enfants. Le père et la mère me paroissent dans un véritable désespoir de leur pauvreté. Cependant les enfants ne s'épargnent pas car j'ai vu deux grandes filles couper les blés et tenir la charrue."The Saint-Ours family with their ten children have missed wheat for nearly eight months on this year of 1686. The fate of Marie-Madeleine, born May 25, 1686, and died the following November 15, is probably related to these nutritional deficiencies. While Saint-Ours was considering a possible return to his homeland to resume his military service, some interceded on his behalf to get him a grant of "100 écus" that allowed him to remain in Nouvelle-France. In 1687 he was put in charge of ordering the "Troupes de la Marine" stationed in Ville-Marie. To be closer to his men, he came to settle on the island of Montreal, Nostre-Dame (Notre-Dame) street, where he built a small wooden house on land donated by the "Hospitalières" of Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal.
(I am accountable to Monseigneur of the extreme poverty of many families ... all noble or living as such. The family of M. de Saint-Ours is the head. He is a gentleman from Dauphiné (parent of maréchal d'Estrade) responsible for a wife and ten children. The father and mother appear to me in real despair of poverty. However, children are not saving is because I saw two big girls cut the corn and the plow. - free translation)Excerpt from a letter from the Governor-General Jacques-René de Brisay de Denonville in 1686, to the Minister Jean-Baptiste Antoine Colbert, marquis de Seignelay et de Châteauneuf-sur-Cher, baron de Lignières.
In France, under the Ancien Régime, the Gardes de la Marine (Guards of the Navy), or Gardes-Marine were young gentlemen picked and maintained by the king in his harbours to learn the navy service, and to train to be officers. They were organized in companies, divided up between the harbors of Brest, Toulon, and Rochefort. All naval officers were drawn from these companies, which were the equivalent of the current naval school.On 25 November 1705, Jean-Baptiste De Saint-Ours Des Chaillons and his fiancee of 19 years, Marguerite Le Gardeur de Repentigny can be found in the Le Gardeur family home, in Montreal, where the notary Antoine Adhémar de Saint-Martin wrote the marriage contract. That same day, in the Church Notre-Dames of Montreal, as the wedding celebration attended by the elite of society in Nouvelle-France and many of his fellow officers. Jean-Baptiste had made its entry into one of the oldest noble family of Nouvelle-France. The Le Gardeur had blood ties with Couillard and Louis Hébert (first settler of Nouvelle-France). The couple had at least eight children (some say 9 children):
The king paid schoolmasters to instruct them in everything they needed to know to be good officers - there were masters in mathematics, drawing, writing, fortification, naval architecture and construction,dance, hydrography, fencing etc.
They sailed on the king's ships, on which they served as soldiers, and acted in all roles on board. Undergoing further training at sea, they honed the skills they had learned ashore. Their orders, in cooperation with the captain of the vessel, included four hours intended for their different exercises. The first hour was in piloting and hydrography, the second for musketry and military manoeuvres, the third for cannon exercise, the fourth one for training in steering a ship, if time allowed, supervised by the captain or second in command, done by each of the gardes in turn.
Source : Wikipedia - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardes_d…
Nos seigneurs Les gouverneur Général et Intendant de la Nouvelle-France.This letter had no effect and Marguerite died April 23, 1757.
Marguerite Le Gardeur de Repentigny Vve de Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Ours Escuyer sieur d'Eschaillons vivant chevalier de l'Ordre de St Louis Lieutenant de Roy des ville et Gouvernement de Québec Est obligé de recourir à vos yeux, Nos Seigneurs, une injustice Nouvelle qui vient de luy estre faite et à ses habitants par Monseigneur de Pontbriand, Evêque de Québec, au préjudice de ce qui a été réglé en 1721, par le district des paroisses et ordonné par vos prédécesseurs MM. de Vaudreuil et Bégon, fait par M. Colet ancien Procureur général approuvé ensuite par Sa Majesté et renvoyé en ce pays pour y estre suivi.
Il S'agit de l'Église paroissiale de la Seigneurie de St Ours Scituée au milieu de la Seigneurie. Et dont le mary de la Suppliante a fourny le Terrain et dépendances qui vient d'estre rasée et détruite par ordre de Mon d. Seigneur l'Evêque, et les matériaux d'icelle, ornements et vases sacrés transportés dans une autre Seigneurie; Les cendre de feu M. de Saint-Ours beau-père de la Suppliante, et bienfaiteur de cette paroisse abandonnées y reposent encore et sont Exposées comme il ne convient point que soient les reliques des Chrétiens, cette église a été détruite malgré les représentations de ses paroissiens et à l'insçu de la Suppliante, mais nonobstant un pareil attentat, La sppliante ne pouvant s'imaginer que la Juridiction Episcopale soit revêtue d'une authorié Despotique, a recours à vous qui l'este, Nos Seigneurs, de celle de Sa Majesté A ce qu'il vous plaise ordonner que la De. Eglise Sera rétablie dans le même lieu ou elle Etoit aux frais et depens du d. seigneur Evêque et que les ornements et vases sacrés apartenant à la de. Eglise ainsy que les deniers de la fabrique y seront rapportés, Et la Suppliante Continuera ses voeux pour la Santé et prospérité de vos Grandeurs.M. Repentigny St Tour Dechaillon
"Sur les témoignages avantageux que Monsieur le Marquis de Beauharnois m'a rendus de votre zèle et de votre application pour le service, je vous ai procuré une des Lieutenances qui vaquaient dans les troupes du Canada; Et j'envoie votre lettre du Service à Monsieur le Marquis de Beauharnois qui vous la remettra. Je suis persuadé que celà vous engagera à redoubler de Zèle pour mériter d'autres grâces..."On June 30, 1745 in Quebec City, he married Charlotte des Champs de Bois-Hébert, daughter of Louis Deschamps (1679-1736) and Louise-Geneviève De Ramesay (1699-1769), born September 1st, 1724 in Quebec City. The couple had at least five children :
(On favorable testimony that Mr. Marquis de Beauharnois has made to me your zeal and your application for the service I provided you Lieutenancies of going about in the troops of Canada, and I sent your Service's letter to Mr. the Marquis de Beauharnois that you deliver. I am convinced that this tell you commit to redouble their zeal to earn more grace ... - free translation)
From a letter of the Minister of French Navy, Jean Frédéric Phélypeaux Comte de Maurepas, sent to the Governor General of Nouvelle-France, Charles de la Boische Marquis de Beauharnois, on April 24, 1744.
"De par le RoyEarly in the mid-eighteenth century, he tried to unite the fields of the "seigneurie" of Saint-Ours that different succesions were divided. After the conquest of 1760, he made a number of concessions in this seigneurie to make it finally successful. He died in Montreal September 24, 1782.
Sa Majesté ayant associé à l'Ordre militaire de Saint-Louis le sr St Ours des Chaillons Capitaine d'Infanterie en Canada Et le service auquel il est destiné ne lui permettant pas de se rendre à sa suite pour être reçû audit Ordre, Elle a commis et commet le Sr Marquis de Vaudreuil Gouverneur son Lieutenant général de la Nouvelle-France pour le recevoir et admettre en son nom, voulant qu'il se rende aux jours et lieu qui lui seront prescrits par le dit Sr Marquis de Vaudreuil pour prêter en ses mains le serment qu'il est obligé de faire en la dite qualité de Chevalier.
Fait à Versailles le premier janvier 1759.
(By the King - His Majesty having associated with the "Ordre militaire de Saint-Louis" Sr St Ours des Chaillons Infantry Captain in Canada and the service which it is intended does not allow him to go after him to be received at said Order It committed and commits Sr Marquis de Vaudreuil the Governor his Lieutenant General in Nouvelle-France to receive into his name, wanting him to go to the time and place that will be prescribed by the Sr Marquis de Vaudreuil said to take in his hands on oath that he is obliged to make in the known quality of "Chevalier". - Done at Versailles January 1, 1759 - Beryer - free translation)
"De la Mission de Saint-Ours, Contrecoeur et autres lieux
Monsieur Duplein, prêtre âgé de 40 ans, venu de France on l'année 1672, dessert la seigneurie de Saint-Ours, Contrecoeur, Verchère, La Valterie et le fort Saint-Louis (Chambly).
Saint-Ours. — Saint-Ours est distant de Montréal de 12 lieues et contient 2 lieues le long du grand fleuve du côté du sud, il y a 13 familles et 89 âmes, il y a une petite chapelle de pieux dédiée à la Conception de la Sainte-Vierge, elle a 30 pieds de long sur 20 de large avec un presbytère où le prêtre fait sa résidence et est en pension chez le seigneur du lieu."
Mandements : lettres pastorales et circulaires des évêques de Québec, Imprimerie générale A. Coté 1887. Henri Têtu (1849-1915) et C.-O. Gagnon (Charles-Octave), 1857-1926 (pp 124 et 125)
The "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain is an assembly comprising a mansion, outbuildings and land. The mansion is an imposing stone building on a rectangular plan, two and a half floors, wearing a hip roof. It has a side brick annex. It was built in 1792 and modified in the nineteenth century. The area also includes a stable wooden rectangular decorated with a central gable and two turrets, a wooden shed with a square plan topped with a pavilion roof and a garage made of wood. The garden is composed of a variety, groves and flower beds species trees. The area extends from the Richelieu River to the west, and the way the Patriots to the east, on the northern edge of the old village of Saint-Ours, in the municipality of the same name.
This property is listed heritage site.
The "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain has a proprietary interest for its historical value. It is a witness of the feudal regime and the family it belongs to. This seigneurie is granted by the intendant Jean Talon (1626-1694) Pierre de Saint-Ours (1640-1724) in 1672. Among its owners are his little son Charles de Saint-Ours (1753-1834), who built the second mansion (the current building), and François-Roch de Saint-Ours (1800-1839), which served on the legislative Council of Lower Canada in 1830 and became sheriff of Montreal in 1837. In 2006, the manor always belonged to the descendants of the "seigneurs" of Saint-Ours, which is a unique case in Quebec.
The "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain also has a proprietary interest in its architectural value. The mansion is representative of the evolution of this type of housing. Erected in 1792, it was in the beginning, like the mansions of that time, a French-inspired home more spacious than the other, which served as both residence and the "seigneur" office. However the housing still experiencing significant transformations in the nineteenth century, in the spirit of villas located on the outskirts of Quebec City and Montreal. These villas are as big mansions reflecting varied stylistic borrowings and including many hierarchical parts. Isolated from neighboring buildings, they are distinguished by their extensive grounds, their close relationship with the natural environment and the presence of gardens. The first signs of transformation of the "Manoir de Saint-Ours" appear in 1845, when expanded and renovated and available openings is changed, the front door is centered and then the windows are symmetrically distributed according to the precepts of Neoclassicism. It also includes scenic elements since large covered porch running on three sides and topped with balconies on the east and west facades is added. These elements constitute the outdoor extension of the home, creating a link with the environment and allow occupants to enjoy the scenery. In the same vein, the walls of the Annex are covered in ivy and outbuildings were built in the middle of the woods so as to blend into the environment. In 1870, further work is performed. The mansion is a heightened floor and wearing a hip roof with dormers. The new volume, hipped roof, the cornice corbels, the frieze decorated with circles and diamonds, balusters and angle braces in the gallery give it a more refined look and relate to the type of the Italian villa. In addition, the "Manoir de Saint-Ours" has a very good state of preservation. Since the changes in the nineteenth century, all suffered no major changes. The mansion retains the appearance that he was given in 1870 and several of its outbuildings still exist.
The "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain also has a proprietary interest in its landscape value. The mansion is located in the middle of a park where a French garden (characterized by a balanced and rigorous composition) is integrated in a more informal English garden. Thus, a roundabout flower occupies the front of the mansion and garden, consisting of geometric shapes groves, is arranged in the middle of a wooded area. Irregular paths, punctuated by decorative elements such as rustic stops and floral arrangements, through the woods. This place reflects the privileged picturesque mind for this type of home.
Characteristics related to the overall interest of the "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain include, among others :
Characteristics related to the architectural interest of the feudal "Manoir de Saint-Ours" include, among others :
- the presence of the mansion and dependencies;
- the landscaping;
- the relationship between structures and their environment.
The architectural features of the stables include, among others :
- its materials, including stone masonry, the metal sheet roofing to the Canadian style, roofing of the gallery cover with metal strips sheet and two strains of ornate brick chimney at each end of the ridge;
- its elements related to neoclassicism, the symmetrical composition of the facade and the regular arrangement of openings;
- its elements attached to the picturesque stream, whose gallery on three sides covered by a shed roof and balconies of the east and west facades;
- its elements related to the type of the Italian villa, the rectangular plan, the elevation of two and a half stories, hipped roof, the frieze decorated with circles and diamonds, the cornice corbels, balusters and perforated angle braces of gallery and nasturtium doorframes;
- its openings, casement windows, central double door with framed impost a portal formed by two pilasters supporting an entablature, the eight pediment dormers, louvers with two doors with fixed section in the upper third of the ironwork of the windows;
- elements of the lateral Annex, the rectangular plan, the elevation of two and a half storey, hipped roof covered with sheet metal rods, brick walls, the brick chimney on the ridge, casement windows, glassed wooden door, wooden frames and stone sills.
The architectural features of other dependencies include, among others :
- its volume, the rectangular plan, the elevation of a storey and roof with two rights slopes;
- its materials, including stone foundations, structure skeleton, the coating clapboard and cedar shingle roof;
- its decorative elements, the central gable and two ventilation skylights;
- its openings, window gable surmounting two single doors superimposed high door casement vertical planks left single door transom followed by two large doors casement vertical boards right.
The characteristics of the "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain related to its landscape interest include, among others :
- elements of garage, including rectangular, sliding roof to two right sides and large front sliding doors;
- elements of the presentation, the square plan, the pavilion roof covered with metal sheet in Canadian style, the clapboard siding and door transom.
- the irregular shape of the land;
- the proximity of the Richelieu River;
- its plant components, including mature trees, shrubs, flowerbeds, hedges, Charmilles grassed areas, ivy on the annex and rose garden;
- decorative elements, including pergolas, fountain, the entrance gate and statues;
- curved driveway leading to the mansion and trails.
The history of the "Seigneurie de Saint-Ours" began in 1672, when Jean Talon (1626-1694) grants Pierre de Saint-Ours (1640-1724), captain of the "Régiment de Carignan-Salières", a "seigneurie" located between those of Sorel and Contrecoeur. The first mansion, a house piece by piece, is erected along the Saint-Laurent River, in a sector then known as the "Grand Saint-Ours". The place was abandoned in 1792 when Charles-Louis-Roch de Saint-Ours (1753-1834), the great-grand-son of the first "seigneur", engages master mason Michel Lafleur to build a new mansion near the river Richelieu. The mansion is in the form of a French-inspired stone house. In 1845, the descendants of Charles de Saint-Ours undertake to renovate the mansion. They then appeal to the entrepreneur Joseph Morin. The building was extended, the arrangement of openings is amended and a gallery is added. At this time, work is also done inside. Twenty-five years later, the mansion is subject to further changes. The family of Saint-Ours engages Simon Voyer, recognized entrepreneur of Montreal to perform the work. The residence is a particularly exalted floor and wearing a hip roof with dormers. Since the appearance of the area remained essentially the same.
The "Manoir de Saint-Ours" domain is classified in 1982. In 2006, it is still occupied by descendants of the family of Saint-Ours.
Source : Ministère de la Culture et des Communications of Quebec, 2006.